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Wednesday, 20 October 2010

From Today's Papers - 20 Oct 2010

India-US defence relations A close look at the emerging realities
by Gen V.P. Malik (retd) Defence and military relations are an important
aspect of the Indo-US strategic dialogue. As these relations are sensitive
to political and strategic shifts, they cannot be separated from the overall
geopolitical realities. This is evident from the turbulent history of the
Indo-US political relations during the past seven decades. Despite the fact
that the relations are better than they have ever been in the past, these
have not achieved results at the desired strategic level. Many of the
current problems require urgent political intervention. US President Barack
Obama's coming visit to India, therefore, has assumed great significance.
India's engagement with the US on defence cooperation started with the 1991
Kicklighter Proposals. There have been a number of initiatives since then,
guided by the changes in the geostrategic realm. These are the Agreed
Minutes on Defence for the Expansion of Defence Cooperation between the US
and Indian Defence Departments and Service-to-Service Military Exchanges in
1995, the Next Steps in Strategic Partnership, and, finally, the "New
Framework for the US-India Defence Relationship" signed in June 2005. The
New Framework for US-India Defence Relationship has established an
institutionalised framework. With a Defence Policy Group and its four
sub-groups - the Procurement and Production Group, the Joint Technical
Group, the Military Cooperation Group and the Senior Technology Group - it
covers the entire spectrum of defence cooperation. The agreement states that
in pursuit of the shared vision of an expanded and deeper US-India strategic
relationship, defence establishments of the two countries will do the
following: They will conduct joint and combined exercises and exchanges and
collaborate in multinational operations when it is in their common interest.
They will strengthen the capabilities of their militaries to promote
security and defeat terrorism, respond quickly to disaster situations, and
assist in building worldwide capacity to conduct successful peacekeeping
operations. Steps will be taken to expand interaction with other nations in
ways that promote regional and global peace and stability. India and the US
will expand two-way defence trade. They will work to conclude defence
transactions not solely as ends in themselves but also as a means to
strengthen the two countries' security, reinforce their strategic
partnership, achieve greater interaction between their armed forces, and
build greater understanding between defence establishments. The two
countries will increase opportunities for technology transfer,
collaboration, co-production, and research and development in the context of
defence trade and a framework for technology security safeguards. Besides
these, they will continue strategic-level discussions by senior
representatives from the US Department of Defence and India's Ministry of
Defence on international security issues of common interest. The agreement
has also laid out a road-map for joint training exercises and exchanges.
Indian armed forces have participated in about 30 exercises so far. Service
officers have also been attending expert exchanges and participating in
joint seminars, conferences and observer programmes. Indian exposure to the
combined arms training at the US National Training Centre has been very
useful. Such training contributes to further refinement of the Indian
military's war doctrine, rapid force deployment, higher defence management,
etc. Officers have also benefited from the US experience of fighting cyber
terrorism and IED defeating mechanism in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Indian
military, on the other hand, has invaluable operational experience in all
types of terrain, dealing with sub-conventional wars, conflicts in
ethnically diverse societies and international peacekeeping. These are
essential aspects in the nature of current conflicts and come handy in
conflict resolution. The crux of the Indo-US cooperation is related to
defence procurements, dual-use technologies, R&D and India's defence
industrialisation. This is an important issue in view of our inability to
set up a credible defence industry to meet the armed forces' requirements:
an unbearable weakness in India's security infrastructure. During the last
few years, there has been some improvement in defence trade through the
foreign military sales route, with its advantages and disadvantages. One
advantage is the procurement of the state-of-the-art equipment in
government-to-government deals. One disadvantage is the US insistence on
separate agreements for spares with original manufacturers which gives them
a "single vendor" situation. After the delayed supply of spares for
weapon-locating radars, doubts over US reliability continue to persist in
India. Just when India is intending to purchase key military platforms like
the AH-64 Apache attack helicopter, C-17 Globemaster transport aircraft and
M777 ultra-light Howitzer, the latest problem is the US demand that unless
India signs two technology safeguard agreements - the Communications
Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMoA) and the Basic
Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA) -
these platforms would have to be divested of cutting-edge electronics. With
neither side giving ground further negotiations have stalled. Also
threatened is the transfer of crucial avionics, satellite navigation aids
and secure communications equipment that power the already purchased P8I
Poseidon maritime and C-130J Super Hercules transport aircraft. According
to the US, their law mandates that sensitive American electronics goods can
only be transferred abroad after the recipient country signs the CISMoA and
BECA. The CISMoA promotes tactical systems interoperability between the two
armed forces and allows them to provide the communications security
equipment to protect sensitive data during communications. The Indian
government is reluctant to allow the fitting of such equipment on the
platforms that India buys. The growing distance between New Delhi and
Washington DC on the CISMoA is causing frustration on both sides. Last year,
after extended negotiations, India reluctantly gave in to an End-User
Monitoring Agreement but rejected US proposals for a Logistics Support
Agreement and Cross-Servicing Agreement that would allow the US forces ready
access to Indian logistics. In the field of research and development, the
dual use technology issue remains the litmus test by which healthy relations
can be measured. Unless some regulations are waived by the US, high-tech
cooperation does not appear possible. We expected that the US defence
industry will be able to transfer some latest technologies and help us
establish the much-needed industrial complex. Such collaboration now appears
to be a long way off. Off-the-shelf sale and purchase do not build long-term
partnerships. However, it must be stated that the Americans are not the only
one to blame for the lack of progress on defence manufacturing. The US
companies find it hard to collaborate with India's DRDO ordnance factories
and public sector undertakings due to bureaucratic stranglehold,
decision-making delays, and work culture differences. They prefer to work
with more efficient and profitable private sector. Despite several revisions
of procurement procedures and off-setting policies, the Government of India
has not been able to provide an even-playing field so far. How does one see
the current level of strategic partnership? It is clearly not a strategic
alliance as many people tend to perceive. India cannot afford to compromise
its strategic autonomy and let this partnership dilute strategic relations
with other nations. It cannot allow the emergence of a situation when India
is perceived as a hedge against China, or accept the US policy of ensuring
peace between India and Pakistan through a "military balance". In the
present world order, a nation of India's stature and potential has to play
an independent role and cooperate or compete on issues with other nations,
depending upon its national interests. The Indo-US strategic partnership is
still evolving. At present, it seems that political sensitivity, deep-seated
distrust, bureaucratic and procedural hurdles and some short-sighted
domestic policies in both countries are stalling this process. The writer
is a former Chief of Army Staff.
http://www.tribuneindia.com/2010/20101020/edit.htm#4
France keen to expand military ties with India
Tribune News Service New Delhi, October 19 France, which has been a
supplier of key equipment for the Indian armed forces even during the Cold
War period, is now looking to expand its military relations with India.
French Chief of Defence Staff Admiral Edouard Guillaud in an interaction
with the media in the National Capital said France was ready to deepen
relations with India. A tie-up for transfer of know-how like the one France
has with Brazil was possible only if the two countries agreed, said Guillaud
in reply to a question. He is in India on a four day-tour ahead of the
visit of French President Nicolas Sarkozy's slated visit. The two countries
will be holding a defence strategic dialogue in the next two weeks. At
present French company DCNS, in joint collaboration with the Mazagon Dock
Limited, Mumbai, is building six scorpene submarines. The French are keen
for the next order of Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) submarines, which
India is looking to make, and has sent out a request for information from
global builders. French company Thales is majorly into avionics of
aircrafts. Apart from this, French company Raffale is in the race as one of
the six contenders to supply fighters to the IAF. The Mirage 2000, a fighter
the French supplied for the IAF more than two decades ago, is due for an
upgrade. The French CDS is due to visit Mumbai to see the submarine
construction. Guillaud went on to recount that India and France had common
interests. Among others is the India Ocean - The French have a few island
territories in the Ocean. The economic sea-lanes are vital for the world and
"it's everybody's interest to guarantee the stability". He termed "the
underlying instability in the Middle East, the rise of Islamic terrorism in
the area and the burst of maritime piracy are as many risk factors and
threat" as another threat. The French will be sending in its
nuclear-powered sea-borne aircraft carrier the Charles De Gaule for the next
series of exercise Varuna with the Indian Navy slated for January next year.
The French CDS met the NSA Shiv Shankar Menon and the service chiefs.
http://www.tribuneindia.com/2010/20101020/nation.htm#9
President Patil awards 'Colours' to 31 Armoured Division
Before awarding the colours, she inspected a guard of honour and a parade
accompanied by Colonel Chetinder Singh and Major General Anil Bhalla. CJ:
Shreyas Menon Tue, Oct 19, 2010 16:29:09 IST Views: 14
Comments: 0 Rate: 1 out of 5 2 out of 5 3 out of 5 4 out of 5 5 out of 5
0.0 / 0 votes HISTORY WAS created in the Indian army when five T-90
regiments of 31 Armoured Division were awarded with 'Colours'at Babina in
Uttar Pradesh's Jhansi District on Tuesday. The Supreme Commander of the
Armed Forces, President Pratibha Patil awarded the colours soon after her
arrival here. Before awarding the colours, she inspected a guard of honour
and a parade accompanied by Colonel Chetinder Singh and Major General Anil
Bhalla. "It gives me immense pleasure to be with you today at Babina to
award the Standards to the Armoured Regiments of the 31 Armoured Division. I
congratulate you for the magnificent display of combat power. The high
standard of your drill and the impressive turnout is indicative of your high
morale and your capability to carry out tasks assigned to you during war or
peace," said President Patil. "The Armed Forces have always assured the
citizens of their safety and security against external, as well as internal
threats. The history of your Regiments spanning over 26 years is replete
with examples of heroism, professionalism and dedication to duty in the
highest tradition of the Indian Army," she added ahead of presenting the
Standards simultaneously to 83, 12, 13, 15 and 19 armoured regiments.
Further congratulating the five armoured regiments, President Patil said the
nation is proud of their sincerity, dedication, selflessness and enthusiasm
put on display every time. "I wish all the Regiments the very best on this
momentous day and for times to come. May the ''Standards'' continue to
inspire each one of you foreover," she added. Before the presentation of
colours,priests belonging to four different religions like Hindus, Muslims,
Sikhs and Christianity recited special prayers for the flags (nishaan).
The President also extended her well wishes for the upcoming 'Diwali
Festival' and wished that it bring happiness and prosperity to the family of
the 'Armoured Regiments'. The T-90s later presented a mounted parade in
honour of President Patil. For the first time in the history of the Indian
Army, 81 tanks participated in the parade. It appeared significant as 204
tanks were on display at the Ranjit Singh parade ground here. President
Patil later released the 'First Day Cover', which marked the occasion.
Army Chief General V K Singh, the General Officer Commanding in Chief,
Southern Army Command, Lt. General Pradeep Khanna, and other civil and
military dignitaries were also present at the function. The event saw the
presence of various retired army and civil dignitaries along with their
respective families. The presentation of colours is a martial legacy,
centuries old and is reminiscent of the heroic deeds of by-gone
battlefields. While the practice of carrying the colour into battle has
died, the tradition of receiving, holding and parading it continues. After
the parade was over, the army band played the national anthem to bring to an
end to the historic event.
http://www.merinews.com/article/president-patil-awards-colours-to-31-armoure
d-division/15833141.shtml

Reality behind Indo-US ties
Sajjad Shaukat In November 2010, President Obama will visit India to sign a
number of agreements with New Delhi. Most likely India is going to ask
purchase of C-17 and F35 aircrafts along with latest defence-related
equipments from the US. India may also sign CTBT during the forthcoming
visit of Obama. In this regard, UN Sectary General has recently endorsed
that top brass of New Delhi has given go head to their Prime Minister. Main
aim of Obama is to boost Indian defence and economy. It is notable that as
to how current Pak-US interaction of friendship and strategic dialogue will
become positive as America has also been boosting India rapidly at the cost
of China and Pakistan. In this context, on June 3 this year, Indo-US
strategic dialogue took place in Washington. And both the countries vowed to
strengthen their cooperation in key areas like defence, counter-terrorism,
education, nuclear energy and agriculture. US Secretary of State, Hillary
Clinton, while calling India a "rising global power", disclosed, "US was
committed to the modernisation of India's military and that the US military
holds the maximum number of joint exercises with the Indian Army."
Surprisingly, like Pakistan, the US high officials never imposed any
condition on New Delhi that American military aid will not be used against
its neighbour. Moreover, Indian External Affairs Minister S. M. Krishna
indicated the secret diplomacy behind this dialogue. Without naming
Pakistan, he said, "the threat of transnational terrorism requires both
India and the US to cooperate more closely than ever before, though the
epicentre of this threat lies in India's neighbourhood." Nevertheless, some
political and defence analysts take Indo-US strategic ties in wake of Pak-US
strategic dialogue as an ambivalent policy of Washington. But reality behind
these ties is quite different. The fact of the matter is that America which
signed a nuclear deal with India in 2008, intends to make India a great
power of Asia to contain China and destablise Pakistan as well as Iran.
While Pakistan's province, Balochistan where China has invested billion of
dollars to develop Gwadar seaport which could link Central Asian trade with
rest of the world, irritates both Washington and New Delhi. It has even
shifted the central gravity of the Great Game to Pakistan. On the other
hand, China has signed a number of agreements with Pakistan to help the
latter in diverse sectors. It is mentionable that Indian former Army Chief
General Deepak Kapoor had vocally revealed on December 29, 2009 that Indian
Army "is now revising its five-year-old doctrine" and is preparing for a
"possible two-front war with China and Pakistan." Even Indian present Army
Chief General VK Singh has said on October 15, 2010 that China and Pakistan
posed a major threat to India's security, while calling for a need to
upgrade country's defence. India which successfully tested missile, Agni-111
in May 2007, has been extending its range to target all the big cities of
China. So Sino-Indian cold war is part of the prospective greater cold war
between the US and China. As Pakistan will be the arena of the next cold
war, hence American strategic partners like India and Israel are creating
instability by supporting separatist and hostile elements in the province of
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and other cities of our country. In this
regard, besides suicide attacks and assaults on Pakistan's security
personnel, other incidents like kidnappings and killings of Iranians and
Chinese engineers in the last three years might be cited as example. It is
of particular attention that Pakistan is the only nuclear country in the
Islamic world. Therefore, India and Israel with the tactical support of
America are creating instability in the country. In this regard,
Indo-Israeli lobbies are working in the US and other western countries in
order to malign Islamabad. With the help of especially American media, these
lobbies are propagating that the next terror-plan to attack the US homeland
will be prepared in Pakistan. Besides, the United States did not compensate
Pakistan fully in terms of its promises and the losses which the latter bore
during war on terror. Instead a blame game against Islamabad has started
coupled with the maxim; "do more" against the militants. The result is trust
deficit between Islamabad and Washington, which appears to be widened with
the passage of time. In fact, US has been playing a double game with
Pakistan, sometimes cajoling the latter with economic and military aid,
while appreciating its military operations, and sometimes blaming it for
cross-border terrorism in respect of Afghanistan. Surprisingly, India-US
relationship which has strengthened rapidly after the disintegration of the
former Soviet Union is, in fact, based upon mutual hypocrisy. Overtly, both
the powers are taking steps to further stabilise their ties through
strategic dialogue, but covertly, they are fulfilling their self-interests
at the cost of each other. In these terms, while acting upon the 'shrewd
strategies' of political thinkers like Machiavelli and Hobbes, Indo-US
alliance is artificial and unnatural. In this connection, India wants to
entrap America permanently in Afghanistan so as to achieve its secret goals
by harming the US interests. If US-led NATO forces withdraw from
Afghanistan, India which has established a number of secret training
facilities in there from where well-trained militants along with arms are
being sent to Pakistan-will not be in a position to maintain them in wake of
the successful guerrilla warfare of the Taliban. So crazy in fulfilling its
anti-Pakistan and anti-China aims, New Delhi is silent particularly over
American losses such as cost of war on terror, amounting seven trillion
dollars, increase in defence budget and acute financial crisis inside the US
homeland. It is worth-mentioning that Hindu-Zionist lobbies have accelerated
their propaganda campaign through western media that China is likely to
emerge as superpower of future, which would especially damage American
political and economic interests in Asia. Although China is a peace-loving
country, yet it has become a scapegoat of India. In this regard, setting
aside Indian irresponsible record of non-proliferation, Washington's nuclear
deal with New Delhi, American pressure on the International Atomic Agency
(IAEA) to sign an accord of specific safeguards with India, permitting the
latter to obtain nuclear equipments from the west, ignorance of the safety
of Indian atomic weapons including cases of smuggling and theft, deviation
of Obama from his earlier commitments to resolve the Kashmir problem, and
negligence of Hindu terrorism, despite assaults on Christians and churches
might be cited as example.Moreover, as to what extent India has succeeded in
its cunning approach in deceiving the US-led Europe could also be judged
from some other developments. For instance, western states make much hue and
cry that Pakistan has become a failed state due to perennial wave of suicide
attacks by the Taliban insurgency, but they totally ignore the Maoist
uprising which has rocked India with terrorist attacks. While setting aside
its own injustices towards the Maoists, India blames China for backing the
insurgency. The main aim behind is also to gain further sympathies of
America just as it has been getting by distorting the image of Pakistan. In
fact, India wants to extract maximum benefits from America. In this context,
New Delhi has been playing an opportunist role in wake of the modern world
trends like renunciation of war, peaceful settlement of disputes and
promotion of economic development through regional blocs. Optimistically
speaking, Obama should take cognizance of the fact that Indo-US defence pact
is likely to initiate a dangerous arms race in the region as China and
Pakistan will be compelled to give similar response to New Delhi. American
president should know that Indian regional hegemonic designs are a potent
threat to the global peace. US president must take serious notice of Indian
gross human rights violations in Kashmir, against Maoists, Christians,
Muslims and Sikhs. Washington must force India to resolve Kashmir dispute
with Pakistan for the sake of regional peace. New Delhi should also be asked
to resolve other issues with Islamabad like water, terrorism and border.
http://pakobserver.net/detailnews.asp?id=57685
Flurry of wargames on anvil to boost military diplomacy
Rajat Pandit, TNN, Oct 20, 2010, 01.56am IST NEW DELHI: Indian armed forces
have chalked out a stunning round of combat exercises with foreign forces in
the coming several months to use "defence diplomacy" as a tool to bolster
national security as well as promote strategic cooperation. Defence
ministry officials say the 1.13-million Army alone has planned 14 to 18
exercises with countries ranging from the US, UK and Russia to Bangladesh,
Mongolia, Thailand and Tajiskistan, both at home and abroad. For instance,
the armies of Seychelles and Singapore will be in Belgaum and Deolali in
January for joint combat exercises with Indian soldiers. Similar is the
case with Navy and IAF. Indian warships will hold combat manoeuvres with
French warships, including nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Charles de
Gaulle, during the "Varuna" wargames on the high seas in January. "Indian
and French navies and air forces have build a high-level of interoperability
through such exercises...We have a strategic partnership," said visiting
French chief of defence staff Admiral Edouard Guillaud. The US, of course,
is leading the charge in this "interoperability" game, with Indian and
American armed forces holding a staggering 60 or so wargames over the last
decade. Many more are in the offing. After the `Malabar' naval wargames on
the western coast, the "Habu Nag" amphibious exercise at Okinawa (Japan) and
the "Vajra Prahar" counter-terrorism drills at Belgaum earlier in the year,
around 200 Indian soldiers are now leaving for Alaska to take part in the
"Balance Iroquois" exercise with American special forces. Despite defence
minister A K Antony always being eager to downplay the expansive Indo-US
defence relationship, the armed forces of the two nations have set a
scorching pace in their bilateral engagement. Of the 64 exercises conducted
by the Army between 2001 and 2009, well over one-third were with the US.
"The US is the only superpower around...We learn a lot from exercising with
them. With the vast counter-insurgency experience of our professional
forces, we also teach them a lot," said a senior officer. "In fact, many
countries want to learn counter-terrorism as well as mountain and jungle
warfare skills from us. The aim is to learn doctrinal and operational
lessons from each other," he added. The wargames come at a time when two
major exercises are underway in India. "Indra" is taking place with Russia
at Chaubattia in Uttarakhand, with crack troops from the Indian 99 Mountain
Brigade and Russian 34 Independent Mountain Infantry Brigade. Incidentally,
the two countries are scheduled to hold another big exercise next year.
Indra-Dhanush air combat wargames between IAF and British Royal Air Force
are on at Kalaikunda airbase in West Bengal. While RAF has deployed its
spanking new Eurofighter Typhoon fighters, E-3D AWACS (airborne warning and
control systems) and VC-10 mid-air refuellers, IAF is participating with
Sukhoi-30MKIs, Mirage-2000s, MiG-27s and the Phalcon AWACS. "The exercise
will prove to be a boon for both nations to finetune their procedures for
multi-national operations, which are likely to happen with greater frequency
in the future," said Eastern Air Command deputy-chief Air Marshal L K
Malhotra.
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/6775827.cms?prtpage=1
Indian Army gives exposure to school children of J&K in Delhi
by Vijay Kumar October 19, 2010 Jammu, October 19 (Scoop News) - A
tour has been undertaken by the Indian Army for the children of
insurgency-affected state of Jammu and Kashmir under Operation Sadbhavna to
enable them to have a feel of the rich traditions in other parts of our
country besides giving them an exposure to current progress in the country
in various fields. According to defence spokesperson that,
'Karvan-E-Aman', a tour organised under the aegis of White Knight Corps and
Counter Insurgency Force (Romeo), was conducted by a Rashtriya Rifles
Battalion in which 23 school children and two teachers hailing from poor
families of border areas of Surankote Tehsil are participating arrived in
the Delhi by air on 16 October 10. The children visited Akshardham temple,
Pragati Maidan, Jantar Mantar, India Gate, Red Fort, Qutub Minar,
Rashrtapati Bhawan and Bal Bhavan. The aim of the tour is to
provide an exposure to these children to the development, quality of life
and historical places of interest in other parts of the country. The tour
will also instill a sense of awareness and national integration amongst the
children of the border area. After Delhi visit, the tour participants move
to Jaipur and Ajmer today.
http://www.groundreport.com/Media_and_Tech/Indian-Army-gives-exposure-to-sch
ool-children-of-J_2/2930200

India: Sino-India defence exchanges still on hold
(TibetanReview.net, Oct17, 2010) Despite China's pretence otherwise, India
has made it clear that bilateral defence exchanges will continue to remain
suspended so long as Beijing does not respect New Delhi's sensitivities on
issues like Jammu and Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh, reported the PTI news
service Oct 15. It was suggested that the relationship could be developed
further if China adopts the right position on these issues. India put on
hold in Jul'10 all defence exchanges with China after an Indian army general
was refused visa on the ground that he was in control of what it called the
disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir. The report cited India's External
Affairs Minister, Mr SM Krishna, as hoping Beijing would revert to its
earlier position of maintaining "neutrality" on the affairs related to the
state of Jammu and Kashmir. In connection he also hoped China would stop its
practice of issuing visa stapled to the passport, rather than on the
passport itself, of applicants from the state. "We expect China to be
sensitive to our core concerns. That is how relationships are built,
relations are nurtured. So we are asking China to respect our sensitivities
like on Arunachal Pradesh and other issues," he was quoted as saying during
an interaction with a group of journalists in New Delhi. Mr Krishna was
also cited as saying China's assertiveness in the region recently would be
one of the issues discussed between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and US
President Barack Obama during the latter's visit to India in November.
http://www.tibetanreview.net/news.php?cat=10
<http://www.tibetanreview.net/news.php?cat=10&&id=7464> &&id=7464
Defence production policy to focus on building robust industry
By PTI Tuesday, 19 October 2010, 10:55 IST Twitter Facebook
Share/Bookmark Share Comment(1) Print Email New Delhi: India's arms purchase
trend will soon witness a sharp shift with the government readying a draft
Defence Production Policy (DPP) that focuses on building a robust industrial
base for self-reliance in meeting the needs of its armed forces. As part of
the DPP, to be approved and released soon, the government will give
preference to indigenous design, development and manufacture of defence
equipment. It will rely on foreign sources to buy arms for the Army, Navy
and Air Force only in case of critical technologies in which indigenous
industries do not have capabilities and if they cannot meet the time lines
for delivery. The draft DPP says, "Government will endeavour to build a
robust indigenous defence industrial base by proactively encouraging larger
involvement of the Indian private sector in design, development and
manufacture of defence equipment. "(It will) progressively identify and
address any issue which impacts or has the potential of impacting the
competitiveness of Indian defence industry in comparison to foreign
companies." Indian defence production was an exclusive domain of the public
sector undertakings and the Ordnance Factories till 2000, when the
government decided to allow 100 percent private participation in the sector.
In the first decade since the policy shift, the Defence Ministry has issued
about 150 licences and letters of intent to the private sector. At present,
70 percent armament requirement of Indian armed forces is met through
purchases from foreign sources. But this scenario is likely to change once
the DPP is implemented in full. The draft DPP also says that the
"government has decided that preference will be given to indigenous design,
development and manufacture of defence equipment. "Therefore, wherever the
required arms, ammunition and equipment are possible to be made by the
Indian industry within the required time frame, the procurement will be made
from indigenous sources." Among the objectives for coming out with a DPP,
the draft says that it wants to achieve "substantive self-reliance in the
design and production of weapon systems and platforms required for its
defence in as early a time frame as possible." While pursuing this policy,
the overall objective will be kept in view that at all times the forces have
an edge over potential adversaries. "Only where the Indian Industry is not
in a position to make and deliver them in the requisite time frame will
procurement from foreign sources be permitted," it says. Also, the time
taken for delivery of the equipment by companies abroad against timelines
for indigenous production would be factors in deciding to permit purchase
from foreign sources keeping in mind the urgency and criticality of the
requirement. The draft DPP also proposes that the weapons required over 10
years into the future will be "by and large" developed and integrated within
the country. But sub-systems and components that are not economically viable
or practical to be made locally may be imported, but design and integration
will be done indigenously. In order to synergise and enhance the national
competence in producing globally competitive latest, modern defence
equipment without time and cost over-runs, the government will explore
diligently all viable approaches such as formation of consortia, joint
ventures and public-private partnerships. Academia, research and
development organisations and scientific institutions too will be involved
for achieving the objective, the papers said. The government will further
simplify the 'Make' procedures for procurement to enable indigenous design
and development of the required equipment in faster time frame. Recognising
that development of complex systems would take time and progress in stages,
the government will permit further improvements in indigenously designed and
developed equipment, but it will be ensured that the systems provide edge to
the armed forces over potential adversaries.
http://www.siliconindia.com/shownews/Defence_production_policy_to_focus_on_b
uilding_robust_industry-nid-72823-cid-1.html

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