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Sunday, 18 April 2010

From Today's Papers - 18 Apr 2010

The Pioneer
Kashmir Times
The Pioneer
Asian Age
The Pioneer
Asian Age
Kashmir Times
The Pioneer
Times of India
DNA India

Hi-tech radios for IAF rescue squads
Vijay Mohan/TNS  Chandigarh, April 17 To beef up capabilities and coordination of its airport rescue and emergency fire fighting teams, the IAF is procuring new multi-band land mobile radios for intra-team communications.  According to IAF sources, about 1,500 such radio sets are being procured and these would be deployed at 65 stations across the country. These would also be used by teams on search and rescue operations in case of an air crash.  Besides its own airbases, the IAF is also responsible for emergency services in stations where civilian enclaves are co-located with Air Force stations and IAF air traffic control facilities are used for operations by civilian operators.  Light in weight, water resistant and ruggedised with a range of at least 15 km, these sets would provide secure and encrypted digital as well as analog voice and data communication facility across the VHF low-band, VHF high-band, and UHF public safety bands on a single portable radio.  While the new radios are expected to be procured shortly, the IAF has also drawn up long-term prospective plans to procure amphibious aircraft for what is being stated as search and rescue missions, inter-island communication and rapid response duties and reconnaissance of island territories.  The IAF had issued a request for information on March 10 for procurement of six turbo-prop amphibious aircraft. Requirements spelt out for these aircraft include a range of at least 800 nautical miles, cruise speed of 200 knots and a service ceiling of 15,000 feet or above along with an electronic warfare suite and state of the art avionics and navigation system.  Apart from the Navy, which has a component of combat and surveillance aircraft and helicopters, the IAF has a squadron of Jaguar aircraft configured for maritime operations.

Former BSF DG starts probe into Dantewada massacre
Press Trust of India / Raipur April 17, 2010, 11:58 IST  Former BSF Director General E N Rammohan, appointed to inquire into the circumstances leading to the massacre of 76 security personnel by Naxals in Chhattisgarh's Dantewada district, has begun his probe.  69-year-old Rammohan, who is expected to complete the report by April 24, arrived here today. He was accompanied by Director General of state Police Vishwa Ranjan, special Director General of CRPF (anti-naxal) Vijay Raman and other senior CRPF officials.  Rammohan, a 1965 batch IPS officer, will be establishing the circumstances preceding and the sequence of events leading to the incident in which 75 CRPF and local police head constable were killed brutally by Naxals.  He will try to reconstruct the sequence of events that took place on the day of the deadly attack on April six from 0500 hours to 1200 hours and until the first rescue party reached the spot.  He will also examine the call detail records of the mobile telephones used by the deceased and injured personnel of CRPF during the encounter and gather evidence from family members and others that could throw light on the actual events that took place during the ambush.  The former BSF Director General will analyse and establish the decision or command structure or hierarchy and the specific levels which took relevant decisions concerning the operation and will also examine the quality of the training imparted to the relevant companies of CRPF and the details of standard operating procedures.  He will examine the response of the state police and the CRPF both during the ambush and the post-ambush relief and rescue operations besides suggesting measures to mitigate the lapses, if any, so that such incidents do not recur.

Slain ‘elderly militant’ turns out to be beggar
Mir Ehsan Posted online: Sunday , Apr 18, 2010 at 0319 hrs Srinagar : The Jammu and Kashmir Police on Saturday registered a murder case against the Army after it identified a 70-year-old man, killed and dubbed as militant by the Army, as a beggar from Devar Kupwara. The man was identified after his body was exhumed on the orders of the Deputy Commissioner.  “After exhumation, relatives identified the body of the old villager. The body was handed over to his family members who live in Devar Lolab,” Kupwara DC Showket Mir told The Indian Express.  On Wednesday, the Army had claimed that its “6 Rashtriya Rifles killed a terrorist during an encounter in Rainawari forest near Pahaldagi village in Handwara in north Kashmir” around 4 am. “Our patrol parties along with police had an exchange of fire with a terrorist in Rainawari forest. In the ensuing encounter, the lone terrorist was killed,” the statement issued by the defence spokesman Lt Col J S Brar said. The Army had claimed to have recovered an AK rifle along with four magazines and 67 rounds from the “slain terrorist”.  Not convinced by the Army story about an ‘elderly militant’, the police had sent copies of the man’s pictures to all its police stations across north Kashmir. Handwara SP Rafiq Vakil also denied that the police was part of the encounter at all.  Two days later, Taj Mohammad of Dewar approached the police in Handwara along with cousin Manzoor Ahmad saying that the “old man who was killed by the army is not a militant but his father Habibullah Khan”. On the request of family, the DC ordered an exhumation of the body in the presence of senior officials and family members. The family members identified the exhumed body as that of Habibullah and said that he was mentally challenged and used to beg.  The Army now says the villager was “possibly being exploited as a guide or human shield”. “On the night of April 13 and 14, a surveillance cum ambush party of 6 Rashtriya Rifles observed suspicious movement of three to four terrorists in the Rainwari forests. On being challenged, a firefight ensured between the militants and this party. After the encounter, which lasted 10-15 minutes, the militants managed to break contact and escape into the thick jungles,” said Brar. “After daybreak, a body was recovered, with an AK-47 rifle and ammunition near it. Possibly the deceased was being exploited as a guide or human shield,” he said.

Message through Exercise Azm-e-Nau-III
Dr Raja M Khan  Exercise Azm-e-Nau-III, the biggest Military Exercises after the Zarb-e-Momin of 1989 began on April 10, 2010, with the demonstration of ‘Dispersal Techniques’ by the troops in the ‘battle-like’ situation. This exercise will continue until May 13, 2010. Over 20,000 combat troops of Pak Army consisting of all arms and services are taking part in the exercise. The ongoing PAF Exercise, “High Mark-2010,” would also be integrated with the field exercise of Pak Army at the appropriate time and level. Conceptually, the exercise is a concept validation stage of the operational thought process manifested in the form of tactical, operational, and organizational aspects, which would be validated and refined through the lessons learnt.  Exercise Azm-e-Nau-3 indeed is the culmination phase of the “Year of Training-2009/10”, as directed by the Chief of Army Staff, General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani. The exercise was preceded by a series of deliberate process of war games like; Azm-e-Nau-1 and Azm-e-Nau-2, a continued process of training, discussions and logistic evolution of the concept of warfare that is “full responsive to a wide menu of emerging threats”. The exercise is being conducted along the eastern borders, with Sialkot, South Punjab and some areas of Sindh remaining as the major focus. It is, indeed, the testing of the battle procedures with an ordeal to assess the capabilities versus potentials to deliver once needed. As per the Director General Military Training, Major General Muzamil; the focus during the exercise would be, “tackling the situation in traditional war and to respond enemy’s preparedness.” This is being done in the perspective that in the current global scenario, Pakistan is facing several strategic challenges. It desires peace and harmony, without compromising the minimum credible and sustainable strategic deterrence.  The biggest challenge Pakistan facing following the incident of 9/11 is, its fight to scourge the menace of terrorism both at the domestic front as well as along the Pak-Afghan border, being the coalition partner. In this fight, “Pakistan has suffered the maximum in terms of human and economic losses due to terrorism and violent extremism, but it has not dented the resolve of the nation and its armed forces to fight and finish this scourge in accordance with own national interests.” Overall, Pakistan has suffered 30,457 casualties (killed and injured-out of that military casualties are 8785 that includes; 2273 shaheeds and 6512 injured) as compared to total of 1582 killed of NATO/US consisting of 43 nations in Afghanistan. So far 17, 742 terrorists have been killed or arrested in the operations launched by the Pakistani security forces. It is worth mentioning that Pakistan has deployed 147, 400 troops as compared to a total of 101,531 troops deployed by NATO and U.S. Pakistani security forces are manning 821 posts as compared to 112 posts by Coalition and Afghan National Army on the border. Apart from this over 20,000 troops are deployed for security duties in rest of the country and 10,000 troops serving under UN in different foreign countries. This entails that almost half of the Army remains continuously committed on operational deployment not only causing wear and tear of equipment affecting our logistic stamina but also psychological effects on the soldiers.  While the fight against the terrorism has been thrust upon Pakistan after the 9/11, it has a fear of regional destabilization due to a number of factors. These factor include; the over stretching of security forces thus the “capability to fight terrorism is dwindling at a rapid pace, with a shallow political consensus, the public opinion is quite fragile, potential emergence of a military capability in the west hostile to Pakistan, and Indian offensive doctrine of ‘Cold Start”. The Indian concept of ‘Cold Start’ has very serious implications on Pakistan. Contrary to the traditional military mobilization and then going to war, in the Cold Start concept, Indian Army will go to war first and then mobilizes. The Chief of Army Staff has already drawn the attention of US and NATO military commanders towards the serious implications of this Indian strategy. The implications of the cold start are: “inherent strategic instability, potential for sudden spiral escalation, induces arms race in the region, linear shape/shallow depth and forward population centres of Pakistan would cause ‘strategic pull’, and last but not the least, it lowers the nuclear threshold”. Indeed, following the nuclearization of South Asia in 1998, apart from the Kargil conflict, there has been a major mobilization of the armed forces of Pakistan and India in 2002 escalation. Following this prolonged military escalation, Indian Army conceived this new concept of Cold Start to launch an offensive against Pakistan. In order to mature its concept of the Cold Start, India has conducted a number of war games and exercises. Even in the last two years, Indian Army has conducted over 12 military exercises. So much so, that the former Indian Army Chief, General Deepak Kumar, was ready to fight a two front war with Pakistan and China simultaneously. He even considered a limited Indo-Pak war under the nuclear overhang. In May 2009, Indian Army undertook major military exercise codename, “Hind Shakti” (Indian Power). The exercise was conducted near Pakistani border in the arid plains of Indian Punjab. As per the Indian Defence Ministry, “The exercise entailed participation by mechanised and infantry divisions in a blitzkrieg type armoured incursion,” emphasising “rapid penetration into enemy territory.” The elite Kharga Corps of Indian Army undertook these military manoeuvres. As per the Kharga Corps Commander, “The manoeuvres will factor in various scenarios, including the worsening situation in our neighbourhood.”  Other Indian Army corps carried out their exercises in different time frames. In another exercise in February 2010, the fighter jets of Indian Air Force pounded mock enemy bunkers in Pokharan area, close to the Pakistani border in a show of air power, once both were negotiating for the peaceful settlement of their issues. The exercise was even witnessed by military attaches of over thirty countries, less Pakistan and China. According to Uday Bhaskar, a New Delhi-based strategic affairs expert, “This is not just a firepower demonstration but a clear message about what India’s air force is capable of. It is a message to the neighbours.” It is worth mentioning that “Yodha Shakti” military exercises of Indian Army have recently been planned and will be conducted alongside the Azm-e-Nau in the Thar Desert near Pakistani frontiers. These are almost of month duration and aimed to test the offensive strategies of Indian Army. During the war-gaming as well as in the physical conduct of exercise, Azm-e-Nau, Pakistan Army would be considering all these considerations. Pakistan feels that if its fight against terrorism has become an inevitable, it cannot leave its eastern borders at the promises of its incredible friends. As pointed out by Dr. Henry Kissinger, the former U.S Secretary of State that, in the international politics, there neither exist permanent friends nor permanent foes. Rather these are the national interests of states which determine their future course of action. It is beyond doubt that, international politics is essentially a struggle for power. It is attributed to security competition and inter-state conflicts, mainly arose owing to the lack of an overarching authority above states and the relative distribution of power in the international system.  Pakistan has already faced the dilemma in 1971, where its friends never came to rescue it, once its eastern neighbour attacked and dismembered it. Indeed, as per the realist’s school of global politics, “all states wish to perpetuate their existence”. While revisiting the history, one finds that actions of some states resulted in other states losing their existence. After a series of successive military operations against terrorists in the tribal areas and Swat, Pak Army stands at a higher podium of professional excellence. Its present leadership has successively dispelled the global misperceptions, by highlighting the achievements of Pak Army at various forums. There exists a global recognition of Armed Forces of Pakistan as the best fighting entity having the capability to deal with internal insurgencies/ terrorism, natural calamities and to fight the external threat alike.  The simultaneous engagement to quell the terrorism and perfecting drills and battle procedures through Exercise Azm-e-Nau is indeed a unique example of projecting the power potential by Armed Forces of Pakistan. It is expected that capabilities of Pak Army will act as force multipliers by reducing the fog of war for own troops, obviating enemy surprise and reducing own reaction time. During the exercise, all available surveillance and reconnaissance assets would be utilized to validate their efficacy, with the precision that “to live with defeat is a death of everyday and if you want peace, then be ready for war”.

Indian Commanders end special moot endorsing plans against Pakistan, China
From Christina Palmer  NEW DELHI—The 2-day special conference of the commanders of the joint Forces of India ended here yesterday with Commanders endorsing plans of creating sectarian clashes in Pakistan and ethenic clashes in Chinese province of Xinjiang. Defence sources revealed that on the last day of the conference, the participants also okayed plan to send Indian troops to Afghanistan and not to intiate military action against Maoist insurgents. The sources said that a greave concern was expressed by the commanders over the recent attack in Dantewada by the Maoists insurgents on Indian soldiers in which around 75 soldiers were killed and it was decided that army will not send troops to fight the Nexal rebels and it should be made clear to the government that fighting internal matters was the duty of civilian law enforcing agencies while army was to be remained prepared to tackle China and Pakistan. The sources said that the Chief of country’s top spy agency RAW and the head of Indian Military Intelligence General Loomba also attend the 2nd day proceedings. The RAW Chief apprised the meeting that his agency had successfully launched a plan to create sectarian clashes across Pakistan and stated that started from Karachi, his agency was following a plan of organizing target killings of Pakistan different sectarian leaders with the help of Pakistan’s local banned sectarian organizations like Lashkar-e-Jhangvi etc. He also briefed the participants that RAW had been successful in Karachi, Quetta and NWFP and now it was targeting to launch sectarian operations in Lahore, Rawalpindi and a few other cities of Punjab and specially southern Punjab. He apprised the Participants that his agency had done enough to destabilize Pakistan so there was no need to worry for Indian Defence Forces with regard to threats of any aggression from Pakistan MI Chief informed the participants regarding plans to counter China and Pakistan via Baluchistan. He informed the participants that a team of Indian Army under the command of Brigadier Rana Singh had been dispatched to Kabul to lay down the basics of the plan. He told that brigadier Singh’s team will recruit and train Guerilla warriors from amongst Afghan nationals as well from amongst the former LTTE fighters and Baluchistan’s absconding militants. He also apprised the participants about his organizations joint plans with RAW to tackle China via Afghanistan. Sources say that the participants highly appreciated the briefings of RAW chief and MI Chief and endorsed their on-going and future plans. The sources say that the participants also approved the seeking of security duties by Indian army during the upcoming Commonwealth Games at New Delhi. Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee, Air Chief Marshal P V Naik briefed the participants about the up gradation of military infrastructure in the Northeast to tackle the Chinese threat. He also briefed the participants about India’s building strategic roads, deploying major frontline combat aircraft such as Su-30MKI and raising new Mountain Divisions as part of efforts to match the Chinese build up along its boundary. He also threw light on prevailing security scenario in India controlled part o Jammu and Kashmir and infiltration from across the border into the stat. Besides Navy Chief Admiral Nirmal Verma briefed the participants about the progress with regard to Gorshkove project and revealed to the participants that India’s Naval Intelligence had arrested a senior Navy officer Commodore Sukhjinder Singh for his alleged sexual relations with a Russian woman which caused a loss of billions of rupees to Indian Navy in form of hike in pricing of Gorshkove project.

Nightmare 2012: Chinese Special Forces cut off Siliguri corridor
Bharat Verma  India has the potential to be to Asia what America is to the world - a symbol of hope, liberty and freedom.  Closed societies like China or Pakistan do not fit the bill. Due to authoritarian regimes in Beijing and Islamabad, in times to come they will remain preoccupied with growing internal societal turmoil.  Therefore, they will naturally tend to threaten democratic India, militarily and with the help of their irregular forces to divert attention from the brewing internal storm. Also because on one hand, the Indian democracy negates their authoritarian philosophy, and on the other, the Union is perceived as a soft target to be conquered or ruptured.  But technology driven 21st century cannot be China’s century in Asia as is being touted by its proxy Pakistan or the Chinese themselves. Simply because these are very brittle, regressive and perpetually paranoid societies. Societies that cannot sustain such enlarged influence and get into an over reach. While the People’s Liberation Army, the largest in the world, consists of 3.5 million soldiers to project power, Beijing employs whopping 21 million to police internal dissent.  Military threat from such dictatorial regimes to free societies like India will increase as the western democracies retreat from Asia. There already exists a severe trust deficit between China and the small countries in the region. Editor’s Pick Unprepared and Unwilling The killers’ mace of the dark visitors ‘Is war around the corner?’ Bows, Arrows and Nuclear Weapons  India is the perhaps the only country in Asia that can boast of the potential to occupy the strategic high ground gradually being vacated by the retreating western forces, provided it develops offensive orientation at the political level.  Unlike China, its soft power increasingly impacts on Asia. The young demographic profile will continue to propel Indian economy to greater heights at least till end of 2050. China’s ageing profile shows trends that it will, first grow old then rich, unlike Japan, which grew rich then old. India if governed fairly well, will grow rich and then old like Japan.  India’s multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-religious society is the melting pot in Asia that benefits from rich diversity and open society. However, it is not as fortunate to be situated geographically in a safe haven like America, which is surrounded by nations with similar values.  THE HISTORICAL THREAT  Historically, the direction of demographic flow for centuries saw invasions from Central Asia to capture Delhi. Every fifty to hundred years, the subcontinent due to the genius of natives tends to generate wealth. From time immemorial this attracted hordes of invaders from Central Asia. Delhi Durbar was unable to defend itself as it neglected its military. Time and again, the rulers in Delhi were subjugated, as their incompetence in wielding the military was pathological.  Once again India is generating vast wealth. Once again it refuses to defend it! Despite historical lessons of defeat at the hands of marauding armies, Delhi Durbar’s incompetence and ignorance in equipping the excellent military machine inherited from the British is again on display.  Today the danger of disruption to the Union is much higher than in the previous centuries. Worse, the lack of offensive orientation in political thinking degrades the ability of the military to defend the Union from the extraordinary threat developing on its borders.  The level of danger continues to creep north from “orange” to “red” on our land borders primarily on two counts. First, as a deception plan Pakistan on its birth professed to be secular, while in reality the leaders wanted a purely Islamic state. As a result the minority Hindu population of more than thirteen percent in a population of 76 million in 1947 got reduced to barely two percent even as the population of Pakistan increased in 2004 to 156 million.  After refusing to share power with the Bengalis in the East and breaking up their country, the Pakistani Sunnis, not satisfied with this calibrated purge, now want to eliminate the Shias and expel the Ahmadiyas from Islam.  In its devious journey towards fundamentalist Islam, it also wants to lock the women folk inside their homes under Taliban diktat, thus negating fifty percent of its population. This dangerous religious philosophy based on extreme form of imported Wahabi Islam is intolerant of worldview of others, wields nuclear weapons, nurtures a Talibanised army that runs a large irregular guerrilla force solely motivated by Islamic fundamentalism, and partners with China.  The ideology of Pakistan is in direct confrontation with the values cherished by India.  Worse, Pakistan’s financial bankruptcy exacerbates the internal instability. This in turn provides cheap human resource, to be used as cannon fodder, by the Jihad Factory run by the ISI. One feeds on the other. Islamic fundamentalism occupies Pakistan’s political space that in turn negates Indian influence, which wisely extended up to Afghanistan during British rule. It was the British Indian Army that kept a check on the repeat of a history of invasions from Central Asia.  Ironically, instead of consolidating and integrating Kashmir, pacifist New Delhi is permitting the birth of a similar pocket of influence with extreme philosophy in the valley that will come back to haunt India in the near future.  THE THREAT FROM NORTH  Second, to add to the woes of New Delhi, a bigger threat in addition to the existing one is posed by communist China.  While too much ‘god’ motivates Pakistan, China pretends to be a ‘godless’ state.  Unlike nations that boast of an army, in Pakistan the army owns the state.  On the other hand, in China the People’s Liberation Army is loyal to the Chinese Communist Party and not the state. Dissent in both is a ‘no-no’ in varying degrees. Both, Pakistan and China, unlike India are paranoid about open societies.  Thus, Beijing and Islamabad share commonality of purpose and together direct their energies to upstage India in international forums, on the borders and by fomenting internal dissent. In a unique ‘jointmanship,’ Islamabad clandestinely transfers sensitive defence technology it receives from the west to Beijing on ‘barter basis’ as there is ban on transfer to China!  The concurrent rise of China and India pits them against each other, as they compete for the same resources, but one with an authoritarian regime that is scared of the Dalai Lama and Google, and the other with a free society that revels in religion, Dalai Lama and Google. The threat from China was evident from its maps in 1946. Mao with the help of these maps described Tibet as the palm of a hand with its five fingers - Ladakh, Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan and NEFA as Chinese territories that needed to be liberated. Tibet was liberated by force while New Delhi slept. Nepal found India’s refusal to defend Tibet as a sign of an unreliable ally and thought it prudent to open communications with Beijing.  Today India stands encircled by China.  THE THREAT PERCEPTION  To be supreme in Asia, and impelled by the necessity to divert the attention from the growing internal turmoil, Beijing is likely to design a limited but visible military victory in a joint strategy with Islamabad. Pakistan under severe threat of fragmentation would be more than a willing ally.  With Afghanistan being abandoned by the West, beginning July 2011, Islamabad will craft a strategy to take over Kabul with the help of Islamic fundamentalist groups.  The irony is that in the aftermath of the exit of the West, the Taliban will occupy the Parliament being built by India in Kabul and connive disruption from there of the Indian Union.  These groups will not target the West immediately since the latter retains the ability to re-intervene once inaction is deemed as ‘suicidal’.  The Taliban will initially concentrate on unraveling a soft target like India in concert with Beijing -Islamabad -Kabul or Chinese Communists- Pakistan Army- Irregular Forces axis.  The physical threat to India will materialize in 2012, after the exit of the American forces from Afghanistan. Earlier India had to contend with a single threat from its West/Central Asia. Now another threat posed from the North under a joint strategy between China and Pakistan has emerged.  The developing scenario suggests that henceforth GHQ Rawalpindi will further orchestrate provocation against India to regain lost ground in J&K by way of rallies in PoK or Lahore and through military machinations on our borders. It will provide fillip to terrorist attacks, export of fake currency, inserting terrorists in India through Nepal, activation of sleeper cells, and raising controversy on non-issues like water.  Beijing, while talking ambiguously up to the 2012 buildup, will continue to support the Maoists in Nepal and step up training and funding to Maoists in India. The intensity of Cyber War will meanwhile increase.  In nutshell, the objective will be to keep India off balance.  THE STRATEGY  By 2012, to unravel India, Beijing is likely to para-drop a division of its Special Forces inside the Siliguri Corridor to sever the Northeast.  There will be simultaneous attacks in other parts of the border and linkup with the Special Forces holding the Siliguri Corridor will be effected. All these will take place under the nuclear overhang.  In concert, Islamabad will activate the second front to unhook Kashmir by making offensive moves across the IB in the plains and the desert to divide Indian reaction capability. Meanwhile the fifth columnists supporting these external forces will unleash mayhem inside.  Two key question for New Delhi: 1. Will India go nuclear if its territorial integrity is threatened? France’s stated policy is that it will use the nuclear option, if Germany is attacked. Germany is not likely to face a nuclear adversary, yet France will use nuclear option if it is attacked. India faces threat from two nuclear powers in its vicinity. Will India shift its stated position of second strike to first strike, if the territorial integrity of the Union is under threat?  2. Will New Delhi have the gumption to order the Navy to retaliate and stop the flow of cargo in the Indian Ocean being freighted to China? Or will it order the Air Force to conduct offensive and decisive strategic strikes inside Tibet?  New Delhi requires to develop offensive orientation in its thinking for the answers to be in affirmative. India has produced more than its share of great thinkers in civil affairs. However, being a pacifist society, it does not boast of a single military thinker of repute.  Therefore, we should not hesitate to import knowledge from the best military thinkers to create an assertive society, just as we need to import the best defence technologies to set up the most modern defence industry hub that ensures expansion of democratic space in Asia.  The ideal opportunity for China to dismember India is between 2011 and 2014 on multiple counts. People who read this also read: Nervous China may attack India by 2012' Exclusive:Pakistan Terror Map Time to divide Pakistan? Why Pak-China will win  First, to divert attention from the growing dissent within.  Second, beyond this period, Pakistan as a fragmented nation may not exist to support the Chinese.  Third, the change of generation by 2015 will witness an assertive India.  Fourth, the new Indian assertiveness will ensure rapid modernization of the Armed Forces with robust military capabilities.  And last but not the least, given the fact it does not pose threat to any country, India will create strong international alliances. It is in a unique position, and gets along well with the West, as well as countries like Russia and others. In fact, the international opinion will decisively tilt in favour of India if it shrewdly deals with the powerful geo-economic card held in the arsenal. The answer to the outlined nightmare stares India on its face.  India simply needs to take out the cost-benefit ratio from the game plan of the opponent by rapidly acquiring the requisite military muscle that outguns and outclasses the adversary.  War is akin to business. If there is no cost-benefit ratio, it cannot be imposed!  Such assertive actions will also naturally propel India in Asia as the most influential player and arrest the slide of retreating democracies.  But are we up to it?

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