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Tuesday, 8 December 2009

From Today's Papers - 08 Dec 09

India, Russia seal N-deal
Better than 123
  • Provisions for transfer of enrichment and N-technology, which is denied in the 123 agreement with the US
  • Will bring uninterrupted uranium fuel supplies even in the event of termination of bilateral ties in this field for any reason
Other agreements
  • Military cooperation programme extended for another 10 years till 2020, on the after sales and product support of the Russian origin military hardware
  • A protocol for the joint development and production of multi-role transport aircraft for the armed forces
Moscow, December 7
India and Russia today signed a path-breaking broad-based agreement in civil nuclear field that will ensure transfer of technology and uninterrupted uranium fuel supplies to its nuclear reactors and inked three pacts in the defence sector.

The agreements were signed after talks between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev at the Kremlin here, during which they discussed a whole range of issues, including terrorism emanating from Afghanistan.
“Today we have signed an agreement that broadens the reach of our cooperation beyond supplies of nuclear reactors to areas of research and development and a whole range of areas in nuclear energy,” Manmohan Singh told a joint press conference with Medvedev.
The PM said the agreement would deepen and strengthen the already existing nuclear cooperation between the two countries under which four new nuclear reactors would be set up by Russia in Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu and a site for the fifth one has been identified in West Bengal.
The new civil nuclear pact provides for uninterrupted uranium fuel supplies from Russia even in the event of termination of bilateral ties in this field for any reason.
The Indo-Russian pact on atomic cooperation is a significant document and goes much further than the 123 agreement between India and the US, officials said. The pact also has provisions for transfer of enrichment and nuclear technology, which is denied in the 123 agreement with the US.
Medvedev said the nuclear agreement opens the way for greater cooperation beyond Kudankulam. “The nuclear cooperation between the two countries have a very good future. We are satisfied with the cooperation and I hope today’s agreement will pave the way for greater cooperation in this field in the years to come,” he said.
Asked about provision of ENR to India against the backdrop of a G-8 resolution in July this year under which Russia and seven other countries committed that they will refrain from transferring such technology, he said: “Nothing changes for us.”
The Prime Minister said the agreement on nuclear cooperation is a major step forward and that both the leaders were satisfied over the agreement on nuclear power cooperation.
The two sides also signed agreements on extending their long term military cooperation programme for another 10 years till 2020, on the after sales and product support of the Russian origin military hardware and a protocol for the joint development and production of multi-role transport aircraft for the armed forces.
Manmohan Singh and Medvedev also discussed regional issues, including the situation in Afghanistan, in which both the countries have a stake and favoured a “stable and prosperous” Afghanistan.
India and Russia will intensify cooperation to meet the grave challenges of terrorism and religious extremism.
Noting that he was visiting Russia for the second time in six months, the PM said this reflected the close ties between the two countries. He said Russia is a major power and a factor of peace and stability in the international system. “India accords highest priority in its relations with Russia and this relationship stands on a firm footing and is not influenced by relations with any other country,” he said.
Calling Indo-Russian relationship as “multi- dimensional and multi-faceted”, he said the two countries have decided to raise the level of bilateral trade from the present level to $30 billion by 2015.
He said the two countries have identified areas like information technology and communication for giving that impetus.
The two countries also reviewed their cooperation in the United Nations and in multilateral fora and their role towards successful conclusion of the Copenhagen Summit on climate change. The Prime Minister said the relationship with Russia characterised by mutual trust and confidence reflecting a strong political commitment on both sides to contributing and strengthening the strategic relationship. Describing his talks with Medvedev as “very productive”, the PM said, “A stronger Russia is important for world peace.” — PTI

Indo-Russian defence coop key to bilateral ties: PM
Press Trust of India / Moscow December 07, 2009, 12:56 IST

As he prepared to meet President Dmitry Medvedev for the annual summit-level talks, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said defence cooperation has been a "very important aspect" in Indo-Russian ties.

Singh arrived here yesterday on a three-day visit, his sixth trip to Russia since 2004, that will see the inking of three agreements in the field of defence, including one for ending ad-hocism in servicing Russian military equipment.

The two sides are also expected to sign a landmark framework agreement on civil nuclear cooperation.

"Cooperation in the field of defense has been a very important aspect of our cooperation with Russia," Singh told the Russia Today television channel.

"We have been able to get equipment and technologies from Russia which were not available to us from any other countries," he noted.

Reflecting the warmth in the bilateral ties, the Russian President hosted a private dinner last night for Singh and his wife Gursharan Kaur at his countryside residence in Barvikha outside Moscow, an honour so far accorded only to US President Barack Obama.

Over dinner, Medvedev and Singh held informal discussions on a wide range of issues including nuclear cooperation and conventional energy.

IAF goes hi-tech for pilot selection
Vijay Mohan
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, December 7
The IAF is changing over to a new computerised system of selecting pilots that now does away with the earlier manual and subjective procedures for judging a candidate’s aptitude and reflexes.

As a pilot project, the DRDO has installed three such systems at the IAF’s service selection boards located in Allahabad, Varanasi and Mysore.
According to Dr W Selvamurthy, Chief Controller, DRDO, the IAF has placed an order worth about Rs 20 crore for additional such systems to be installed at its selection centres. These are expected to be in place within six months.
Each system has multiple nodes and can screen up to 100 individuals at a time. According to information released by the Ministry of Defence last month, the number of officers joining the IAF in the last three years was 463, 485 and 401, respectively.
“In today's environment, a fighter pilot is not just a flier, but a systems manager required to execute multiple tasks in an extremely short-time span, Dr Selvamurthy told The Tribune during a visit here. “The new system tests the time-sharing and workload management skills of candidates, whereas the older procedures were restricted to evaluating the coordination between the mind, limbs and eyes,” he added.
The system is based upon a simulated cockpit mock-up into which flight parameters and other information such as fuel state are fed. A candidate virtually flies an aircraft and his mental and physical responses and reflexes are recorded and analysed by specially developed software.
The system, according to experts, measures a wider spectrum of cognitive processes and is not only restricted to the measurement of reasoning as done by earlier intelligence assessments. It will measure different dimensions of cognitions like attention, memory, problem solving, decision-making, reasoning and concept formation.
It has taken the DRDO about six years to develop this system. The IAF was also closely associated with the project.

Is ‘steel frame’ crumbling?
Civil servants then and now
by Amar Chandel
The Indian Civil Service was termed the “steel frame” before Independence for it held together a disparate subcontinent with steeply uneven levels of economic and social development with uniformly good governance through which the law was maintained and the prices held in check. It is ironical that in the 61 years after 1947 this frame, the most valuable inheritance of the new Republic, has been converted into an engine of corruption and non-performance.
 Independent India consciously continued the civil service after changing the nomenclature to the Indian Administrative Service. Initially, civil servants operated the levers of power efficiently in line with the vision of great patriot-statesmen like Sardar Patel and Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad in a Cabinet headed by the visionary Jawaharlal Nehru. Today national and international surveys reveal that poverty in India is widespread and the law and order situation all over the country has become nightmarish, while many a civil servant has been caught red-handed, mired in corrupt practices. Yet, very few have been prosecuted and punished.
The general decline and degeneration of the civil service, according to most serving and retired IAS officers, has been caused by the service having fallen victim to its own exclusivity without the objective and eagle-eyed caliper, akin to the superintendence by the British Crown. Administrative history is replete with examples of ICS officers who were either dismissed or removed from service for betraying the power reposed in them.  The situation in recent years is quite to the contrary. Black sheep and corrupt officers have not only proliferated but have climbed from success to success owing to their unholy commitment to their counterparts in the political firmament.
The Indian population under the poverty line — determined at 27.5 per cent by the Planning Commission in 2004-05 or 42 per cent as estimated by the World Bank in 2005 — owes this tragic fate to poor governance by an elite service in which a minister and the secretary of the department are two faces of the same coin and together responsible for the tragedy that is India. 
In every state of the country (the worst being UP) IAS officers have become the praetorian guard and the devil’s equipment for blithely carrying out orders against public interest by couching them in legally perfect and justifiable documents. In many cases, crafty civil servants themselves suggest ways and means to their political masters on how to fill up their coffers out of public money or in tandem with industrial houses. In the process, such IAS officers keep their very substantial share of illegal money which is invested in industry and foreign bank accounts.  
Curiously, some officers having made a substantial pile have moved on to the political arena.For the political dispensation, loyalty and pliability of civil servants has been the main criterion for giving key postings and certainly not their merit. As a result, many of the most undeserving officers went up the promotion ladder in leaps and bounds while the scrupulous and deserving got shuttled from one place to another. A few resisted; others sold their souls to the devil.
The degeneration was complete when traders/ contractors/ wheeler-dealers with equally inferior morals came into the picture. Together they enjoyed so much power that they managed to circumvent the whole system of good governance. Civil servants became uncivil masters while the public was enslaved.  While politicians fear going back to the voters every five years; civil servants are there for their entire life and career.  
The Punjab province has had some ICS stalwarts. The Lawrence Brothers, Sir Penderell Moon, Bakshi Tek Chand (the first Indian Deputy Commissioner of Lahore), Tirlok Singh (whose land settlement formula for displaced persons has been accepted as an authoritative work by the Supreme Court), N. K. Mukherjee (who later served as Governor during the years of militancy), M.S. Randhawa, E.N. Mangat Rai, A.L. Fletcher — to name only a few readily come to mind.
Fletcher Sahib was the model Financial Commissioner, Revenue, of Punjab. When the then Chief Minister telephoned him to influence decisions while he was presiding over the court, the FCR issued contempt of court notices to the Chief Minister. 
The quality of political leadership in terms of governance and morality has reached rock bottom. A senior IAS officer, who was a successor Financial Commissioner to the legendary Fletcher Sahib, told me quite honestly that on court days, he received lists from the Chief Minister, the Revenue Minister and other important political dignitaries containing a fiat on the defendants or the plaintiffs who had to win their cases. This officer told me about the hopelessness of attempting to take revenue decisions on the basis of merit and record.
Public school education has come in for a lot of criticism for being elitist. But the fact remains that during British time, they were an ideal nursery for future civil servants. Sense of service and honour was instilled in their minds from a very early and impressionable age. Even when they came from a more modest background, young IAS officers of yore underwent invaluable training in which idealism was drummed into their minds by seniors of impeccable integrity. Such role models are now difficult to find.
There is another basic flaw at the recruitment stage when civil servants who have achieved the age of 30 years are permitted entry into the service.  A former Director of the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, went on record wringing his hands about the impossible task of infusing any kind of idealism into such hard-boiled recruits. 
There was a time when a corrupt civil servant was publicly identified and till he was removed from service he was ostracised by his peers. Today we witness the reverse phenomenon where civil servants, who are caught making money on the sly, are protected by the herd mentality of their colleagues. Almost all inquiries and investigations are scuttled and end in nought. The civil servants do not realise that in the process they endanger the credibility of the premier service.
Corruption in the police force is more tragic for it wields the power of arrest and detention and the concomitant humiliation that goes with it.  As many as six Director-Generals of Police in Haryana and Punjab have been jailed for corruption while only recently an IPS officer was held for murder.
When I asked a senior IAS officer known for his integrity and uprightness what should be done to retrieve the situation, he looked towards the well-manicured lawn in front of his old-style house and said wistfully that once poison ivy wraps itself around the hedge, there is no way that it can be gotten rid of without uprooting the entire hedge. Who is going to show the moral courage to take such a drastic step?
It is understood that the UPSC is thinking of replacing the preliminary examination with an aptitude test common for all applicants. Says its chairman D P Agarwal: “The emphasis will be on testing the aptitude of the candidates for the demanding life in the civil service, as well as on ethical and moral dimensions of decision-making”. The trouble is that even if they do manage to hire the right men for the job, the wrong ones who are already there would tend to act as a contagion. The weeding out will have to be done very thoroughly if there is to be a turn-around in the country.

Indian Army set to upgrade its weapon locating radar systems
BS Reporter / Chennai/ Bangalore December 08, 2009, 0:20 IST

The Indian Army is in the final stages of accepting for induction a newly developed weapon locating radar (WLR), designed and developed by Bangalore-based Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE), a senior defence research official said today.

“We have a long border. The product has been developed and is ready for acceptance. Bharat Electronics is ready to roll out the systems in bulk. The radar can look at objects from 30 kms. It can locate rockets and even give the trajectory and give an early warning,” S Varadarajan, director of LRDE, a Defence Research and Development Organisation lab, told reporters.

The Army is likely to place an order for the delivery of 29 WLRs worth Rs 1,500 crore, he said.

The foliage radar is also under development and the LRDE is looking for a collaboration. It is an airborne radar which can detect objects 20-30 kms away and can be deployed for internal security and help in low-intensity conflicts such as those resorted to by terrorists and insurgents, he said.

The radar will be ready for production in 2012, he added.

Varadarajan expects the Army to place orders with the Bharat Electronics Limited for a large number of WLRs.

LRDE is also in the advanced stages of developing a 300-km range radar for air defence applications.

“Gone are the days when radars are for specific purposes. Today a radar has got the capability for multiple functions. By 2012, the radars will be ready for commercial production,” Varadarajan said.

These technologies will be on display at the 7th international radar symposium India (IRSI) 2009 being held here during December 8-11.

The objective of the seminar is to provide a common platform for practicing radar scientists, engineers, manufacturers and users to share their experiences, issues and knowledge to carve out the technology path for better future, he said. Bharat Electronics, LRDE, Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, Bangalore Centre, ISRO, HAL among others are sponsoring the symposium.

I V Sarma, director-R&D, BEL said the company is gearing up to manufacture a wide range of radars for both civilian and defence applications. The company presently has orders worth Rs 4,600 crore in hand and for this fiscal, and it plans to deliver radars worth Rs 1,000 crore, a growth of 10 per cent over the last fiscal. He said the country is likely to capture about 10 per cent of the world market for radars in the next 10 years, worth about Rs 40,000 crore. BEL has dedicated three out of 17 strategic business units to manuacture various radars, he said.

India to resume military cooperation with Nepal


India has agreed to resume military cooperation with Nepal, which was suspended following the 2005 takeover of power by former King Gyanendra, besides providing training to Nepalese security personnel as part of efforts to step up defence cooperation.

Nepal and India also agreed to share intelligence and to cooperate on constructing an airbase for the Nepalese army in the western part of the country, at the three-day joint-secretary level meeting that concluded here yesterday.

During the meeting, India agreed in principle, to resume non-lethal military supplies to Nepal as per her request, a defence ministry official said. India had suspended military cooperation after former King Gyanendra assumed absolute power and dissolved the multi-party government in February 2005.

During the Nepal-India Bilateral Consultative Group meeting held at the defence ministry here, the Indian delegation was led by Joint Secretary at the ministry of external affairs, Satish Mehata, while Nepal's delegation was led by his Nepalese counterpart Arun Prasad Dhital.

India also agreed to provide training to Nepalese security personnel to upgrade their capabilities and to share intelligence for improving security, the official said.

The delegations discussed the matters of mutual interest and agreed on cooperation to construct a Nepal Army airbase in Surkhet in western Nepal, a foreign ministry statement said.

The Indian delegation also paid a courtesy call on deputy prime minister and foreign minister Sujata Koirala, defence minister Vidya Bhandari and Nepal army chief Chhatra Man Gurung.

ANALYSIS - Qaeda may try to provoke India-Pakistan conflict
Mon Dec 7, 2009 9:17pm IST

By Myra MacDonald

LONDON (Reuters) - When Defense Secretary Robert Gates said last week al Qaeda and its allies might try to provoke a conflict between India and Pakistan, he articulated what many see as the biggest risk to U.S. plans for the region.

A major attack on India by Islamist militants could lead to retaliation by a country still bruised by last year's assault on Mumbai, further destabilising nuclear-armed Pakistan.

"The Pakistanis are really frustrated. They keep being told to 'do more'," said Kamran Bokhari at U.S. think-tank Stratfor.

He said Pakistan was worried about the possibility of another militant attack on India but unsure how to prevent it.

Pakistan is already fighting militants who attacked its military headquarters in October and last week killed at least 40 people in a nearby mosque used by the army.

"When they can't guarantee there will be no attacks in their own country, they can't guarantee India won't be attacked."

India, angry at Pakistan's refusal to act against the Lashkar-e-Taiba militant group blamed for killing 166 people in the Mumbai attacks, has rejected calls for talks and suggested it could even retaliate were there to be another major attack on Indian soil.

As a result, tension is at its worst since 2002 when one million men were mobilised on the border after a December 2001 attack on the Indian parliament by Pakistan-based militants.

"It's not as bad as 2002," said Praveen Swami, a defence expert at the newspaper The Hindu. "But it is the worst it has been since then."

It is a situation which al Qaeda may try to exploit.

Defense Secretary Gates told a U.S. Senate hearing last week al Qaeda was helping Lashkar-e-Taiba plan attacks in India, "clearly with the idea of provoking a conflict between India and Pakistan that would destabilise Pakistan".

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said war is not an option, and nobody expects a repeat of 2001-2002.

"We are not going to see that kind of mobilisation again," said one Indian defence analyst. However, some have raised the possibility of "surgical" strikes against militant camps India says are still operating in Pakistani Kashmir. "The difficulty is in signalling this is not the start of a full war," he said.

The Pakistani army, taunted by the Taliban for fighting its own people and killing fellow Muslims, would have no choice but to respond against even limited strikes by India.

"There is no way they could not respond," said Bokhari, adding that the army would otherwise lose all credibility.

While the U.N. Security Council would be expected to step in quickly to stop any conflict from escalating, it would still leave U.S. plans for Afghanistan and Pakistan in disarray.


Immediately after Mumbai, India turned to the United States to put pressure on Pakistan to dismantle the Lashkar-e-Taiba.

Initial hopes in India that Pakistan might act, combined with the return to power in May of Prime Minister Singh in a general election, paved the way for talks between the two countries on the sidelines of international meetings.

The thaw let Pakistan redeploy some troops from its border with India to its western frontier with Afghanistan.

The two countries have since descended into mutual recriminations, with Pakistan accusing India of using its growing presence in Afghanistan to stir up trouble in its Baluchistan province, an allegation New Delhi denies.

Analysts say intelligence reports that Lashkar-e-Taiba, once nurtured by Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence to fight in Kashmir, continues to plan fresh attacks on India has soured the mood further.

Pakistan is seen as unwilling to act against Lashkar, one of the few militant groups not believed to have targeted Pakistan itself, when it faces so many other problems.

That has closed off nearly every avenue for talks, including the informal diplomacy that in the past has cushioned the effects of crises in relations, such as immediately after Mumbai.


Some analysts see the deadlock as a sign of a failure of U.S. diplomacy and evidence of deep divisions within the U.S. administration over how to handle Pakistan.

Ever since India and Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in 1998, the United States has played unofficial peace broker.

While it has quietly encouraged India and Pakistan to talk, it seems to have no clear idea how to end the stalemate.

"There is no real diplomacy going on," said Tarak Barkawi, a defence expert at Britain's Cambridge University. Without diplomacy, Washington had little to offer Pakistan except widening Predator drone attacks.

At least in Afghanistan, U.S. troops could try to provide security and economic development. "All we can do in Pakistan is blow things up ... blow things up from afar," he said. "The whole presence of America in Pakistan is a destructive one."

Nor does it have much to offer the Indian government, reluctant to start a conflict which might aggravate instability in its neighbour and determined to see off the threat it believes is posed by the Lashkar-e-Taiba.

"I think they are very worried about Pakistan," said Swami. "But they don't know what to do about it."

Nepal: Surkhet Air Strip for Indian Air Force, Target Tibet

How will China react to the fresh agreement made in between the Government of Nepal and India that allows the Southern neighbor, China’s arch rival, to construct an Air Base for the Indian Air Force in Surkhet?

The Jana Disha Daily, the Maoists’ Party mouth piece dated December 7, 2009, claims that in the consultative meeting held between the representatives of the Government of India and Nepal, December 4-7, 2009, Kathmandu, the Nepali side has provided a clear go-ahead signal to India to construct the Air-Strip for the Indian Air Force.

It was earlier reported that India has already built air-strips deep inside Bhutan and an air-strip in Surkhet of Nepal will serve the Indian security interests in a much more enhanced manner, say experts.

As per the agreement the government of Nepal will have to allocate some ten hectares of lands in the area to construct the Air Strip.

It was reported that during the visit of Nepal’s Defense Minister Bidya Devi Bhandari to New Delhi in July 2009, Mrs. Bhandari had requested India to construct the Air-Strip for Nepal Army.

“The very idea of constructing an air belt in Surkhet is basically not a Nepali brain. Instead, it is the Indian mind to build an air strip right inside Nepal from where the Indian regime, should an imaginary war with China becomes a reality by 2012 as claimed by Bharat Burma, an Indian defense analyst, could pounce upon Tibet that adjoins the Nepalese border”, claim Nepal’s analysts.

Surkhet is close to the tri-junction, Kalapani, where China meets India in Nepali territory.
Nepal’s defense analysts claim that the Indian Army can strike the heartland in Tibet as and when India and China go to war.
How China reacts to this "benevolent" Nepal, gesture made in favor of India will have to be watched.

Gen Kapoor is on wrong side of history: Gen Hamid Gul

Posted by admin

Interview Azhar Masood

Islamabad—A beaming Lt Gen (Retd) Hamid Gul proudly sitting in his drawing room with a well decorated artifact of a small piece of Berlin Wall, was well prepared to give an interview Pakistan Observer on Indian Chief of Army Staff General Deepak Kapoor’s latest statement ,”Pakistan a state in decline”, He (Hamid Gul) after reading the statement smiled.

Not very quick to respond instantly and maintaining military graces by not using any word which could have caused any disrespect to a fellow general India spoke philosophically. His arguments were well packed with historic precedents.

Q) Gen Hamid Gul are we really a decling or failing state .And what he means by small theatre nuclear war I mean limited nuclear war with Pakistan?

A) Nuclear threat is an empty boast. India’s newly discovered friend in United States will never approve such an adventure. Please read what President Obama told Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.

General Deepak Kapoor appears to be standing on the wrong side of history. His perception about Pakistan and Indian history of its diplomacy will answer to him that whatever he had uttered in Pune was a negation of history and failure of Indian foreign policy when the Soviet Union was dismembered and India was supportive of the dying Soviet Union. He may have been a great soldier but his sense of history is appalling. His statement simply reflects that a General who is commanding world’s fourth biggest standing Army is not aware of strong currents and cross currents. His appreciation of regional situation is perhaps not accurate. His statement suggests that his knowledge of regional scenario is pathetic.

Q) How do you view his statement. Is it serious or for the consumption of few regional or global capitals or individuals ?

A) Well I feel his tirade is basically meant to mount kind of psychological influence. In this area too I would say even his perception is far from the ground realities. Its not him who is saying. Its Indian newly cobbled honeymoon with the United States which has perhaps granted extra confidence to Indian Army’s general staff.

Q) He has alleged that there was a rise of terrorists infiltration in India from Pakistan?

A) Whom to believe. Indian Army Chief, Indian Government or global powers. General Kapoor even could not coordinate with other organs of state.

Q) He admits that Pakistan itself is combating terrorism and as a policy was trying to allow terrorists to creep into India ?

A) I have told you General Kapoor is certainly not aware of the regional situation and realities which are being unfolded with the passage of each day. When in 80s Indian Defence planners followed a wrong policy by not realizing the fate of former Soviet Union they are again following a wrong policy .They think with the growing US support to New Delhi they will attain a kind of single regional power status. Its wrong.

His appreciation of regional situation is totally based on incorrect notions. Pakistan’s fulmination growth and round the corner its policies and potential to marginalize ‘so called TTP men who are mercenaries and not real Afghan Taliban is an indicator that Pakistan has the resilience and potential to meet challenges of internal and external threats. I am sorry to say General Kapoor’s dream or desire that Pakistan will disappear from map is totally based on inaccurate evaluations. It is a historic phenomenon that global imperialisism is on the decline .Indian Brahaminism cannot become another regional imperialist factor. The regional powers will not allow this .

Q) What do you mean by Indian Brahamin imperialist designs ?

A) I am telling you the phenomenon of global imperialism is sinking. Apart from ideologies smaller powers are not willing to accept any power to play any kind of hegemonial role.

General Deepak Kapoor does not foresee rapidly changing regional scenario. The US forces have not been able to achieve objectives which were set by Bush Administration in Afghanistan and now President Obama is about to offer an exit time-frame of US forces from Afghanistan. Indian military nurtures an ambition to play the role of regional single super power which time in its maturity will play wrong. After the exit of US forces from Afghanistan it would be India which would not escape the brunt.

I suggest to General Deepak Kapoor to keep his eyes and ears open. He must see stark realities and his thinking is overwhelmed by his desires rather than realities.

He must realize that Pakistan is the one which is saving India from the brunt by facing all the troubles like a road block.

Q) General Hamid Gul what do you mean by events which are being unfolded and what kind of impact they would have over regional powers?

A)What I foresee unfortunately General Kapoor does not see.

Its an open secret that the Americans have started talking to Afghan Taliban. Obama Administration wants to evolve a strategy for a graceful exit from Afghanistan. This is what Robert Gates has recently stated. Indian military leadership should not close its doors of future knowledge.

When I say while in 80s Indian military leadership could not understand the situation in Afghanistan its present estimation too is not correct. India remained in the lap of Soviet Union when it was dismembered.

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