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Sunday, 30 May 2010

From Today's Papers - 30 May 2010

  Army studying tribunal verdict on Kargil war officer: Antony 
Defence Minister AK Antony talks to the media after the Golden Jubilee function of Mazagon Dock Ltd in New Delhi on Saturday. — PTI  New Delhi, May 29 The Army is “carefully studying” the Armed Forces Tribunal judgment indicting a senior commander for his role in falsifying Kargil war reports and showing bias against a Brigadier, Defence Minister AK Antony said here today.  “I had a meeting with the Army Chief and the Army is carefully studying the report,” he told reporters here. The Defence Minister was asked what action would be taken after the Tribunal verdict in the case.  The Tribunal has held that former 15 Corps Commander Lt Gen Kishan Pal falsified accounts of some of the battles fought during the Kargil conflict and discredited then 70 Infantry Brigade commander Brigadier Devinder Singh over his role in the war while writing his annual confidentialreport.  Crediting the UPA government for setting up the Tribunal, Antony said, “We took the initiative to have the Tribunal as we wanted that if there was any complaint from our retired persons and armed forces personnel, it should not only be looked into by the Services headquarters and the Ministry, it should have a judicial look also.”  The Tribunal was launched on August 8 last year and hears disputes and complaints about commission, appointments, enrolment and service conditions in respect of those covered by the Three Services Act, as also appeals arising out of orders, findings or sentences of court martial.  To a question on the arrest of a Navy personal for spying activities, The Defence Minister said, “I discussed this issue with the Navy chief.  He is a lower-level Navy man. Now the Delhi police is inquiring into that and Navy will also conduct an inquiry in their own way.” — PTI

 US plans military strike if terror plot traced to Pak
Ashish Kumar Sen in Washington DC  The United States military is looking at options for a unilateral military strike against Pakistan should there be a major terrorist incident in America that is traced to Pakistan, The Washington Post reported over the weekend.  The Post, citing senior military officials, said ties between Faisal Shahzad, the alleged Times Square bomber and the Pakistani Taliban have "sharpened the Obama administration's need for retaliatory options."  "Planning has been reinvigorated in the wake of Times Square," one of the officials said.  The paper reported the officials as saying a U.S. reprisal would be contemplated "only under extreme circumstances, such as a catastrophic attack that leaves President Obama convinced that the ongoing campaign of CIA drone strikes is insufficient."  President Barack Obama recently dispatched his top two intelligence aides - National Security Advisor Gen. Jim Jones and CIA Director Leon Panetta - to Pakistan to deliver a stern warning to the government in Islamabad to rein in terrorist groups operating in Pakistan. The disruption of the plot to blow up Times Square prompted the visit.  Gen. Jones told reporters he and Mr. Panetta sought to "impress upon our friends [in Pakistan] that it is essential that terrorism be defeated and that wherever there are the presence of terrorists of the perception of presence of terrorists that it’s in the interest of Pakistan to not only repudiate the existence of those kinds of organizations but also at the appropriate time to rid Pakistan of those — of that presence.”  In their meetings with Pakistani officials — including President Asif Ali Zardari and Army Chief Gen. Ashfaq Kiyani — the two U.S. officials presented evidence gathered by U.S. law enforcement and intelligence agencies that Shahzad had received significant support from the Pakistani Taliban.  During his presidential campaign, Obama had said he would be willing to order strikes in Pakistan. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said in a television interview after the Times Square bombing attempt that “if, heaven forbid, an attack like this that we can trace back to Pakistan were to have been successful, there would be very severe consequences.”  “The U.S. options for potential retaliatory action rely mainly on air and missile strikes, but could also employ small teams of U.S. Special Operations troops already positioned along the border with Afghanistan. One of the senior military officials said plans for military strikes in Pakistan have been revised significantly over the past several years, moving away from a “large, punitive response” to more measured plans meant to deliver retaliatory blows against specific militant groups,” the Post reported.  It said U.S. spy agencies have engaged in a major buildup inside Pakistan over the past year. The CIA has also increased the pace of drone strikes against al-Qaeda affiliates.

Major booked, jawan arrested Tejinder Singh Sodhi
Tribune News Service  Nadihal (Baramulla), May 29 A Major and a Territorial Army jawan, Abbas Hussain Shah, were today booked for the killing of three civilians in an alleged fake encounter in the Machil sector in Kupwara district on April 30. The jawan was arrested too.  “This is a clear case of murder for medal and reward. The three youths were innocent civilians, who were labelled as militants and killed by the Army,” a police officer said.  A former special police officer (SPO), Bashir Ahmad, and his accomplice, Fayaz Ahmed, are already in police custody in connection with the killings. He added Bashir had revealed the name of the TA jawan, who played a key role in the conspiracy to kill the youths.  “He, on the behest of the Major, conspired with Lone, Ahmad and Abdul Hamid Bhat to lure the three civilians. The youths were promised jobs of porter in the Machil sector near the LoC where the Army unit was located,” the police officer said. He said the three youths were taken to Sogam village in Kupwara, and were then shifted in another vehicle and taken to the LoC. Near the LoC, they were killed in the fake encounter.  Meanwhile, the situation continued to remain tense in Nadihal village for the second consecutive day today after the villagers refused to bury the bodies of the three youths. The bodies were exhumed yesterday and handed over to their relatives.  The villagers took the bodies in a procession and placed them on the Baramulla-Rafiabad road. The police had to resort to a baton charge to disperse the mob and at least 12 youths were injured, including two seriously. The agitating mob also set ablaze the house of former SPO Bashir, who is said to be the mastermind of the kidnapping of the youths and staging the encounter.

Clashes in J&K over 'fake' encounter
NDTV Correspondent, Saturday May 29, 2010, Baramulla Angry villagers protested on the Kupwara-Baramulla highway against an alleged fake encounter by the Army.  Tempers ran high as the bodies of three villagers were exhumed, a month after they were killed and labelled as militants.  The three were missing a day before the killings. Their relatives claim they were lured by some Army informers.  "After we filed an FIR, an accused arrested by the police confessed that he had sold them. He has sold them. He has taken money," said Mohammad Yousf Lone, father of one of the victims.  On April 30, the Army claimed to have foiled an infiltration bid and recovered 5 AK rifles, over 200 rounds of ammunition and even Pakistani currency.  Police have filed a case of murder and kidnapping against the Army. (Read: J&K- Murder case filed against Army for alleged fake encounter)  Two special police officers and a territorial Army jawan Syed Abbas have been arrested, who allegedly collaborated with an Major of Four Rajpur Rifles.  The two SPOs have alleged that the Major paid them Rs 50,000 each to 'get' 3 villagers who would act as infiltrators.  "We are trying to identify the persons involved, the officers involved," said Farooq Ahmad, IGP, Kashmir.  The Army unit has moved out of the state, but now the commanding officer and the Major are being sent back to Kashmir to cooperate in the probe.  "We will fully cooperate in the probe into the alleged fake encounter in Kashmir involving some Armymen; whoever is guilty will be punished," said A K Antony, Defence Minister. (Read: Army to cooperate in alleged fake encounter case probe)  The state government has ordered a magisterial probe, but the Opposition isn't amused.  "The Chief Minister as the head of unified command can't escape his responsibilities in this organised racket," said Mufti Mohammad Sayed (PDP leader).   In this horrifying incident of killing for rewards that has again put Kashmir on boil, now it's not just the question of justice for victims, but also where did the arms, ammunition and Pakistan currency come from that was shown as recovery in an attempt to prove victims were terrorists.

India is indispensable ally: US
Lalit K Jha/ PTI / Washington May 29, 2010, 10:39 IST  The United States, which recently concluded its strategic dialogues with Pakistan and China, has said that India is its indispensable ally and will be one of the defining partnerships for America in the 21st century.  "President (Barack) Obama has called India an indispensable partner and has said that India will be one of the defining partnerships for the United States in the 21st century.  India matters to the United States because it's the world's largest democracy," Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Robert Blake said.  "It has the world's second fastest growing economy and an economy that is a very important source for -- of exports for United States companies, and also because it is an increasingly important partner for the United States in addressing common global concerns.  In just 10 years, we've had a complete transformation in our bilateral relations and a transformation that enjoys bipartisan support both in India and the United States," Blake told reporters ahead of the first Cabinet-level Strategic Dialogue between the two countries.  "Perhaps most importantly, we see tremendous potential for growth in our relations with India.  That's why President Obama and Secretary of State (Hillary) Clinton decided to elevate our relations with India by establishing a strategic dialogue to be led by Secretary Clinton and her counterpart, External Affairs Minister (S M) Krishna," he said.  Clinton had announced this dialogue last summer on her trip to India, following which Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was invited by Obama to be this Administration's first state visit in November, again, to reaffirm the importance that the US attach to its relations with India, Blake said.  Strongly refuting reports that the Obama Administration is not very much focused on India, Blake said the US attaches great importance to our relations with India as President Obama himself has said, this will be one of America's signature partnerships in the 21st century.

RAW's role in Lahore attacks not ruled out, says Malik
May 28, 2010 23:46 IST Tags: Rehman Malik, Research and Analysis Wing, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan Email this Save to My Page Ask Users Write a Comment  Pakistan Interior Minister Rehman Malik   on Friday said the involvement of India's Research and Analysis Wing intelligence agency in terror attacks on two mosques of the minority Ahmedi sect in Lahore   could not be ruled out.  "About Balochistan (province), I am sure that RAW is involved in saboteur activities. But for Lahore we are investigating," he said while talking to mediapersons.  "The involvement of RAW cannot be ruled out. However, anything concrete would come forth after the investigation," Malik said, adding, the involvement of Taliban   and Al Qaeda   elements in the attack would also be probed.  Meanwhile, officials of the Indian High Commission in Islamabad   were not available for comment. About 80 people were killed and over 100 injured when terrorists armed with suicide vests, grenades and assault rifles stormed the two mosques in Lahore, the capital of Punjab   province.  A Punjabi faction of the Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack in a message sent to a TV news channel. Malik said the interior ministry had sent two security alerts to the Punjab government on May 13 and May 26 about possible terrorist activity in Lahore, Islamabad and Rawalpindi.  "But it is yet to be probed whether the security measures taken by the provincial government were adequate or not. I have sought a report from the Punjab government on the incident," he said.  According to the intelligence reports, a terrorist named Abdul Jabbar alias Nasrullah was planning to carry out attacks in Lahore while militant commander Qari Hussain was plotting attacks in Rawalpindi, Islamabad and Lahore using suicide jackets procured from the Bannu region in the country's northwest.  "One militant apprehended (during today's attack) hails from Punjab. Such people have their headquarters in Jhang. It is not a secret. They had been carrying out terrorist activities for years," he said, referring to the headquarters of the banned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi.  Malik said the federal government will provide all support to Punjab and that he would visit the province within a week to discuss the issue.  "I had always been vocal that such militants exist in Punjab. If two explosive-laden trucks are seen in Dera Ghazi Khan, what are they there for? Obviously, they have some objectives," he said.  Terrorism   has been a menace for 25 years old and it is a challenging task to curb the terrorists, Malik said. "In the past, they used to carry out attacks on a daily basis. Now they act after a month or two. But it is government's resolve to uproot them in toto," he said.  Malik also said he had proposed to his Indian counterpart P Chidambaram   that the two countries should discuss issues at the negotiating table as this was in the interest of both sides.  "We cannot see the loss of innocent lives. There is a need to devise a common strategy. Pakistan will lead in this regard as it has been a victim of terrorism and sacrificed its citizens, security forces personnel and law enforcement agencies officials," he said.  Pakistan also expects the international community to lend a hand to its efforts to fight terrorism and restore peace, he said. "The government would never lose its muscles.  A more aggressive action will be taken against mercenaries and killers of innocent citizens," Malik said.  Image: Pakistan Interior Minister Rehman Malik

Our soldiers have shed enough blood: it is time to come home
It is time to stop the blood sacrifice of our young soldiers in Afghanistan. In June 2003, Tony Blair initiated the grim ritual of reading out the names of the fallen at the start of each prime minister's questions. David Cameron's first words as PM at the Dispatch Box after the Queen's Speech were an incantation to the new victims of a war that is as unwinnable as it is unwanted by the people of both Britain and Afghanistan.  In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev described Afghanistan as a "bleeding wound". Last week, US general Stanley McChrystal called it a "bleeding ulcer". Britain has no general, no "master of strategy" as the inscription on Field Marshal Lord Alanbrooke's statue outside the Ministry of Defence puts it, with the 21st-century vision to stop the blood-letting as officers and men are sent as IED fodder. War is too important to be left to generals. Unfortunately ministers past and present have flinched from thinking strategically. If the object is to stop Afghanistan from again becoming a base for al-Qaida to launch attacks, there are alternatives to sending out men on foot patrols to be blown up by hidden bombs or shot by snipers who fade back into the hills.  The new defence secretary is now known as "13th-Century Fox" after his colonial, quasi-racist rant about Afghanistan as a 13th-century nation. President Karzai is an obsessive reader of British and American papers. Liam Fox's patronising contempt has done serious damage to Britain's influence in Kabul. Instead of apologising gracefully, Fox blustered and tried to explain away his gaffe. But he did hint at a truth when he suggested that Britain should look to reducing its military profile in Afghanistan. Unfortunately this outbreak of wisdom was slapped down by the foreign secretary, William Hague.  In Canada, the Conservative government has confirmed its troops will leave next year. There is new thinking in the Netherlands, one of Britain's key Nato allies, where the government collapsed over Afghanistan. Nato has new duties to guard its Baltic flanks and ensure that the melting Arctic becomes a sea of trade and peace. It no longer needs to define its existence by occupying Afghanistan.  There is fresh thinking among Tory MPs. In the Commons last week, Patrick Mercer MP, a former commanding officer of an infantry regiment, made the point that Britain's terrorists were bred and trained in Yorkshire, not Afghanistan. Another Tory MP, the former shadow defence minister Julian Lewis, said Britain should create sovereign strategic bases in Afghanistan to support the government and ensure al-Qaida does not return, but stop the pointless patrols that are target practice for the Taliban.  Every six months, a new commander is sent from London to head the fighting soldiers in Afghanistan. These brigadiers rotate, so that, instead of fighting one six-year war, we have fought 12 six-month wars, so that future red tabs can punch their tickets. The can-do, will-do power-point style of the British army impresses politicians, and every visiting minister and journalist is in awe of these tough, sun-burnt, dedicated professionals. It is hard to say that they and their generals are wrong, but the time has come to put parliament and elected ministers in charge. The pro-war tabloids say they are backing our boys. They are not: they are backing the generals. Officers and men ready to criticise the campaign have no voice.  Diplomats and development aid should be redirected to Pakistan and India, as well as to China and Iran, to remove the widespread feeling among Muslim communities that this is Kipling's west again seeking to control the lives of people whose customs and needs they do not understand. The burning issue of Kashmir, where 70,000 Muslims have been killed since the Indian army took over full control of the disputed region 20 years ago, needs to be put on the international agenda. The White House is clearly looking for an exit strategy. Britain also needs to begin PMQs without a roll-call of the dead and maimed. We have done our duty. It is time to come home.  Denis MacShane is Labour MP for Rotherham and a former FCO ministe

Antony: we will cooperate with J&K police in probe
PTI Share  ·   print  ·   T+   Defence Minister A. K. Antony talks to the media after the golden jubilee celebrations of the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), in New Delhi on Saturday. PTI Defence Minister A. K. Antony talks to the media after the golden jubilee celebrations of the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), in New Delhi on Saturday. Related NEWS Expecting more attempts of infiltration this summer: Antony TOPICS crime murder crime, law and justice inquiry  Defence Minister A. K. Antony on Saturday said his ministry will fully cooperate with Jammu and Kashmir police probe into the alleged fake encounter in Kashmir involving an Army jawan and promised that anybody found “guilty will be punished“.  He said the Army is also inquiring into the allegations that three youth were lured to the Line of Control and killed in a fake encounter.  “The Jammu and Kashmir government has already ordered an inquiry. We will fully cooperate and there is no question of cover up. Whoever is guilty will be punished... There is no question of cover up and nobody will be spared,” he said.  The Defence Minister was talking to reporters on the sidelines of the golden jubilee celebrations of the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL).  Jammu and Kashmir Police has arrested three persons including a Territorial Army jawan for the alleged fake encounter in Machil sector of north Kashmir.  Police arrested Abbas Shah - the Territorial Army jawan, Basharat Lone and Abdul Hamid Bhat after registering a case of murder against them.  The State government ordered a magisterial enquiry into the case and has also taken up the matter with the Defence Ministry.  Army studying tribunal verdict on Kargil war officer  The Army is “carefully studying” the Armed Forces Tribunal judgement indicting a senior commander for his role in falsifying Kargil war reports and showing bias against a Brigadier, the Defence Minister said.  “I had a meeting with the Army Chief and the Army is carefully studying the report,” he told reporters in New Delhi.  Crediting the UPA government for setting up the Tribunal, Mr. Antony said, “We took the initiative to have the Tribunal as we wanted that if there was any complaint from our retired persons and armed forces personnel, it should not only be looked into by the Services headquarters and the Ministry, it should have a judicial look also.”  The Tribunal was launched on August 8 last year and hears disputes and complaints about commission, appointments, enrolment and service conditions in respect of those covered by the Three Services Act, as also appeals arising out of orders, findings or sentences of court martial.  To a question on the arrest of a Navy personal for spying activities, The Defence Minister said, “I discussed this issue with the Navy chief. He is a lower-level Navy man. Now the Delhi police is inquiring into that and Navy will also conduct an inquiry in their own way.”

Antony doesn't rule out using army against Maoists 
Defence Minister AK Antony on Saturday met Indian Army chief Gen. VK Singh to discuss the possibility of using the army against the Maoist guerrillas - a possibility that Antony later didn't rule out.  A well informed source told IANS that Singh and Antony discussed the role of the army in "assisting" paramilitary troopers in the anti-Maoist operations in east and central India, where the Left-wing extremists have grown in strength striking at security forces and civilians with impunity.   Antony later told reporters that the government will "carefully" examine the issue but didn't rule it out.   "You cannot have a debate about it in public. We will take the decision after carefully studying it," the defence minister said.   The meeting between the army chief and the minister comes a day after a Maoist sabotage caused a train accident in West Bengal leaving more than 130 people dead. This was the biggest attack on civilians by the rebels after they slaughtered 76 security men in Chhattisgarh's Dantewada district April 6.   Sources said the army is almost ready to move in into Maoist dominated areas and is waiting for the political decision about it.   "The force is finalizing its plans to meet any contingency. They may have to step in," an official said.   The army is presently giving training, surveillance and logistical support to the central paramilitary troopers in their ongoing anti-Maoist operations.  It is establishing two sub-area headquarters at Ambarda on the Orissa-West Bengal border and Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh.  Though the sub-area headquarters would be static they are likely to help if army units are deployed in the region to fight the rebels along with the police and paramilitary forces.  Antony had earlier categorically ruled out deploying the army in a direct role in the operations.  The army has already trained around 47,000 police and paramilitary personnel for counter-insurgency battle.

Civil-military relations, the way forward
Gen Mirza Aslam Beg  Pakistan is passing through very interesting times of civil-military relations, which demand sagacious and bold decisions by the political and military leadership, to correct the course. We have a checkered history of civil-military relations, retarding the growth of the political culture, as the foundation for a robust democratic order. A brief mention of the past failings and the present opportunities, therefore, is necessary to arrive at some meaningful conclusions. General Ayub Khan took-over in 1958and opened the way for American ingress into our internal affairs. Ten years later when the Americans found him “too-big for his boots”, a political movement started against him, thus activating the ‘Nexus for regime change.’ The junior military leadership under General Ayub; the political parties; the judiciary using the instrument of ‘law of necessity,’ facilitated take-over by General Yahya Khan, who proved instrumental for the break-up of Pakistan. When the job was done, Mr. Z.A. Bhutto took-over as the Prime Minister of Pakistan.  Mr. Bhutto was a dynamic leader. He held 1974 Conference of the Organization of Islamic Conference, giving a new sense of unity to the Muslim World. He opened the way to China and declared to the world to acquire nuclear weapon capability against India, which was unacceptable to the Americans. Thus the Nexus got activated again, and the political movement started on the issue of rigging in the elections and turned into Nizam-e-Mustafa movement. Mr. Bhutto was over-thrown and General Ziaul Haq took over in 1977. General Ziaul ruled for eleven long years, with an iron hand. He joined the American war against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, and in the process helped create the Jehadi Resistance Movement, joined by “sixty-thousand volunteers, from seventy countries of the world.” Another forty-thousand came from Pakistan alone. He protected and promoted the atomic programme, initiated by Mr. Bhutto. When the Soviets retreated from Afghanistan, General Zia lost his importance for the Americans. He was considered a nuclear proliferator and a strong factor of unity for the Afghan Mujahideen, whom the Americans had decided to keep out of power from the political set-up at Kabul. Hence, General Zia was eliminated through the C-130 air crash, which Benazir Bhutto considered as “an act of God”. Within three hours of General Zia’s death, constitution was restored and power was transferred to the people, to whom it belonged. This momentous decision has no parallel in the contemporary history, was taken by the Three Service Chiefs: General Aslam Beg, Admiral Saeed Ahmed Khan and Air Chief Marshal Hakimullah. We were assisted by General Hamid Gul, DGISI and Brig Aziz Khan, the Judge Advocate General of Pakistan Army. A tradition was set. The opportune time has now arrived, to revive this tradition.  From 1988 to 1998, the two young elected political leaders of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif wasted most of their time on mud-slinging at each other. The Army Chiefs – General Asif Nawaz, General Abdul Waheed and Jahangir Karamat did not intervene despite, provocations and temptations. It were the two presidents, the known supporters of Pakistan Muslim League and Pakistan Peoples Party, who played their hands at 58-2(B) causing pre-mature regime changes. Americans were too busy during this period taking care of their interests in the Gulf region. In 1998, when Nawaz Sharif, despite American forbiddings, exploded the nuclear devices, in response to the Indian, he became an “undesirable and untrustworthy leader.” He therefore had to be removed. The ‘Nexus’ got activated again and a political movement started, under the banner of the Grand Democratic Alliance. Nawaz Sharif smelled the conspiracy being hatched against him and removed General Musharraf from command, but failed. General Musharraf took-over on 12 October 1998. He joined the American war on Afghanistan and earned the title of “Most Loyal non-NATO ally.” His rule spans over a period of ten years and his deeds are fresh in our memory but the most important development during this period was the “movement for the independence of the judiciary” led by the judges, lawyers, the media and the civil society, which forced Musharraf out, and a new political set-up was established after the 18th February 2008 elections.  The process of dismantling of the Nexus, now has started, first with the bold stand taken by the Chief Justice of Pakistan in March 2007, and subsequently, the very momentous decision by the Chief of the Army Staff General Ashfaq Pervez Kiani, for “not to engage or involve the Army in the election process of 18th February 2008” made all the difference. It changed the course of democracy in Pakistan. It also defeated the American – Musharraf plan for winning the 2008 elections in the manner, they had won in 2002. And from this point onwards, a great opportunity offers itself to the civil-military leadership to carve-out a new destiny for Pakistan.  The judiciary is independent and has discarded the mantle of Law of Necessity. The Army has found its proper place in its equation with the civil authority. The political opposition is not interested for regime change, despite the provocations. The lawyers and the media movement, has created a new awareness for change amongst the broad masses. The stage therefore is set for a bold decision to correct the course. Three steps are needed to set the fundamental direction right: Step One: Defuse the on-going controversy between the judiciary and the government. Independence of judiciary is sacrosanct, as much as is the sovereignty of the parliament. There are enlightened people on both sides of the fence and they will find the answer. Justice Jawad Khawaja’s recent comment is very re-assuring indeed: “We don’t claim any right beyond the will of the people.” A better understanding is developing between the two prime institutions. Step Two: Give a meaning to the decision of the three services chiefs of 17th August 1988, by establishing the post of Chief of Defense Staff (CDS) as recommended by General Muhammad Sharif Committee in 1975. Mr. Bhutto ignored this recommendation and suffered. Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and Mr. Nawaz Sharif both ignored my pleadings, to create the post of CDS. Nawaz Sharif ultimately had to bear the brunt. Why one may suffer any more? Step Three: Having created the post of Chief of Defence Staff, it would be proper to appoint General Kiani as the first CDS, for a three years tenure. His credentials are well established. And a new Chief of Army Staff may be appointed in his place.  With these steps taken, better harmony would prevail between civil-military relations and understanding would develop to safeguard the independence of judiciary and the sovereignty of the parliament. And from military point of view also, the appointment of CDS is as important, if we care to learn from history. The ’65 and ’71 wars were started without due coordination with the other two services and we suffered. The Kargil operation was a bad example. Now is the time to take this well-considered decision, as the bedrock of harmonious civil-military relations.

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