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Tuesday, 26 January 2010

From Today's Papers - 26 Jan 10

A Tribune Special
Finally, roll of honour for all martyrs
In 61st yr as Republic, India to have its first National Martyr Register
Aditi Tandon
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, January 25
Sixty years after it became a Republic, India is about to share with its people the first authenticated list of martyrs, who helped it realise the dream of freedom. The list would, for the first time, cover the martyrs of 1857, recognised now as the watershed in the struggle for India’s Independence.

Also, the list’s focus would be the nation to avoid accusations that the existing works on martyrs are heavily tilted in favour of the North.
So long, the country has no National Register of Martyrs which can be taken as the basis of future historical research on the subject. Names that do exist in scattered works, including “Who’s Who of Indian Martyrs’ published by the Education Ministry in 1969, are the ones that figured in the national movements of the late 19th and 20th centuries.
They altogether ignored 1857. Moreover, the existing names of martyrs lack historical referencing and can be dismissed as claims unless proved otherwise by evidence in primary sources like judicial records and jail files.
Even the two available lists --- one official and the other prepared by the All India Congress Committee --- on the martyrs of Jallianwala Bagh massacre have yet to stand the test of history.
But now, thanks to experts under the Indian Council of Historical Research which is in charge of the project, India will soon have its first historically-tested list of martyrs of the Jallianwala tragedy which claimed 381 lives according to British records and over 1,000 according to the AICC.
“Both the lists are deceptive. But we are now authenticating the existing information on martyrs of this massacre and others starting from 1857. We are digging into primary sources to create a real historical record,” KL. Tuteja, senior fellow at Nehru Memorial Museum and Library and an expert on the project told The Tribune. He is heading the team researching the martyrs from Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and Himachal.
The Punjab-Delhi-Haryana list would be the first to be printed this February, with experts confirming to The Tribune the discovery of “never-before-heard” martyrs. “Our teams are hitting gold. We are unearthing new names and verifying old ones. Though we don’t intend to recommend deletions from old lists, we will test the veracity of claims to create an unchallengeable record,” Prabhat Shukla, former secretary, ICHR, told TNS, adding that the 1969 work edited by P.N. Chopra lacks information on the movements of South India, especially Andhra, Bengal and Tamil Nadu.
Even in Punjab, now, the experts will extensively cover the Akali movement for the liberation of gurdwaras, Guru ka Bagh, Jaiton Morcha and any other movement which was an offshoot of the national freedom struggle. Peasant, trade union and labour movements would also be looked at.
“Anyone, who fought the British or suffered due to their atrocity because he was conscious of the difference between British imperialism and Indian identity, would be covered,” Tuteja said of the project commissioned by the government. The exercise would, however, not include Kukas as historians have not found evidence of their being part of the liberation movement.
Important, however, is the fact that the government has reworked the definition of a martyr for the prestigious project. The 1969 work defined martyrs as patriots who were hanged or killed in the freedom struggle.
The new one defines them as “those arrested and executed or transported for life, while fighting for freedom. The definition would include people who died in tragedies like the Jallianwala massacre due to the police or the Army action, even if they were denied arrest.

'Pak govt reluctant to plunge into war with Afghan militants'
Press Trust of India / Washington January 25, 2010, 10:31 IST

Suspicious of deepening ties between India and the United States, Pakistan is reluctant to plunge into war with Afghan militants and even high-profile visits of US officials have failed to win over a military and civilian establishment in Islamabad, a media report said.

The recent visit of US Defence Secretary Robert Gates and US Special Representative for Pakistan and Afghanistan Richard Holbrooke could not convince Pakistan to go ahead full throat in its war against terrorism.

"One major obstacle, analysts said, is the close relationship between the United States and India," The Washington Post today reported in its dispatch from Islamabad.

"India-Pakistan relations are mired in mistrust, with India suspecting Pakistan of colluding in a terrorist attack in Mumbai in late 2008, and Pakistan suspecting that India uses Afghanistan to launch anti-Pakistan subversion," it said.

The Post said that for some Pakistanis, the message of support delivered by Gates and other recent visitors, including special envoy Holbrooke, has been discredited by similar US messages of support for India.

"Washington sees India's active role in Afghanistan as a force for stability, but Pakistan sees it as a threat and has been reaching out to other regional powers, including Iran, for counterbalancing support," The Post said.

This despite the fact that Gates offered shadow drones to Pakistan during his recent visit to Pakistan. The gesture intended to ease Pakistani concerns about the increasing use of US armed drones to launch missile strikes against al-Qaeda and Taliban targets in Pakistan's remote tribal areas.

"The other major obstacle, analysts said, is Pakistan's concern that if its armed forces expand operations and go after allies of the Afghan Taliban, this will invite retribution from radical groups that have so far refrained from attacking Pakistan, and that could end up sharing power in Afghanistan after Western forces withdraw," The Post said.

According to The Post, analysts and diplomats said the army's delaying tactics were in part a gambit to win more US military aid and in part a reflection of the toll taken by the fighting.

"Other observers pointed to a cultural cause for the disconnect between the United States and Pakistan, despite the recent infusion of US economic aid and the fence-mending visits from Washington. Pakistanis understand the need to curb violent militant groups, they said, but do not want to be seen as doing Washington's bidding," the daily said.

Ad Gaffe
It was ministry’s concept, claims DAVP
New Delhi, January 25
Even as the PMO has ordered an inquiry into the inclusion of former Pakistan Air Force chief’s photograph in a government advertisement, Directorate of Audio Visual Publicity (DAVP) today said its only role was to release it on the ministry concerned’s orders.

Official sources in the Ministry for Information and Broadcasting (under which the DAVP comes) said here that the publicity wing’s role is only to release advertisements on the orders of the ministries, once they are sent to it.
A senior officer said the advertisement in question, which carried the ex-Pakistani officer’s photograph, was created and conceptualised by the Ministry for Women and Child Development, which it had designed with the help of an external agency.
The official added that in this specific case, the DAVP was only asked by the ministry to release the advertisement.
“Despite our limited role in the whole episode, we had an internal meeting to discuss the matter yesterday and we came to the conclusion that there has been no lapse on DAVP’s part,” the official said.
Ministry sources said after the advertisement was asked to be released by the ministry, the DAVP did so after checking its technical specifications like size, typography, and colour scheme.
The official said if an advertisement is handed over to the DAVP’s design team for its complete conceptualisation, then its entire creation is the publicity wing’s responsibility, but in the case of the said advertisement, the DAVP only released it as per the ministry’s orders.
In fact, ministry sources also said the advertisement had been sent directly to the DAVP by the WCD ministry instead of getting clearances from the departments concerned.
The photograph of former Pakistan Air chief marshal Tanvir Mahmood Ahmed in uniform appeared along with those of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi in a full-page newspaper advertisement given by Ministry of Women and Child Development to mark the National Girl Child Day.
After the PMO regretted the error and ordered an inquiry, Minister for Women and Child Development Krishna Tirath also apologised on behalf of her ministry and said that a probe would bring out who was responsible for the advertisement as multi-level agencies were involved in its printing. -PTI

Tunnel Reports
We’re watching Pak: Krishna
New Delhi, January 25
India is closely monitoring Pakistan's activities in the wake of media reports suggesting it was digging tunnels along its border in Sargodha district and would analyse its “implications”, External Affairs Minister SM Krishna said here today.

“We are closely monitoring whatever has been happening in Pakistan and both our Defence Ministry as well as our ministry will certainly work together to analyse what it means by way of implications to India,” the minister said.
He was reacting to media reports about Pakistan building tunnels in the Sargodha district of Pakistani Punjab, not far from the border with India. — TNS

Tribunal takes up Kargil war issues
Vijay Mohan
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, January 25
Over a decade after a proxy war in Kargil and the ensuing controversies, the issues that had then embroiled the government and the Army have re-emerged into the public domain.

After being in the Delhi High Court for years, the legal cases filed by some officers, who felt aggrieved by the actions of the establishment vis-à-vis their role in the conflict, are now before the Armed Forces Tribunal (AFT) for public hearing.
These would be the first cases associated with a cross-border conflict and those dealing with the conduct of military operations and the role of commanders in a war situation, to come up before the AFT. This could raise some jurisdictional, administrative and legal issues. Three of the officers whose cases are listed to come up for hearing before the AFT’s Principal Bench, comprising Justice AK Mathur and Lt Gen ML Naidu (retd), are from Chandigarh.
Brig Devinder Singh, the then commander of the 70 Infantry Brigade at Batalik which had played a key role in the conflict, had alleged fabrication of the After Action Reports by the senior commanders. He has contended that four of his most successful battalions were falsely shown under the command of the then Deputy General Officer of the 3 Infantry Division, which reflected a lop-sided picture of his command.
He claimed that senior commanders attempted to involve him in a blame game over the Kargil intrusions by fudging records and forwarding incorrect inputs to the Kargil Review Committee.
The then commander of the 121 (I) Brigade in Kargil, who was removed from service, is contending that he had apprised higher authorities of the intrusions, but instead of taking him seriously, he was made a scapegoat.
The matter had come up before the AFT and is now fixed for March hearing. Contending his removal and related actions against him by the Army as illegal, arbitrary and without jurisdiction, he has demanded reinstatement, consequential benefits and damages, besides calling for an independent investigation into the circumstances that led to the conflict.
A Major, who was tried and convicted by a general court martial at Chandigarh for disobedience of lawful command during the conflict, has also challenged his trial and the case is also before the AFT. He has filed an additional suit demanding independent investigations into the Kargil episode.

An open letter to the new NSA
Last updated on: January 25, 2010 14:36 IST


Shiv Shankar Menon [ Images ]


New Delhi [ Images ]

I welcome your appointment as the National Security Adviser and wish you well in your new assignment. My purpose in writing this open letter to you is to share with you my thinking on the tasks ahead of you. Since retiring from the Research & Analysis Wing on August 31, 1994, I have written over a hundred articles on national security management. This letter will repeat some of the points figuring in those articles which are still valid and some others to which I will be giving open expression for the first time.

The importance of an action-oriented analytical process was highlighted by Lord Franks of the United Kingdom, who was asked by the British government to enquire into the failure of Britain's national security managers to anticipate and forestall the Argentine occupation of the Falklands Islands in 1982, which led to a brief, but fierce naval conflict. Lord Franks concluded that though there was no secret intelligence regarding Argentina's intentions and plans, there was considerable open source reporting in the US and Argentine media on this, but these reports were not taken seriously and analysed either in the Foreign Office or in the Joint Intelligence Committee to see what those reports implied and what action was called for. Hence, the so-called surprise.

The United States National Commission, which enquired into the 9/11 terrorist strikes in the US Homeland, stressed the importance of the culture of joint action for dealing effectively with terrorism. It pointed out that effective coordination alone would not be adequate unless it was supplemented by the operating principle of joint action by all those having any responsibility for counter-terrorism.

This principle implies that every piece of intelligence is analysed jointly by everyone responsible for counter-terrorism and acted upon. One of the main purposes of the National Counter-Terrorism Centre, which came into being in 2004 under the supervision of the director, National Intelligence, will be to enforce this responsibility for joint action. Every counter-terrorism agency will be individually and jointly responsible for ensuring that significant pieces of intelligence are promptly analysed and acted upon.

The recent enquiries by officials of the Barack Obama [ Images ] administration into the failed attempt by a Nigerian student to blow up a US commercial flight, from Amsterdam to Detroit on Christmas Day, revealed that even more than five years after the NCTC was set up, the culture of an action-oriented analytical approach has not taken hold in the US national security establishment.

The father of the student alerted a US diplomat and a Central Intelligence Agency officer in Nigeria that his son had got radicalised and was suspected to be in Yemen. The diplomat conveyed the information to the State Department and the CIA officer to his agency's headquarters. Both passed on the information to the NCTC.

Days before the student boarded the plane at Amsterdam, the information that he is a security risk was available in the databases of the US Embassy in Nigeria, the State Department, the CIA and the NCTC, but it was not subjected to a joint analysis to see what the information implied and what joint action on it was called for.

In his statement in the Lok Sabha after taking over as the home minister after the 26/11 terrorist strike, P Chidambaram [ Images ] mentioned that he had found that responsibility for follow-up action on intelligence reports was diffused.

In December last year, the Hindustan Times had reported that twice in September 2008, the R&AW had reported about the Lashkar-e-Tayiba's [ Images ] plans for a sea-borne terrorist attack in Mumbai [ Images ]. The paper also quoted a senior unnamed official of the R&AW as saying that its responsibility was to collect and disseminate intelligence and that follow-up action on the intelligence disseminated was not its responsibility. This showed the total absence of the culture of joint action in our national security establishment. This should be a matter of serious concern and needs to be addressed.

The Kargil [ Images ] conflict of 1999 revealed a serious deficiency in our analysis and  follow-up action process. Every year, the Indian Army [ Images ] had been withdrawing its troops from the Kargil heights during winter. Before the onset of the winter of 1998-99, there were intelligence reports of unusual Pakistani army activity in the Gilgit-Baltistan area.

In the middle of 1998, Shyamal Dutta, the then director of the Intelligence Bureau, had analysed these activities and sent his assessment to the Prime Minister's Office and other concerned ministries. One would have expected an immediate meeting of the JIC to consider the implications of these developments and to recommend to the government whether in the light of these developments, the annual winter withdrawal by the Army should be cancelled. Nothing was done in Delhi and the decision to withdraw as usual was taken locally. The result: Pakistani occupation of the heights.

One would have thought that in the light of the detailed lessons drawn by the Kargil Review Committee, the analysis and follow-up action process would have improved. Unfortunately, this was not so. This became evident during the 26/11 terrorist strikes in Mumbai. The two reports received in September 2008, about the danger of a sea-borne attack by the LeT, were analysed and security was upgraded by the Mumbai police, the naval authorities and those in charge of physical security in the  Taj Hotel [ Images ]. Subsequently, nothing happened for seven weeks. There were no fresh reports.

There should have been an analysis in Delhi on what this lack of activity and absence of fresh reports implied. Did it mean that the threat no longer existed and that the security could be down-graded? These were very important questions which should have been examined in Delhi and instructions issued to the concerned authorities in Mumbai as to whether the high-level of security should continue or be downgraded. This was not done and there were no fresh instructions to Mumbai from Delhi. The local authorities in Mumbai downgraded the security on their own, presuming that the threat was less likely. Delhi was not aware of this till the terrorists struck on 26/11.

The analysis, assessment and follow-up action process has been in a state of neglect  for many years. Nothing illustrates this more than the state of the JIC. In 1983, Indira Gandhi [ Images ], the then prime minister, bifurcated the JIC and created a separate JIC for internal security. Two years later, Rajiv Gandhi [ Images ] reversed her decision and re-merged them.

Officers of the IB and the R&AW started monopolising the post of the JIC chairman. When Inder Kumar Gujral was the prime minister, a move was made to consider military officers for this post. As no consensus could be reached on this, the post was kept vacant for nearly three years and the chief of the R&AW was asked to hold additional charge as the chairman of the JIC. He did not have adequate time to discharge this responsibility. The JIC functioned with no head and only half a body. There was a dramatic drop in the flow of military intelligence reports to the JIC.

The Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led National Democratic Alliance government, which created a new national security management mechanism headed by the NSA, felt that with the creation of the National Security Council Secretariat, the JIC had become superfluous and made it a subordinate division of the NSCS with very limited independent powers of analysis, assessment and follow-up action.

The Task Force for the Revamping of the Intelligence Apparatus headed by G C Saxena, former head of the R&AW, recommended in 2000 that the JIC should be rescued from the limbo to which it had remained confined for about five years and restored to its original authority. It took another six years to implement its recommendation.

Previously, for nearly a decade, we had no body for analysis, assessment and follow-up action. Today we have three --- the JIC of the old vintage, the NSCS of the 1998-99 creation and the National Security Advisory Board, which came into existence in 1999 as a body of non-governmental analysts and advisers on national security. From a state of practically no analysis, we have gravitated to one of a plethora of analysis. Analysis for analysis sake without orienting it towards action has become the name of the game.

There is a need to re-visit the national security management system created in 1998-99 and subsequently modified by the revival of the JIC in order to ensure that the JIC, the NSCS, the NSAB and the NCTC, to be created in the ministry of home affairs, work in a coordinated manner instead of adding to the prevailing confusion.

The main responsibility of the JIC and the NCTC should be action-oriented analysis and follow-up action --- the JIC in respect of non-terrorism related threats to national security and the NCTC focusing on terrorism-related threats. The NSCS should confine itself to policy-related analysis to examine how past and present policies in national security matters have been working and whether any changes are called for. The NSAB should provide the inputs for the policy-related work of the NSCS. It should be encouraged to function as the generator of new ideas on specific issues to be referred to by the PM and the NSA.

Warm regards,

Yours sincerely,

B Raman, additional secretary (retired), Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India, New Delhi

Internal security scenario may deteriorate
by Gurmeet Kanwal
Though the year 2009 witnessed a marginal improvement in India’s external security environment, internal security continued to deteriorate in view of the heightened activities of the Maoist-Naxalite terrorists. The unstable regional security environment, unresolved territorial and boundary disputes with China and Pakistan and continuing internal security challenges pose serious national security threats to India.
Future conventional conflicts on the Indian subcontinent will flow out of unresolved territorial and boundary disputes in Jammu and Kashmir and along the unsettled border with China and will be predominantly land battles supported extensively by the air force.
While the probability of a conflict with China is low, patrol face-offs in no-man’s land are common and these could result in armed clashes, leading to another border conflict. Such a conflict is likely to be limited in area and the application of force levels.
Though the conflict is likely to be predominantly a land battle, air power will need to be employed extensively, including attack helicopters and armed helicopters.
An extensive use will be made of artillery firepower from 155mm Howitzers and long-range rocket launchers. The Chinese may resort to the employment of conventionally armed SRBMs against the Indian forces, communication centres, logistics installations and choke points such as bridges.
Though a conflict at sea is highly unlikely in the 2020-25 time frame, the PLA Navy may be expected to begin operating in the northern Indian Ocean region by about 2015, ostensibly to safeguard China’s sea lanes for oil, gas and trade.
Consequently, Indian Navy ships are likely to be shadowed by PLA submarines and occasionally even by surface ships, particularly during naval exercises.
It is now emerging clearly that the Pakistan army is unlikely to allow the new civilian dispensation to govern unfettered. Hence, hostility towards India will remain a key objective of Pakistan’s security policies.
The present ceasefire along the LoC will hold only as long as it suits the Pakistan army’s interests. The Pakistan army and the ISI will continue to encourage, aid and abet infiltration across the LoC.
The most likely conflict scenario is that of retaliatory Indian air and ground strikes across the LoC if there is credible intelligence of the involvement of any organ of the Pakistani state in a future Mumbai-type terror attack anywhere in India.
While India will calibrate its response carefully to control escalation, a short-sharp conflict cannot be ruled out and it may be necessary to mobilise the armed forces again.
Another possibility is that of a Kargil-type misadventure. This time it may be executed by the Pakistan army with help from LeT, JeM and Hizbul Mujahideen sleeper cells by occupying terrain features in remote areas like Hill Kaka and the Shamsabari range north of Bandipur in Kashmir Valley. They may declare these as liberated zones.
India may choose to strike across the LoC at carefully selected targets with its Air Force. In this scenario large-scale conflict is unlikely as India will once again exercise restraint. Artillery firepower will be extensively employed on military targets on and across the LoC.
Fighting on the LoC is likely to be limited in scope. Rear area security will be a major issue and will require the deployment of large numbers of para-military personnel as terrorists will disrupt the move of army convoys and supplies.
The probability of the conflict spilling over to the plains sector is extremely limited. In the maritime domain, the Pakistan navy will adopt a defensive posture.
However, the Pakistan navy will lose no opportunity to encourage and even abet terrorist strikes on Indian assets such as oil and gas rigs and shipping. The Pakistan navy is likely to operate with a greater degree of confidence once Chinese PLA navy ships begin to use the Gwadar port as a naval base.
A low-grade insurgency will continue to fester in J&K despite serious government efforts at reconciliation. However, the situation in the North-eastern states will gradually improve due to socio-economic growth and political maturity.
The worst internal security challenge will come from the rising tide of Left wing extremism or Maoist/Naxalite terrorism as the state and central governments continue to waver in their approach.
The Maoists will challenge the state by bringing small towns in the tribal belt under their political and security control.
At this stage, the Army will be called in to stem the rot even though it neither has the numbers nor the wherewithal to intervene effectively over thousands of square kilometres of jungle-covered terrain. Countries inimical to India will exploit the situation by providing arms, ammunition, equipment and financial support to the Maoists.
Home-grown Indian jihadis are increasingly joining the pan-Islamic ‘movement’. Groups like the Indian Mujahideen will become more sophisticated in their attacks. They will be more difficult to apprehend as they will form cellular structures in which no terrorist will know more than two other people.
Terrorists with software expertise may launch cyber attacks on computer-controlled communications, transportation, power and commercial networks to cripple the Indian economy. Maritime and chemical and biological terrorism will increase considerably.
While the probability of nuclear terrorism is low, radiological dispersal devices (RDDs) may be used to spread panic and create hysteria. India will also need to enhance its vigil over its island territories as South-East Asian terrorist organisations will use these as secure bases.
All of these emerging threats will require far greater intelligence effort than has been the case so far and comprehensive inter-ministerial, inter-departmental, inter-agency and inter-security forces coordination to defeat successfully.n
The writer is the Director, Centre for Land Warfare Studies, New Delhi.

And now Military exercises in Sargodha worry Indian government
— Indian media says Delhi alarmed over digging of trenches by drilling troops
— Pak troops dig trenches as part of routine winter exercises
— Faulty Intel reports link Army exercises with PAF activities, term far flung Sargodha as a border city

By our Defence Correspondent/ Monitoring Desk

ISLAMABAD—While the Pakistan Army is carrying out its routine winter drills in different parts of the country during which the exercising troop often dig trenches and tunnels as part of the exercises, India’s intelligence agencies have created panic amongst the government and defence circles by reporting that Pakistanis were digging secret tunnels along Pak-India borders, most probably to store nuclear weapons. These absurd intelligence reports, that are merely based on some images of web search engine Google, have been published by Indian media as well. The credibility of these reports can further be judged that these reports describe Sargodha city of Pakistan as a border city that is very close to Pakistan-India borders while actually Sargodha is situated hundred of kilometers from the Pakistan-India borders. Further more the reports have linked these drills of Army with some activity by Pakistan Air Force, probably in a bid to get away with the shame that was caused to Indian Armed Forces a day before when PAF Chief was shown as a National Hero of India in an official advertisement, released by the Indian government.
The Times of India, wich is otherwise befooling every one by launching a joint peace initiative through a Pakistani media group has taken the quantum leap in destabilizing the Pak-India ties and published this completely childish report on the front page The Times of India report says that as the war of words between India and Pakistan reaches a crescendo, New Delhi has fresh cause for alarm, due to some activities across the border. Intelligence agencies here have brought to the notice of the government information that Pakistan has been frantically building up tunnels in areas not far from the border with India.
According to these inputs, the tunnels have been dug up in Sargodha district of Pakistani Punjab and can even be noticed, as a top intelligence officer put it, by a discerning eye on Google satellite imagery. “An attempt is being made to establish the purpose of digging up these large tunnels. They clearly can’t be meant for transport as is obvious from the images available; unlike ordinary tunnels they don’t lead on to roads,” said the official who is involved in analyzing the information.
Terming Sargodha,(an agricultural rich district of Punjab, know for great citrus fruits and not for any kind of nuclear installation at all) as “known” for nuclear installations, the TOI further writes Pakistan has constructed storage sheds for missiles and weapons in Sargodha, a known nuclear installation, in the past. The size of the tunnels and the fact that they don’t seem to lead to roads has raised fears that they could be used to store battle-ready nuclear weapons or missiles.
The TOI further writes that the tunnels being dug up by Pakistan in Sargodha district assumes significance in view of the fact that a sub-depot near the central ammunition depot there has been known to store some of the country’s deadliest, but unassembled, missiles like the Chinese M-11.
Sargodha is also the place where Pakistan’s N-capable F-16s are said to be stationed. Located on the west of Lahore, Sargodha has always been the hub of Pakistan air force and, in fact, is home to its central air command.

Army to procure all-terrain vehicles for special operations
To provide high mobility to its commandos for special operations, the Army is procuring a large number of all-terrain vehicles that could ply in snow-bound areas, marshes, creeks, beaches and deserts.

The Defence Ministry has issued a request for information (RFI) to manufacturers, both domestic and foreign, for such high utility vehicles with a capacity to carry 10 fully-armed men.

These vehicles can also be used by troops for patrol duties in difficult terrains.

However, the RFI does not specify the exact number of vehicles required, but has asked the manufacturers to state their ability to supply them and also transfer technology for manufacturing within India in future.

Army expects to procure both wheeled and tracked all-terrain vehicles, but these should have convertible rack and seat system.

The vehicles should be able to operate in high-altitude areas and have the capability to cross crevasses.

A Global Positioning System powered by its own electrical systems, wind and temperature tachymeter, fire extinguisher, external storage facility for rappelling ropes, ice aces, pick axes and shovels, along with two 20-litre warming fuel jerricans would be additional features of the vehicle.

Among other attachments to the vehicle include all-way blade, rotary snow blower, snow cutter and tilt trailer.

Focus on modernisation of Indian armed forces

TIRUMALA: The budgetary allocation for defence is likely to be increased substantially for modernisation of Indian armed forces, Union Minister of State for Defence MM Pallam Raju has said.
In a brief interaction with mediapersons here today, the Union Minister who celebrated his birthday on the hill shrine, said the Indian Army laid greater emphasis on modernisation of weaponry to face new challenges.
India expressed its reservations on the sale of modern weaponry to Pakistan by the USA in the guise of fight against terrorism. India is keenly observing weaponry procurement of neighbouring countries, he said.
On Telangana issue, he said the Congress stance was clear and the party high command would take an appropriate decision on it.

Fort Williams boss wins the War of Generals in Indian Army

—India nominates Lt. General V.K Singh to replace General Deepak Kapoor as Indian Army Chief
—General Kapoor’s one year extension request turned down by government
—Kapoor-Singh war ends with dividing Indian Army top brass in 2 groups
—General Singh used military Intelligence to leak classified Kapoor documents to media, deprived him of his close aides through corruption charges
—MI Chief Lt. General Loomba helped Gen. Singh in countering Gen. Kapoor
—General Kapoor submitted to Singh, leaving him to lead a demoralized Army by admitting Force’s combat weaknesses
—Singh set to lead the divided Indian army, engulfed with corruption scams, sex scandals

From Christina Palmer

NEW DELHI—The almost year long “War of Generals” between the Army Chief of India General Deepak Kapoor and the Commander of the Eastern Command Lt. General Vijay Kumar Singh, also known as the Fort Williams boss, ended here on Friday with Indian government naming Gen. Singh to be the new Army Chief of India and he will replace general Kapoor by the end of March, yet this war left the Indian army top brass stood divided in two groups with the troops in a state of worst demoralization, reveal the findings of The Daily Mail.
59-year-old Singh will take over from Gen Deepak Kapoor on March 31 when he retires from service, defence ministry spokesperson Sitanshu Kar said here. He will have around two-year tenure. The Defence Ministry issued the order appointing Singh for the top post after the Cabinet Committee on Appointments cleared his name .A third generation officer from the Rajput regiment, Singh is a graduate of the Wellington-based Defense Services Staff College as well as the Rangers Course at Fort Benning, USA and the US Army War College, Carlisle. He was commissioned into 2 Rajput Regiment in June 1970 and commanded the same unit when it was positioned along the Line of Control with Pakistan.
The Daily Mail’s findings indicate that the cold war that erupted amongst the two top Generals of Indian army started when General Deepak Kapoor, the Army Chief, bypassed the senior most General of the Indian Army at the time of the appointment of the Deputy Army Chief and instead appointed a rather junior General at the lucrative slot. After this the War of Generals began in the Indian army with both, General Kapoor and General Singh leaving no opportunity to down each other. As the war started getting heated from its cold status, General Singh finally managed to fix Kapoor when he, through the help of the Chiif of the military Intelligence Lt. General Loomba, found that Kapoor’s confidante Generals including Lt Gen. Avadhesh Prakash, Lt Gen. Ramesh Halgali and Maj. Gen. P. Sen and Lt Gen. P.K. Rath were involved a massive corruption scandal in the sale of military lands to a contractor in Bengal. The Daily Mail’s findings further indicate that upon this development, General Singh convened a high profile Court of Inquiry. This Court of Inquiry, presided over by Commander 4 Corps, based at Tezpur, Lt Gen. K.T. Parnaik, had forwarded its findings to Lt Gen. Singh. Based on the findings and on consultations with the Judge Advocate General (JAG) in his command, the Eastern army commander recommended the “termination of services” of Lt Gen. Prakash because of his alleged involvement in a land scam case. This situation paralyzed the entire military establishment as the scuffle between the 2 bigwigs of the Indian Army started rising day by day with Army Chief trying to show his muscles to Commander Eastern Command and resisting JAG branch’s recommendations while Commander Eastern Command sticking to the set rules and procedures.
The Daily Mail’s finding further reveal that after getting a cold shoulder from Defence Minister Antony , the Indian Army Chief held detailed discussions with the Adjutant-General over the matter to decide the course of action, exploring more ways to save his top aides, specially Lt. General Prakash, seeking administrative action rather than disciplinary action while General Singh insisting on disciplinary action, meaning termination of services. These findings further indicate that this phase of the war was finally won by General Deepak Kapoor as he managed to get some relief for his aide Generals and succeed in converting disciplinary actions against them into administrative actions, contrary to the recommendations of general Singh and the JAG Branch.
The Daily Mail’s findings further indicate that in the meantime, both Generals started a lobbying amongst the military top brass to win maximum Corps Commanders, Principal staff Officers and Formation Commanders in their respective favours, an exercise which latterly divided the Indian army top bras into two groups with effects reaching to the lowest troop’s levels. The Daily Mail’s findings reveal that on the other side, both General Kapoor and General Singh were still looking for different ways and means to show muscles to each other. In this process, with crystal clear reservations and objection, General Deepak Kapoor in December 2009, finalized a new war vision, a new doctrine to fight a war with Pakistan and China on simultaneous fronts. Before announcing this war doctrine, both General showed the strength of top Generals on their respective sides and Kapoor won with a slight margin and forwarded the doctrine to the government, coupled with a request for a one year extension in his service tenure under the pretext that it was primary for him to command the army for at least one more year implement the new doctrine with all its comprehensions. Though this request was sent to the government with complete secrecy by General Kapoor, yet General Singh managed to get knowledge about it through MI Chief General Loomba. The Daily Mail’s findings indicate that upon this, General Loomba and General Singh organized another ploy to counter general Kapoor and thus the MI Chief embarked upon a secret visit to the Afghanistan, though with the notice Army Chief but with quoting totally different reasons for the visit. The sources at the Army Headquarters revealed to this scribe that after the return of MI Chief from Afghanistan trip, both Singh and Loomba met with certain political leaders secretly, including Defence Minister A K Antony, who was already at odds with general Deepak Kapoo and convinced them to get rid of Kapoor by not giving him any extension as vision about India’s military role in Afghanistan was almost zero while Loomba and Singh presented a new formula regarding Afghanistan to counter both China and Pakistan. However the sources regretted to the ability to divulge about the Singh-Loomba formula to tackle Pakistan and China through attaining a comprehensive military role in Afghanistan.
The Daily Mail’s investigations indicate that on the other side, his confidantes in the other spy agency the Research and Analysis Wing ( R&AW) informed Kapoor about the Singh-Loomba nexus and also told him that government had decided
Not grant him any extension in his service tenure. Upon this, Deepak Kapoor decided to give a blow to General Singh, who was just next in line to replace him if he was not granted an extension and decided to give him a tough time to handle matters later on. With this theory, General Kapoor disclosed a top secret of the Indian army to the local and international media by making and outrageous admission that the Indian Army was not able to combat an armored and infantry battle in the night time. ‘My major concern is that night blindness of the army is removed so we are able to fight in the night as in the day,’ Kapoor said at New Delh , an admission that stunned the world in the back drop of his two weeks old remarks. The situation also forced Indian Defence Minister Antony to chew his own buts as he had been endorsing and projecting General Kapoor’s announcement regarding the new war doctrine for Pakistan and China   while it also shocked General VK Singh to the maximum as he was to lead the Army after Kapoor’s retirmen in a coupl of months’ time and this admission was a bombshell for him not only to keep the morale of his troops but to keep the image of the world’s 2nd largest army high.
When his attention was brought to the fact that the Indian Army’s tanks have a night vision capability of 20 percent, Pakistan’s have 80 percent while China has 100 percent, General Deepak Kapoor admitted this outrageous military debacle by saying: ‘You are right.’
‘Projects are already in the pipeline to ensure that we have the night vision capability that our adversaries have. It may take three-four years,’ Kapoor added, playing, perhaps the last card to give Gen. V K Singh a tough time for the rest of his career, without taking into consideration that such an admission would cause a big, big blow to the army that he served and commanded for years and would also be at par with compromising the national security.
The Daily Mail’s findings indicate that this outrageous admission by General Kapoor highly annoyed General Singh and he, in his yet another bid to cause humiliation to General Kapoor and to ensure that general Kapoor loses even an iota of doubts about getting any chance of an extension in the service. These findings indicate that at this stage, MI Chief general Loomba again helped General V K Singh and provided Singh with highly classified medical documents regarding the health status of General Kapoor that the MI people stole from Indian Army’s Research and Referral Hospital, relating to general Kapoor’s check-up at this medical facility of the Army in November 2009 but the results of the check-up were not reported to the concerned quarters. These medical reports suggested that General Kapoor was suffering from acute hearing problem and thus falls in the category of unfit officers which could have even resulted into a premature retirement but definitely leaving no chance of any extension in his service.
The Daily Mail’s findings indicate that General Singh once again used the service of MI Chief and released these highly classified documents, relating to the confidential health matters of India’s Army Chief to the press, just to settle his scores with General Kapoor and here he compromised the national security.
It is believed that the Friday’s announcement of the Indian government might have ended the War of Generals in the Indian Army as both now know their fate very clearly, yet this war has already done enough damage to the institution and who know that this war is over or will still go on till General Kapoor makes an exit from the Army’s Office and General Singh sits there by the end of March?

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