Custom Search Engine - Scans Selected News Sites


Wednesday, 3 November 2010

From Today's Papers - 03 Nov 2010

MoD to set an example in punishment
Ajay Banerjee Tribune News Service New Delhi, November 2 As a wide spectrum
of allegations have surfaced around the activities of the Mumbai-based
Adarsh Housing Society, the Ministry of Defence is looking to set an
"example of punishment" in the matter. It is likely to ask the CBI to probe
the issue and can even take over the 31-storey building located in the plush
Colaba area of the western metropolis. Taking over of the building will be
an exemplary punishment for the people who committed the fraud, sources
said. One of the ideas is to use it as a block of apartments for
accommodation for service officers posted in Mumbai where there is a severe
shortage of accommodation. An in-house expert committee is busy studying the
law and will advice Defence Minister AK Antony on the same in the next
couple of days. The ministry feels it is a clear case of "criminal
conspiracy" and has not ruled out "collusion of officials". More than 35
officials of the Army, the Navy and the Defence Estates Department are
beneficiaries in the entire episode. One of the key aspects is to hand over
the case to civil agencies like the CBI, which will probe the "criminal
conspiracy" and to the Income Tax Department to ascertain the money trail.
Elusive Guns
Brig S.K. Chatterji (Retd) The Chinese have created enough infrastructure
in Tibet and linked up their assets on the plateau with Pakistan through the
Karakorum highway. The enhanced capabilities have forced the articulation of
a possible two front war that we may be faced with, someday. The acceptance
of such a threat has impacted on our otherwise slow decision making process
adequately enough to speed up infrastructure development in the Northeast
and raising of two additional infantry divisions. However, a critical
component that is central to realisation of full combat potential of our
army, remains unaddressed, largely. We have not been able to procure a
single artillery gun since we purchased 400-odd Bofors 155mm Howitzers 25
years ago. At the moment we are saddled with guns of various calibers and
indifferent vintage in our inventory. The Indian 105mm Field Gun and its
lighter variant for the mountains are the basic field guns. The Russian
130mm guns are the backbone of our medium artillery, with the Swedish Bofors
155mm howitzers, complimenting them. We also have the 120mm mortars that
need an upgrade. There is a smattering of other calibers that make little or
no difference to the larger inventory. Our approach to selection of guns
has been in tune with most modern armies that are switching to 155mm caliber
as the basic equipment. Standardisation of caliber has definite payoffs in
terms of logistics to include the aspects of production, storage and
transportation of ammunition. It allows flexibility and transfer of
ammunition, especially in the operational area, from a neighbouring fire
unit to another fire unit running out of ammunition, thus keeping the
intensity of firepower delivery at the rates called for. Recognising the
need for both standardisation and upgradation of equipment, the Ministry of
Defence had approved the artillery modernisation plan. However, all efforts
at procurement lie in tatters, now. The contracts worth approximately Rs
1,900 crore being pursued for approximately 2,000 pieces of 155 mm guns,
have all but been dumped. Four variants of 155 mm guns were being sought,
the largest segment of which was the towed variety comprising approximately
1,850 guns. The balance was constituted of ultra-lights howitzers for
employment in mountainous terrain, tracked self-propelled guns for
mechanised battle groups in the desert and wheeled self-propelled models.
Almost every gun manufacturer globally, capable of manufacturing such
sophisticated guns has been black listed by us on some or the other grounds.
However, none of the cases has been taken to its logical conclusion. The
fact of whom did they collude with and who were the officials who received
the favours, has been the sole secret that seems to have been preserved, in
a country where leaks do not pile up to the volumes of Wikileaks. They flow
regularly as breaking news. Notwithstanding the setbacks that it has
experienced, the artillery has had some substantial accretions in the past
few years. The upgradation of fairly large numbers of 130mm guns to 155mm
caliber has been undertaken satisfactorily. Our rocket artillery was limited
to 122 mm Grad 40 barrel launchers for ages. The indigenous Pinaca and the
Russian Smerch rocket systems have extended our reach to 40 and 90km,
respectively. Both systems are capable of devastating firepower. We have
also inducted the unarmed aerial vehicles of Israeli origin that serve the
purposes of intelligence gathering, direction of own artillery fire as also
damage assessment. The induction of better weapon locating radars has
definitely given us an edge in locating enemy artillery. These systems are
also capable of directing accurate fire of our guns to neutralise hostile
guns. The artillery command and control systems and battlefield surveillance
systems are also maturing, paving the way for greater synchronisation of
artillery assets as also speedier and informed decision making. Induction
of the Prithvi ballistic missile systems has been a shot in the arm in as
far as long range engagement is concerned. The BrahMos will be a huge leap,
once inducted. Being a cruise missile undertaking most of the flight path at
very low altitudes, almost hugging the ground, these are difficult to detect
by even the most technologically advanced armies. As such, their chances of
surviving enemy countermeasures are definitely far superior. Our capability
of long range target detection through the unarmed aerial vehicles has also
enhanced considerably with the protracted endurance of these systems while
in flight. Combined with bonuses that accrue from the maturing of the
battlefield surveillance systems and artillery command, control and
communication capabilities, fuller utilisation of artillery assets is
definitely possible. However, the basic workhorse of the artillery remains
a good gun and we have been most inept on that score. The Bofors scam
continues to haunt both the political leadership and bureaucracy. The
problem is compounded by our unwillingness to probe scams and punish those
who continue to trade on the sides. In the final count it can be said that
we have the requisite numbers when it comes to guns. Numbers by themselves,
however, do not mean capability. Accepting any DRDO proposals at this stage
for an indigenous 155 mm gun system will lead to greater delay and
consequent gaping holes in defences. If required, the foreign military sales
route needs can be adopted, even if we have to pay a premium, and thus
ensure systemic corruption does not enfeeble our defence forces. The private
sector needs to be brought into the core of the process and build its
strengths for indigenisation, hereafter.
Revving up the airborne force multiplier
Vijay Mohan Plans are formulated, future scenarios envisioned, policy
papers drafted and issues debated, but on-ground implementation, more often
then not, gets bogged down in turf battles, financial constraints,
bureaucratic wrangles, indecisiveness and other detrimental factors so
commonly associated with the procurement of weapons. This also seems to be
the case with Army Aviation Corps (AAC), in existence for almost a quarter
of a century., but still to take off as a full-fledged combat arm that can
effectively provide the complete ambit of air support to ground formations
or facilitate rapid troop redeployment within a tactical battle zone. Air
power is the dominating force in the battlefield, not only being the eyes
and ears of commanders, but also adding a devastating punch to formations'
firepower and enhancing logistic capability. Army's aviation units have the
advantage of firepower, speed and flexibility, greatly enhancing the field
formations' combat effectiveness and the ability to strike in the enemy's
depth with little forewarning. The much-needed expansion and restructuring
of the Corps been floundering over the years and the bulk of its assets -
the Cheetah and Chetak helicopters -- are obsolete. Acquisition of 197
utility helicopters to replace the aging fleet, the contenders for which
include Kamov, Eurocopter and Agusta-Westland, remains mired in technical
and bureaucratic muddle. AAC was raised in 1986 with transfer of the Air
Observation Posts from the Regiment of Artillery to form a new corps. It has
now 35 Recce and Observation Flights forming 11 squadrons. The only
contemporary machine in its inventory is the HAL-made Dhruv, with the
French-origin Cheetah and Chetak being of 60s and 70s vintage. Some Cheetahs
were upgraded to the Lancer configuration, giving them a marginally enhanced
operational capability. It has no medium-lift helicopters or fixed-wing
assets. Tasks envisioned for army aviation are onerous. These are
engagement of fixed and mobile targets and fire support to ground forces,
reconnaissance and observation, electronic and visual surveillance,
provision of airborne command posts, monitoring nuclear, chemical and
biological environment, casualty evacuation, communications and logistic
support and airlift of troops. Most of the vital tasks, at present, are
carried out by the air force, which maintains and operates attack as well as
medium helicopters like Mi-25/35 and Mi-8/17. Some IAF Chetaks also have
anti-armour capabilities. At the conceptual and operation levels, the IAF
and AAC are vastly different. The IAF, perceiving itself as an emerging
aerospace force through exploiting the realm of outer atmosphere for
achieving military objectives, is a strategic force, trained and oriented
for missions beyond borders and operations across the entire spectrum of
conflict covering the total theatre(s) of war. On the other hand, AAC is
concerned with tactical operations within limited geographical areas and is
primarily intended as force-multipliers for field commanders and give them
the desired punch and operational flexibility within their area of
responsibility. AAC was also conceived to free air force assets to
concentrate on achieving the larger strategic objectives. Given the size of
the Army -- six operational commands, 13 corps, three armoured divisions, 32
infantry divisions, two artillery divisions and eight independent armoured
brigades, ACC's strength of 200-odd helicopters is, as reiterated often by
experts, grossly inadequate. Besides numbers, deficiencies AAC suffers from
include lack of all-weather and night capability, absence of dedicated
attack helicopters so vital for fire support, negligible tactical airlift
capability and non-availability of electronic surveillance equipment.
Further, the army's involvement in counter-insurgency, anti-terrorist
operations and low-intensity conflict had placed added demands on the AAC,
but with little wherewithal to meet them. Material and technical constraints
notwithstanding, men of the ACC have performed commendably in all
operational environments. Mid and long-term perspective plans to
restructure and expand its aviation corps have been drawn up, which include
raising aviation brigades at the command and corps level, with each strike
formation having its own independent air assets for attack, surveillance and
communications. A special operations squadron is also stated to be on the
cards for dedicated air support to the Special Forces or extraordinary
missions. Next is a electronic warfare flight to exploit the electromagnetic
spectrum for battlefield superiority. Restructuring is to be backed with
new acquisitions, including the proposed 197 utility helicopters, additional
squadrons of Dhruvs, including its armed version, medium lift choppers like
the Mi-17, tactical battle field support helicopters and, in the long run,
light fixed wing aircraft for surveillance and communications. Improvements
in its capabilities are focused at achieving all-weather day and night
capability, precision strike capability, ability to rapidly induct and
de-induct troops and enhancing logistic support capability in high altitude
areas. Besides induction of new generation aircraft, it would also require a
close look at issues like manpower, training, infrastructure, technical
support and maintenance. As the security environment remains in a flux, the
challenge before the AAC is two-fold - have the capability to execute its
mandate in a fast-paced convectional war fought in a network centric
environment in the back drop of a nuclear threat, and secondly, have the
ability to support ground forces in low intensity war or anti-terrorist
operations in a varied terrain including mountains, jungles and built-up
areas. It would also not be out of place to mention that India's security
interests are not just limited to the sub-continent, but encompass central
Asia and the Indian Ocean Region and, if experts are to be believed,
necessitate force projection and expeditionary operations that would require
aerial assets. If the AAC, so vital for battlefield dominance, is to meet
its envisioned charter then there must be a holistic approach and a
concerted effort to restructure the force in consonance with the emerging
security paradigm and suitably equip it with state-of-the art weapons and
logistic platforms.
Indo-US relations not at cost of ties with China: New Delhi
Ashok Tuteja Tribune News Service MENONSPEAK On China... n China is India's
biggest neighbour and a major trading partner n India, China can manage
their differences and should work to solve them n Both sides recognised
sensitive issues like Tibet and Kashmir On the US... n We have more than
just a transactional relationship with the US n The two nations have an
open, democratic and inclusive architecture n It is time to be ambitious
about the relationship New Delhi, November 2 Days ahead of President Barack
Obama's visit, India today dismissed suggestions that growing Indo-US
relations could affect New Delhi's ties with China. "I don't see our
relations with the US affecting our relations with China," National Security
Adviser Shivshankar Menon said at a dialogue on "US-India Strategic
Partnership", organised by FICCI and Brookings Institution. Emphasising that
China was India's biggest neighbour and a major trading partner, he said
there were sensitivities on both sides and just as all major powers were
talking to each other, there was need to engage with Beijing. Pushing for
greater engagement with China, Menon said India and China could manage their
differences and should work to solve them. Noting that both the sides were
sensitive to issues like Tibet and Kashmir, Menon said the two countries
recognised the sensitivities and it was only a question of how skilled they
were in managing it. His comments came as top Chinese leader Zhou Yangkong
concluded a three-day visit to India, meeting top political leaders,
including Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi,
for a free and frank discussion on issues between the two countries.
Referring to Indo-US ties, he said they had changed in a fundamental way in
the last decade. "We have more than just a transactional relationship with
the US. The two nations have an open, democratic and inclusive architecture,
we have learnt over time that mercantilism and protectionism do not serve us
well and it is time to be ambitious about the relationship." He said the
two democratic nations respect the rule of law, open trading arrangements,
and rule-based multilateral trade. India and the US, he said, were capable
of institutional innovation and "we need to be pragmatic to work this
relationship where it works and go beyond 'what's in it for me' and move to
a more holistic and strategic level of engagement". Menon also dismissed
suggestions of a row between the two countries over the intelligence sharing
on Pakistan-born American terrorist David Coleman Headley prior to the 26/11
Mumbai terror attacks. "In India, (there is a debate on) how much did the
US know about Headley at what time and how much did they tell us. If you
look at the broader picture, the kind of access we got to Headley is
unprecedented," he said. Strobe Talbott, former US Deputy Secretary of
State, said: "US companies that have done strategic outsourcing are actually
doing well, creating jobs and helping the US economy." On counter-terrorism,
Talbott said the Mumbai massacres were a wake-up call for the two
Adarsh Scam: Don't ask questions, Army was told
Nitin Gokhale, Updated: November 02, 2010 18:10 IST Ads by Google Luxury
Home Doors Windows - European Quality. Made for India. India's #1 Window &
Door Company New Delhi: How the Maharashtra government
bulldozed its way into sanctioning the controversial Adarsh Society building
in Mumbai becomes clearer every day. It's not just the frenzy of broken
rules that is startling - there were no kid gloves involved in how flats
meant for war widows and veterans ended up with politicians, bureaucrats and
retired Army officers. (Read: Where are the Kargil martyrs in the allottees?
| Was this General the mastermind?) Maharashtra Chief Minister Ashok Chavan
has offered his resignation after it was proven that his family members had
been allocated flats here. The Congress is reviewing the Adarsh scam and
will decide later about whether Chavan will exit. (Read: Chavan stays for
now) Now, new documents accessed by NDTV prove that despite those
objections, barely a month later, the controversial building was issued an
Occupation Certificate (OC). The Army and Navy were also told not to ask
for a list of flat-owners because former chiefs of the Army and Navy, along
with senior bureaucrats and politicians were to become residents of the
building. (Read: Adarsh Society a security risk, said Army and Navy
recently) The message was clear: this was VVIP territory. And it was sent
by the MMRDA or Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority. *
Share this on * NDTVTwitter * NDTVNDTV Social
* Share with MessengerLive Messenger * NDTVGmail Buzz * NDTVPrint
The MMRDA in fact also forwarded objections listed by Adarsh Society to the
Army and Navy's requests for information. Officials of the Adarsh Society
accused the Army and Navy of overstepping "the limits of propriety" by
objecting to the building. The Western Naval Command responded to this with
a note on October 25. Addressed to the Chief Secretary of Maharashtra and
the Mumbai Municipal Commissioner, the Navy stated sternly that security
implications were being ignored. The letter made specific reference to
26/11, when Pakistani terrorists sailed into Mumbai to unleash the country's
worst-ever terror attacks.
Click! Govt to hire private choppers in war against Naxals October 31, 2010
15:43 IST Tags: Director General of Civil Aviation, Home Ministry, Indian
Air Force, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh Share this Ask Users Write a
Comment The government is all set to hire 13 twin-engine, armour-plated
turbine helicopters from private operators on wet lease for movement of
troops in Maoist-hit areas and surveillance purpose. Click! Helicopters of
either MI-17 series or of equivalent capability, which can fly both at day
and night, will be deployed in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand,
Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra [ Images ], Madhya Pradesh [ Images ], Orissa,
Uttar Pradesh [ Images ] and West Bengal [ Images ], possibly before the end
of the year. These choppers would be in addition to the existing fleet of
about 20 Indian Air Force and BSF helicopters being deployed in
Maoist-affected areas. Six helicopter operators, including foreign
companies, have showed interest to the Home Ministry's proposal under which
choppers would be given on wet lease to the government for an initial period
of one year extendable up to three years. The helicopters would have a
minimum airlift capability of 18-20 fully equipped, armed security personnel
and fly to air destination at least for 400 km away or 200 km one way and
return without refueling. The choppers would have slithering facilities and
preferably armour plated for safety of crew, passengers and their vital
components and would be able to operate from prepared or semi-prepared
helipads. Sources said the helicopters would be used for evacuating
casualties, search and rescue operations, movement of armed troops and
surveillance by day and night. The operating crew would be provided by the
charter company while complying the Director General of Civil Aviation
prescribed qualifications. Each helicopter will have to fly at least 80
hours per month while all periodic maintenance are to be carried out as per
DGCA regulations at specified locations. The chartered company will bear
expenses towards personnel, fuel, transportation, insurance and maintenance,
but the Home Ministry will exercise the operational control.

The intelligent solution
It is pointless to pump in crores of rupees to refurbish our defence
equipment and associated capabilities. Instead, what we need is revamping
'Military Intelligence' and look at it differently. The armed forces don't
just need a state-of-the-art intelligence apparatus. Equally important is
the military commanders' mindset, a valuable force-multiplier that can't be
pulled out of a hat at a critical moment. If you are a commander who likes
to maintain his and the formation's poise when the chips are down, you will
make sure that your intelligence advisor, like all other arms and supporting
services, gets co-opted in the plan. Military Intelligence, therefore, must
be the starting point of all plans and it should be in a commander's mind at
all times. It's mostly neglected and, later, it's convenient to hold 'lack
of adequate intelligence' as the cause of failure. We saw it happening in
Kargil. But why do commanders neglect military intelligence? A lack of
understanding of how to expect actionable intelligence unique to the
operation at hand makes one focus on operations in isolation, which comes at
the cost of operational intelligence and, consequently, the intelligence
staff. But surely it's not the fault of commanders alone. Earlier, people
got into intelligence for convenient postings. Military secretaries know
that mediocre officers are chosen for intelligence. The better ones go into
'operations'. Obviously, the image of intelligence suffers. Let me
illustrate. While attending the Defence Services Staff Course at Wellington
many moons ago, I relished doing a tedious intelligence assignment. The
following week I was hauled up for my task. Few students, who had waited
till midnight for me to finish my work and 'consult' it till morning, were
singled out in their respective syndicates for their exemplary work. At the
end of the year-long course, our Directing Staff walked up to me and
remarked: "You are the only one in this course whose graph has gone up after
mid-term." Many years later, the chief of staff of a command, while
interviewing me, stared at my record of service for a long time. He had
thought that I had furnished misleading information about topping a string
of courses. He later verified it with the military secretary's branch.
Commissioned into infantry, I later opted for Artillery where I did my Long
Gunnery Staff Course. Posted as an instructor at the Intelligence SchooI,
the commandant asked me if I wanted to switch to the Intelligence corps. I
saw a new opportunity in a challenging field and agreed. In the two years in
this command, I witnessed many occasions where balanced thinking from the
'adversary's point of view' defused 'crises'. My General Officer Commanding
placed his faith in the intelligence branch and allowed me to go to Delhi to
update my database. There, prior to the November 1986 Operation Brasstacks,
one of the largest mobilisations of the armed forces in the Indian
subcontinent, I
Adarsh scam: Antony seeks reports from service chiefs
010-11-02 18:00:00 Last Updated: 2010-11-02 18:18:06 Air Tickets @ Rs. 99
Only Ads by Google Buy 1 Flight Ticket & Get 1 Free On All Bookings. Limited
Time Offer! A K Antony New Delhi: Defence
Minister A K Antony is reported to be 'upset' over the names of armed forces
officers cropping up in the Adarsh Housing Society scam and has sought
reports from the three service chiefs in the matter even as the Army is
setting up its own inquiry. Antony, along with Finance Minister Pranab
Mukherjee, has been tasked by Congress chief Sonia Gandhi to probe the
matter. According to sources, the Defence Minister has sought reports from
the three service chiefs following alleged involvement of some retired and
serving officers in the housing scandal. The sources said Antony is also
unhappy with some former chiefs of the army expressing their views on TV
channels saying they had no idea that the Adarsh Housing Society flats,
which some of them had bought, were built on land earmarked for the families
of Kargil war heroes. The Defence Ministry has taken a strong note of the
involvement of serving and retired officers in the matter that is
'tantamount to impropriety', a source in the ministry said. Meanwhile, the
Indian Amy is finalising its process of launching a court of inquiry to look
into the role of its officers - serving and retired - in the multi-crore
housing scam. Adarsh probe to open Pandora's box, says Maharashtra CM A
source in the army headquarters said the the General Officer Commanding in
charge of the Maharashtra, Gujarat and Goa area would convene the inquiry to
look into the role played by various army officers in the conspiracy.
However, action against retired guilty officers cannot be taken as per the
Army Act because a soldier can be summoned to face proceedings only until
the end of three months from his or her retirement. So, the authorities
would have to rely on a civilian probe and prosecution into the scam for any
action against retired officers who are found guilty. Since some retired
and serving officers of the Indian Navy are also members of the society, the
navy is not contemplating its own probe but would wait for the findings of
the civilian inquiry. The land in Mumbai where the Adash housing society
was built was under army jurisdiction. The issue has triggered a political
crisis in Maharashtra with Antony and Pranab Mukherjee probing the role of
Chief Minister Ashok Chavan as some of his relatives own flats in the

Yudh Abhyas 2010 - Indian, U.S. Armies Begin Joint Training
Yudh Abhyas 2010 - Indian, U.S. Armies Begin Joint Training 2010-11-02 Basic
skill-level training for the U.S. Army can be redundant and uneventful, but
providing the training to soldiers from a foreign nations' army offers
challenges, exceptional experiences and spice to the regular activity.
Soldiers from U.S. Army Alaska were given that opportunity Nov. 1 while
teaming with the Indian Army during their first day of training for Yudh
Abhyas 2010 at the Battle Command Training Center and Education Center on
Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson. "The training was interesting, something
unique that we don't do often, and was definitely a lesson in patience with
the language barrier," said Pfc. Adam Van Raalten, an infantryman with 1st
Squadron (Airborne), 40th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team
(Airborne), 25th Infantry Division. Training included instruction on various
U.S. Army weapons systems, evaluating and evacuating a casualty, and
hands-on training with the Engagement Skills Trainer. The weapons training
included hands-on instruction on the M-4 carbine in preparation for
live-fire training Nov. 2. "The exercise starts off at ground level,
getting their feet wet, and progresses them up to more advanced training,"
said Sgt. 1st Class Christopher Creech, first sergeant of Apache Troop,
1-40th CAV, 4th ABCT, 25th ID. "I think they love it. They are really
helping us because, there is very little training that we need to give for
them to go after it." Indian soldiers were able to familiarize themselves
with various U.S. Army weapons systems and operate them during
computer-simulated scenarios during the EST portion of the training.
Soldiers were given instruction on evaluating a casualty and were shown
different methods of casualty evacuation during the casualty training.
"They are all very eager to learn," said Sgt. Dakota Oklesson, senior line
medic in Apache Troop, 1-40th CAV, 4th ABCT, 25th ID. Oklesson taught the
combat lifesaving portion of the training. "It's nice to teach another Army,
because they don't get this sort of training back in their country. I think
they will be able to retain everything that we teach them, and that they are
going to take it back home with them and hopefully use it." Yudh Abhyas is
a regularly-scheduled bilateral, conventional-forces training exercise,
sponsored by U.S. Army, Pacific and the Indian Army. The exercise is
designed to promote cooperation between the two militaries to develop U.S.
Army Pacific and USARAK relationships with India and promote
interoperability through the combined Military Decision-Making Process,
through battle tracking and maneuvering forces, and exchange of tactics,
techniques and procedures. During the exercise, U.S. Soldiers and their
Indian counterparts will conduct a Command Post Exercise, airborne
operations training, marksmanship and tactical training and take part in
cultural exchanges to improve partnership readiness and cooperation between
the armies of India and the United States.
North Eastern Airfields Being Upgraded; HAL
Tejas Mark I to be Inducted Mid-2011 North Eastern Airfields Being Upgraded;
HAL Tejas Mark I to be Inducted Mid-2011 2010-11-02 Speaking on the
sidelines of the Indradhanush Air Exercises with the Royal Air Force, Indian
Air Force Air Chief Marshal P.V. Naik revealed that advanced landing grounds
ALGs are being upgraded in the North East and upgrades to the Northern
sector is to follow. Here are some notable quotes from the Air Chief
Marshal: "We are going for composite upgradation of capabilities in the
northeast. It should have been done a long time ago. Eight advance landing
grounds are being upgraded and there are five to six major air fields where
infrastructure will be improved to enable them to receive more modern
aircraft." "The air capabilities in the country's northern part will be
upgraded next. A lot of things have happened on ground." "LCA has taken
a long way to come to the stage where it is now. By middle of the next year,
LCA Mark-I will be inducted into the operationalized squadrons. At the same
time, the process of selection of engine for LCA Mark-II is nearing

No comments:

Post a Comment


Mail your comments, suggestions and ideas to me

Template created by Rohit Agarwal