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Friday, 10 September 2010

From Today's Papers - 10 Sep 2010

IAF to procure 59 Mi-17 choppers from Russia 
New Delhi, September 9 Aiming to strengthen its medium-lift helicopter fleet, the IAF is planning to procure 59 more Mi-17 IV choppers in addition to the 80 ordered earlier from Russia.  The 80 choppers ordered in 2008 will be for enhancing the medium-lift helicopter fleet of the IAF whereas the next 59 would be used for replacing the older ones in the existing fleet which will be phased out in coming years, Defence Ministry officials told PTI here. The proposal for acquiring the 59 choppers has already been cleared by the Defence Acquisition Council and will be put up for Cabinet Committee on Security clearance soon, they said.  India will start receiving the first of 80 Mi-17 transport helicopters from Russia by the end of this year which will help in augmenting its capability to carry out missions in high-altitude areas and relief operations.The remaining choppers are likely to be inducted in phased manner in next four years. In 2008, India had signed a deal with Russia to supply 80 Mi-17s to augment its existing fleet of around 150 Mi-8 and Mi-17 medium-lift choppers, which have over five tonne load-carrying capability and are also used to ferry troops and VIPs.  The Air Force had felt the need of inducting more medium-lift choppers after a spate of natural disasters following the tsunami in December, 2004 and the heavy snowfall in Kashmir in 2005.  The IAF is also going to acquire light utility, heavy-lift and attack choppers in the near future to expand its rotary wing fleet. The trials for procuring all the three class of choppers are on in different parts of the country. With sale of equipment such as the Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier, additional Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft, Mi-17 helicopters, Moscow has continued to be among the top defence hardware suppliers. — PTI

   Kashmir cries for peace No harm in phased withdrawal of AFSPA 
Any measure that helps in ending the unrest in the Kashmir valley is welcome. Thus, the move to amend the controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) to give it a more humane face is a step in the right direction. The AFSPA never got as much bad publicity as it did during the last three months, when the valley experienced a cycle of violence leading to the death of 69 persons, mostly when security forces resorted to firing to disperse stone-throwing protesters. The security forces have been accused of being trigger-happy, cocooned in the protection provided by the controversial Act. This was contrary to the established practice of using tear gas shells or other non-lethal weapons. It is, therefore, not a bad idea if the Centre has made up its mind to withdraw the AFSPA in a phased manner, making it ineffective in a few districts in the first stage, as suggested by Chief Minister Omar Abdullah. In any case, there is no point in deploying the security forces in the districts where the level of violence has come down to a negligible level.  The Chief Minister is not the only one to have sought the AFSPA to be suitably amended to help restore peace in the valley. Very few people want it to remain intact in its present form. People’s sentiments cannot be ignored. A special package of compensation to those who have lost their dear ones during the current phase of unrest will go a long way in bringing down the temperature in Kashmir. Special efforts are also needed to create enough employment opportunities for the needy.  However, this may not be enough to satisfy the separatists. They have their own agenda, and hence their attempt to exploit people’s sentiments on every available occasion. Yet they, too, should be invited to the dialogue that is likely to be initiated soon to discuss the larger issue of autonomy. Those who refuse to participate in the talks should be exposed as enemies of the Kashmiris. There is need to show urgency in addressing the growing alienation among the people so that separatists and extremists are unable to mislead them.

  Chinese challenge to US It’s reflected in increased focus on Pakistan
by K. Subrahmanyam  Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping was reported to have given to his successors a typical Chinese style advice, which said, “Observe calmly; secure our position; cope with affairs calmly; hide our capacities and bide our time; be good at maintaining a low profile; and never claim leadership.”  It is widely believed that this advice was the foundation on which the Chinese strategy of “rising peacefully” was based till recently. China has overtaken Japan in purchase parity price terms with the second largest GDP in the world and is expected to become the number one in the next 20-25 years. There was also a widespread international debate for some time on the possibility a G-2 (US and China) managing the international financial system.  The Chinese leadership today , however, appears to be tempted to discard the advice of Deng and start asserting itself.  Perhaps, it is encouraged by the fact that while it has been able to get back to its earlier pre-financial crisis growth rate, the US and Europe are still struggling hard to recover. There are major differences in the approach of Europe, attempting to avoid inflation, and that of the US where a case is being made for a second stimulus. The impression gaining ground the world over is that the US power is declining and the Chinese power is growing.  China is paying particular attention to the expansion of its naval power. It is continuing the build-up of its ballistic missiles and hunter-killer nuclear submarines, is planning to build an aircraft carrier and is developing a low-altitude cruise missile which can pose threats to US aircraft carriers. The Chinese confidence has grown to such an extent that one Chinese Admiral suggested to his US counterpart that the Pacific Ocean should be divided into two zones of influence between the US and China. Beijing has started objecting to the US, Japanese and South Korean navies holding exercises in the Yellow Sea in international waters on the basis of a new theory they are proclaiming that though they may be international waters, they are “waters of interest” of China, involving its far-sea defence and a core concern and, therefore, the Chinese do not favour other navies conducting exercises there.  This is a new kind of Monroe doctrine in the 21st century after an international Law of the Seas has been adopted. China has territorial disputes in the South China Sea with a number of ASEAN nations. While the ASEAN nations want to arrive at a collective dispute settlement, the Chinese insist on dealing with each ASEAN country individually. The recent support extended by the US Secretary of State to the ASEAN nations evoked an angry Chinese reaction. China also has an unresolved dispute with Japan on the Senkaku island.  China under Mao used to maintain that all peace-loving nations had a right to have nuclear weapons and did not accede to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), though it had been accepted as a nuclear weapon power. Beijing discovered that nuclear proliferation could be used as an effective instrument to expand influence. Deng chose Pakistan and North Korea, an Islamic country and a Marxist one, to proliferate nuclear and missile capabilities with its main focus on Pakistan. Since the US leaned heavily on the Pakistani support for its mujahideen campaign against the Soviet forces in Afghanistan, Washington was permissive of Chinese proliferation activity to help Islamabad. It also served Chinese interests by countervailing India.  China and Pakistan pushed the US permissiveness to the extent of conducting the test for the Pakistani nuclear weapon on the Chinese test site, Lop Nor, on May 26, 1990. That led to the invocation of the Pressler Amendment sanctions against Pakistan by the US, but Washington chose to keep quiet. China followed up with the supply of missiles to Pakistan. Though China joined the NPT in 1992, it continued to violate it with the supply of vital ring magnets for Pakistani centrifuges. China was privy to the Pakistan-North Korea missile-for-uranium-enrichment-technology-exchange deal. Pakistan, in its turn, attempted to proliferate to Iran and Libya.  Pakistan, shielded by its nuclear deterrent capability, initiated a campaign of terrorism as an instrument of state policy first against India and then against the US and the UK. That country became the epicentre of terrorism. China continued its support to Pakistani nuclear efforts by building two plutonium research reactors at Khushab and two civilian power rectors at Chashma.  In the late 1980s China sold long-range CSS-2 liquid-fuelled missiles to Saudi Arabia. Such missiles were of little use unless they were fitted with nuclear warheads. Presumably, they would have received the Pakistani warheads when needed. There have been modest clandestine Chinese help for Iran’s nuclear and missile programmes. All this happened in a low-key style since the US was permissive of Pakistani proliferation and was getting snared into supporting China’s industrial expansion, which produced massive trade surpluses vis-a-vis the US.  That period is over .China is now asserting its equality with the US, insisting on supplying Pakistan two nuclear power reactors without the waiver of the guidelines of the Nuclear Suppliers Group as was done at US urging in the case of India in view of Delhi’s impeccable nonproliferation record. While the US is trying to woo the Pakistan Army with military aid and Kerry-Lugar economic aid to fight the jihadi groups within Pakistan, China is undertaking a number of projects in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, planning to construct road and rail links between Xinjiang and Pakistan through the Baltistan-Gilgit area, and laying an oil and gas pipeline from Gwadar port — which was earlier constructed by China — to Xinjiang.  It is reported that a large number of PLA personnel are working in the Baltistan-Gilgit area. Now by insisting on stapled visas for Indians from J&K and not insisting on similar stapled visas for people from POK, China is telling the world that it backs Pakistan’s claim to Kashmir even as the US is adopting a neutral attitude. China is signalling to Pakistan Army chief Gen Ashfaque Kayani that, unlike the US, Beijing fully supports him on his demand on Kashmir. China is Pakistan’s largest arms supplier and has a joint aircraft and tank production arrangement with Islamabad.  If China is to achieve equality with the US in terms of power or overtake it, the latter has to be challenged both in East Asia and West Asia. Their naval expansion is the East Asian challenge and their increasing involvement with Pakistan is the first step in countervailing US power in West Asia.

  As newer security paradigms emerge, civil and military worlds, which are essentially distinct, must co-exist without posing a danger to democracy or to the effectiveness of the military. The subject continues to attract serious research worldwide Civil and military leaders need to bridge the gaps Air Marshal Brijesh D. Jayal (Retd)  Across the world the form and content of security challenges is altering. Insurgency and terrorist threats are far more difficult to face as they blur distinctions between friend or foe and bring in the concept of treating a potential threat with kid gloves. Add to this the rapidly advancing information age technologies and a competitive media and it is easy to see why civil--military relations continue to be a subject of serious research and study by scholars.  Ever since the end of the Second World War, the subject has been discussed and debated in the US at great length. The perennial debate regarding civil-military relations recently received a fillip when the US President sacked the commander of US forces in Afghanistan.  In essence, scholars agree that civil and military worlds are essentially distinct and different from one another and that the military must work under the authority of the elected government. The problem was to see that they coexisted without posing a danger to democracy or to the effectiveness of the military. The debate is by no means over and the subject continues to draw research and academic work internationally even as newer security paradigms emerge.  In India while the subject is considered too sensitive to even be discussed, there is an added twist to the scene. For historical reasons civilian control of the military here has come to mean control by the bureaucracy. This added layer creates an undesirable screen between the elected leadership and the military and has often been the cause of both misunderstanding and subterfuge. In this distorted sense, Indian democracy remains unique.  Recently the White House announced that Maj Gen John D. Lavelle had been posthumously reinstated as a full General. This story reveals the underbelly of civil--military relations in a democracy and is worth revisiting. Lavelle, US Air Force commander in Vietnam, was accused of ordering unauthorised bombing raids against North Vietnam and then falsifying reports to cover-up. This was when there was considerable opposition to the war in the US and President Nixon had overtly halted  bombing operations.  Lavelle insisted he never exceeded his authority and followed rules of engagement communicated to him by Washington. Notwithstanding this, the Pentagon and Congress considered him guilty. Demoted to Major General and forced to retire in disgrace, he told Congress, "It is not pleasant to contemplate ending a long and distinguished military career with a catastrophic blemish on my record, a blemish for conscientiously doing the job I was expected to do.  Records now in public domain, reveal that Nixon had indeed given secret orders for the bombings, which had been relayed down the chain of command. Lavelle died in 1979, an honourable man only in his own eyes. To the nation, the system and those he commanded, he was shown to be dishonourable. Clearly, the civilian and higher military leadership displayed conduct not worthy of healthy democratic institutions or morals. This in the wider sense gets to the heart of the perpetual debate on the conflicting dynamics of civil-military relations in a democracy.  Both in Manipur disturbances of 2004 and more recent ones in Kashmir, even as the state and central governments grappled to control the situation, politicians targeted the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, seeking its withdrawal. Invariably, the government of the day, that is upholder of this Act and whose sole discretion it is to designate areas where it will apply, and from whom the army derives its strength and authority, preferred to remain ambivalent and promised to make the Act more humane. Unsaid have been insinuations by vested political and human rights activists of the army embracing the Act to indulge in human rights violations.  There are three constituents that make for civil-military relations in a democracy - civil society, elected government and the military. Of these it is only the military that has no public voice and is hence easily disadvantaged when targeted in complex issues like AFSPA.  In a 1997 dissertation at the Rand Graduate School, titled "Civil Military Relations — A Comparative Study of India and Pakistan", Kotera M.Bhimaya makes some observations in the Indian context. He observes that in Parliament, defence matters seldom receive the desired attention and even service chiefs are prone to make statements to reinforce politicians' proclamation that armed forces will not fail. A more disturbing observation relates to Indian military brass sometimes succumbing to political or bureaucratic pressure for promotion or foreign assignments.  On bureaucracy and the military corporate interests, He quotes the military view, contradicted by the bureaucracy, that bureaucracy has consistently frustrated recommendations pertaining to a unified Ministry of Defence that would not only effect savings, but bring better coordination. Further, the military feels that bureaucracy knows little, exploits inter-service differences and endeavours to distance military and political leadership.  Few will deny the validity of these observations. Worse, nothing has changed in the intervening years notwithstanding the Kargil Review Committee report and the far reaching lessons that were supposed to have been learnt. As security challenges in India become more complex with insurgency, terrorist and Maoist challenges coming to the fore, the dynamics of the relationship between the civil society, the government and the military will continue to come under greater strain. While the former two have the benefit of debate, the latter is denied this option. If occasionally, commanders let off steam as Gen McChrysatal did, it should come as no surprise. It behoves genuine democracies to keep the fine balance between the three arms in order to strengthen democracy. In this India has a very long way to go. Perhaps an open debate on the optimum model to suit India can be a healthy starting point.  The author is former AOC-in-C, South Western Air Command

 Knowledge deficit shoots down Media-military relations
Col (Dr) Sudhir Sakhuja (Retd)  A host of reasons hinder military media relations in India, prominent among which is the lack of knowledge about each other There is lack of shared understanding which is, perhaps, indispensable for working in unison. If we look around the media - military scene today, it is difficult to find more than a score of Indian journalists who are well informed of matters military. Most of the correspondents on the defence beat are able to report only on the "what" of news without much of a clue of the "how" and even lesser of the "why" of it. What can the military expect from the correspondents, including some from the mainstream national media, who do not know the difference between say a brigade and a corps, or for that matter the ethos and functional aspects, especially constraints, of different arms and services?  Till 1991, the copies of correspondents covering defence were cleared by the Directorate of the Public Relations. Call it censoring, but it ensured some professional inputs being added by the service representatives.  Many changes have since happened in the media, which has grown exponentially. Technology has changed the way news is gathered, produced and disseminated. Consequently, pressure on the military to be responsive to their needs has increased many folds.  As for the military's understanding of the media, the scene is only marginally better. With a few exceptions, not many understand the nuances of the media. The military, especially the Army, too has witnessed many changes since the 1980's - the period coinciding with resurgence of militancy in Kashmir and the ULFA--Bodo movement in Assam. Countering irregular warfare, once a secondary task, has now become its primary focus. As if that was not enough, it has a new challenge - facing a largely aggressive, if not entirely hostile, "irregular" media. The media today is largely wild in terms of numbers, variety and languages. Importantly it is unregulated. The new media in all its avatars - blogs, tweets and networking sites, adds to the confusion of military's understanding of the media.  Some steps have been taken by the military to understand the media. Media relations are now included as a part of study in various training courses and special programmes conducted by the IIMC. Some seminars, like that on media--military synergy at New Delhi last week, are also conducted. It needs to be noted that these initiatives have come mainly from the Army and not the media. Directorate of Public Relations (DPR) in the defence ministry exposes around 35 correspondents to a month-long defence correspondents' course every year. It is another story though that only a couple of them later cover the defence beat!  "Noble" as these baby steps may be, the military, even if somewhat knowledgeable of the media, has not been entirely responsive to their needs. The military cannot keep pace with the flow of news, which by itself is direct fallout of the technology advancement. Media deadlines have become shorter. Military does not entirely understand the essence of time and media deadlines. In any case, news must travel through a maze of channels within the military hierarchy before it can be shared with the media. Due to their culture of cross checking facts, militaries all over the world -- and Indian forces are no exception, are agonizingly slow in responding to a story. In the time so taken by the military, media, especially electronic media, "breaks" news -- right or erroneous. And since the first news sticks, the military gets into a fire-fighting mode, often with its back to the wall.  Military also need to be educated on being less sensitive to occasional criticism as it may not necessarily paint the entire military uniformly black. In any case, if bad news is released by the military itself -- which rarely happens, it adds to its credibility. This is rarely understood in perspective by the military.  That media often reports without cross checking with the military only adds to the problem. Media hunger for stories also needs to be satisfied by the military. This does not happen, as there is no system in place to regularly update media. As such, correspondents are often found snooping for news from sources even less knowledgeable than themselves.  The military and the public relations set up in the ministry also need to understand the importance of different types of media. There is an undue focus on national and English language media. While such media definitely has an impact on the decision makers in Delhi, the vernacular media which influences the masses is often afforded a step motherly treatment.  Though the impact of images provided by the electronic media is not to be underestimated, the written word still reigns supreme. As for the new media, at least in the Indian context, it will take some more years to be a major opinion maker. Military needs to understand this and focus its limited media related resources accordingly.  The military is also not appreciative of the financial constraints and commercial interests of the media. Good-news stories are often chopped out to make space for revenue earning advertisements. Correspondents have come to accept this, while the military needs to appreciate it better.  Finally, even if the military is knowledgeable of the power of moving pictures, it does not have any outfit to provide videos to the media of its actions where the media cannot reach or is not present. Clearly there is a knowledge and appreciation deficit on part of both media and military. It is in interest of both to bridge the same and earlier the better.  The author is a former spokesperson of the Indian Army

Dilute AFSPA and loose Kashmir
This is a time tested Act which has brought peace to Punjab, Mizoram, Assam and Tripura. Even Supreme Court has upheld this Act. That is why at the behest of the insurgents there has been constant din to take away this act. CJ: Brigadier Arun..   Thu, Sep 09, 2010 11:28:23 IST Views:   41    Comments: 3 Rate:  1 out of 5 2 out of 5 3 out of 5 4 out of 5 5 out of 5 0.0 / 0 votes           Kashmir News :  Fresh violence erupts in Kashmir leaving 4 dead IT WAS all over news channels on September, 8, 2010 that our 'Saffron Terror' fame Home Minister of India, PC Chidambaram, who also has the now defunct anti-Naxal Operation Green Hunt to his credit, is at it again. This time it is Army at the receiving end. Our worthy home minister is bent upon diluting Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) Act. If this comes through then let us bid goodbye to Kashmir and may be a large part of North East India as well.   It is being said that even Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh is in favor of this dilution. All this is being done to win the hearts and minds of the people of the Kashmir Valley which constitutes just 40 percent area of J&K State and 12 districts. What is so special of the hearts and minds of the Valley people?   What about the hearts and minds of people of other states of India ? The long neglected tribal people or for that matter the people of Jammu And Ladakh region of J&K State. This constitutes 60 percent area of the state of the J&K. Jammu and Ladakh region harbor a deep grouse that the J&K Government in the valley meets out step brotherly treatment to them.   The people of the Kashmir Valley and their separatists leaders have perfected the art of playing the Pakistan card. Every time they raise the ante, the Government of India comes rushing with some new package to buy peace. This time these separatists in league with the radical preachers have been inciting the youth of the Valley that Azadi is just round the corner. All that is needed is some sacrifice.   Indian leaders instead of firmly telling them that Azadi is never possible, played in their hands by offering autonomy. Instead of placing the valley under Presidents rule for the duration of six months, putting all these so called separatists leaders behind bars and bringing the valley to normal we allowed things to linger on till the situation is now going out of hand. Now these politicians want to tinker with the very Act which has ensured that Kashmir Valley remains part of India.   The separatist leaders of the Valley confabulate openly with Pakistani leaders but refuse to talk to Indian leaders. Since Kashmir is part of India so why are they allowed to do this ? Need of the hour is development in Kashmir and more jobs for the youth. This will be possible only if the youth are made to understand that if they want rest of India to accept them then they must also accept India as their motherland. This is a two way traffic. Nobody can have the cake and eat it too.   Pakistan, whom the Hurriat leader Geelani wants the Valley people to join, its Army in April this year used tanks, fighter aircrafts and heavy guns against its own citizens in curbing the insurgency in Swat Valley that is adjacent to Kashmir Valley. There was collateral damage to civilian property. Two lakh Pakistanis were displaced. Pakistani Army has now invited Chinese Army to place their 10000 troops in Pakistan occupied Kashmir and curb the revolt there.   Indian Army has never used weapons bigger than rifle in fighting insurgency in Kashmir at the great cost of life and limb. So what is all this ruckus of AFSPA being inhuman. Incidentally this Act was enacted by Indian Parliament in 1958 when India had very tall and honest political leaders. Then the Prime Minister was Pundit Jawaharlal Lal Nehru. He would never would have allowed this act to be passed if it was inhuman.   This is a time tested Act which has brought peace to Punjab, Mizoram, Assam and Tripura. Even Supreme Court has upheld this Act. That is why at the behest of the insurgents there has been constant din to take away this act.   This removal of AFSPA is not going to buy peace for Indian Netas. Government will only weaken itself and will squander all the good work done by the security forces. The demand of Azadi will become more shrill in the time to come. Dilution of this time tested Act will be even worse. Army is the last resort. If it fails then the country will break.   Realizing this the Indian Parliament passed this Armed Forces Special Powers Act in 1958.At that time there were no Jehadis, no Naxals, no human bombs and no AK-47 or AK-56 rifles. The destructive technology had also not developed to the level that a single terrorist could cause great collateral damage as they do now. Besides the only armed rebellion India faced was in Nagaland and Mizoram. Even Supreme Court of India has upheld this Act in their judgment on 27 Nov 1997.So why dilute now when law and order problems in the country have gone from bad to worse?   When the tall politicians of India of those days enacted this Act in Indian Parliament they never wanted this act to have human face. They desired this Act to be a deterrent. They were sure of their own governing capability and were confident that Army will seldom be required to work in internal security duties, this job being basically of Indian Police. Today, Army is deployed in J&K, Manipur, Assam, and Nagaland. But for the resistance from Army, our current political class would have deployed them against Naxals also with no questions asked. No wonder they want this act to be diluted. After all the elections also have to be won. Now they want to place the blame on Army, let the country go to dogs.   Need of the hour is not to dilute this time tested Act but withdraw army  from the Valley. Let Omar Abdullah and his police deal with the problem. This is what  Abdullah also wants. The Army should confine itself to guarding the borders of the country. It is a fact that politicians of this country have frittered away the hard earned advantages earned through sacrifices by Armed Forces due to shortsightedness, lack of vision, ignoring advise of military commanders and for vote bank politics. The history is again repeating itself.   A peep in the past brings out that in 1962  Army were told to throw the Chinese out, when army was busy in construction  project AMAR and UFs making coffee machines, in 1965  Haji Peer pass was given back, in 1971, 93000 PsOW were returned without any bargain. Now AFPSA is being diluted.

JK: 3 troops killed in blast in Army vehicle
September 09, 2010 23:18 IST Tags: Lt Colonel J S Brar, Baramulla, Army, Kashmir, Pattan Share this Ask Users Write a Comment  Three Army troops were killed and five others injured in a blast inside their vehicle at Pattan in Baramulla district of Kashmir [ Images ] on Thursday, official sources said. Click!  The explosion took place in the vehicle, which was part of a convoy on its way to Baramulla, this evening, resulting in on the spot death of two soldiers and injuries to six others, the sources said.  One of the injured soldiers later succumbed to injuries, they added. The other injured jawans have been shifted to an army hospital here, they added.  Preliminary investigation has shown that the blast was accidental as the troops were carrying some explosive device with them, the sources said.  Srinagar-based defence spokesman Lt Colonel J S Brar said it was too premature to make a comment on the exact cause of the blast.  "We are investigating the matter and once it is complete, we will make a statement," he added.

Mahindra Satyam Plans Major Growth in Aerospace, Defence
Daily News & Updates Dated 9/9/2010 Printer Friendly Subscribe  Mahindra Satyam, the brand identity of Satyam Computer Services Ltd. (NYSE:SAY), a leading global consulting and IT services provider, has launched a single-window ‘Art-to-Part’ engagement model for partners in Aerospace and Defence. This 3600 partnership model covers both design and manufacturing areas to provide a seamless engagement experience for partners, covering the complete product development lifecycle including after-market services.  The new proposition leverages synergies within the Mahindra Group, drawing on the skill sets and experience from Mahindra Aerospace and Mahindra Defence, which specialise in aerospace manufacturing and defence systems. Mahindra Satyam, which works with 5 of the top 8 global Aerospace and defense organizations, provides end-to-end product engineering capability, covering aero-structures, avionics, wiring design, systems design, manufacturing engineering and consortium-led manufacturing projects, for both civil and military sectors. Mahindra Satyam’s single ‘interface’ model provides a continuity of service to minimize recurring costs, improve time to market, and maintain research and development at reduced costs and reduced risk. The business model is built around creating significant value for partners by taking end-to-end responsibility of mission critical systems and sub-systems. This not only provides cost and time-based arbitrage but also means that Mahindra Satyam will share the ‘risk’ with its partners.  Gaurav Gupta, Associate Vice President Strategic Partnerships, Aerospace and Defence comments: “Clients in this market sector increasingly require partners which can deliver an entire solution as opposed to a particular, discrete service. Mahindra Satyam can draw upon a wealth of expertise from within the Mahindra Group in this sector to offer a complete 3600 relationship. We are creating various Centres of Excellence, not just in Aerospace, but also in Defence including Land and Air. This market looks set to boom in the next two to five years with India predicted to spend Billions both on ‘Buy’ and ‘Make’ programmes. We also created the ‘Technology Advisory Council’ for Aerospace and Defence, A&D, constituted by key recognized leaders from the A&D industry, Academia and Mahindra Satyam, which is a unique step towards creating technology-based innovation, developing new engineering and design talent, and building a blueprint for tomorrow.  He continues: “As a large scale integrator we will support our global partners in developing their commercial interests in India, as a home market. Our ability to impact costs for both recurring and non-recurring parts of a programme enables our partners to fulfil their offset obligations more effectively. Our aim over the next 12 months is to build on our existing relationships, and create new partnership opportunities through our ecosystem for design and consortium based manufacturing. Of course, risk arbitration will drive innovative commercial modelling in this sector and is the key to building large, strategic partnerships.”

AFNET to Herald Network Centric Operations in Indian Air Force
Daily News & Updates Dated 9/9/2010 Printer Friendly Subscribe  Next week, the Indian Air Force (IAF) would usher in a modern, state-of-the-art digital information grid by dedicating Air Force Network (AFNET), a fully secure and reliable network to the nation making it a true net-centric combat force. The AFNET replaces the IAF’s old communication network set-up using the tropo-scatter technology of the 1950s.  This monumental achievement also marks the successful clearance of one milestone for release of radio spectrum, a very valuable but finite resource. Defence Minister, Shri AK Antony will launch the AFNET services of the IAF at a special function to be held at New Delhi, on Tuesday. Union Telecom Minister, Shri A Raja will also be present at the function.  The IAF project is part of the overall mission to network all three services. The mission comes in the backdrop of an IT Roadmap document of the Defence Ministry stipulating automation, simulated training and mandatory computer proficiency in the services.  IAF has taken up a mandate to create and maintain an assured, dedicated, secure and inter-operable communication network along with associated services to provide real time, instantaneous transfer of information between Sensors, Command and Control (C2) centres and Shooters. In addition, IAF aspires to use communication network and IT-enabled infrastructure for all other operational, techno-logistics and administrative functions to leverage development in this field to enhance efficiency, cost-effectiveness and ease of administration.  While all three services are engaged in large scale automation and computer-based networking, the IAF is the first among the three to complete the project of interlinking major installations throughout the country on a high bandwidth network.  All major formations and static establishments have been linked through a secure Wide Area Network (WAN) and are accessible through data communication lines. The nationwide programme was launched by the IAF in collaboration with the private industry to accelerate the use of Information Technology (IT) as well as to link all field units using a dedicated satellite.  AFNET incorporates the latest traffic transportation technology in form of IP (Internet Protocol) packets over the network using Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS). A large VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) layer with stringent quality of service enforcement will facilitate robust, high quality voice, video and conferencing solutions.  Integrated Air Command and Control System (IACCS), an automated command and control system for Air Defence (AD) operations will ride the AFNET backbone integrating all ground-based and airborne sensors, AD weapon systems and C2 nodes. Subsequent integration with other services networks and civil radars will provide an integrated Air Situation Picture to operators to carry out AD role.  AFNET will prove to be an effective force multiplier for intelligence analysis, mission planning and control, post-mission feedback and related activities like maintenance, logistics and administration. A comprehensive design with multi-layer security precautions for “Defence in Depth” have been planned by incorporating encryption technologies, Intrusion Prevention Systems to ensure the resistance of the IT system against information manipulation and eavesdropping.

HAL, UAC to Jointly Develop Multi-Role Transport Aircraft
HAL, UAC to Jointly Develop Multi-Role Transport Aircraft  Daily News & Updates Dated 9/9/2010 Printer Friendly Subscribe  Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and Russia's United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) will co-develop a Multi-Role Transport Aircraft according to agency reports quoting India Strategic magazine. The governments of India and Russia have each sanctioned USD $300.35 million for this project.  A new company, with a base capital of USD $700.70 million, will begin work on developing the Multi-Role Transport Aircraft. The arrangement is said to be similar to the BrahMos venture which has already become hugely successful not only in military and defence capabilities but also in commercial terms.  Initial orders from Russia and India are expected to be 105 and 45 respectively. The formal charter documents are expected to be signed later this month quotes IANS.  The aircraft is said to be suitable for civilians and military purposes and has a great export potential.  India and Russia have traditionally enjoyed good strategic and defence relations. In recent years these relations have not only grown but have evolved to a new paradigm based on commercial partnerships.  Aircraft Specifications The aircraft could be powered by Russian-made Aviadvigatel PD-14 turbofan engines attached to top mounted wings, and has a T-shaped tail. The cabin size will be the same as the Ilyushin Il-76 but will be half the length. The payload will be 18.5 tons of military or civilian cargo, with a range of 2500 km and a speed of 870 km/h.

Western Defence Companies Lobby for Reforms in Defence Procurement Process
Western Defence Companies Lobby for Reforms in Defence Procurement Process  Daily News & Updates Dated 8/9/2010 Printer Friendly Subscribe  Business Standard reveals that major defense companies from U.S., U.K., Germany, France and Canada have jointly written to Defence Minister A.K. Anthony seeking a number of reforms in the Defence Procurement Procedure for making it "supplier friendly". However it seems, Russian and Israeli defence companies - which account for a vast majority of Indian deals - aren't part of this group seeking reforms.  The major demands include an enhanced FDI (foreign direct investment) ceiling of 74 per cent, allowing dual-use technologies as offsets and creating an offsets authority to bring in predictability and transparency.  The letter, reviewed by Business Standard, points out frankly that "the current offset polices have effectively hindered our member companies' ability to play a full role" in selling equipment and that "the (Indian) MoD may not be able to benefit" from the best defence systems on offer. The letter urges that, "(p)rocesses must be open, fair and transparent, and time is of the essence".  This approach comes as the MoD revises procedures for procuring an expected $100 billion worth of foreign military equipment over the next decade. The new Defence Procurement Procedure of 2010 (DPP-2010) is anticipated to be released later this month. It will supersede the currently valid DPP-2008.  The letter - which is also copied to Antony's deputy, M M Pallam Raju, and the MoD's top two civil servants, Pradeep Kumar and R K Singh bears the letterheads of the USIBC; the US AIA (Aerospace Industries Association); the British ADS (Aerospace, Defence and Security); French aerospace body GIFAS; German aerospace body BDLI; and Canadian aerospace body AIAC.  The letter urges the following specific policy reforms:  -- Enhancing the current 26 per cent ceiling on FDI in defence. The letter states that accepting the Ministry of Commerce's proposal to enhance FDI to 74 per cent would "bolster confidence" and enable "robust investment in technology transfer".  -- It suggests allowing dual-use technologies and high-tech civilian projects to be counted as defence offsets. This, the letter argues, would create a high-tech, civilian industry, that would build dual-use products to feed the defence industry. The current offset policy mandates only direct offsets, i.e. products that are directly used in defence systems.  -- The MoD should offer multipliers for offsets in key sectors where it most wants technology transfers. For example, if the MoD wants radar technology, it could specify an offset multiplier of 2. A company that transferred radar technology worth $1 million would get $2 million in offset credits. The current policy treats all offsets equally.  -- The creation within the MoD of an empowered and adequately staffed permanent "offset authority". Currently, "there is still ambiguity in how offset contracts will be approved, validated, discharged and measured".  -- Capping financial penalties in defence cooperation, in order to "not deter competition for defence contracts". The letter points out that "(u)nlimited financial liability inhibits industrial defence cooperation."  Business Standard anonymously quotes Minister of Defence sources saying the ministry is deliberating its response to this letter. In 2007, the US India Business Council (USIBC) also an influential signatory to this letter had sent the MoD a letter suggesting the adoption of "international best practices" in offsets. The MoD's current offset policy mandates that foreign vendors that are awarded defence contracts above Rs 300 crore must plough back at least 30 per cent of the value of the contract into Indian defence production or research and development.

DRDO Develops New Laser-Based Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems
DRDO Develops New Laser-Based Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems  Daily News & Updates Dated 8/9/2010 Printer Friendly Subscribe  Indian scientists at Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) are designing new laser-based anti-missile systems called the Directed Energy Weapons (DEWs).  The Directed Energy Weapons bombard incoming ballistic missiles with electromagnetic waves or subatomic particles to destroy them. The laser weapons are suitable for Air Force transport planes and fighters, and Navy’s destroyers and submarines.  According to a DRDO scientist, the laser-based anti-ballistic missile systems have gone through standard testing procedures. An air defense dazzler, one of the weapons, can engage enemy helicopters at a 10 km range. The laser weapon will be set for induction in the next two years.  The scientist added that the DEW can generate 25 kW pulses, which can shoot down a missile within 7 km. Scientists are currently testing the Prithvi anti-ballistic missile system, which is scheduled for induction by 2013. The Prithvi can destroy ballistic missiles at a range of 80 km. The scientist informed that Indian scientists are developing the second-phase Prithvis, which is capable of destroying incoming ballistic missiles.

Jawan's mother to receive pension benefits
 Meghdoot Sharon CNN-IBN  New Delhi: The Supreme Court upholding a Gujarat High Court order has ordered that the posthumous bravery award and pension benefits of an Indian Army martyr go to his mother.  The jawan’s fiancée swindled off the money when she produced fake marriage documents.  For Sushila Devi, the pain of losing her 25-year-old son, Arbeshwar Yadav, with the Indian army, only became worse with the shocking events that followed. His fiancée forged documents and got this fake marriage photo created to get the Rs 15 lakh compensation and even a Bravery Medal from the President.  With the army and defence ministry ignoring their pleas, the family approached the court for justice. Earlier this month, the Supreme Court ordered that Sushila Devi be given the compensation money.  Rajdhari Yadav, Arbeshwar's Father said, "What hurt me the more than losing my son, was the attitude of the armed forces. They thought I am an fraud and I had to prove he was my son."  Arbeshwar joined the armed forces in January 2001. In August 2008, he killed three terrorists in an encounter in Jammu before he died in that gun battle.  Forging documents, his fiancée Sadhna took the Rs 15 lakh compensation in August 2008.  In February this year, the Gujarat High Court ordered that Arbeshwar's mother be given the compensation money. The Supreme Court upheld this order earlier this month.  Sushila and her family now want criminal proceedings to be initiated against not just Sadhna, but also the defence ministry who allowed this fraud to happen.  Kishor Paul, Rajdhari Yadav's advocate said, "We are now planning to move a petition that those officers of the department who were involved in the fraud should also be prosecuted and must face departmental inquiry."  The family has won part of the battle but the traumatic past of two years will haunt them for years to come.

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