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Wednesday, 26 May 2010

From Today's Papers - 26 May 2010

DNA India
DNA India
Asian Age
Asian Age
Telegraph India
Asian Age
Asian Age
Telegraph India
The Pioneer
The Pioneer
Indian Express
Asian Age
The Pioneer
Asian Age
Asian Age
The Pioneer





Army wants INSAS rifles replaced 
New Delhi, May 25 Gearing up its soldiers for future warfare, the Indian Army feels there is an urgent need to replace the indigenously developed and manufactured the INSAS series of rifles.  “There is an urgent need to develop rifles, carbines and light machine guns of 5.56mm calibre to replace the existing INSAS class of weapons,” it said in the Defence Ministry’s Technology Perspective and Capability Roadmap document. The INSAS rifles, designed by the DRDO, were inducted into the Armed forces in the ’90s and have been used in the Kargil war and counter-insurgency operations. — PTI







  BSF trooper’s issue taken up with Canada
Tribune News Service  New Delhi, May 25 India has taken up with the Canadian High Commission the denial of visa to a retired Border Security Force (BSF) trooper and expressed serious concern over the issue.  “The matter was taken up immediately with the Canadian High Commission,” Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao told reporters here. New Delhi was taking the matter very seriously.  Last week, the Canadian High Commission here refused a visa to Fateh Singh Pandher, a retired BSF constable, on grounds that he was associated with a “notoriously violent force”. The denial of visa and the reason given for it sparked public outrage in India, compelling the Canadian authorities to immediately issue a clarification.  “I would like to stress Canada has the highest regard for India’s democratic institutions and processes. Canada has great respect for India’s armed forces and related institutions,” Canadian foreign ministry spokesperson Catherine Loubier said in an e-mail statement.







Defence institute gets innovation award 
Chandigarh, May 25 The Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), Leh, has been bestowed the Innovation for India Award-2010 under Public Service Category for its contribution in agro-animal technologies for the benefit of troops and civilian population of the Ladakh region.  The award comprising a trophy and a cash prize, instituted by the Marico Innovation Foundation, was presented to DIHAR director Dr Shashi Bala Singh at a function held in New Delhi this week.






  Indo-Pak trust deficit Better ties depend on Islamabad fighting terror 
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has rightly said that good relations with Pakistan will help India “realise its full development potential”. India has to find a way to get rid of the Pakistan problem so that it can concentrate fully on playing its larger role in the region and on the world stage. Dr Manmohan Singh provided proof of his earnestness when he met Pakistan Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani recently at Thimpu, Bhutan, and agreed to resume dialogue with Islamabad at the political level with a view to reducing the trust deficit, which was preventing the two countries from moving forward on the road to peace. The trust deficit was caused by the 26/11 Mumbai terrorist killings and Pakistan’s resistance in punishing those responsible for the ghastly incident. Now it is Pakistan’s turn to prove its sincerity by speeding up the process of bringing the 26/11 guilty to book.  Unfortunately, Pakistan has failed to honour the pledge it has made many times in the past about ensuring that any territory under its control will not be allowed to be used for acts of terror against India. Gen Pervez Musharraf as President said something and did something else on the front of fighting terrorism. Now it is the turn of Mr Gilani to prove true to his words. He must destroy the infrastructure of the India-centric terrorist outfits based in Pakistan, including their training camps, so that these elements are never able to harm the cause of peace as they did on 26/11. Terrorism and talks cannot go together.  The resumption of the India-Pakistan dialogue process can go a long way in strengthening the democratic forces in Pakistan. Islamabad will also be in a better position to fight terrorist elements, as it has been arguing, if there is lessening of tension between India and Pakistan. An atmosphere of trust and amity in the subcontinent may ultimately boost economic growth on both sides of the Indo-Pak divide. This, however, demands a change in the mindset of those controlling the levers of power in Pakistan and abandonment of the policy of using terrorism for achieving geopolitical objectives.







Forewarned is forearmed
An armed force that only reacts to what the enemy has done loses the capability to defend the country or its political interests for which it is mandated. A competent force must step out of protected shell and seek the enemy in order to destroy it. CJ: Chitranjan Sawant   Tue, May 25, 2010 13:12:55 IST
THE MILITARY of a progressive country has to be pro-active in identifying a potential enemy and taking timely effective measures to counteract the developing threat, if any. An armed force that only reacts to what the enemy has done loses the capability to defend the country or its political and commercial interests for which it is mandated. A competent force must step out of the protected shell and seek the enemy in order to destroy it. No enemy will offer its plans for destroying the culture and country of an adversary. The enemy's intention must be detected before he puts his sinister plans into operation.   Threat perception  General David Petraeus, the commanding general of the United States Central Command has done precisely what a thinking general should do. A military observer may agree with him that the potential danger zone has to be identified well in advance. The political commentators may say that the Obama administration has only authorised economic sanctions through diplomacy and winning over neutral nations to the American cause. Where is the governmental sanction for the Petraeus plan to start intelligence gathering against Iran and other centres of Islamist terror like Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Iraq and so on. I shall kill this doubt by saying that a far sighted commander has to assess the politico-military situation well in advance and take counter-measures. Threat perception by military commanders is a part of their duty to the nation they serve. If a commander waits for the enemy to strike as per their plan, his troops would be caught flat footed. If a commander does not perceive the threat in time, its soldiers would be killed by the enemy like sitting ducks. General Petraeus is intelligent and experienced in threat perception. He has handled difficult situations in Iraq and is doing that now in Afghanistan. He needs appreciation and support of right thinking citizens, journalists and military commentators.   Has President Obama authorised the type of military activity that the commanding general of the US Central Command has undertaken since September 2009? Not precisely so. A commanding general is not a nursery student and the President is not a nursery teacher that the young kid should seek permission every time he has to go to loo. In the armed forces, officers are trained to be leaders of combat troops where a wrong decision or lack of timely action would cost human lives. It is in the exercise of this initiative as a military leader of combatant troops that the general ordered intelligence gathering by cultivating foreign businessmen, local men and women and other sources. The enemy will never reveal his plans to an adversary force. It has to be found out and interpreted correctly. The aim of exercise undertaken by General Petraeus is precisely the same. Intelligence gathering is an art that is perfected over a period of time. It is time consuming and at times frustrating. But the act has to go on.   As far as a written order of the President is concerned, it is required when a body of combatants has to go into action and a shooting war begins. For that matter, even the president of the United States of America has to go to the Congress and explain why he is committing the country to war against a particular enemy or a group of enemies. It is the constitutional practice and is followed for declaration of war.   Expanding military activities in intelligence gathering and firing a weapon or killing an adversary in self defence does not require the sanction of the US Congress. Thus the commanding general of the US Central Command has not over stepped his authority nor he has gone beyond the mandate.  Let generals not be caught napping  In the Second World War when Hitler's Nazi Army entered France and Paris fell to invaders, the British Expeditionary Force in France was still practising rifle shoot with drill cartridges. The british generals did not anticipate the swift advance of German army into France. Their threat perception was weak and intelligence gathering weaker. Consequently they cut a sorry figure and great Britain paid a price.   Likewise the threat perception by the British generals in Singapore was nill and when the invading Japanese army was knocking at the door of the South-East Asian British Empire, the British big guns failed to fire.   The commanding general of the Indian forces in areas of Ladakh and Kargil failed to perceive the Pakistani threat and the enemy sat in the Indian area for weeks undetected and blew up the Indian ammunition dumps. Initial loss of life of young soldiers and young officers could have been avoided if the threat perception and situation appreciation were correct.  All said and done, the warning bell has rung and the Islamist terrorists are out to get those who advocate pacifism. To be aggressive to beat the evil is the need of the day, nay need of the hour.







Army denies its chief objected to arms deal with US
2010-05-25 22:00:00  The Indian Army Tuesday denied its chief General V.K. Singh had warned Defence Minister A.K. Antony on government-to-government arms deals with the US.  The denial comes as a section of media reported that the army chief had red-flagged defence purchases from the US through the government-to-government route, calling attention to its serious pitfalls.  A defence ministry officer said the news report was based on 'hearsay'.  'The article mentions a letter written by the Chief of Army Staff to the Hon'ble Raksha Mantri (Defence Minister) A.K. Antony on Foreign Military Sales (FMS). The news item is based on hearsay,' Additional Director General, Public Information, Major General Sanjeev Madhok said in a press statement.  The news report said that General Singh's letter to Antony, cautioning him about problems that he countered with the FMS, comes at a time when the two sides are in the final stages of finalising two major purchases - one for the army and the other for the Indian Air Force (IAF).  The army proposes to buy 145 ultra-light howitzers worth about $647 million, mostly for deployment along the China border, while the IAF is planning to buy 10 C-17 transport aircraft at a cost of over $2.2 billion.









Army orders probe on missing ammunition
Correspondent Tuesday, May 25, 2010 AT 07:41 PM (IST)
MUMBAI: The Indian Army has ordered a probe into to disappearance of a “small quantity” of small arms ammunition from the Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT) in Mumbai, while it was being sent from Guwahati to Controllerate of Quality Assurance (CQA) at Kirkee in Pune, for tests.     The Army also blamed the Indian Railway for misplacing the consignment.     “As per rules, Army authorities have ordered an inquiry for loss of ammunition in transit,” a Defence Ministry spokesperson said in Mumbai on Tuesday.     Last Friday, the consignment has gone missing, only noticed when the train stopped at LTT.     Since the ammunition also consisted of certain explosive material the same was booked in brake van and not carried in passenger boogie for safety reasons of passengers and as per the laid down policy of the Railways and the Ministry of Defence.     "Since the ammunition was booked in with the Railways, the safety of ammunition during transit was the responsibility of railway authorities," the spokesperson said.  “The escort was provided to take over the ammunition at the destination station (Lokmanya Tilak Terminus) and carry it further to CQA, Kirkee,” the spokesperson said.     The consignment was booked with the 5646 Guwahati Express when reached LTT 2330 hrs, however, police and railway staff had discovered the ammunition and belonging to the 6th Assam Regiment – that were being sent for tests - were missing.            http://www.sakaaltimes.com/SakaalTimesBeta/20100525/5051974623202262572.htm








BAE Systems involved in global defence expo    
One of the UK's biggest manufacturers is showing off its latest technologies at an international conference in India.  BAE Systems, which is the world's second largest defence contractor and has facilities at Samlesbury in Lancashire, is currently demonstrating two of the world's most powerful howitzers at the DefExpo in Delhi.  The FH77 B05 towed howitzer and the M777 ultra-light howitzer are both included in what is the company's biggest ever presence at the event, which began on February 15th.  BAE Systems is currently pursuing a new procurement contract with the Indian government and has set up a joint venture company called Defence Land Systems India in partnership with Mahindra that it hopes will allow it to win the tender.  It also plans to show a new mine-protected vehicle designed for Indian conditions at the event, as well as Falcon, which will serve as a new tactical communications system to be used by the UK Royal Air Force and British Army.  The system is the only of its kind in the world, based as it is on an all-IP (internet protocol) open architecture that provides a secure broadband link between units.
http://www.englandsnorthwest.com/news_and_features/news/201002/bae_systems_involved_in_global.aspx
Indian Army to Buy Laser Range Finders  India Defence Online, New Delhi — The Indian Army has decided to procure Electronic Theodolites with Laser Range Finder (LRF) for Field Branch Artillery units and the Request for Information (RFI) has been released.The Electronic Theodolites with LRF will assist the survey process of the gun units of the Indian Army. The last date to submit the details is 15th June 2010.  The RFI is proposed to identify the potential vendors who can offer details of the Electronic Theodolites with LRF along with its cost per unit.  The main specifications that need to be furnished by the vendors includes the overall dimensions and weight of the Electronic Theodolites with LRF including all accessories, the maximum and minimum range of Laser Range Finder including accuracy and range display capability, details of the display unit and the kind of user interface and display facilities provided for data and results.  The RFI also seeks to know the details of the North Finding Module which should include accuracy, resolution, field of view and magnification. The RFI enquires into the system’s capabilities for angular measurements in both degree and mils as well as angular measurements in both clockwise and anti-clockwise directions. The vendors must also provide details of software support and the capacity of the internal memory to store data. Besides, the details of the power pack and its spare must be included.  Electronic Theodolites have a reasonable structure and practical function and they are easy-to-use with excellent performance and reliable quality. Electronic Theodolites are used for measuring both horizontal and vertical angles, as used in triangulation networks. It is a key tool in surveying and engineering work particularly on inaccessible ground.





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