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Monday, 17 September 2012

From Today's Papers - 17 Sep 2012
Indian commandos to protect merchant vessels from pirates

New Delhi, September 16
Concerned over rising instances of piracy off the Somali coast in the Gulf of Aden, India is readying an initial 100-man team to protect its merchant vessels in the area. This is the first time armed personnel will be deployed aboard cargo ships.

The Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) will take on the responsibility of securing the merchant vessels, under a proposal mooted by the ministry of shipping and, as a pilot project, will train 100 of its personnel for the purpose, a government source told IANS.

"CISF will train 100 of its special commandos who will man Indian merchant ships and protect them against pirate attacks at sea," the source said.

"The modalities are being worked out. The training is likely to be conducted in coordination with the Indian Navy's marine commandos (MARICOS)," the source, who wished not to be identified, told IANS.

The CISF personnel will also be equipped with special weapons as their standard issue, 5.56mm rifles and pistols, will not be adequate for the specialised task. Citing security concerns, the source declined to give details.

The move comes in the wake of heightened pirate attacks on merchant ships off the Somali coast in the Gulf of Aden, resulting in both the vessels and the sailors ending up as hostages of the sea brigands to extract ransom from the ship-owners. — IANS
Armed forces’ pay fixation: Govt may accept 4 demands
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, September 16
The government is keen to accept at least four of the armed forces’ demands on fixation of their pay and pension. The high-powered committee set up by PM Manmohan Singh has given its ideas wherein it has accepted that some of the demands of the forces need to be met immediately as there are glaring anomalies, sources said.

Sources said the committee has recommended that the armed forces be given non-functional upgradation (NFU) to match their counterparts in the IPS, IAS and paramilitary forces.

The grade pay is another issue, the committee has suggested, can be looked into. Thirdly, it has agreed that a common payscale be evolved for in-service jawans. Lastly, it has agreed on removal of all anomalies towards one rank one pension (OROP).

Meanwhile, a fresh calculation has been ordered following a Supreme Court judgment relating to a 25-year-old pay-related case filed by Major Dhanapalan. The court ruled in his favour to correct the anomaly and will impact all officers who were serving then and now.

This had to be factored in before a final announcement. The PM can still make changes as Defence Minister AK Antony was very keen on resolving matters at the earliest and in favour of the forces.

The committee headed by Cabinet Secretary Ajit Seth was formed following an intervention from PM Manmohan Singh on July 8 this year.

The forces protested that they had no representative; the committee specially met the three service chiefs. Its mandate was to deal with six issues of serving officers and jawans and another four issues relating to those who retired.

Sources said the committee was unanimous on payscale for jawans, OROP, grade pay and NFU. The most serious was the NFU issue. The Sixth Central Pay Commission (CPC) recommendations were out in October 2008. The IAS in the post of Joint Secretary (JS) to the Government of India was made eligible for a grade pay of Rs 10,000 a month on completing 22 years of service.

What the High-Powered panel says

    Armed forces be given non-functional upgrade to match their counterparts in the IPS, IAS and paramilitary forces
    Grade pay can be looked into
    A Common payscale be evolved for in-service jawans
    Anomalies be removed towards one rank-one pension
Pak agents pose as RAW officers for military info
Vijay Mohan/TNS

Chandigarh, September 16
A few days after the fracas at a field artillery regiment at Nyoma, near Ladakh, in March, a mid-level officer from the unit received a phone call, purportedly from an assistant director in the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), seeking details about the incident and other information pertaining to the unit.

The cautious officer declined to give out sensitive information over the telephone. Investigations later traced the call to what in the security establishment is referred to as a Pakistani intelligence operative (PIO).

In yet another recent incident, counter-intelligence operations revealed that a PIO, also posing as an assistant director in RAW, had telephonically sought details of arms and equipment displayed at an Army event.

While PIOs (posing as Indian military officers) telephoning defence establishments and trying to elicit information from troops is an old game, sources reveal their modus operandi is now increasingly shifting towards posing as civilian officials in various government departments and aim at “soft targets” based at military stations. PIOs posing as officials of RAW, India’s premier external intelligence agency, has not been heard of before.

Sources said there had been over two dozen known instances over the past few months where PIOs called up defence and paramilitary establishments in their attempt to garner information. Not all attempts have been unsuccessful. Counter-intelligence operations have pinpointed that details like the location of units, names of formation commanders, contact numbers got leaked. Even the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force’s basic training centre at Bhanu near here has been the target of such attempts.

Instances reported over the past few months include PIOs posing as officials of the Income Tax Department and the Railways. There have been a large number of cases where hostile agents posed as officials of the Pay and Accounts Department. There have also been instances of teachers posted at army schools and other civilians employed at military stations being targeted by such calls.

“Most of the information sought through calls is not of a very sensitive nature, but then these are pieces that fit into the lager picture and there is a possibility of an unsuspecting individual letting slip something that could have serious ramifications. Also, the movement of senior officers can indicate something important,” sources said. He added that PIOs using Indian SIM cards from close proximity of the border, where cellular signals have a limited reach on the other side, does not arouse suspicion that the caller is a foreign agent.


    Pak intelligence operatives (PIO) telephoning defence establishments and trying to elicit information from troops is an old game
    But PIOs posing as RAW officials has not been heard of before
    They also sometimes pose as civilian officials and aim at "soft targets" based at military stations
    Teachers posted at Army schools and other civilians employed at military stations have been targeted by such calls
Defence Ministry to cancel DRDO's Tatra truck order
New Delhi: The Defence Ministry is planning to cancel the BEML order, worth over Rs 50 lakh, given to UK-based Tatra Sipox for supplying one truck, in the wake of the CBI probe into the allegations of irregularities in the supply of these vehicles.

The order for the truck was placed by BEML in May for the Defence Research and Development Organisation. The Ministry is planing to cancel the order worth over Rs 50 lakh placed by BEML with the UK-based Tatra Sipox, sources said.

When asked about the development, Defence Ministry's Department of Defence Production refused to comment on it.
Defence Ministry to cancel DRDO's Tatra truck order

BEML had written a letter to Tatra Sipox in May this year seeking urgent delivery of a Tatra truck for around Euro 88,000 (over Rs 50 lakh).

The tie-up between BEML and UK-based Tatra Sipox for supplying Tatra trucks to the Indian forces has been under the scanner after former Army Chief Gen VK Singh alleged that he was offered a bribe of Rs 14 crore for clearing a file for procuring over 600 such vehicles.

After the allegations came to light on March 27, Defence Minister AK Antony ordered a CBI inquiry into the allegations.

BEML's Chairman and Managing Director VRS Natarajan has also been removed out of his office by the Ministry for ensuring a free and fair probe into the charges.

BEML and Tatra have supplied more than 6,000 such heavy-duty trucks to the armed forces and the DRDO for carrying missiles and other heavy systems.

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Antony opens army hospital in Male
 Defence Minister A.K. Antony, on a three-day visit to the Maldives, on Sunday opened ‘SENAHIYA,’ a Maldives National Defence Force (MNDF) hospital, established in Male with Indian assistance.

Maldives Defence Minister Mohamed Nazim thanked India for its assistance to his country in all areas of development and said the enduring friendship between the two countries would improve and expand, irrespective of political changes. The Maldives, he said, would stand by India to ensure the maritime security of the sensitive Indian Ocean Region.

Mr. Antony described the hospital as a shining model of collaboration and cooperation between the countries and a milestone in the friendship, especially between the two armed forces.

Besides providing the 25-bed hospital with state-of-the-art medical equipment, the government of India has deployed a highly qualified medical team for establishing and running the facility.

After calling on Mr. Nazim at his office, Mr. Antony led the high-level Indian delegation at the bilateral talks. Both sides reviewed the progress of the defence cooperation and discussed ways of further expanding it.

Mr. Nazim thanked India for its prompt delivery of the extensive assistance agreed at Mr. Antony’s previous visit to the island nation in August 2009.

Mr. Antony said India would be steadfast in its commitment to work with the Maldives and give it the highest priority.

He will lay the foundation for the MNDF Composite Training Centre, to be established with Indian assistance, at Maafilafushi (on Lhaviyaani Atoll), and call on President Mohamed Waheed on Monday before returning home, official reports received here said.
In a first, Indian tank brigades to defend China border
Ajai Shukla / New Delhi Sep 17, 2012, 00:49 IST

The army’s defences on the China border will get a major offensive boost with the impending deployment of two tank brigades, one each in Ladakh and north-east India. This is the first time that India will deploy armoured formations on the China border. Such formations, equipped with main battle tanks and BMP-II infantry combat vehicles, are traditionally used for striking into enemy territory.

Authoritative MoD (Ministry of Defence) sources tell Business Standard that the plan, cleared by the MoD, involves raising six new armoured regiments, equipped with 348 tanks (58 tanks per regiment, including reserves). In addition, three mechanised infantry battalions will be raised, amounting to about 180 BMP-IIs.
The decision to deploy tanks to beef up India’s light, mountain infantry divisions was taken due to doctrinal changes in China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA). The PLA has deployed armoured and motorised formations in both their military regions across the Line of Actual Control, as the de facto Sino-Indian border is called. According to the International Institute of Strategic Studies, Lanzhou Military Region, which faces Ladakh, has 220,000 PLA troops, including an armoured division and two motorised infantry divisions (a division has three brigades). The Chengdu Military Region, opposite India’s north-eastern states, has some 180,000 PLA troops, including two armoured brigades and four motorised infantry divisions.

The Ladakh-based 14 Corps will be allocated an armoured brigade to cover the flat approaches from Tibet towards India’s crucial defences at Chushul. In the Sino-Indian war of 1962, six vintage AMX-13 tanks that the Indian Army had airlifted to Chushul inflicted serious losses and delay on the advancing Chinese.

The second armoured brigade will be located in the Siliguri corridor in Bengal, covering the approaches from Sikkim to the plains. One regiment will be located on the flat, 17,000-feet-high North Sikkim plateau, on which border areas are hotly disputed between China and India.

According to MoD sources, the army has demanded the purchase of additional T-90 tanks for these six armoured regiments. India has already bought 657 T-90S tanks from Russia and obtained a licence to build another 1,000. Now, in addition to these purchases, the army wants the latest version of this tank, called the T-90MS.

Contacted for comments, the army has not responded.

As first reported in Business Standard, India is also raising a mountain strike corps in the northeast, consisting of two mountain divisions with about 40,000 soldiers. The addition of an armoured brigade would add real teeth to the strike corps.

The army demanded such capability because China’s infrastructure build-up in Tibet allows it to rapidly concentrate forces in a sector, overwhelming the Indian defenders there. If China manages to capture a chunk of territory, India will no longer be forced into bloody, Kargil-style, counter-attacks to recapture it. Instead, an Indian strike corps could launch an offensive in an area of its choosing, capturing Chinese territory.

The north-east has already seen a vastly strengthened Indian Air Force (IAF). Sukhoi-30MKI fighters are flying from new IAF air bases in Tezpur and Chhabua, with additional air bases coming up in Jorhat, Guwahati, Mohanbari, Bagdogra and Hashimara. Six squadrons of the anti-aircraft Akash missile will defend north-eastern airspace. The IAF is modernising eight Advanced Landing Grounds, which would support offensive operations in the sector.
Army training Sri Lankan men, admits Gen
Lt Gen A.K. Singh, general officer commanding in chief, southern command, appears to have got the army into a bit of trouble.

After participating in the happy ceremony of the passing out of cadets at the Officers Training Academy at St. Thomas Mount next to the Chennai airport on Saturday, the handsome general went full throttle explaining before TV cameras how greatly endowed the Indian Army has been in training foreign forces.

And that included the Sri Lankan Army, said the general, little aware that he had just stepped on a landmine.

“With the Sri Lankan Army, we have an ongoing training programme. It is very diverse. I think the Sri Lankan Army acknowledges that their expertise in various fields is largely the result of the very fine training that has been imparted to them by the Indian Army and other wings such as the Air Force and the Navy,” said Lt Gen Singh, when a reporter wanted to know about the training being given to the Lankan military personnel in India.
Based in Pune, the general may not know that TN chief minister Jayalalithaa and other leaders in the state have been stoutly opposing India training Sri Lankan military personnel.

Recent protests from her had resulted in moving out a batch of Lankan military men undergoing training at Tambaram air force station and another group at defence services staff college in Wellington. She has also written to the PM.

General stresses on ideals, values

“Military leaders have to remember, we are the last resort of our nation and therefore we can never afford to fail," said Lieutenant General. A.K. Singh, general officer commanding in chief of Army's southern command during his speech.

Lt. Gen singh congratulated all the cadets during the passing out parade held at Chennai here on Saturday. With ears of cadets open and glued to him, they nodded to his speech in an inspired tone.

He pointed out the importance of standing up for the ideals and values imbibed from upbringing and training at this academy also to uphold the hallowed name of the army.

As many as 379 officers, including 288 gentlemen and 71 lady cadets, one of the largest batches in its half century old history have successfully completed their training.
Development trial of Agni-IV on September 18
The Defence Research and Development Organisation will conduct development trial, or flight test, for Agni-IV missile and practice trial of Agni-III from Wheeler Island, off the coast of Odisha, next week, it has been learnt.

While Agni-IV will be test-launched for the third time on September 18, the date for practice trial of Agni-III, already inducted into the armed forces, is yet to be finalised, sources said, adding that it could be held between September 21 and 23.

Both missiles will be test-fired with dummy, non-nuclear warheads, and if all goes well, Agni-IV could be inducted into forces by 2014, sources said. The Strategic Forces Command of Indian Army will fire Agni-III.

Hailed as two of the most accurate and lethal Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missiles in the world, Agni-III and IV would bring most strategic locations of possible adversaries of India within its missile range, experts said.
Being the evolved version of the Agni-II prime strategic missile, Agni-IV is a connecting link between the Agni-II and Agni-III.
US, India, Taiwan armies also prosecute black sheep
LAHORE: The Pakistan Army is due to find its public image getting a huge boost following reports that two retired lieutenant generals and a major general are being tried in its courts for investing bank loans worth Rs4.3 billion in country’s volatile bourses during 2004-08 and consequently inflicting a loss of Rs1.84 billion to the military-run National Logistics Cell (NLC), which was otherwise paying Rs2.7 million a day as mark-up on the credits availed.

These ‘strange’ investment-related decisions at the NLC were taken by Lt Gen (retd) Khalid Munir Khan, Lt Gen (retd) Mohammad Afzal Muzaffar and Maj Gen (retd) Khalid Zaheer Akhtar, all of whom have now been recalled to service and subjected to a thorough process of investigation in accordance with Pakistan Army Act Section 92, read in conjunction with Section 40.     The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) would, of course, be acting against the civilian officials involved in the scam.     This would be the first time in Pakistan’s history that the Army has decided to court-martial officers bearing the rank of lieutenant generals, though more precedents might follow in foreseeable future if the case of Royal Palm Golf Course in Lahore is opened in light of the very recent reservations of the National Assembly’s Public Accounts Committee.     While four Indian lieutenant generals have faced courts martial during the last three years, an American Army woman Brigadier General Janis Karpinski was reprimanded by a military court back home for dereliction of duty and then demoted to the rank of Colonel on May 5, 2005.     She was the Commanding Officer at Iraq’s Abu Ghraib prison eight years ago, where serious human rights violations in the form of physical, psychological and sexual abuses on inmates, had been committed right under her nose by her subordinates and colleagues.     Janis Karpinski’s court martial had effectively ended her chances for future career advancement.     Moreover, no fewer than 11 US soldiers were convicted and sentenced after they were found guilty of torturing, raping and sodomizing Abu Ghraib prisoners—- with 17 more losing their jobs.     Similarly, two Taiwanese Generals—Messrs Lo Hsien-che and Luo Xianzhe— had to face their country’s military courts a couple of years ago on charges of spying for China.     A peek into the history of notable courts martial in Pakistan during the last 20 years or so reveals that Major General Zahirul Islam Abbasi (1943-2009) was convicted for seven years for hatching a conspiracy to take over the GHQ at Rawalpindi during a corps commanders` conference and overthrow the second Benazir Bhutto government in September 1995.     Zahirul Islam Abbasi was tried while he was a serving Major General in Pakistan Army, holding the post of director-general of Infantry Corps at the Army General Headquarters at Rawalpindi.     The coup plot designed by Major General Abbasi was foiled by Lt. Gen. Ali Kuli Khan, the then Director General Military Intelligence. The coup plotters were arrested.     Although General Abbasi’s imprisonment was to be for seven years, he was released after four years in 1999 due to his good conduct and the good work he had done with the criminal convicts at Haripur Jail. Having served as Pakistan’s Military AttachĂ© in India, Major General Abbasi had also worked as an intelligence officer in liaison with Afghan Mujahideen resisting the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1980–1986).     In New Delhi, during his posting, the late major general Abbasi was arrested on December 1, 1988 after the local police had alleged him of meeting an “Indian contact.”     Though he was released within no time, Abbasi was declared persona non grata by the Indian government and expelled from the country.     Brigadier Mustansar Billah, Colonel Inayatullah and Colonel Azad Minhas were also convicted in the same case as Major General Abbasi.     Brigadier Billah was awarded a 14-year jail term.     Media archives suggest that more than 40 military officers were arrested on September 26, 1995, the day the coup attempt was uncovered and consequently foiled.     Interestingly, quite recently on August 13, 2012 the Supreme Court had accepted the review petitions of four retired military officers—late Maj-Gen (r) Zaheerul Islam Abbasi (through his lawyer), Brigadier Mustansar Billah, Colonel Inayatullah and Colonel Azad Minhas— all of whom had attempted coup against GHQ and Benazir Bhutto’s regime in 1995.     The petitioners had challenged Pakistan Army Acts, the proceedings under Field General Court Martial and the validity of punishment awarded to them in this afore-mentioned case.     The Apex court had then issued notices to all respondents, including President Asif Zardari, Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani and other concerned parties in this case.     Earlier, the Supreme Court had rejected General Abbasi’s appeal filed in 1997 against the seven-year jail term awarded to him by the Field General Court Martial. The court had then observed that the matter was outside the purview of civilian courts.     Meanwhile, on May 4, 2009 a serving Army Colonel Shahid Bashir was arrested by the intelligence agencies for his alleged links to a banned religious/militant outfit.     Colonel Shahid, according to BBC, was reportedly charged with leaking secrets of Shamsi Airbase in Balochistan to persons who were planning to attack the facility.     The court-martial, as BBC had initially revealed, was conducted by Army’s Judge Advocate General Branch.     On May 13, 2009 the then Federal Law Minister Dr. Babar Awan is on record to have informed the Parliament that the Army had detained a serving colonel along with a Rawalpindi based lawyer on espionage charges.     After his court martial, Colonel Shahid had opted to move the Lahore High Court, contending that he was victimized for raising voice against corruption in his department.     Again fairly recently in August 2012, Brigadier Ali Khan of Pakistan Army, along with four other military officers, was court-martialed for planning mutiny and for his alleged ties with a banned militant outfit having roots in Britain.     The officers whose courts martial were conducted included Brigadier Ali Khan, Major Inayat Aziz, Major Iftikhar, Major Sohail Akbar and Major Jawad Baseer.     The military court had awarded a five-year rigorous imprisonment to Brigadier Ali Khan, Major Sohail Akbar was handed a three-year jail term, Major Jawad Baseer was sentenced to two-year imprisonment, Major Inayat Aziz was sent behind bars for one year and so was Major Iftikhar.     Brigadier Khan was detained days after the US Navy had found and killed Osama bin Laden in Abbottabad on May 2, 2011.     Research conducted by “The News International” shows that most militaries in the world maintain a court-martial system to try cases in which a breach of Army discipline may have occurred or where their officers have committed financial irregularities or when they are found guilty of violating human rights etc.     However, in France and Germany, there is no court-martial practice in time of peace and civilian courts are used instead to try the guilty Army officials.     In India, where according to NDTV, General Court Martial, District Court Martial, Summary General Court Martial and Summary Court Martial are the four kinds of courts-martial used to prosecute guilty officials donning the uniform, four lieutenant general rank officers (as stated in opening paragraphs) have been punished in corruption-related cases in recent times.     Sitting Indian Defence Minister AK Antony had revealed on the Assembly floor on January 13, 2009 that no fewer than 25 senior officers in Indian defence forces have been handed punishments by military courts after their courts martial.     These officials include Lt Gen (Retd) SK Sahni (accused of ration procurement irregularities while he was serving as director general of Army Service Corps and Transport), Lt Gen SK Dahiya, Major Gen Mander, Maj Gen (Retd) Nambiar, Maj Gen Rana Goswami, Major General GI Singh Multani, Major General PSK Choudhary and Maj Gen (Retd) Chopra.     Some eight Indian Brigadiers, an Air Commodore and a Group Captain have also faced charges of corruption for their alleged involvement in various financial and moral crimes in recent years.     It is vital to point out that in November 2008; just before his court martial date, Lieutenant General SK Sahni had succeeded in getting a temporary reprieve with the Delhi High Court, which had stayed Army court’s proceedings again him.     So, Indian courts do pass such interim orders at times against the wishes of their Army.     According to the February 7, 2012 edition of the prestigious “India Today,” the Indian Ministry of Defence was the biggest landholder in the government with a holding of 17.31 lakh acres of land across the country.     “India Today” had stated that there was a surplus of 81,814.82 acres of land under various military stations and cantonments, quoting the government that at least 12,000 acres of defence land had been encroached upon till a couple of years ago.     The latest in a series of land scams to have rocked the Indian Army was exposed in the city of Pune where former Army Vice-Chief Lt Gen Nobel Thamburaj had colluded with local builders and officials of relevant state departments to make hay.     A Pune court had later granted anticipatory bail to General Noble Thamburaj, ordering his release on a personal bond and a surety bond of Rs 30,000.     The court had directed General Thamburaj to cooperate with the anti-graft state department CBI, which was probing this particular scandal after the Army Headquarters at New Delhi had registered a complaint with the agency (CBI) that the General had violated the land lease rules to illegally transferred 71 acres of land to a local builder.     The Indian Army had also initiated general court martial proceedings against Lt Gen Avadesh Prakash for misusing his position under Section 45 (conduct unbecoming of his position as an officer) and Section 52 (intent to defraud) of the Army Act.     Just before his retirement, Army Chief General VK Singh had ratified a court martial’s decision to dismiss General Prakash from service for allegedly transferring land to a private educational trust in the infamous Sukna land scam of 2008.     The dismissal meant that he would not get any benefits like pension and would not be entitled to use Army rank or any privilege attached with military service.     General Prakash is the senior-most Indian Army officer to have been awarded this punishment.     (Reference: Zee News report of May 2012)     Meanwhile, Lt Gen PK Rath was also punished by a military court for his role in the Sukna land scam. General Rath was still serving, when indicted.     In the United States, where there is a well defined system of Special, Summary and General courts martial is in practice for many decades, 11 American soldiers were convicted after courts martial, sentenced to military prison and dishonourably discharged from service after they were found guilty of serious human rights violations at Iraq’s notorious Abu Ghraib prison between 2004 and 2006.     Some 17 soldiers, overall, were removed from service.     Among these 11 soldiers was Colonel Thomas Pappas, who was relieved of his command on May 13, 2005 after receiving non-judicial punishment on May 9, 2005 for two instances of dereliction.     He was found guilty of allowing dogs to be present during interrogations. He was also fined $8000. His court martial had effectively ended his military career.     Lieutenant Colonel Steven Jordan became the highest ranking officer to have charges brought against him in connection with the Abu Ghraib abuse, though he was later acquitted of all charges.     Interrogation Specialist Charles Graner was found guilty in a court martial of conspiracy to maltreat detainees, failing to protect detainees from abuse, cruelty, and maltreatment, as well as charges of assault, indecency, adultery, and obstruction of justice. He was paroled from the prison on August 6, 2011 after serving six-and-a-half years.     Staff Sergeant Ivan Frederick, Sergeant Javal Davis, Specialist Jeremy Sivits, Specialist Armin Cruz, Specialist Sabrina Harman, Specialist Megan Ambuhl, Lynndie England, Sergeant Santos Cardona, Specialist Roman Krol, Specialist Israel Rivera and Sergeant Michael Smith were the other US Army officials who had pled guilty to the charges of abuse and had to undergo sentences, besides being slapped with fines by military courts.     Specialist Charles Graner and his former fiancĂ©e, Specialist Lynndie England, were sentenced to 10 years and three years in prison, respectively.     The brief demotion details of US Army Brigadier General Janis Karpinski, the Commanding Officer at the Abu Ghraib prison, have already been mentioned above.

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