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Friday, 5 October 2012

From Today's Papers - 05 Oct 2012
6 Chinese soldiers cross LAC in Leh, let off
Arteev Sharma/TNS

Jammu, October 4
In what can be seen as a step-up in incursions by China in Jammu and Kashmir, at least six soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army were reportedly detained and let off by an Indian patrolling party in the Chumar area of Leh last month.

Highly placed sources said the Chinese troopers riding on horses entered into Indian territory to “understand the region geographically and strategically” and “demarcate the borderline”.

“The Chinese have constructed high ‘observation points’ at several places across the Line of Actual Control, particularly in Demchok area, to keep a close watch on the movement of our troops,” sources said. The Chinese soldiers, of late, have stepped up incursions due to the absence of a “demarcated borderline,” they said.

“We learnt about the detention of some persons by a patrolling party in Chumar but no report was received in writing. It is still not clear whether they were Chinese troops or Tibetans,” Leh Deputy Commissioner T Angchok told The Tribune.

On being asked whether the district administration had written to the state and the Central governments, the DC said, “We received nothing in writing (from security forces) controlling the Line of Actual Control so the administration couldn’t take up the matter with the government.”

The Army, however, has denied that any such incident. “No such incident has happened and no Chinese soldier was detained,” said a top official in the Northern Command.

The reports about Chinese intrusions generally are received from the locals, who take their livestock to high altitudes for grazing.

Defence Minister AK Antony had recently said there was no report of any Chinese incursion in Jammu and Kashmir. He, however, said the areas along the LAC were “under constant army surveillance”.

On August 25 last year, two choppers with seven to eight Chinese soldiers had landed around 300 feet inside the LAC in Chumar and damaged the “unused Indian bunkers”. The ITBP personnel posted there had reportedly watched the incident with the help of binoculars.

Chinese troops had forced the J-K Government to suspend development work on the border in Demchok in Leh last year.

how it happened

    Chinese troopers on horseback were reportedly detained and let off by an Indian patrol in the Chumar area of Leh in August
    The Army denied the incident
    Ladakh shares a 646-km-long LAC with China, which is not demarcated at several places
Brar doesn’t want to move out of Mumbai
Ajay Banerjee/TNS

New Delhi, October 4
Lt Gen KS Brar (retd) today made it clear that he was not in favour of being shifted out of Mumbai.

Talking to The Tribune on the phone from his residence in Mumbai where he is recovering from injuries suffered in Sunday’s attack in London, Lt Gen Brar said the plan to re-locate him was “not correct”. “Relocation is not the answer. Can anyone ensure that people who want to kill me will not know the new location?” he said.

Media reports had said government agencies were keen to shift him outside Mumbai and upgrade his security from ‘Z’ to ‘Z-plus’ category.

“At 78 years of age, I have a few years more to live. I want to spend those years in Mumbai where I have friends and family. Let the government tell me in case it does not want to provide me security,” he said. “My house is one of the most secure locations and there is no threat to me within the Mumbai complex,” he said.

Lt Gen KS Brar (retd), who lives in the Colaba Naval Complex in South Mumbai, is under threat from pro-Khalistan groups for his role in leading the Army’s 9th Infantry Division into the Golden Temple in June 1984 as part of Operation Bluestar. His attackers were related to pro-Khalistan groups, he added.

He said he could have been killed had the attackers been carrying a gun. “Had the attackers been carrying a gun, things could have been different. But this could perhaps be a scheme of the attackers. A gunshot would have created noise and attracted attention of the people, while a knife attack was more silent,” he said.

Going into how it happened, he said: “It was over in less than a minute. Four men appeared out of nowhere. One of them caught hold of my wife while the others attacked me. As I was grappling with them, the man holding back my wife pulled out a knife and slit my throat.”

The attackers, according to Lt Gen Brar, fled as bystanders had become aware of the attack.

On being asked if the suspected that his travel plan had leaked, he said, “I cannot say. Maybe someone recognised me there in London and had been tracking me.”

He warned the ruling Akali Dal in Punjab saying “if you are going to be soft on pro-Khalistan elements, you will take Punjab back to the 1980s”. “It’s time the Centre puts pressure on the Punjab Government,” he added.
Russia rules out mediation on Kashmir issue
Ashok Tuteja/TNS

New Delhi, October 4
On his much-talked about visit to Islamabad, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov today disappointed his host when he ruled out mediating between India and Pakistan for resolving the Jammu and Kashmir issue.

Addressing a press conference in Islamabad after talks with his Pakistani counterpart Hina Rabbani Khar, Lavrov said, “India and Pakistan are capable of settling their differences on their own without any foreign assistance. The two countries have established good traditions and the ongoing contacts between them are a good development.”

Moscow’s statement came close on the heels of the verbal clash between India and Pakistan at the UN General Assembly on the Kashmir issue. Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari had, in his address, termed the Kashmir issue as a symbol of failures of the UN system. Addressing the UN General Assembly a few days later, India’s External Affairs Minister SM Krishna described Zardari’s statement as ‘unwarranted’, while asserting that Kashmir is an integral part of India.

Lavrov’s visit to Pakistan is being seen in diplomatic circles as a compensation for Russian President Vladimir Putin postponing his trip to the country last week. Reports in the Pakistan media have suggested that the country is keen to purchase military hardware from Russia.

Meanwhile, diplomatic sources in New Delhi said nothing much should be read into the postponement of the meeting of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation between Defence Minister AK Antony and his Russian counterpart Anatoly Serdyukov. The Russian minister was required to be in Moscow for a programme and, therefore, the meeting had to be rescheduled for October 10, they added.
Coalgate: Former CEC, ex-Navy chief move SC
R Sedhuraman
Legal Correspondent

New Delhi, October 4
Retired Naval Chiefs, bureaucrats and an NGO, Common Cause, have filed a public-interest litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court pleading for the cancellation of all the coal blocks allocated to private companies from 1993 to February 2012 and the setting up of a special investigation team (SIT) to probe the alleged irregularities in the exercise.

The petitioners are former Cabinet Secretary TSR Subramanian, former Chief Election Commissioner N Gopalaswami, retired Union Secretaries Ramaswamy Iyer and Sushil Tripathi and former Chiefs of Naval Staff RH Tahiliani and L Ramdas, besides the NGO.

On a similar petition, the Supreme Court had issued notice to the Union Coal Secretary last month asking him as to why the 194 coal blocks allotted during 2004-11 could not be cancelled as, according to the PIL, the allocations were made “in a pick-and-choose manner” causing a “huge loss” to the country. The SC has given eight weeks time for filing the response.

The new PIL contends that “the prevailing corruption in the country in high places seriously impairs the right of the people of this country to live in a corruption-free society governed by rule of law. This is a violation of Article 21 of the Constitution.”

It also seeks a directive to the government to recover punitive damages from companies that made false claims or declarations in their applications for allocation of coal blocks and the companies which defaulted on the condition of allotment and their undertakings.

Want court-monitored probe

    The PIL seeks cancellation of all coal blocks allocated to private companies from 1993 to February 2012
    It has also sought setting up of a special investigation team to probe the alleged irregularities in the exercise
    It contends that ‘the prevailing corruption in the country in high places seriously impairs the right of the people of this country to live in a corruption-free society governed by rule of law. This is a violation of Article 21 of the Constitution.’
Sino-Indian rivalry in Indian Ocean
Maritime cooperation with US needed
by Harsh V. Pant

The Union Defence Minister, A.K. Antony, was in the Maldives last month trying to give a boost to India-Maldives defence relations. He was there ostensibly to inaugurate ‘Senahiya’, a military hospital, built with Indian assistance, but what his visit really underscored was the reality that a change of government in Male is not likely to affect the course of ties between the two nations. As Antony made clear, “India has always considered its relations with the Maldives as very special.” And the Defence Minister of the Maldives, Mohamed Nazim, reciprocated by adding, “Governments will change both in the Maldives and India. Yet the enduring friendship that exists between the two countries will only improve and expand.”

India refused to take sides when Mohamed Nasheed, the first democratically elected President of the Maldives, was ousted from power in a military putsch earlier this year in February and since then has reached out to the new President, Mohamed Waheed, assuring him of New Delhi’s continuing cooperation. The reason has been very simple: India simply cannot afford to alienate the government in Male, given China’s growing reach. The President of the Maldives was in China earlier this month when Beijing announced a $500 million package of economic assistance for Male. New Delhi views the Maldives as central to the emerging strategic landscape in the Indian Ocean as it straddles the vital sea-lines of communication between East Asia and the Middle-East.

During the latest visit of the Defence Minister, the two sides decided to elevate defence cooperation with New Delhi, deciding to station a Defence Attaché in Male, extending the deployment of its ALH Dhruv helicopter by two more years, providing training to the Maldivian Air Wing, positioning an Indian Navy Afloat Support Team to train Maldivian naval personnel and providing assistance for the surveillance of the exclusive economic zone. New Delhi and Male underscored the importance of these measures as a sign of a united front against the challenges of terrorism and non-state actors.

The small island-nation, despite its size, has suddenly become a hotly contested arena between the two rising powers in the region, China and India. India had always viewed the Maldives as important for maintaining security in the Indian Ocean region, but recent attempts by Beijing to expand its footprint in the Maldives and the larger Indian Ocean region have raised the stakes for New Delhi. China has been busy forging special ties with various island-nations on India’s periphery, including Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Seychelles and Mauritius.

China’s attempt to gain a foothold in the Indian Ocean came into stark relief last year when reports emerged of an offer from Seychelles — another small but strategically located island-nation in the Indian Ocean — to China for a base to provide relief and resupply facilities to the PLA Navy. Though it was promptly denied by Beijing, it underscored the changing balance of power in the Indian Ocean region and the concomitant changes it might eventually lead to.

India has traditionally been the main defence provider for Seychelles — providing armaments and training to the Seychelles People’s Defence Forces (SPDF). Earlier this year, India extended a $50 million line of credit and $25 million grant to Seychelles in an attempt to cement strategic ties with the island-nation.

But China has been extremely proactive in courting Seychelles since Chinese President Hu Jintao’s visit to the island-nation in 2007. Much to India’s consternation, Beijing is now involved in the training of SPDF and is also providing military hardware. China has expanded its military cooperation with Seychelles, helping in the maritime surveillance of the EEZ by providing it two Y-2 turboprop aircraft.

The Chinese Defence Minister was in Sri Lanka earlier this month to offer support worth $100 million for various welfare projects in northern and eastern Sri Lanka, areas that were beset with Tamil insurgency. At a time when the domestic political constraints have made it difficult for New Delhi to reach out to Colombo, Beijing has been quick to fill that vacuum. Colombo’s centrality between Aden and Singapore makes it extremely significant strategically for Indian power projection possibilities. China has displaced Japan as Sri Lanka’s major aid donor, with an annual aid package of more than $1 billion. Trade between China and Sri Lanka has doubled over the last five years, with China emerging as the latter’s largest trading partner.

Even Mauritius, whose security is virtually guaranteed by Indian naval presence, has been unable to resist the lure of Beijing. India, of course, has had historical ties with the island-nation but for China the Maldives is merely an entry point into the Indian Ocean region. The level of Chinese economic and crucially political and diplomatic investment in the Maldives is extremely significant, especially as it was not on Chinese radar just a few years back. But in a decade, China has not merely given India a run for its money but in some cases even left India behind.

With the rise in the military capabilities of China and India, the two militaries are increasingly rubbing against each other as China expands its presence in the Indian Ocean region, and India makes its presence felt in East and Southeast Asia. The Indian Ambassador to the US recently suggested that the South China Sea could be viewed “as the ante chamber of the Indian Ocean”, and India was looking at “freedom of navigation, looking at trade, at humanitarian assistance to disaster relief.” New Delhi has seen China getting into confrontations over barren rocks in South and East China Seas and is drawing its own lessons.

The security dilemma between China and India is real and it is growing. The question is whether the two nations can manage it in a way that this competitive dynamic doesn’t spill over into an open conflict. Despite all the hyperbole in New Delhi about the continuing attractions of ‘non-alignment,’ there is no alternative to strong US-India maritime cooperation not only to manage China’s rising strategic profile in the Indian Ocean but also for the management for global maritime commons. This is something that New Delhi and Washington will have to seriously think about as the balance of power alters rapidly in the Indian Ocean region.
Prithvi-II test-fired off Balasore coast
BALASORE: The Indian Army successfully test-fired medium range surface-to-surface ballistic missile Prithvi-II from a defence base in Balasore district on Thursday.

The success came a couple of weeks after the Army successfully conducted its first user trial of 3000 km range nuke-capable Agni-III missile from the Wheeler Island. Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Army conducted the trial.

Mounted on a mobile Tatra transporter-erector launcher (MTL), the indigenously built ballistic missile was fired from the launching complex III (LC-III) in the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur-on-sea at about 9.10 am.

"The test named as limited stock production (LSP) test was conducted by the user (Indian Army) with the logistic support from the DRDO scientists. The missile used for the test was one of the products picked randomly from the assembly line. The mission met all mission objectives successfully," said a defence official.

Defence sources said the 8.56 metre high and one meter thick missile, with a launch weight of 4.6 tonne, has a strike range of up to 350 km. Powered by liquid propellant, it can operate with both liquid as well as solid fuel.

According to a source at the defence base, the missile, which carried a dummy payload (conventional explosive), covered the desired strike range before plunging into the sea at a predetermined splash-down point.
Service in Indian forces no more attractive; 25 thousand troops take retirement
NEW DELHI, (SANA): The employment of Indian Army is no more attractive for the masses due to corruption, irregularities and non cooperative attitude of high command officers. During last three years 25 thousand soldiers including 1600 officers have been voluntarily retired from service.

Meanwhile more than one thousand soldiers have committed suicide during last ten years. According to a report of Indian Magazine Vishwamohanan Pillai was looking forward to welcoming his son home for Onam. Instead, what arrived at his doorstep was his son’s coffin. On 8 August, Arun V, a jawan of the 16th Light Cavalry regiment in Samba district of Jammu & Kashmir, committed suicide with his service weapon. Arun, 30, wanted to visit his family in Thiruvananthapuram during the holiday season, but his leave application was denied approval by his superiors. A frustrated Arun ended up taking his own life.

Rift within A jawan recently climbed atop a mobile tower in Delhi, alleging harassment from superiors

As soon as the news of his suicide broke, angry jawans protested against the officers concerned. The stand-off lasted for several hours. Additional troops had to be rushed to the spot to keep a lid on the situation and all the officers were moved out of their living quarters. The army ordered two courts of inquiry to probe the incident.

This incident came close on the heels of what happened at Nyoma sub-station at Leh involving the 226 Field Artillery regiment on 11-12 May.

An orderly allegedly misbehaved with the wife of a Major, who beat him up. Despite the jawan being in a critical condition, the Major refused to let him get any medical treatment. This led to outrage among the fellow jawans. When the news reached the Commanding Officer (CO), he rushed to the spot and took the Major to task.

Infuriated with the public dressing down, the Major and his colleagues beat up the CO. Seeing this, the jawans went berserk and thrashed the officers. Later, the General Officer Commanding in-charge was rushed to Leh to defuse the situation. The army downplayed the incident, calling it a “minor scuffle”, adding that a court of inquiry had been ordered.

When Army Chief Gen Bikram Singh was asked about the Samba incident, he termed the incident as an isolated one in the 1.13 million-strong Indian Army. He added that there was no connection between the suicide and the stand-off. “We are looking into the problems and trying to fix them,” he said.

The army chief was being economical with the truth. On 3 September, Defence Minister AK Antony told Parliament that Pillai’s suicide had led to “unrest” among the troops deployed in the Samba sector and that the suicide and the stand-off were not two different incidents. That was not all. Figures released by the defence minister revealed a scary picture, illustrating the level of disenchantment among the jawans and the officers.

According to Antony, more than 25,000 soldiers have opted for voluntary retirement in the past three years (10,315 in 2011, 7,249 in 2010 and 7,499 in 2009). He added that during the same period, more than 1,600 officers have either sought voluntary retirement or have resigned (this when the army is already reeling under a massive shortage of close to 12,000 officers). He also revealed that since 2003, more than 1,000 jawans have committed suicide.

So, what’s ailing the Indian Army? Why are the jawans and officers treating each other like enemies? Some officers are blaming the shortage of officers coupled with the dwindling quality of the recruits.

Since 2009, over 25,000 jawans have opted for voluntary retirement, and 1,000 plus have committed suicide since 2003

“The army has expanded a lot and there is a lack of quality due to it,” says Maj Gen (retd) Afsir Karim. “There is a structural problem in the way officers are recruited. There is also a problem with the higher command. They indirectly affect things like how the men are treated, where they are deployed.”

Maj Gen (retd) GD Bakshi has a different take. He believes that strong bonds are rarely formed between jawans and officers in a peacetime army. “Combat is the biggest glue,” he says. “It is the combat stress that makes you face death together.”

According to officers, there is a lack of communication between the commanding officers and jawans. One of the reasons is that there are not enough officers and secondly, not enough responsibility is given to the Junior Commissioned Officer, the critical link between the jawans and the officers.

There is also a class bias. All financial handlings, court of inquiry, etc. are handled by officers. While a combat battalion requires 21 officers, only one-third of posts are filled on the ground. So every officer is, in effect, doing the job of three officers. That does not give adequate time to an officer to interact with his men as it should have been.

According to Lt Gen (retd) Raj Kadyan, “In our time, we used to have a notebook that had the personal details of every jawan under us such as his likes, dislikes, eccentricities, family, etc. Now, that kind of activity needs a lot of time because of the lopsided men-officer ratio.”

Officers also blame the lack of promotion options. According to a former commander, “Only 25 percent of the officers become Colonels; and only 0.05 percent get the chance of becoming a General. My batch had 1,200 commissioned officers and I was the only one who became a commander. There is plenty of frustration among the officer corps. After spending many years, everybody wants a good rank.”

The bulk of the jawans who used to join the army earlier came from villages, with little exposure. In the past 15-20 years, most of the jawans have been coming from semi-urban and urban areas. They are more educated and highly aspirational. They are not keen on blindly following their superior’s orders.

IN 2007, Antony had asked the Defence Institute of Psychological Research (DIPR) to investigate suicides and fratricide in the army. The DIPR concluded that high workload, lack of adequate rest and leaves, non-abundance of basic amenities and domestic concerns coupled with inadequate and insufficient support from the civil administration were the most prevalent factors causing stress among troops.

According to Maj Gen (retd) GD Bakshi, “A lot has changed in the past 20 years. The reality is that there is lack of respect for the army. Earlier, it was a matter of pride to be in the army. People would look up to you with awe. Now, you are a fool, wasting your prime for nothing.”

Senior officers admit that the recent cases of corruption involving top generals have also not helped the cause.

After his statement in Parliament, Antony met the three service chiefs and discussed the issues of suicides, retirements and fratricide. He asked the chiefs to ensure that officers should be liberal while granting leaves to jawans. He also asked the defence ministry to get in touch with the railways to ensure that whenever a jawan goes on leave, he immediately gets a reservation.

While the ministry is making all the right noises, it is for the army to do some serious introspection about effective man management skills that not only treats its jawans well, but also takes into account the society’s changing aspiration
The Russian Question
While there have been efforts to downplay the recent postponement of India-Russia defence minister-level talks by Moscow, the last minute rescheduling has brought to the surface a problem that has been simmering for a while in this, otherwise strong, military relationship.

The delay coincides with the visit of Pakistan Army Chief Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani to Moscow, causing some in South Block to conclude that Russian Defence Minister Anatoly Serdyukov stayed back to meet him.

While Gen Kayani’s visit to Moscow may be seen as a poor consolation prize for the cancellation of President Vladimir Putin’s tour of Pakistan this month, the fact that Islamabad has become a factor in India’s military ties with Russia adds a whole new dimension to New Delhi’s outlook.

The rumblings started with India looking to broaden its basket of military hardware suppliers and expand its weapons profile. This, coupled with New Delhi’s increased frustration on delays and price escalation in military contracts with Russia, unsettled old equations in this “special relationship”.

If India has turned into a more meticulous buyer, the message from Russia seems to be equally clear that it will explore all its options as a seller. And what better way than to start with Pakistan, a country that Russia kept out of its military ambit largely because of Indian sensitivities.

Let’s not forget that Moscow is also thinking differently on Af-Pak as a whole. It has shown the inclination to get involved with building any alliance of sorts with India or Iran to counter the Taliban. With narcotics smuggling being its main concern, there are many in Moscow who believe that Islamabad provides the best lever to effectively influence authorities in Kabul.

No matter how warm the gestures are during the meeting next week, the fact is that the relationship is now at a vital crossroad. For India, it is a difficult path to tread as Russia is still a dependable ally and the range of its assistance — from sharing knowledge for the indigenous Arihant nuclear missile submarine project, the leasing of the Chakra nuclear attack submarine and first rights on the new fifth generation fighter aircraft — cannot be ignored. What remains to be seen is how India deals with this new reality.

Manu is a special correspondent based in Delhi,
UK arrests 3 in London stabbing of Indian general
British police have arrested three people in an investigation into the attempted murder of an Indian army general stabbed last week near London's busy Oxford Street.

Lt. Gen. Kuldeep Singh Brar, who helped lead a deadly 1984 raid in India on Sikhism's holiest shrine, was set upon by four men and slashed in the neck as he walked with his wife shopping on Sept. 30. Brar, 78, was treated in a London hospital and released.

He told Indian media the attack was an assassination attempt, linking it to his role in the Indian forces' storming of the Golden Temple in Amritsar to flush out Sikh militants. More than 1,000 people were killed in that operation.

Scotland Yard said Thursday it had arrested a 33-year-old man and a 40-year-old woman on suspicion of conspiracy to murder. It said another man in his 30s also was arrested.

The force said all three suspects were being questioned at a London police station.
Kayani visit behind delay?
Even as Pakistan Army Chief Gen. A.P. Kayani commenced a three-day visit to Russia starting Wednesday, India suddenly announced the postponement of the visit of the Russian defence minister to India and holding of important talks on defence cooperation with Russia by six days on the request of the Russian side on the grounds that the Russian defence minister was required to attend a “programme of the Russian President”. The “India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation” meeting that was to be held Thursday has now been postponed by six days to October 10.
While MoD sources said “there was nothing more than meets the eye”, the timing of Gen. Kayani’s visit to Russia and postponing of the Russian defence minister’s visit to India by the Russian side has triggered enormous speculation on whether Gen. Kayani’s visit to Moscow had anything to do with the sudden postponement. It is no secret that Pakistan is attempting to strengthen ties with Russia and persuade Russia to sell it arms. Russia, so far, has been hesitant to do so because of its strategic ties with India.
An Indian government source said the sudden postponement should not be interpreted as a snub by Russia.
But there have been several irritants in the Indo-Russian defence ties due to constant failure of the Russian side to meet deadlines for defence sales to India such as that of the Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier.
“The meeting of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation which was to be held tomorrow has been deferred due to the inability of the Russian co-chair of the commission and defence minister Serdyukov to travel to India as scheduled,” the MoD said.
Affiliation of Naval ships with Army regiments tomorrow
An affiliation ceremony of two of the newest frigates of the Indian Navy, INS Shivalik and INS Satpura, with two of the oldest and gallant regiments of the Indian Army, the Scinde Horse and the 7 Cavalry is scheduled on Friday at the Eastern Naval Command here.

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Southern Army Command, Colonel of the Regiment Lieutenant General AK Singh and Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Eastern Naval Command Vice Admiral Anil Chopra, will attend the event hosted by Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet Rear Admiral Ajit Kumar P. The ceremony will be held at the Naval Dockyard onboard INS Shivalik and Satpura, in the presence of representatives of the Army and the Navy.

According to a spokesman of the ENC here, the Scinde Horse, with a fixed class composition of two Sikh and one Dogra Squadrons, was raised on in 1838 at Hyderabad (Sind).  The regiment has fought and served with great distinction and honour, winning as many as 26 battles and theatre honours. The Regiment is now based at Bhatinda.

The 7th Light Cavalry was raised in 1784 and eventually became 7th Light Cavalry in 1922. INS Satpura and INS Shivalik are the latest indigenous weapon platforms to join the Indian Navy and have been constructed at Mazagaon Docks Limited, Mumbai as part of the Project P-17 class of stealth frigates. The ships are armed with Surface-to-Surface missile club, Surface-to-Air missile SHTIL and the point defence missile system, Barak.

Along with these missiles, the ships are fitted with the indigenous 76/62 SRGM gun, two AK630 MS guns and two anti-submarine rocket launchers.

The structural, thermal and acoustic stealth features of these frigates enable them to glide through the seas undetected. INS Satpura was commissioned last year and INS Shivalik in 2010. Both ships, have displayed their outstanding maritime and war waging capabilities whilst exercising with several foreign navies and are the pride of the Indian Navy.

The affiliation between Naval Ships and Army regiments was instituted in 1990.

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