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Sunday, 4 April 2010

From Today's Papers - 04 Apr 2010

Light combat copter’s maiden flight a success
Vibha Sharma Tribune News Service New Delhi, April 3 India has entered the big boys’ league with the successful first flight of the prototype of its very own attack helicopter--Light Combat Helicopter (LCH).  The maiden test flight of the 5.5-tonne attack chopper, a derivative version of Banagalore-based Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) flagship product Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH)--Dhruv-- on March 29 was termed by pilots who flew it as “very good”.  Sources said the event was not much publicised as officials wanted the first flight to happen without any glitches. The first flight was to take place in October 2008, but there were delays. The “official” flight is expected to take place soon.  The HAL will now conduct more test flights to evaluate the LCH’s at various parameters. While the company is pushing for a 2012-13 deadline, realistically speaking it might take at least four to five years before the LCH is available in the market to pose a competition to other twin-engine attack helicopters in its league of AH-64 Apache by Mcdonell Douglas, Agusta A 129 Mangusta by Italy-based Agusta, AH-1G Huey Cobra from the Bell stable and the Russian-made Mi-35, which the IAF is already operating.  “The LCH needs several hours of in-flight testing before it receives the final operation certificate and may join fleet of Indian Defence Service only around 2014-15,” sources said.  Both Army and IAF have heavily invested in the project and the company has a firm order of 189.  At present the only attack helicopters available with the IAF are Russian-made Mi-25 and Mi-35, which are not optimised for operations at high altitude.  Aviation experts say if during Kargil war which was fought at very high altitude, the LCH was operational, the scenario would have been very different.  The Shakti engine being used in the LCH has been jointly developed by the HAL and Turbomeca of France with primary focus on high-altitude operations.  It is expected to meet operational requirements like air support, anti-infantry and anti-armour roles. The rotor system has also been developed indigenously.  The twin-engine LCH is a pure attack helicopter made by the design experience gained from the Dhruv.  Currently around 100 Dhruv helicopters are being used by the Indian armed forces and paramilitary forces like the Coast Guard and the BSF, civil operators like Pawan Hans and the ONGC, and state governments like Jharkhand. Dhruv is also being used by foreign countries like Ecuador, Nepal, Mauritius and Male.  Though LCH is derived from Dhruv, there are differences in design. While in Dhruv, pilots sit side-by-side, in the LCH they sit one behind the other. All flight controls, hydraulics and fuel system have been redesigned for the sleeker, heavily armoured LCH.

Won’t reach out to Taliban: India 
New Delhi, April 3 Unfazed by the February 25 attacks in Kabul, India is scaling up the security of around 3,500 Indians working in Afghanistan and has made it clear that there is no question of India reaching out to the Taliban.  Reliable sources here said India is aware of the dangers posed by the Taliban, but is “not reaching out” to the hardline militia. New Delhi made it clear that it will await the results of the campaign launched by the US-led forces in Helmand and the military action being planned in Kandahar.  Taking note of the growing operations of Lashkar-e-Taiba in Afghanistan, India has stressed that it will not deter it from continuing the developmental and reconstruction projects worth $1.3 billion there.  India, opposed to artificial distinctions between the good Taliban and bad Taliban, believes that Taliban and Lashkar are morphed together and share a common objective to target Indian interest in Afghanistan, the sources said. — IANS

Ready to continue talks with Pak, says India
Ashok Tuteja Tribune News Service  New Delhi, April 3 India today said it was willing to carry forward the process of foreign secretary-level talks with Pakistan while emphasising that it had not heard anything on this score from Islamabad.  While it is keen to keep Islamabad engaged, New Delhi has also asked the USA to put in place a mechanism to monitor that the assistance being given to Pakistan to combat terrorism is not diverted to military activities directed against India.  Recalling that the February 25 talks in New Delhi between Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao and her Pakistani counterpart Salman Bashir were held at India’s initiative, highly placed sources said it was now for Pakistan to take lead in the matter. “We have said channels of communications are open…it is for them (Pakistan) to respond.”  After the first round of talks, that was dominated by India conveying its concerns to Pakistan on the issue of terror emanating from the Pakistani soil, the two top diplomats decided to remain in touch and continue the endeavour to restore trust in bilateral ties.  Sources indicated that there was no possibility of a bilateral meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and his Pakistani counterpart Yousaf Reza Gilani on the fringes of the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington in mid-April.  Referring to the much-talked about strategic dialogue held between Pakistan and the USA recently in Washington, they said India was briefed about it by Washington before and after the dialogue, National Security Shiv Shankar Menon was briefed by his American counterpart James Jones and Foreign Secretary Rao by her opposite number, Under Secretary of State William Burns.  “We are in regular touch with the Americans…they are aware and alert to our concerns. We have told them that they need to develop a mechanism to monitor the assistance they are giving to Pakistan… India is sure that they will keep this aspect in mind if they are sensitive to our security concerns.”  New Delhi feels that all the hype given to the US-Pakistan dialogue in the media was unnecessary. “We see the glass quite clearly…it is a relationship born out of necessity in which Pakistan has to deliver a lot in terms of dealing with terrorism and the problems it faces.”

  Challenges before the new Army Chief
by Lt-Gen Vijay Oberoi (retd)  General V.K. Singh has taken over as the 26th Army Chief in an environment full of challenges. Nearly half the army is committed in fighting various insurgencies and a proxy war. The combat potential of the army is at an all-time low of nearly 50 per cent.  There has been little modernisation in the last decade or so. The budget for the army gets reduced every year in real terms. The deteriorating civil-military relations do not bode well for the safety and security of the nation. And the regional security environment is cause for concern.  The status of army personnel is dwindling continuously, adversely affecting the morale of the rank and file. The shortage of officers is again at a precariously high level. The veterans’ resentment consequent to the dragging of feet by the government on their long-pending demand for one rank one pension (OROP) threatens to boil over.  The situation reminds this writer of the battlefield message sent by a General to his Emperor: “Am surrounded both sides. My centre cannot hold. Situation excellent. I shall attack.” Will the new Army Chief, who had cut his professional teeth in a proud and valorous regiment, replicate this by being proactive? The citizens, who have a great affection for the army, do expect it from him.  Even if Gen Singh goes on to hold other prestigious appointments in or outside the government in future, they will never be able to match this appointment — in prestige, satisfaction and the affection he will get from his vast command and indeed from the whole country. He will also have to reciprocate to the maximum extent by his deeds. Consequently, he must command with honour and neither let carrots being dangled in his face nor pressures and threats change or influence the decisions he takes.  There is need to highlight a few issues that may help the Army Chief to reinforce, modify or negate the conclusions he may have reached. They may also supplement the briefings he will receive from his staff and advisors, which may not always be completely objective.  In democracies the world over, the political leadership makes national policy and the national security strategy, with the active participation of civil and military officials of the country. However, in India, the military has been deliberately kept out of the policy formulation loop and even after over six decades of loyal, patriotic and dedicated service to the nation, it is obvious that it is still not trusted! Nothing else explains the reasons for its exclusion from policy formulations, the inability to evolve a viable and comprehensive structure for higher defence, the non-articulation of a national security strategy since Independence, the non-appointment of a CDS accepted nearly a decade back, the non-integration of the Ministry of Defence and not the least, the muzzling of the three Chiefs, even when they speak on professional matters and say what needs to be said.  This state of affairs must change. It is only the Army Chief with the support of the other Chiefs who can convince the leadership of all parties and not just the party in power that they discard their doubts and stop listening to those advisers who have a vested interest in perpetuating this state of distrust of the military.  The military also needs to modify the concept of being apolitical. The army’s long standing stance of keeping a distance from the leaders of political parties other than those of the party in power needs to be modified. In a parliamentary system like ours, policy is formulated by all parliamentarians despite differences of the opposition. After all, the Parliament Standing Committee on Defence and similar other committees are all-party bodies. Consequently, though remaining apolitical, the army needs to apprise and discuss its concerns with the political leadership across the board. This would not reduce the apolitical nature of the army, about which it is justifiably so proud.  A related suggestion is to make the political leaders of the nation understand the true meaning of ‘civil control’. It implies the supremacy of the political leadership over both the military as well as the civil bureaucracy. Unfortunately, our political leaders either do not understand this or find it easier not to understand it. The political leadership must deal with the military directly, just as they do with the bureaucracy and not through the latter, which is the case at present.  In its secondary role of assisting the civil authorities, the army must be employed as a last resort and such employment must be for the minimum period. However, the reality is that because the army delivers efficiently and with alacrity, it is being called out without first using the other instruments available to the government. It is also being incorrectly employed on such tasks for prolonged periods, like in Nagaland, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir for 50, 30 and 20 years respectively. Such long deployment on secondary roles affect the combat potential of the army, alienate the populace and lower the morale of the troops. Units of the Central Police Organisations (CPOs) are continuously being raised and yet the army deployments continue. Why?  The last issue relates to senior officers of the army, who are the custodians of our value systems. Unfortunately, in recent years, the number of cases of misdemeanour by senior officers have increased. This trend needs to be arrested at the earliest. The army does have stringent norms for promotion and only the best get through successfully.  However, to weed out the few whose motivational levels may have dropped, there needs to be greater emphasis on character qualities like integrity, moral strength, self-discipline and social as well as domestic probity or rectitude in standards of selection for higher leadership.  The writer is a former Vice-Chief of the Indian Army

 Why India uses Afghanistan as pawn?
 Jawayria Malik  The government of India has sent 40 additional Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) commandos to guard its people, vital installations and ongoing development projects in Afghanistan. The team of Indian central security agencies will also join this armed contingent in Kabul soon. The decision came following the audacious attack on 26 February 2010 that killed 17 people including 9 Indians as suicide bombers carried out a string of attacks on guesthouses in Kabul. According to the Indian sources, the 40 ITBP commandos will be stationed in the Indian missions and guesthouses frequently used by Indians involved in development work. Interestingly, the Indian government has resolved to increase its security and armed contingent in the wake of so-called perceived threat from Pakistan to Indian missions based in Afghanistan. As a matter of fact it is not new on part of Indian authorities and media to link everything with Pakistan that goes wrong within and outside India. Be it Gujarat riots in India, bombing of embassy in Kabul July 2008 or Feb 2010 bombings at guesthouse occupied by Indians in Kabul all attempts are a handiwork of Pakistani agencies, the buck is passed on to Pakistan.  It did not come as surprise when Indian intelligence alleged that there are indications that the suicide attack in Kabul could have been carried out at the behest of Pakistan’s ISI. An Indian official claimed that RAW had repetitively warned the government about the meetings between the Taliban and ISI to attack Indian interests in Kabul. In a statement, Indian Minister of External Affairs S. M Krishna said that the attack was the “handiwork” of those who want to undermine the friendship between India and Afghanistan. It was a veiled reference to Pakistan. On 02 ence to Pakistan. On 02 March 2010, Indian Union Home Minister P Chidambaram said, “there were intelligence alerts that Indian assets may be targeted, following which adequate steps were taken, but Afghanistan is a vulnerable area”.  In one of the editorials published in “The Hindu”, it was highlighted that the ISI plan could yet backfire and cement the impression that the Pakistani-backed elements of the Taliban – Rawalpindi’s version of the so-called Good Taliban or Reconcilable Taliban cannot be trusted and will convert Kabul into an international jihadi sanctuary if they are handed the keys to the Afghan capital.  Another columnist while justifying the Indian government’s decision of sending additional troops to Afghanistan wrote ‘what India has seen and suffered, is sheer an unmitigated barbarism’. Which way does the future lay? The ISI and its Taliban proxies have tasted blood. In sum, they may feel a series of attacks on high-profile targets in Afghanistan will scare away India, and leave Mr Karzai politically crippled. That is why it is essential India sends out a clear and unambiguous signal that it is not budging from Afghanistan.  Deployment of a larger security or military contingent must be strongly considered. There is no hard rule that the Indian Army, commando units or Special Forces, cannot be sent to Kabul, especially if its task is the legitimate defence of Indian interests and Indian-built infrastructure”. This is India’s war and it has to be fought, in some manner or the other’. But the reality is certainly not what meets the eye.  In fact, India is one of the very few countries that have inimical relationship with all of its neighbours. Strategic thinking of Indian foreign policy revolves around the obsession that its politico-strategic boundary runs via Kandahar and Kabul. Thus, as policy objectives, India is strengthening itself militarily in Afghanistan in order to assert her dominant position while disrupting Pakistan.  India’s reconstruction efforts and developmental projects, as proclaimed in its public statements, are not aimed at social stabilization and providing assistance to the Afghan masses. Instead, it’s a strategy for acquiring legitimacy for Karzai government and wiping out the Pushtun from the corridors of power. India realizes the fact, that being an immediate and strategically tied neighbours Pakistan’s influence in Afghanistan will always surpass that of India. If both of the Muslim neighbours are allowed to work together, then there are possibilities that they may reach on agreed solutions of the problems like infiltration across porous borders, drug trafficking, Durand line, Afghan refugees etc. India, does not want these neighbours to resolve their disputes amicably and for that matter it is imperative for her to penetrate deeply into Afghan soil.  Indian solid positioning in Afghanistan politics is enabling her to become a formidable part of Central Asian oil and gas distribution network thereby acquiring a strong foothold in the region and marginalizing Pakistan’s unique position in this regard. It is an open secret that India’s latent hostility towards Pakistan have overshadowed all other factors even marks its economic interests secondary to its strategic interests as well. As a matter of fact, Indian support to the US invasion of Afghanistan was more motivated by anti-Pakistan sentiments and had less to do with fighting terrorism. Post 9/11 events reveal that there is not only abstract cooperation rather there exits solid coordination between US and India, too, contemplating goals and congruence of strategies anchored not on principles but on commonality of interests.  In a nutshell, India’s misguided pursuit of regional supremacy, desire for politico-military hegemony over Pakistan, its obsession for control over south Asia are the main causes that have motivated her to lay tentacles in Afghanistan against Pakistan. Pakistan has been facing multi-directional and multi-dimensional intrigues/threats to its security as a cost of vehemently resisting Indian nefarious imperialistic designs and challenging its hegemonic tendencies.  Peace and stability in Afghanistan is in best interest of entire region. And for that matter it is important to stop using Afghanistan as a pawn and wage proxy wars against one another. It is time to realize that baseless propaganda is at times counter productive therefore New Delhi must stop viewing Afghanistan as a zero-sum game with Pakistan and make the point that it has longstanding ties of trade and culture with Kabul and that these are not inimical to Pakistan. At the same time, Islamabad must see engagement by both sides as an opportunity to talk frankly about Afghanistan.  

SUMMER CHILL: What will bring US and India together again?
ARATI R JERATH, TOI Crest, Apr 3, 2010, 09.35am IST With Obama obsessing over the American Af-Pak policy and India doing little to nudge itself back to the position of eminence it enjoyed during the gung-ho Bush days, the relationship between the two countries seems to be faltering. The nuclear bill is under a cloud, the debate on GM food is yet to be resolved, and it'll take a while before US varsities set up shop here. What will bring the world's two top democracies in sync again?  The irony is inescapable. The exit of Left parties from the ruling coalition should have cleared the way for Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s US policy to fly. Instead, it’s floundering in rough political weather with not just opposition parties but sections of the Congress too creating pockets of turbulence for the government. In a country nourished by Cold War rhetoric for more than four decades, it’s easy enough to resurrect the anti-American bugbear. With the Obama administration increasingly pre-occupied with its Af-Pak policy and the Manmohan Singh government showing little inclination for better management of domestic political constituencies, Indo-US relations seem to be spluttering.  The slowdown has manifested itself quite clearly after the government shelved two foreign policy initiatives being pushed by the US. One was the resumption of the stalled Indo-Pak dialogue. The other was the passage of the nuclear liability bill without which the Indo-US nuclear deal cannot become operational. In both cases, domestic politics shackled the government as a united opposition attack spooked the Congress into distancing itself from the initiatives. Left out on a limb to fend for itself, the government was forced to abandon both moves, at least for the time being. In fact, it was conveyed to US assistant secretary of state Robert Blake during his recent India visit that it will take at least six months for the government to brace itself for another go at getting the nuclear liability bill passed in Parliament.  Those familiar with the ups and downs that have dogged Indo-US relationship over the decades believe that the chief reason for the current coolness is Washington’s perceived tilt towards Pakistan. Islamabad has become critical for the Obama administration’s Afghanistan campaign and re-emergence of the Pakistan factor in the Indo-US calculus has served to muddy the waters for the Manmohan Singh government. Ghosts from the past are again stalking the corridors of power where old suspicions and fears about the US continue to lurk in the shadows.  The BJP has seized on this recasting of the Indo-US-Pak triangle with gusto. Desperate to reclaim the nationalist plank it lost to the Congress in the aftermath of the 26/11 terrorist strike in Mumbai, it is unabashedly playing opportunistic politics with the government’s US policy and has happily joined hands with the entire spectrum of opposition parties including the Left and the Samajwadi Party to bash the ruling establishment as “weak-kneed’’ and “bowing to US pressure’’.  Admitted BJP leader Arun Jaitley, “It is a 100 per cent opposition unifier. As soon as an impression goes around that the government is succumbing to the US, it loses credibility. Foreign policy and strategic issues that concern national security are things that unite us. The BJP would want to be natural leaders of the opposition.’’  “The opposition is having a field day attacking the government,’’ conceded Naresh Chandra, former ambassador to Washington who also serves as a sounding board for the government on its US policy. “They will obviously use every opportunity to make the government look weak. I don’t think it does India any good but it does hamper the government in making policy.’’  The opposition’s stridency on the government’s US and Pakistan policies is certainly creating ripples within the Congress. Although the party believes that the BJP is currently too weak and too ridden with internal problems to snatch back the nationalist plank, it is not taking any chances. It’s blowing hot and cold, publicly supportive of government moves but privately advising a go-slow on issues that are politically hot. The fate of the nuclear liability bill is a classic example of Congress play-safe tactics in the face of opposition criticism with two senior ministers, Pranab Mukherjee and A K Antony, advocating caution till a political consensus is evolved so that charges of a “sellout’’ to commercial and US interests don’t stick. The hiccups with the US, particularly over Pakistan, are likely to hit other areas of the Indo-US relationship.  The defence relationship that burgeoned under the previous George Bush administration also seems to be spluttering with India more focused on trying to stop the US from selling arms and planes to Pakistan than in buying weapons systems from Washington. Cooperation in agriculture too has hit an obstacle after the recent controversy over BT brinjal and GM foods with environment minister Jairam Ramesh playing a leading role in putting up the roadblocks. Although education minister Kapil Sibal is keen to pave the way for US universities to invest in India, he is facing opposition from some of his cabinet colleagues. Left-leaning elements in the Congress that were silenced by the bulldozing of the Indo-US nuclear deal are suddenly showing their fangs. A Congress leader who did not want to be identified said, “There is an inherent conservatism in the Congress of not being able to make that leap of faith. We are not prepared to break with the past.’’  Agreeing that domestic politics impacts foreign policy to a great extent, former national security advisor Brajesh Mishra felt that the Indian government’s current problems were largely self-inflicted. The central problem, he said, is the lack of communication between the government and the opposition. He recalled how former Prime Minister A B Vajpayee met Congress president Sonia Gandhi and Manmohan Singh, then leader of opposition in the Rajya Sabha, on at least half-a-dozen occasions to get them on board on sensitive decisions like troop mobilisation along the Line of Control in 2002 after the terrorist attack on Parliament. “It’s for the government to realise it has to smoothen its way in Parliament and it can do so only through consultations with opposition parties,’’ Mishra said. “And they must happen at the political level, not through officials. It was silly of the government to send the national security advisor to talk to the BJP on the nuclear liability bill.’’ However, given the fractious nature of the Congress-BJP relationship, this is easier said than done. “Political parties will do what they have to do and the government must do what it has to do,’’ said Chandra. According to him, the best course for the Manmohan Singh government is to keep its head down and not try anything dramatic with the US at the moment. “The US is pre-occupied with its Afghanistan campaign for which it is heavily dependent on the Pakistan army. This has created a situation where India cannot be given the space it deserves. This is the ground reality. I believe the situation will change again. The day is not far when the US will be irritated by the huge demands Pakistan is making. We should be pragmatic,’’ he said.

ISI: Essential for national interest
Sajjad Shaukat  To defend the country and protect the people from external and internal threat is the primary aim of the Inter-Services Intelligence agency (ISI) at this critical juncture, while Pakistan has been facing multiple subversive acts being conducted by the foreign enemies. No doubt, every country has a superior intelligence agency to protect the national interest of the state. American CIA, Russian KJB, British MI-6 etc. might be cited as an instance. Just like other spy agencies, ISI keeps a vigilant eye on the borders, assesses the nefarious designs of the enemies and counters anti-Pakistan schemes.  Despite its limited resources, ISI has proved the most effective intelligence agency in safeguarding the national interests of Pakistan. It is owing to its accurate information and excellent performance that this agency has irked the eyes of India, Israel and the US which leave no stone unturned in raising false allegations against it as part of their unfinished agenda against Pakistan. While tarnishing the image of ISI, secret agencies of these countries, RAW, Mossad and CIA have been acting upon their anti-Pakistan plan. It is mentionable that without showing any solid evidence, since November 26, 2008, while manipulating the Mumbai tragedy and concealing Hindu terrorists behind it, India has been blaming Pakistan’s banned Lashkar-i-Taiba and Jamaatud Dawa for alleged links with the ISI.  While a few days after the Mumbai carnage, the then Indian Minority Affairs Minister Abdul Rahman Antulay who changed his statement afterwards due to an unending pressure of Hindu fundamentalist parties, BJP, Shiv Sena and RSS, had stated in the Lok Sabha that the killing of Anti-Terrorism Squad Chief Hemant Karkare in Mumbai during terror attacks was a conspiracy—indicating, “he was shot due to his leading role in the investigation against Hindus regarding the 2006 Malegaon bombings”. However, instead of showing any proof, Indian leadership and media had coined a number of fictitious stories about the arrested gunman, Ajmal Kasab to prove the involvement of Pakistan and the ISI which is the first defence line of our country in thwarting the conspiracy of external enemies.  Nevertheless, blame game against ISI is not confined to India, on December 15, 2008, US Senator John Kerry remarked that ISI must be brought under control. Before him, US Assistant Secretary of State, Richard Boucher had said that ISI needed to be reformed. Nevertheless, intermittently, US high officials and media have been accusing Pakistan’s army and our superior spy agency of cross-border terrorism in Afghanistan and the Indian-held Kashmir. For example, in July and August, 2008, The New York Times claimed presumed ties between Pakistan’s ISI and the Taliban of Afghanistan, alleging this agency for the bombing of Indian embassy in Kabul. In that context, Indian National Security Advisor M.K Narayanan had pointed out; “The ISI needs to be destroyed.” These false accusations still keep ongoing in one or the other form.  Question arises as to why US-led India and some countries have been targeting our superior spy agency? We cannot see their vile propaganda against ISI in isolation as there are a number of nefarious designs which are part of the international plot against Pakistan which is the only Islamic country, possessing nuclear weapons. ISI is also being defamed because it not only counters the threat of foreign intelligence agencies against the integrity of Pakistan but also protects the nuclear weapons and atomic installations of our country. America, India and Israel are exaggerating that safety of the atomic weapons is doubtful as these can go in the hands of Al Qaeda operatives who are likely to use them inside the US and Europe. The purpose behind is to convince Washington to continue air strikes on Pakistan’s tribal areas, and to expand the same to the settled areas of FATA including Balochistan.  Without any doubt, sporadic attacks by American drones are the worse example of cross-border terrorism. Being essential for our national interest as the first pillar of our country, ISI has become target of the external intrigue. As a matter of fact, US, India, Afghanistan and Israel have intensified their collective covert strategic game by exploiting Pakistan’s present multiple crises which they have themselves created through their secret agencies. While acting upon anti-Pakistan conspiracy, they, sometimes, take new turns in their continued campaign in tarnishing the image of our Inter-Services Intelligence Agency. Rather, they have badly failed in crushing the stiff resistance of Afghan Taliban and Kashmiris who have been fighting against the occupying forces. In this respect, senseless accusations against ISI are essential for these countries to divert the attention of their publics from their frustrated misadventure in Afghanistan and Kashmir.  Particularly, it has become fashion in India to blame ISI for every mishap to conceal RAW-backed Hindu terrorism. In the past, concrete evidence has surprised the international community about Hindu terrorism. On April 6, 2008 in the secret office of Bajrang Dal extremists in Nanded, a bomb exploded. The investigation proved that the militants of Bajrang Dal were engaged in bomb-making. In that context, Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) arrested a serving Lt. Col. Srikant Purohit and other army officials, having close ties with prominent politicians of BJP, VHP, RSS and Bajrang Dal. Inquiry revealed that these army officers helped train the Hindu terrorists, supplying them military-grade explosive RDX, used in the Malegaon bombings and various terrorist attacks in the Indian cities. ATS also indicated that Lt. Col. Purohit was involved in bombing of Samjhota express, which burnt alive 68 Pakistanis.  Before these proofs, Indian leaders were accusing Pakistan’s ISI in connection with the bombings of the Indian cities and Samjhota express. Besides, under the cover of blame game against ISI, New Delhi also wants to distract the attention of the west from her own atrocities, being perpetrated on the innocent Kashmiris in the occupied Kashmir. Since 1989, Indian military troops have massacred more than 200000 innocent people through barbaric methods of ethnic cleansing. Notably, in the last two years, more than 3000 unmarked graves of the unidentified bodies of the Muslims were uncovered in the Indian-held Kashmir. Sources suggest that these graves include bodies of extrajudicial executions committed by the Indian military and RAW.  It is well-established fact that CIA-led RAW and Mossad have been creating unrest in our country on massive scale. Penetration of foreign agents along with sophisticated weaponry and explosives in various cities of Pakistan has become a routine matter, while suicide attacks and targeted killings have become every day occurrence. In this context, Afghanistan where India already set up terrorist training camps has also started building new cantonment areas. Besides, causing lawlessness in our country, another aim behind is also to get a strategic depth to encircle Pakistan with the tactical support of the US. As regards Indo-Israeli nexus against Pakistan, during Mumbai devastation, attack on the Jewish Center (Nariman House) surprised the Indians as they never knew about it and clandestine presence of Israeli commandos there. The misdeeds of anti-ISI agencies are known to every one. In that respect, Ramzi Yousaf who was well-aware of the activities of the American and Israeli secret agencies had stated in the US court in 1997, “You are butchers, liars, and hypocrites. You keep on talking about terrorism to the media, but behind closed doors you support terrorism”. On August 8, 2007, Major Tanvir Hussain Syed (R), the former Parliamentary Secretary for Defence accused American CIA of killing Chinese nationals in Pakistan to harm the cordial relations between Islamabad and Beijing.  On a number of occasions, ISI has castigated various plots against our country. In this connection, in the Zia regime, New Delhi had made a secret plan to suddenly attack Pakistan through operation, Brosstac. And it also prepared a joint plan with the help of Israel to destroy Kahuta nuclear plant through a surgical strike. Nevertheless, all these external schemes were failed due to the pre-information of ISI. Some other deeds like thwarting subversive acts, capturing foreign spies, renowned terrorists, fake currency notes etc. inside Pakistan might also be cited as an example. While, at present, our country is facing multi-faceted threats, no doubt, ISI is essential for our national interest.

Army chief's village lacks basic facilities
Deepender Deswal, TNN, Apr 3, 2010, 05.31am IST BAPORA (BHIWANI): Even as Haryana goes gaga over the feat of General Vijay Kumar Singh, who has taken over the reins of the Indian Army, his native village reflects lack of development as far as basic infrastructure and facilities are concerned.  The success of General Singh proved that despite lagging in basic facilities, people from the countryside could emerge successful and excel in life. However, the picture of neglect of this village has exposed the authorities, who have failed miserably in performing their duties.  While the village has been gearing up to accord a warm welcome to the Army chief, with politicians, who bothered little for the village, expected to show up.  Some villagers said Kiran Chaudhary, MLA from Sohna, who happens to be a resident of Bhiwani, and INLD MLA Ajay Chautala had visited the village after the announcement of the next Chief of Army Staff about a month ago. But none of them lended an ear to the problems of the village.  Sarpanch Jagdish Sharma stated that, “Most of the streets of the village were still kutcha and needed to be brick-lined. The panchayat was unable to do so due to dearth of funds. We have requested the state government to declare the village as model village. Our village had no health centre and even the proposal of setting up a separate power substation had been hanging fire for many years,” the sarpanch rued.  Another villager said, “Even the street outside the house of General Saab is in a shambles and politicians failed to take notice of this. What will be his impression about the development of Haryana when he will look at the broken approach road to his village during his next visit.” The road leading to the village from nearby town Bhiwani, just 7 km, is also in a bad state.  The sarpanch further said power and irrigation water shortage had been the most critical problems they had been facing. Another villager chipped in, “We are getting power supply hardly for four-five hours. The proposal to set up a separate power substation for the village appears to be gathering dust in government files.” “Irrigation water shortage has forced villagers to quit farming and look for other avenues like defence services and other jobs. Despite having fertile agriculture land, 90% of the fields are not getting canal water, forcing people to opt for other sources of livelihood,” the sarpanch added.

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