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Friday, 28 May 2010

From Today's Papers - 28 May 2010

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Kargil: More skeletons may tumble out Performers allege they were overlooked for promotion
Vijay Mohan/Tribune News Service  Chandigarh, May 27 While the Armed Forces Tribunal (AFT) called for rewriting portions of the Kargil conflict history, opening the doors for a fresh introspection into the 1999 episode, there could be more skeletons in the Army’s cupboard waiting to tumble out.  Former Army Chief Gen V P MalikTo pass the judgement on the entire Indian Army and to suggest that complete war history was fudged and the Kargil Review committee report be rewritten, I think this is unfair. This does not take away the entire good work done by the Army. This is an aberration  — Former Army Chief Gen V P Malik  I have not fudged any war report: Lt Gen Pal  Lt Gen PalAfter being indicted by the AFT for showing bias against a Brigadier and falsifying the accounts of the Kargil war, Lt Gen Kishan Pal today said he had “not fudged any war reports” and whatever he wrote about the battle was “unbiased”. “I have not fudged any reports or records, I have written one confidential battle performance report about Brig Devinder Singh and as a Corps Commander, the report I wrote about him was totally unbiased and true,” he said here. — PTI  Apart from questions being raised over a series of material procurements, including those from foreign vendors, during and after operations, a large number of instances have come to light where officers and field commanders, who had performed well in battle, have alleged that they were given a raw deal. Many such officers opted out of the service prematurely after being overlooked for promotion.  The most notable case, now pending before the AFT, is that of Brigadier Surinder Singh, the then commander of the 121 (Independent) Brigade at Kargil. He was unceremoniously removed at the height of the conflict and later his services were terminated on charges of mishandling classified documents and not seeking proper permission for vacating the Bajrang post in the Kaksar sector under his jurisdiction.  While blaming the military leadership for lapses that led to the conflict in which over 540 Army personnel, including many young officers, were killed, Brigadier Surinder Singh has claimed that he had personally briefed the then Army Chief, Gen VP Malik and the then Director General Military Operations, Lt Gen NC Vij (later Army Chief) about the enhanced threat perceptions in that area, including artillery and missile deployments, on the other side. There had been reports of infiltrations in the south of Siachen Glacier as early as January and February 1999 which were conveyed to the top leadership, he said.  Another officer, Col Nehra, who was the Commanding Officer of 22 Grenadiers, too, had moved the Bombay High Court against adverse remarks in his annual confidential report.  A junior officer, Maj Manish Bhatnagar, who was dismissed by a General Court Martial for professional impropriety has moved the AFT challenging his court martial and seeking an independent inquiry into the whole episode. While the case pertaining to his court martial will come up for hearing in July, the AFT had dismissed his plea for inquiry on the grounds that it does not have the jurisdiction over the matter. He said that he is now contemplating approaching the High Court or the Supreme Court.  ‘Disillusioned ‘over not being promoted despite showing good results during the operation, Col Lalit Rai, who had commanded 1/11 Gorkha Rifles and was decorated with the Vir Chakra, opted for premature retirement.  Of the 17 infantry battalions awarded Battle Honours and Honour Tittles for exceptional performance during the conflict, the commanding officers of most of these units have opted for premature retirement, as they had been overlooked for promotion. Col OP Yadav, who commanded 1 Bihar and Col JS Bawa, of 17 Jat, were approved for promotion in review boards in 2007. CO 18 Grenadiers, Col K Thakur picked up his rank a year later. Of the main three brigades in the centre of operations --- 192, 70 and 56 — the commander of just one was promoted.  The figures imply that the Army found less than 20 per cent of commanders who did well in battle fit for promotion. Commanding officers of a number of other units who performed e have also been superseded. On the other hand, all generals associated with the planning and conduct of operations, either at Army Headquarters or formation HQs, walked away with one award or the other.  Among the seven Brigade commanders involved in operations, four moved up the ladder. After Brig Surinder Singh was moved out, his successor, OP Nandrajog who took over at the fag-end of the conflict, later became GOC-in-C Central Command, while Commander 102 Brigade in Sub-Sector Haneef, PC Katoch became a Lieutenant General. Then Commander of the Para Brigade, P. Bhardwaj is presently the Army’s Vice Chief. Noticeably, none of the battalions under their command got a Battle Honour.  Along Dras-Mushkoh, 79 Brigade commander, RN Kakar, tasked with capturing Point 4875 became Major-General, while Brig Amar Aul, commander of 56 Brigade that captured Tololing, become Lieutenant General. Three and two units under their respective command got battle honours. Commander 192 Brigade, MPS Bajwa, who captured Tiger Hill, perhaps the most celebrated feature of the conflict, retired on the same rank.

Death in Army Custody Victims’ kin get Rs 4 lakh 
Guwahati, May 27 As directed by Guwahati High Court, the Centre has paid Rs 4 lakh each to kin of two persons from Darrang districts who were killed in the Army custody on March 7, 2004.  Khalason Daimari, father of slain Protul Daimari (Protul Daimari-I as per the records of HC), who was a BA III student when killed in the Army custody and Jusna Daimari, wife of another slain person Protul Daimari (Protul Daimari-II as per the records, residents of same village in Darrang district of Assam, were handed over the compensation cheques worth Rs 4 lakh each through the Registrar General of Guwahati High Court as culmination of a long-drawn battle. — TNS

UNSC Seat China backs India’s aspirations 
Beijing, May 27 Skirting contentious issues, visiting President Pratibha Patil today held discussions with the top Chinese leadership which supported India's aspirations of becoming a permanent member of the UN Security Council, a stand welcomed by the Indian side. Patil, the first Indian Head of State to visit this country in a decade, held wide-ranging discussions with her Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao as well as Premier Wen Jiabao after being accorded a ceremonial welcome at the Great Hall of the People.  Controversial issues such as Chinese border incursions, stapled visas for Kashmiris, Indian visas for Chinese telcom companies and Sino-Pak ties did not figure in the discussions. Patil sought Chinese support for New Delhi's permanent membership of the UNSC during talks. Briefing reporters after the talks, Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao said the Chinese leaders supported India's aspirations for UNSC permanent seat and had assured the Indian leader that Beijing would back its bid in next year's election for a non-permanent membership of the UNSC. — PTI

Wronged Kargil hero gets his due
NDTV Correspondent, Thursday May 27, 2010, New Delhi
Raising serious questions about the military leadership in the 1999 Kargil war, the Armed Forces Tribunal has indicted a former Lieutenant General for showing bias against a Brigadier, playing down his achievements and falsifying accounts of battles.  Retired Brigadier Devinder Singh is a relieved man. The Kargil war veteran has won a 10-year old battle that has restored his military reputation and individual honour.  In a landmark judgment, the Armed Forces Tribunal has ordered the Army to delete a distorted report on his performance report during the 1999 Kargil war, correcting a decade-old injustice against a professional soldier.  The matter came to light after Singh who led 70 Infantry Brigade in the Batalik Sector in the Kargil war, filed a petition in the Delhi High Court complaining of wrong depiction of his battle performance. Several complaints similar to Singh are pending before the tribunal.  The report of Lieutenant General Kishan Pal, then General Officer Commanding (GOC) 15 Corps, who oversaw operations in that sector not only cost him a war medal but also deprived the Brigadier of promotion as Major-General.  Due to the 'fudged' battle accounts, Brig Singh was awarded only a Vishisht Seva Medal (VSM) and not a Mahavir Chakra, which he was cited for.  "I could not sleep well all these years on this account only that this was a fictitious writing," said Retired Brigadier Singh. (Watch: Vindication for my brigade: Kargil hero tells NDTV)  "The tribunal in its order very clearly said that portions of the war record need to be rewritten and they have left it to the Army to write in whatever form, but in the present form they are incorrect," he added. (Read: Why was he targeted?)  Brigadier Devinder was heading the 70 Brigade in the Turtuk-Batalik sector during the 1999 conflict with Pakistan. Despite his admirable battle performance, Brigadier Devinder's Corps commander Lt Gen Kishan Pal underplayed his and the brigade's achievements.  The Tribunal order suggests personal malice as the main reason for brigadier Singh being targeted. According to Devinder Singh, General Pal's bias stemmed from the following reasons:  •    In April 1999, Brigadier Singh warned of intrusions along the Kargil front, from Batalik to Drass.  •    But his superiors dismissed his assessment  •    In the middle of the war, Brigadier Singh had reported that 600 Pakistan army regulars were positioned in Batalik.  •    But Lt General Pal said just 45 Pakistani irregulars were on the spot.  Lt General Kishen Pal on the other hand says he was never called by the tribunal to give his side of the story.  "I don't know what the procedures are of the tribunal. I can only say that they did not call me or ask me anything," he said.  Another Kargil whistleblower, Brig Surinder Singh, who was commander of the Kargil-based 121 brigade in 1999, now feels that that even he will get his due following a favourable judgment given to Brigadier Devinder Singh by the tribunal. Blamed for the intrusions, Singh was removed from command. (Watch: Just the tip of the iceberg, says Army whistleblower)  He was also accused of vacating a forward post in Kaksar sub-sector without authorisation and leaking classified documents to media.  But General VP Malik, who was Army chief during the Kargil war warns of overreaction.  "Brig Devinder had a personal grievance against his Corps Commander for which he has got full redressal but please don't demand the change in the entire history of Kargil war in which so many people sacrificed their lives," said General Malik.  General Malik may be right, but after the judgement, questions about shortcomings and failures in Kargil are bound to come up once again.

Just the tip of the iceberg, says another Army whistleblower
NDTV Correspondent, Thursday May 27, 2010, Chandigarh surinderstory216.jpgA General fudged records to play down a Brigadier's role in the Kargil War, the Armed Forces Tribunal has said. Is this huge embarrassment for the Army merely the tip of the iceberg?  Other whistleblowers say, yes, this is just the beginning.  Brigadier (Retd) Devinder Singh has got justice with the tribunal ruling that his senior officer Lt-Gen Kishan Pal falsified battle records to deny him his due honour. This after the Brigadier filed a petition that there had been wrong depiction of his battle performance. (Read: Wronged Kargil war hero gets his due)  Several complaints similar to Brigadier Singh's are pending before the Tribunal. One is that of Brigadier Surinder Singh, who was commander of the Kargil-based 121 Brigade in 1999. He was removed from command and blamed for the Kargil intrusions.  Brigadier Surinder Singh too has complained that the role of several officers was either undermined or their warnings were not heeded by superior officers.   Speaking to NDTV from Chandigarh, Surinder Singh said after a favourable judgement for Brigadier Devinder Singh, he now felt that even he would get his due. He said he would reveal all in a book he was writing.

Naval man held on charges of spying for Pak
Press Trust of India, Thursday May 27, 2010, New Delhi An employee of the Indian Navy has been arrested on charges of spying for Pakistan and police claimed to have recovered from him some "secret and sensitive" documents like photograph of Hindan Air Base and map of Meerut Cantonment.  Twenty four-year-old Chand Kumar Prasad, posted in the Navy's Aircraft Maintenance Unit in Mumbai, was arrested by Delhi Police's Special Cell from New Delhi Railway Station on Wednesday, police sources said.  He was allegedly passing on classified information to a Pakistan High Commission official through another person, they said.  Police sources said certain "secret and sensitive" documents like photograph of Hindan Air Base and map of Meerut Cantonment were recovered from Prasad.  He was produced before a magistrate today and was remanded to five-day police custody.

Terror network in AfPak has to be dismantled: Obama
May 28, 2010 01:27 IST Tags: Barack Obama, Al Qaeda, United States, Pakistan, Afghanistan Email this Save to My Page Ask Users Write a Comment  United States President Barack Obama [ Images ] on Thursday said the US wants Pakistan to become a "more effective" partner in the war against terrorism to be able to dismantle the terror network active on the AfPak border.  Acknowledging that achieving the goal of defeating Al Qaeda [ Images ] and its extremist allies is a difficult process, Obama said it was important to target Qaeda's affiliates in AfPak region as they offer them safe harbour.  "We went there (Afghanistan) because the Taliban [ Images ] was harbouring Al Qaeda, which had launched an attack that killed 3,000 Americans. Al Qaeda escaped capture, and they set up in the border regions between Pakistan and Afghanistan," Obama told reporters at a White House news conference.  He said Al Qaeda has affiliates that not only provide them safe harbour, but increasingly are willing to conduct their own terrorist operations, initially in Afghanistan and in Pakistan, but increasingly directed against western targets and targets of US allies as well.  "It is a difficult process... we've also got to work with Pakistan so that they are more effective partners in dealing with extremists that are within their borders," Obama said.  He said it is absolutely critical that the United States and its international partners dismantle that network of extremists that are willing to attack it.  "Well, they absolutely are a threat to us. They are a significant threat to us. I wouldn't be deploying young men and women into harm's way if I didn't think that they were an absolute threat to us," Obama said in response to a question.  Obama said the US is going to strengthen the capacity of the Afghan military. "We are going to get them stood up in a way that allows us then to start drawing down our troops," he said, adding that it would continue to provide support to Afghans in their effort to create a stable government.  "It is a big messy process, but we are making progress in part because the young men and women under General McChrystal's supervision, as well as our coalition partners, are making enormous sacrifices, but also on the civilian side, we're starting to make progress in terms of building capacity that will allow us then to draw down with an effective partner," Obama said.

Kargil war: Lt-Gen doctored reports
TNN, May 28, 2010, 03.00am IST NEW DELHI: Against all odds, courageous young officers and soldiers dislodged well-entrenched Pakistani intruders from the Kargil heights in 1999. But skeletons about the then top military leadership's dubious conduct during the conflict continue to tumble out of the cupboard with alarming regularity even now.  In the latest such episode, the armed forces tribunal (AFT) has indicted the then 15 Corps commander Lt-General Kishan Pal for doctoring "battle-performance and after-action reports'' to belittle the achievements of the then Batalik-based 70 Infantry Brigade commander Devinder Singh.  Directing the directorate of military operations to rewrite some portions of the official history, "Operation Vijay: Account of the War in Kargil'', the AFT headed by Justice A K Mathur said Lt-Gen Pal's biased assessment of Brig Singh should be expunged from the records.  "I feel vindicated. As per the order, I will also be considered for promotion to the notional rank of a major-general and the records about the operations by my brigade in the war will be set straight,'' said Brig (retd) Singh, who has fought a long and hard legal battle to restore his honour.  Lt-Gen Pal, who had infamously described the massive Kargil intrusions by Pakistani Army regulars as a "local'' skirmish with a handful of infiltrators in the initial days, went on to get a gallantry medal after the conflict.  Similarly, several other senior officers were rewarded despite ignoring early warnings about the massive intrusions, wrong assessments and flawed leadership during the conflict which led to the death of 527 Indian soldiers.  In sharp contrast, Brig Singh -- who had even predicted the pattern of intrusions by the Pakistani Army regulars before the conflict and later got injured during the operations -- was left high and dry, without a war medal and passed over for promotion.  "Many lives would have been saved if my assessment had been taken seriously,'' said Brig Singh, who directed his brigade troops during the critical assaults on Point 5203 and the Jubar Complex in the Batalik sector.  The then Army chief General V P Malik, who himself attracted flak for not cutting short his "goodwill'' visit abroad during the initial days of the Kargil intrusions, on his part, said Brig Singh's case was "an aberration'' which was now rightly getting corrected.  "I believe the issue was at the level of the brigade, division and corps. To pass a judgment on the entire Indian Army and to suggest the entire war history was fudged is most unfair,'' Gen (retd) Malik told journalists.  The fact, however, remains that the AFT judgment has come as a major embarrassment to the Army. It might get worse in the coming days because several other petitions connected to the Kargil conflict are pending in different AFT benches.  These include ones by officers -- like the then 121 Brigade commander Surinder Singh, who was dismissed during the operations, and Major Manish Bhatnagar -- who feel they were made "scapegoats'' to "save the skin of top generals''.  The Army, on its part, on Thursday said it was awaiting a copy of the AFT judgment in Brig Singh's case. "Once we get it, it will be analysed and appropriate action would be taken,'' said a senior officer.  Brig Singh certainly hopes so. He had filed a complaint with Army HQs in 2000 itself, charging Lt-Gen Pal with bias, but it was rejected two years later. In 2004, the defence ministry struck down Lt-Gen Pal's assessment of Brig Singh's battle performance but refused to strike down key sections of his annual confidential reports written by the general.

Defence plan to take over private bungalows in cantonment 
Defence authorities plan to take over all sprawling bungalows, the British once allotted to the moneyed, respectable citizenry of Lucknow, in the Cantonment limits. Following a marathon exercise, 15-odd bungalows have been taken over and four notices to ensure similar action are pending.  Top Defence Estates bosses say the mandate is to ensure resumption (taking over) of all the 69 Old Grant as well as Lease bungalows. Today, Lucknow’s crème de la crème, including Sudhir Halwasiya and Arif Md Sheikh, have bungalows in the area. Some of them have been taken over from the original occupants.  “The land on which the 69 bungalows stand is ours and we have every right to take it back. Compensations will be paid to the residents — mostly the who is who of Lucknow — as per the norms,” said an official.  Sources hinted the Army is exploring land expansion options across the country and Lucknow is no exception. “The armed forces are facing accommodation problems for its officers and soldiers but I cannot attribute the taking over of the bungalows to this problem,” said an official.  So why the taking over? “Cantonment areas are meant of troupes and not for the public. Such areas should not be crowded to ensure health, security, recreation etc,” the official said.  Plus, these bungalows were allotted strictly for residential purposes. “There’s definitely some commercial activity going on in the some of the structures,” said another official.  “The policy of taking back such properties is very old, the last structured directive being as old as of 1992,” Army sources said and added, “In the 1970s, 15 such bungalows were taken back in Lucknow. Now, 4-5 acquisition notices have been sent out to the occupants (recorded holders of occupancy rights).”  However, the process is not that easy. “The occupants move court and plead they are very poor and they don’t have any other shelter, while the fact remains they own a number of properties in the city itself,” said a source.  On being served notices, the obtain a court stay which may run into as long as 30 years.   The History  There are a total of 69 bungalows, reminiscent of the British era, in the Lucknow Cantt area, the biggest one sprawling in as much as 15 acres of land. Defence source say the moneyed, respectable citizenry of Lucknow who sought proximity with the British were allowed to construct bungalows and reside in them. The British also allowed the natives to come and reside in the bungalows on Defence land for reasons such as service and supplies, while the ownership rights lay with the East India Company. “It was convenient then because there was no population pressure,” said a source. There are 62 cantonments in India and of them, 25 of them are under the Lucknow-based Central Command, covering seven states.   BUNGALOWS NOT LIKELY TO BE DEMOLISHED  The demolition and conversion of these bungalows into group housing/flats is not likely because of Cantt Board’s building bylaws, lease conditions and government policies. “No construction or demolition has been allowed by court,” said an official.   MEGA Accommodation Project  The armed forces are facing accommodation problems for its officers and soldiers. Consequent to the promise made to the Indian Armed Forces by the Centre, a four-phase Married Accommodation Project or MAP in already underway to construct married accommodation for the three services to take care of the housing problems.  A separate Directorate General Married Accommodation Project(DG MAP) was raised on 31 May 2002.With a mandate to construct 300,000 dwelling units, it is one of the largest construction endeavours in the world.  In the first phase, 8,459 units will be constructed across the country. In seven pockets of the Lucknow Cantt area, there will be 2,222 units for officers, JCOs and jawans. 1000-odd units are ready.

DRDO fires `swadeshi missile' at armed forces 
New Delhi: The head of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India’s premier defence research organisation, said that responsibility for the low-level of self reliance in defence systems should not be borne by it alone.  DRDO fires `swadeshi missile' at armed forces  DRDO Chief V K Saraswat feels that the stake holders (India's Armed Forces) should opt for more indigenous weaponry.  DRDO Chief V K Saraswat was reacting to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's declaration that India is lagging behind in indigenisation of defence products.  The Prime Minister, who was speaking on the occasion of National Technology Day at DRDO Bhavan on Wednesday, said that while the achievements of the research organisation should be lauded, in many areas competitors have 'often moved at a faster pace'.  DRDO fires `swadeshi missile' at armed forces  The armed forces feel that the DRDO promises too much but delivers too little.  "It is a fact that our current level of self-reliance in Defence R&D is less than our capabilities and it needs to be stepped up significantly," Singh said.  Saraswat declared at the same function that the burden for the low level of self reliance on defence technology should be shared by all stakeholders.  DRDO fires `swadeshi missile' at armed forces  There are also issued of inordinate delays in delivery of promised weaponry which makes off-the-shelf purchase from global markets more meaningful.  "DRDO has long been held responsible for the level of self reliance in defence systems, but it must be understood that the responsibility for self reliance should be shared by all stake-holders of MoD and cannot be placed on DRDO alone, which neither has the power to impose its products on its customer nor the mandate or capacity to produce the developed systems all by themselves," Saraswat said.  DRDO fires `swadeshi missile' at armed forces  The prime minister feels that there must be some amount of indigenisation of weaponry but is caught between the armed forces and DRDO.  However, giving the example of the civil nuclear deal, the Prime Minister advised scientists to stay ahead in the curve and develop the capacity to 'compete, to innovate and to deliver on time'. "If our systems are strong and robust, the world will respect us and be willing to work with us. This was the lesson we learnt in the process of negotiating the civil nuclear deal with the international community," Singh said.  He also pointed out that defence projects are lagging behind and emphasised that DRDO should work in tandem with the defence forces and industry.

Govt. approves extension to ECHS facilities to Nepal Domiciled Gorkhas
2010-05-26 23:20:00  The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the extension of Ex-servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) facilities to Nepal Domiciled Gorkhas (NDGs).  The scheme will be optional for retired ex-servicemen NDG Pensioners. Only NDG ex-servicemen pensioner (paid from Defence Estimates) are eligible for ECHS membership.  The cost of providing health care at the existing rates to 1,00,000 NDG along with their dependents will be about Rs.85 crore per year. The scheme will cover all the ex-servicemen of Indian Armed Forces/Dependents domiciled in Nepal.  The present ECHS scheme provides comprehensive and quality health care benefits to ex-servicemen. Extending it to NDGs ex-servicemen will meet a long outstanding need of their health care.  All other policies and procedures of ECHS, which are applicable in India, will also apply to Nepal Domiciled Gorkhas ex-servicemen in Nepal.  There are about 1,00,000 ex-servicemen and their dependents domiciled in Nepal who will benefit from the ex-servicemen contributory Health Scheme (ECHS). They will be entitled for medical treatment under ECHS Scheme at Polyclinics, military hospitals and the ECHS empanelled civil hospitals in India. Emergency treatment in India under existing provisions would be available.  Application forms can be collected from the nearest Station HQ of Army/Navy/Air Force in India or from Defence Attache at Kathmandu. Forms can also be downloaded from internet website  War widows battle causalities and pre-1996 retirees are exempted from payment of one time ECHS contribution. For others contribution will be as applicable in India in Indian Rupees. (ANI)

Need for tri-Service communications networks stressed 
Top commanders of the Indian armed forces on Wednesday stressed the need for seamless integration and synergy of the three Services to counter threats to the vast national resources in the southern peninsula and economic zones in the Indian Ocean Region.  At a two-day meeting that ended here on Wednesday, top commanders of the army, navy and air force sought integrated and secure communication networks for smooth tri-Service interaction.  In the light of the Nov 26, 2008, terror attack in Mumbai, the commanders noted that the command, control and coordination for effective coastal security can only be achieved through cooperative exercises among the three wings.  Southern Air Command chief Air Marshal Sumit Mukerji said the spirit of 'jointmanship' and synergy should be taken to the lowest component of the service commands.  Chief of the Integrated Defence Staff (New Delhi) Air Marshal S.C. Mukul, who chaired the meeting, pointed out the importance of coordination and understanding among the various commands.  The meeting was attended by Southern Army Command GOC-in-C Lt.General Pradeep Khanna, Southern Naval Command FOC-in-C Vice Admiral K.N. Sushil and Andaman & Nicobar Command C-in-C Vice Admiral D.K. Joshi.

Army Conducted a Seminar on “Review of Training”   
18:45 IST                                      The Indian Army conducted a Seminar on 24-25 May 2010, on “Review of Training”, under the aegis of Army Training Command at the IDSA Seminar Hall, New Delhi.  The Seminar was attended by General VK Singh, Chief of Army Staff, Lt Gen PC Bhardwaj, Vice chief of Army Staff, and all stake holders responsible for training and to include officers from HQ IDS, IHQ of MoD (Army), Regional Commands and Training Establishments, from across the country.                 The Chief of Army Staff, while delivering the Keynote Address, highlighted the requirement for the Indian Army to remain relevant in the changing security environment and its consequent impact on the war fighting methods.  He emphasized that the best doctrines, strategy, tactics and equipment cannot be a substitute to good training.  He reiterated that training is the backbone, on which all other battle winning factors get dovetailed.  The Indian Army, thus, needs to structure training to meet the challenges of the contemporary and future battle field.  Modern infrastructure, Joint Training, Leadership Training and means of external evaluation will ensure that the Indian Army remains in a high state of readiness, to meet the Operational Challenges, across the entire spectrum. The Army Chief emphasized on the need of working out well established datum points, to assist in making an unbiased assessment of training at all levels. He also highlighted the need for out sourcing in order to adopt civil – industry methodologies, as applicable in the environment, to attain maximum advantage.                  Lt Gen AS Lamba, AVSM, Army Commander, Army Training Command brought out the implementation status of previous studies, and initiation of this holistic review to improve upon and strengthen existing structures.  This study has ensured that all the stake holders; the field force, training establishments, various directorates and all services are brought under a single umbrella, for the first time, to make ‘implementation’ that much more systemic.  The Seminar worked on five major themes to bring out the essentialities:-          (i)    Firstly, establishing the training needs based on the future security environment and arriving at       the means and challenges to  make it result oriented, cost effective and responsive.         (ii)    Secondly, synchronizing the perceived gap between the institutionalized and the field forces      training as also assessing the infrastructure requirements to undertake a pragmatic review of training.         (iii)    Thirdly, establishing well documented datum points for assessment and evaluation of training.          (iv)  Fourthly, jointness in training to meet our challenges and obligations.     (v)    Fifthly, rapidly upgrading technology will be the driving force in the future war fighting paradigm.  There is an urgent need for us to incorporate “technically aware population” for us to be at the right place so as to exploit these changes in a cost effective manner.           The Seminar was very well received by all the stake holders and brought out very relevant lessons, on making training responsive, innovative, cost effective and result oriented.

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