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Friday, 25 December 2009

From Today's Papers - 25 Dec 09










Army shelves plan to storm ultra camps
Guwahati, Dec 23 (AGENCIES):
Article published on 12/24/2009 12:02:56 AM IST              
  Apprehension of confrontation with Naga militants in ceasefire with the Centre has forced the army to shelve a plan to storm Ulfa hideouts in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.
Sources in the army said there was concrete evidence about Ulfa militants taking shelter in NSCN (Khaplang) camps in Nagaland, bordering Myanmar, and also at a few places along the Nagaland-Arunachal border. “Our spotters have located these camps but the fear is that there are also a large number of Naga militants there and we do not want any kind of confrontation with the NSCN,” an army officer said, according to The Telegraph. The Khaplang group is in ceasefire with the Centre.
The sources said the plan to storm the camps was made soon after the arrest of a woman Ulfa cadre, Mina Gogoi, from Assam’s Sivasagar district last month. Mina, one of the oldest woman cadres in the outfit and wife of Ulfa militant Roman Dhodomia, was apprehended while she was crossing over to Assam from Nagaland. Her husband and a few other Ulfa cadres in the group fled to Nagaland.
“We recovered several photographs of these camps from Mina and got vital information from her. We soon sent spotters and ascertained the presence of these camps,” the officer said. However, the plan to barge into these camps had to be shelved as there were a large number of NSCN (K) cadres there. “Our hands are tied, otherwise we would have had many Ulfa cadres in custody by now,” the officer said.






Antony stresses on security alert

B. Chandrashekhar

“Withdrawal of forces shows dip in infiltration”

HYDERABAD: Defence Minister A.K. Antony on Thursday said cross-border infiltration, particularly into Jammu and Kashmir, had come down in recent months, but the situation in neighbouring countries remained a matter of concern.

Mr. Antony was speaking at an impromptu press conference on the sidelines of the graduation ceremony of flight cadets in the Air Force Academy at Dundigal, about 30 km from here.

The armed forces were well prepared to face any challenge and defend the territorial integrity.

The fact that about 30,000 personnel of the armed forces were withdrawn from Jammu and Kashmir was an indication of an improvement in the situation there. It was purely a decision taken by the armed forces themselves and no political pressure was involved in it. The forces were returning to their original bases, he said.
Women in IAF

However, security forces must remain on alert all through as terror outfits operating from the neighbouring countries would make determined and frequent attempts to push through across the border into India, he pointed out.

Attributing the decline in infiltration to the dedication and sacrifices of the armed forces, the Minister hoped that the situation would improve further.

The number of women in the Air Force was growing. The IAF was recruiting cadets on full-scale.

The number of women in last batch of trainees in 2008 was 20 out of 97 and it was 32 in the first batch of 2009 and 37 in the latest batch.

The latest batch included 40 youth who quit their corporate jobs to take up service for the nation.





‘Engineers in uniform face greater challenges’
Express News Service Posted online: Friday , Dec 25, 2009 at 0311 hrs
Pune : LT Gen Arun Kumar Nanda, engineer-in-chief of the Indian Army, called on the graduates at the College of Military Engineering (CME) here to keep their technical skills top-notch.

Engineers in uniform, he said, would face greater challenges than engineers in civil life as they would have to be good engineers and good soldiers. “The need of the hour is to use cutting-edge technologies which are best suited to meet our requirements,” Nanda said.

He was speaking at the scroll presentation ceremony at the CME where 41 officers of the 99th batch of the Engineer Officers Degree Engineering and 12 officers of the Technical Entry Scheme were awarded their degrees.

Nanda said that historically the Indian Army had left an indelible mark on national projects. He cited the example of the bailey suspension bridge at base camp in siachen glacier, oil pipeline at siachen glacier, roorkee canal, and the road to khardungla pass. “In the present-day knowledge based society, only those who cultivate the habit of constantly updating their skill shall emerge successful. As the economy grows , aspirations of users who are primarily from the defence forces, both in combat engineering and the works environment, will go up,” Nanda said.





Bhutan King meets Army Chief, NSA
December 24th, 2009 - 5:12 pm ICT by ANI Tell a Friend -

P. Chidambaram New Delhi, Dec 24 (ANI): Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck met Army Chief General Deepak Kapoor and National Security Advisor M. K. Narayanan here today.

Wangchuk held separate meetings with General Kapoor and Narayanan

Security and defence co-operation was discussed during the delegation level and bilateral talks.

Earlier, the Bhutanese monarch has said that India has always been their steadfast partner and friend.

Delivering the Madhavrao Scindia memorial lecture here, he said: “Some say Bhutan was wise to seek strong bilateral relations with India. This is true. After all whether we speak about our socio-economic progress or our successful transition towards democracy, India has been a steadfast partner and friend.”

Wangchuck, who is on a weeklong visit to India, also met Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram.

He also held talks with President Pratibha Patil, Congress Party President Sonia Gandhi and opposition leader Sushma Swaraj.

India and Bhutan have signed a dozen pacts, which also include bilateral cooperation in defence and power.

India also agreed to set up a super-specialty hospital on the lines of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences and to help Bhutan attain computer literacy.
India also inked four agreements on hydroelectric projects.

India and Bhutan share a historic friendship and India has been the forerunner in providing assistance towards Bhutan’s development.

India will help Bhutan in setting up ten projects by 2020 to generate 11,000 MW of hydroelectric power.

Bhutan, with a population under 700,000 people, is becoming an important source of hydroelectric power for India.

It sells power to India at a subsidised rate in return for financial help in building hydroelectric plants. The new Bhutanese government is aiming for annual economic growth of around nine percent over the next decade, and much of this will come from Indian investment. (ANI)





Dangerous Mix in the Himalayas      
Written by Peter Lee  
Thursday, 24 December 2009
Image Nepal's Army Turns to India to Counter Maoists


With Indian encouragement, Nepal's democratic forces are coalescing into a fragile coalition against the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), which appears determined to go to the next level and seize state power in Kathmandu.

Beyond a tender regard for Nepal's parliamentary democracy, Indian opposition to the Maoists has an inevitable geopolitical component. India and China have been engaged in a war of words over several touchpoints including the eastern Indian province of Aranuchal Pradesh, which China sporadically claims is a province of southern Tibet. There have also been confrontations over parts of Kashmir. In New Delhi, there are growing suspicions that the Beijing regards the Maoists in Nepal as a proxy army.

Now the Maoist push for power has attracted the concern and action of India, which fears that Nepal would abandon its traditional role as a virtual satellite of New Delhi and become a bastion of Chinese influence on its northern border if the Maoists triumph.  In recent weeks, India has gone beyond encouraging Nepal's shaky democratic parties to displaying some anti-Maoist background. 

The Maoists ended their armed insurgency in Nepal in 2006. However, they have continued to drive the political struggle toward violence and confrontation. New Delhi and Nepal's democratic parties, seeking to thwart them, have inevitably turned to their main military asset-the Nepalese army-to step forward as an anti-Maoist force.

After putting down their arms, the Maoists came to power with 38 percent of the popular vote in the 2008 Constituent Assembly elections. The Maoists' leader, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, who goes by the nom de guerre Prachanda, became Prime Minister and soon deposed the monarchy, but he resigned in May this year and dissolved the government in a dispute over the reinstatement of the Nepali Army chief General Rukmangad Katawal. Prachanda had earlier fired Katawal for refusing to integrate members of the Maoists' People's Liberation Army into the national force -- another condition of the peace agreement. Months of political chaos have followed.

In an August interview with Asia Sentinel, Chandra Prakash Gajurel, the Maoists' head of international affairs, accused the government of pursuing an arms deal with India,

The military are growing increasingly concerned that the Maoists are attempting to cow the current government into submission with an escalating program of land seizures, unilateral declaration of autonomous regions, and, most recently, a confrontational and frequently violent three-day general strikes throughout the country.

The Maoist timetable allegedly calls for harassing and intimidating the government until May 28, 2010-the date mandated for promulgation of the new post-monarchical constitution by the peace agreement that brought the Maoists out of the forest.

If the government has not accommodated the Maoists and gained their participation in the process of drafting the constitution by then, the Maoists say, they have threatened to declare that the current government has lost its legal mandate to rule.  Then the Maoists will place the onus for collapse of the peace agreement on the democratic parties, India, the military, the United States, and/or disgruntled monarchists and proclaim a new constitution and government "from the streets."

New Delhi has significantly upped the ante in Nepal's power game by responding favorably and publicly to an appeal from Nepal's army--which hunted the Maoists brutally and unsuccessfully for almost a decade-for India's assistance in keeping the Maoists out of power. The overt pro-India, anti-Maoist tilt of the Nepal Army was highlighted by the recent, high-profile visit to India of Nepal's Chief of Army Staff, Chatraman Singh Gurung. The determination of India and the Nepal Army (shared by significant factions inside Nepal's fractured democratic parties) to crush the Maoists has become virtually a matter of public record.

The Maoists' underlying agenda in seeking to oust Katawal was their need to ensure that the military was under the thumb of the government and would acquiesce to dilution of the army's anti-Maoist fervor by incorporation of Maoist forces in the Nepal Army as mandated by the peace agreement.

As the news out of India demonstrates, the Maoists were right to be worried about the hostility of the army.  Beyond receiving his honorary rank as general in the Indian army-apparently a traditional perk accorded the Nepalese Chief of Army Staff-Gurung delivered a raft of proposals for strengthening his forces,  intensifying the pro-India tilt, and turning them into a more effective antagonist of the Maoists.

The Telegraph of Calcutta, in a recent story, said officer cadets from Nepal would get more seats in the Indian Military Academy, that the recruitment of Nepalese Gurkhas in the Indian Army would be increased and New Delhi will consider supplying 50 phased-out tanks to Kathmandu.

The Ajeya T-72 tank-the Indian version of the Soviet Union's third-world workhorse of the 1970s and 1980s, the T-72-is a serious piece of hardware.  As the Indian government is aware, the T-72 is conspicuously ill-suited for action against the only external threat that New Delhi would consider legitimate-military action by China in Nepal's mountainous north--but would be quite useful making an anti-Maoist statement in the central valley that holds Kathmandu and several more of Nepal's larger cities.

A defense ministry source quoted by the Telegraph of India said Nepal had asked for 100 tanks in two phases at concessional rates. The Telegraph also carried a disingenuous piece of spin-doctoring, presumably courtesy of the Indian defense establishment, describing the convoluted history of military cooperation between India and Nepal, saying the Nepali army had inquired if India could raise the supply of military hardware to the level prevalent nine years back, when the campaign against the Maoists was at its height.

Actually, in 2005, India punished King Gyanendra with a downgrading of military ties after the king purchased arms from China.  The Indians also went the extra regional-hegemonist mile and brokered an alliance between the democratic parties and the Maoists that birthed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and removed King Gyanendra from power. 

Now India is talking to the Nepal Army about cleaning up the mess it helped make.  An improved environment for military sales from India to Nepal is therefore in the offing.  

The two countries' militaries held an India-Nepal defense cooperation committee meeting in Kathmandu in mid-December, with the Indian government reportedly responding favorably to a request for more concessionary terms for the supply of non-lethal aid (sales of lethal aid already enjoy a 70 percent credit concession). 

The Indian and Nepalese militaries have also easily achieved a meeting of the minds as to how to regard the Maoist challenge.  The Indian army is suspicious of any integration of Maoist troops into the Nepali Army ranks. The Kathmandu media reported that the Indian Army Chief of Staff, Deepak Kapoor, had advised Gurung not to integrate Maoist forces into the Nepal Army as the peace agreement stipulates.  The Maoists were quick to cite Kapoor's alleged remarks as evidence of Indian interference in Nepalese affairs, shifting the focus of their attack from the relatively obscure issue of civilian precedence to easy-to-understand and popular India-bashing.

In a rally celebrating the conclusion of the December three-day strike (and promising to escalate the crisis with another national general strike of indefinite duration beginning Jan. 24), Prachanda blasted the Nepalese democratic parties as servants, "puppets", and "robots" of New Delhi and declared that "Kapoor's statement was a naked intervention in Nepal's internal matters and yet the corrupt ministers of the current government remained silent."

Combining the Nepal Army's desire to settle scores with the Maoists with India's desire to deny China a political foothold in Kathmandu makes for a dangerous mix.  In its incarnation as the Royal Nepal Army, Nepal's military proved conspicuously more successful at racking up human rights violations than fighting the Maoists, who exploited Nepal's vast, mountainous terrain, near-feudal social conditions, and the virtual absence of a central government presence in many rural districts to fight the army to a standstill or better.

The Maoists actively fan fears that the military will abrogate the peace process in order to deny them the victory in Nepal's urban areas that they believe is in their grasp, raising the specter of a reprise of the bloody stalemate of the previous two decades: a determined and ruthless insurgency spreading in the countryside while a undemocratic and brutally ineffectual elite dominates the cities.

Given the constellation of forces arising to confront them, the Maoists' push for power-and Nepal's descent into chaos-will probably accelerate.
potentially undermining the peace agreement. He may well be right.  The Nepali Army appears dangerously eager to oblige.







No Neighbor is Safe from Rogue State India
Written by (Author ) World Dec 24, 2009

ONLY IF NEIGHBOURS COULD BE CHANGED THERE WOULD BE PEACE IN THE WORLD

16th December is the day of tragic memory when Pakistan was dismembered, a wedge was driven between two brothers as part of Indian intrigue which still continues. At present, New Delhi has been supporting separatism in Balochistan, Sindh, and insurgency in the Frontier Province in order to further weaken the federation of Pakistan. Here I would not spare the Pakistani leadership to have provided the Indian wolves an opportunity on the plate.

India has a long-gone history of many centuries, based upon religious prejudice against the Muslims. In this respect, Indian intelligence agency, RAW which was founded in 1968, has assumed a significant status as invisible actor in formulation of India’s domestic, regional and global policies, particularly directed Pakistan.

Hindus give credit to Indira Gandhi who in the late 1970s gave RAW a new role to suit her Indira Doctrine specifically asking it to undertake covert operations in neighboring countries, especially Pakistan which comprises majority of Muslims. RAW was given a green signal to mobilise all its resources by exploiting political turmoil in East Pakistan in 1971 which this agency had created through its agents who provided Bengalis with arms and ammunition for conducting guerrilla acts against the Pakistani defence forces.

As regards the separation of East Pakistan, Indian RAW had unleashed a well-organized plan of psychological warfare, creation of polarisation among the armed forces, propaganda by false allegations against West Pakistan, creation of differences between the political parties and religious sects of East and West Pakistan, control of media, manipulating linguistic, political and econmic disputes in order to keep maligned the Bengalis against Islamabad.

There is no doubt that one can note political, economic and social disparities almost in every Third World country. India itself contians these disparities on larger scale. In seven states of India, separatist movements are at work. But New Delhi which has not recognized the existence of Pakistan since partition, left no stone unturned in planting and exploiting differences between the people of East and West Pakistan.

RAW has a long history of sinister activities in the East Pakistan, backing secular areas of Hindu minority who had played an important role in motivating Bengali Muslims against West Pakistan. RAW’s well-paid agents had activated themselves in East Pakistan in the 1960’s so as to dismember Pakistan. For this aim, it took the responsibility of funding Mujib-ur-Rehmans’ general elections in 1970 and the members of the Awami Party. It colluded with the pro-Indian persons and had paid full attention in training and arming the Mukti Bahnis. RAW, playing with the bloodshed of the Muslims, succeded in initiating a civil war in East Pakistan. Meanwhile, India welcomed the refugees from East Pakistan, providing them with every facility to provocate them against West Pakistn.

However, huge quantity of arms started entering East Pakisan along with the guidline of Indian army and RAW. In this connection, Asoka Raina in his book, ‘Inside RAW: The Story of India’s Secret Service’, reveals, “Indian intelligence agencies were involved in erstwhile East Pakistan…its operatives were in touch with Sheikh Mujib as the possible ‘Father’ of a new nation-Bangladesh, who went to Agartala in 1965. The famous Agartala case was unearthed in 1967. In fact, the main purpose of raising RAW in 1968 was to organise covert operations in Bangladesh. Indian army officers and RAW officials used Bengali refugees to set up Mukti Bahini. Using this outfit as a cover, Indian military sneaked deep into East Pakistan. The story of Mukti Bahini and RAW’s role in its creation and training is now well-known.”

Asoka further explained, “Indian sources including journalists have put on record how much RAW had established the network of a separatist movement through ‘cells’ within East Pakistan and military training camps in Indian territory adjoining East Pakistan…carring out acts of sabotage against communication lines so that Indian forces simply marched in at the ‘right’ time. RAW agents provided valuable information as well as acting as an advance guard for conducting unconventional guerrilla acts against the Pakistani defence forces.”

Nevertheless, India had played a key role in the debacle of Dhaka, which culminated in dismemberment of Pakistan. Even at present, Indian RAW which has been implementing Indian hidden agenda against other countries such as China, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan in order to maintain Indian dominace in the region has made Pakistanan—a special target to disintegrate or weaken it.

India has established more than 200 foreign offices and training camps in Afghanistan where RAW’s intelligence officials with the help of Khad are doing their utmost to destabilise Pakistan by sending weapons to the separatist elements in Balochistan and the insurgents of FATA regions. Very young boys including Afghans, training recruits are mostly from Central Asia, bordering Afghanistan. Thus more than 20,000 ideologically motivated terrorists are regularly being infiltrated into troubled spots of Pakistan. They join the Taliban militants to fight against Pakistan’s security forces. These miscreants also conducted a number of suicide attacks and bomb blasts in Pakistan, killing a number of innocent people and personnel of the security forces. In Kurram Agency, RAW’s Afghan agents have also been actively involved in the sectarian conflict. However, their aim is also to create unrest in our country.

It is mentionable that Pakistan’s prime minister, interior minister and foreign minister have repeatedly stated that they have concrete evidence of Indian involvement in the terrorist activities in Pakistan.

Pakistan’s army spokesman, Maj-Gen. Athar Abbas disclosed in wake of the military operation in South Waziristan that huge cache of arms and ammunition of the Indian origin, entering our country from Afghanistan was captured.

A few days ago, two containers loaded with Indian-made weapons were caught in Balochistan after entering into Chaman, bordering Afghanistan.

In this regard, in its editorial on December 7, 2008, The New York Times wrote, “India’s growing investment and intelligence network in Afghanistan is also feeding Islamabad’s insecurity and sense of encirclement”. On September 20, 2009, NATO commander, Gen. McChrystal admitted: “Indian political and economic influence is increasing in Afghanistan including significant development efforts…is likely to exacerbate regional tensions.”

Nonetheless, after the separation of East Pakistan, India is fully backing the Baloh separatists who have been waging a low-level insurgency by destroying gas-pipelines and eliminating Pakistani citizens from other parts of the country including targeted-killings. RAW’s agents are regularly helping them in conducting the subversive acts. Notably, On July 23, 2008, in an interview with the BBC, Brahmdagh Bugti, while replying to a question regarding the acquisition of arms, remarked that they “have the right to accept aid from India.”

In the recent past, by assassinating the Baloch nationalist leaders, Indian elements wanted to fulfill a number of clandestine aims. In Balochistan, people, openly, began to blame Pakistan’s intelligence agencies for the abduction and killing of these leaders. This is what the external plotters intended to achieve. Another aim was to gain the sympathies of general masses for Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) which has been fighting for secession of the province with the logistic support of RAW. One of the major purposes of this agency was not only to create a rift between the center and Balochistan, but also to give a greater impetus to the people of the province so as to intensify their separatist activities through acts of sabotage against the federation and Punjabis.

Besides, another CIA and Indian-supported separatist group, Jundollah (God’s soldiers) is also working against the cordial relationship of Pakistan with China and Iran.

It is pertinent to note that Balochistan is replete with mineral resources. Its ideal geo-strategic location with Gwadar Deep Seaport alone could prove to be Pakistan’s key junction, linking the rest of the world with Central Asia.

However, besides separation of East Pakistan and perennial wave of suicide attacks in other regions, the largest province of Balochistan has become center of Indian intrigue. To avoid further disintegration, our politicians, armed forces and the general masses need a strong sense of unity in thwarting RAW’s sinister designs against the federation of Pakistan.

Now if you look at the Indian atrocities, no neighbour is safe from her. Even Bangladesh that she carved out of Pakistan is a victim of her aggression. Sri Lanka suffered for 28long years, Nepal paid through her nose; Maldives and Bhuttan etc, are too scared o talk. India, A Rogue State: No Neighbour is Safe, Sajjad Shaukat






India’s War Hysteria
Written by (Author ) Pakistan Dec 24, 2009

Toying with the idea of having limited war under nuclear hangover in Indian subcontinent is rather a dangerous notion. I am sure; Indian Army Chief General Deepak Kapoor fully understands the implications of such an undertaking. It will also be inapt to consider that he made such an assertion out of exuberance or it was a plane expression of his personal military thoughts and nothing more.

It certainly was a well thought out and a carefully timed statement avowed while Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh’s was on a state visit to USA. A visit to which Indian media is attaching a lot of importance being the first official visit by any head of the state after President Obama was sworn into the office. Being scheduled immediately after President Obama’s visit to China it divulged future American outlook for the area and possible role for India in the region. For Indian consumption, Joint Statement issued on November 24, 2009 reaffirmed the global strategic partnership between India and the United States and described it as “indispensable for global peace and security”. If also highlighted the desire of the two leaders to, “defeat terrorist safe havens in Pakistan and Afghanistan”.

Interestingly, U.S.-China Joint Statement issued on November 17, 2009 “supports the efforts of Afghanistan and Pakistan to fight terrorism, maintain domestic stability and achieve sustainable economic and social development, and support the improvement and growth of relations between India and Pakistan”. It implicitly assigns regional leadership role to China and confers upon them the responsibility to resolve regional disputes, much to the Indian disappointment. Americans could not ignore China their largest trading pattern, an emerging economy and a future supper power. It is while Indian Prime Minister was busy convincing American authorities of Indian ability to act as a counter weight to China, the statement of their Army Chief reflected upon the willingness of Indian Armed Forces to exert themselves for the fulfillment of Indo-U.S. objectives in the region.

Such aggressive statement by the Indian Army Chief reflects on their regional aspirations and a desire to subjugate Pakistan. The hypothesis seems to be based on self presumed and flawed assumption that they have been able to create a dent in the will of the people through unabated suicidal attacks. It would be very naive of them to consider that Pakistan is anywhere close to exhaustion and they can replay East Pakistan episode. Indian involvement with so called Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) and their anti Pakistan activities in Afghanistan are well known. The focus of their military planning seems to hinge on the assumption that by applying their so publicized “cold start strategy” they will be able to achieve dual aim of fixing Pakistan Army and triggering centrifuge forces resulting into disintegration of the country. They fail to recognize that the people of Pakistan fully understand the criticality of the situation and are much more united than ever before. They have the courage to render sacrifices and resolve to preserve their independence as amply demonstrated during Swat and Waziristan operations.

Defeat of Taliban at Swat and Waziristan must have come as a disappointing surprise for those who are orchestrating them. It broke the myth of popular support for them. Even the moderate Muslims of tribal areas which constitute predominant majority have shown their repulsion towards Taliban’s myopic and flawed fundamentalism. On top of it, striking victory by Pakistan Army in these areas must have resulted into loss of billions of dollars spent on training, arming and maintaining so called Taliban. Certainly, a severe blow has been inflicted on Taliban and their sponsors. It shattered the saga of their invincibility and paved the way for their elimination from other parts of the country. Certainly our adversaries would like to extend a helping hand to them. A threatening statement by Indian Army Chief, if nothing else, will impose caution on Pakistan’s military planners. They will be more careful while committing additional troops for anti Taliban operations. It indirectly will help taking pressure off than and by default delay American victory in Afghanistan.

While contemplating such thoughts, Indian Military hierarchy must remain cognizant of Pakistan’s nuclear capabilities. A fact which averted war during 2001 (attack on Indian Parliament) and 2008 (Mumbai attack) stand offs. There was no involvement of Pakistan’s government or any of its organs in those foolish acts. On the contrary, India used these events to vent out propaganda against Pakistan and to draw short term advantages like severing peace talks and thereby stalling peace process in the Sub-continent. The notion of fighting a limited war under nuclear hangover failed in the recent past and is most unlikely to succeed in future. Nevertheless, such statements can serve the lesser aim of increasing mistrust between the two neighbors, thereby, further delaying peace talks, covering up their atrocities in occupied Kashmir, continuing with the stubborn attitude towards resolution of water dispute etc. Such an approach certainly won’t help in resolving regional disputes, which constitutes the core hurdle in India’s path to her regional ambitions. The process can also lead to antagonism in US India relations as through blind pursuance of her regional agenda India can hurt US interests in Afghanistan. One wonders, India while sitting in the American lap is covertly working to settle the score on behalf of Russians, her former ally, by supporting Taliban and thus orchestrating American defeat in Afghanistan. By Alam Rind





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