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Monday, 19 August 2013

From Today's Papers - 19 Aug 2013







http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20130819/main2.htm
Army warns Pak against ceasefire violations in JK
Says spl groups planning more attacks
Tribune News Service

Jammu/Rajouri, August 18
The Army today said Pakistan was making a “serious mistake” by continuously violating ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) where more attacks were planned by its border action team (BAT).

Pakistani troops yet again violated ceasefire along the LoC in the Mendhar sector amid a foiled infiltration bid by militants in north Kashmir’s Kupwara district today.

Major General VP Singh, General Officer Commanding (GOC) 25 Infantry Division, told mediapersons at Rajouri that a befitting reply would be given to Pakistan with “full force” at the time and place of its choice.

He said the Army Chief and the Defence Minister had given clear instructions that “any ceasefire violation or act of infiltration from across the LoC be met resolutely with power and full force”.

“As far as I am concerned, those directions are with me… we are responding and retaliating to the situation as needed with full force,” Major General Singh said.

On the killing of five soldiers by Pakistani troops in Poonch, the division Commander said: “I assure you whenever the response is delivered, you will see…. We will select our time and place to give a befitting reply to Pakistan with full force.”

“You (Pakistan) are making a serious mistake (with regard to ceasefire violations and BAT attacks). Don’t do it… What you are putting across… it is not going to affect, deter or weaken our resolve.”

Around 250 militants were waiting in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) to infiltrate, he said. Brig A Sengupta, Brigade Commander, 120 Infantry Brigade, speaking in Poonch, said Pakistani BATs were planning more attacks on the LoC. The officer said BAT comprised terrorists and Pakistani Special Forces, responsible for beheading two Indian soldiers in January and killing five more soldiers along the LoC.

“Pakistan is not respecting the 2003 ceasefire agreement and has been continuously violating it along the LoC,” he said.

The Army was fully equipped to give a befitting reply to the ceasefire violations and officers had been asked to retaliate whenever Pakistani forces fired on them.
I assure you whenever the response is delivered, you will see…. We will select our time and place to give a befitting reply to Pakistan with full force.

— Major General VP Singh, GOC, 25 Infantry Division

Indian posts targeted

    Pakistani troops target six Indian forward posts in the Mendhar sector of Poonch on Sunday
    The Army foils attempt by a group of militants to infiltrate into the Keran sector of Kashmir



http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20130819/main1.htm
Lashkar’s Tunda was in touch with ISI
Ran well-knit network in Pak, Bangladesh
Says Dawood living in Karachi safe house
Tribune News Service & Agencies
New Delhi, August 18
Arrested Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorist Abdul Karim Tunda was running madrasas in Pakistan and training youths to become “jihadis”, sources in the Delhi Police said today.

Tunda, who was arrested from the Nepal border yesterday, told his interrogators he was in constant touch with Pakistan’s ISI and worked closely with it. He met leaders of several anti-India outfits during his stay in Pakistan.

Underworld don Dawood Ibrahim met him for the first time in 2000. The two subsequently met at least seven times. Tunda was handling Dawood’s fake Indian currency network.

The underworld don stayed in a safe house in Karachi and was guarded by the ISI. His movements were restricted and monitored by the intelligence agency, the officer said.

Tunda told the police that he owned two madrasas —“Mahamood Tali Islami Darul Fannon” — one based in Karachi and the other in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK).

He had been luring youths into joining these madrasas where he used to preach “jihad” and impart arms and bomb-making skills, the source said.

Tunda had been recruiting poor youngsters in Pakistan and training Indian youths who had fled to Pakistan to join terrorist groups such as the Indian Mujahideen.

Tunda became a bomb-maker after the 1985 Bhiwandi riot in Maharashtra to avenge his relatives’ killing, the source said.

He was actively involved in militancy in Jammu and Kashmir during 1990s. Tunda ran a well-knit network of terrorists in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. He had also been pushing terrorists and explosives into India through the Bangladesh border since 1998.

Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) members Wadhawa Singh and Ratandeep Singh also got in touch with Tunda seeking logistical support. The BKI members used Tunda’s network to infiltrate arms and terrorists into India after the 2005 Satyam cinema hall blasts in the Delhi, the source said.

A month before the Commonwealth Games in Delhi, Jamaat-ud-Dawa chief Hafiz Saeed had directed Tunda to carry out a series of blasts during the games.

Tunda was pushing his men and arms into India through Bangladesh but some of them were arrested in Dhaka, while a few others were caught in West Bengal during a joint police and intelligence operation.

Tunda had also been associated with Rohingyan operatives active in Myanmar and the police suspected his men might have carried out recent attacks in India.
 Terror mastermind

    Tunda had been pushing terrorists and explosives into India through Bangladesh border since 1998
    Met Dawood at least seven times after 2000; handled underworld don’s fake Indian currency network
    BKI members Wadhawa Singh and Ratandeep Singh got in touch with Tunda seeking logistical support

Lakhvi calls the shots in LeT

Tunda claimed LeT commander and Mumbai attack mastermind Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi called the shots in the terror outfit. Admitting his differences with Lakhvi, Tunda lamented he could not scale the terror outfit’s hierarchy despite being one of the founders of its pan-India operations as he was termed a spent force once he arrived in Pakistan from Bangladesh in early 2000.


http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20130819/nation.htm#2
Army better prepared than in ’99 Kargil conflict
Ajay Banerjee
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, August 18
The Indian Army today is better prepared and equipped than it was in 1999 in case tension escalates in the Drass-Kargil sector along the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan. It is also stationed in much greater numbers than it was then when the two nations fought a bloody war on these icy heights.

After August 14, the Drass-Kargil axis flared up with Indian and Pakistani troops exchanging fire across the LoC a few times — a first since the 1999 conflict.

India says Pakistan breached the ceasefire in this sector and its own troops only retaliated.

The barren and rugged expanse of these parts of the Himalayas is today guarded by three brigades of the Indian Army which have ground troops permanently stationed at key ingress routes. 155 MM artillery guns are located at vantage points and helipads have been built to land troops in emergencies.

At night, thermal imagers give a picture of movements while UAVs can be sent up to beam live pictures for better assessment. Troops are stationed round the year atop mountains in fully concrete and protected bunkers.

Post-1999, India has set up a corps at Leh. A division -- some 15,000-odd troops -- is tasked specially for the LoC. These are stationed between Zojila pass and running eastwards till the last point on the LoC near Turtok and Siachen base camp.

Presently, Indian troops are almost double of what Pakistan has tasked on its side. This is a sea change from 1999 when India had only an independent brigade at Kargil.

In winter, troops used to vacate the icy heights. They would return in summer to reclaim the posts. In May 1999, Pakistan occupied these very posts which resulted in the conflict. Since then, Indian troops have been stationed permanently.

On Srinagar-Leh National Highway 1-D, the Kashmir division ends at Zojila pass. East of it lies the Ladakh division. This portion of the northern limit of Indian-controlled Jammu and Kashmir had been under threat from Pakistan in 1948, 1965 and 1999.

If the Pakistani army make a successful military thrust in Ladakh, it can cut off India’s only road access to Siachen and interdict the NH 1-D, the key road route for civilian and military supplies. It can also sandwich Indian troops in a precarious position along the tense and un-demarcated Line of Actual Control with China, says an Indian assessment.

The saving grace is that there is no militancy in these areas which are Shia-Muslim dominated unlike the Sunni-majority Pakistan.

In the past few days, Pakistan army has upped the ante in this sector. The fire, so far, has been limited to light machine guns.

Unlike the other areas of the LoC where Indian highways are clear off Pakistan’s line of sight, Pakistan can clearly see several points of the highway in Ladakh.

The most vulnerable point in Drass is Point 5353. A crack Pakistan Army team is stationed there. This point overlooks a large section of NH-1D near Drass town. On its side, Pakistan has built a permanent road for supplies.

Incidents of cross-LoC firing from Pakistan have increased. In 2011, there were 51 incidents. The number till August 16 this year is 69. Nine Indian soldiers have died this year.

On Friday, a round-table discussion in Islamabad hosted by the Jinnah Institute, a think tank, blamed India’s “short-term thinking and reactive responses for endangering the fragile peace process in the region”.

Preventing a repeat

    This section is guarded by three brigades of the Indian Army compared to one in 1999
    In winter, troops used to vacate the icy heights and return in summer. After May 1999, Indian troops have been stationed permanently
    Currently, 155 MM artillery guns are located at vantage points and helipads have been built to land troops in emergencies
    At night, thermal imagers give a picture of movements while UAVs can be sent up to beam live pictures for better assessment



http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20130819/nation.htm#11
SAIL achieves tech breakthrough in warship steel
Vijay Mohan/TNS

Kochi, August 18
The launch of the first indigenous aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, is not only a milestone in the nation’s ship-building capability, but also a significant technological achievement for the steel industry. The Steel Authority of India (SAIL) has, for the first time, developed special high-grade warship steel for indigenous projects.

The indigenous warship steel, though more expensive than the regular products forged by SAIL, comes at a fraction of a cost of imported substitutes. Besides the achievement of self-reliance in the field of specialised steel, it will also help save precious foreign exchange.

According to SAIL chairman CS Verma, the company supplied 26,000 tonnes of this high-grade steel to Cochin Shipyard Limited for the fabrication of the carrier. At the same time, SAIL also supplied the same grade of steel for the construction of four corvettes being built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders, Kolkata.

“Developing our own high-grade steel was critical to the success of the project,” said Alok Sahay, SAIL’s General Manager, Defence Marketing, said. “The DMR 249 family of steel, which has five variants for different applications, has been developed indigenously specially for naval ships. The equivalent grades were earlier 100 per cent imported by the Indian Navy,” he added.

Naval ships need steel plates with high strength, high formability and high weldability coupled with very good low-temperature properties so that the steel does not fail in sub-zero temperatures and corrosion resistance.

Imparting high strength to these naval plates increases the strength-to-weight ratio so that thinner, yet stronger plates can be used for construction for minimising the weight of the ships. SAIL claims that its warship steel would retain its effectiveness in temperatures as low as minus 60°C.

“The ‘unsinkable’ Titanic sank after colliding with an iceberg as its steel plates developed cracks after the impact. These plates -- produced in the first decade of the 20th century -- had poor low-temperature properties and became brittle in sub-zero temperatures. Hence, retention of adequate toughness even at very low temperatures is an important attribute for naval steel plates,” Sahay said.

As far as aircraft carriers are concerned, apart from the steel plates required for making the hull, there are special requirements for making the top deck from where the aircraft take off and land. Landing operations of aircraft impart high impact to the deck. The construction of the top deck needs plates with extra strength which can absorb the impact when aircraft take off and land.

SAIL’s achievement has ensured the availability of plates when refits will be needed for any vessel. This had become a bottleneck earlier when steel plates and ships were sourced from Russia, Italy and other countries as at times, steel from these countries with required specifications did not come and refits would be held up.


http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/pakistan-fires-at-indian-posts-in-mendhar-along-loc-20th-ceasefire-violation-in-10-days-407290?pfrom=home-otherstories
Pakistan fires at Indian posts in Mendhar along LoC; 20th ceasefire violation in 10 days
Amid heightened tension along the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistani forces have yet again violated the ceasefire. Firing took place at around 2 pm in the Mendhar district of Jammu and Kashmir; auromatic weapons and mortars were used.

This is the 20th ceasefire violation by Pakistan in 10 days.

The Indian Army today said it has inputs that Pakistan is trying to engineer more Border Action Team (BAT) attacks.

Analysts say the BAT comprises of members of Pakistan's commando Special Services Group and terror group Lashkar-e-Taiba, for the brutal killing of its two soldiers in January and the killing of five jawans along the LoC in Poonch, Jammu and Kashmir, on August 6. (Read more)

There have been 70 ceasefire violations by the Pakistani troops this year from January one to August 5, which is 85 per cent more than the last year during the same corresponding period, Army officials said.
The fierce exchanges in recent weeks have cast a shadow on the prospect of the 2003 Indo-Pak border truce. India and Pakistan entered into the border ceasefire as a confidence building measure during the NDA rule and it will complete one decade on November 26, 2013.
The ceasefire violations have been reported on daily basis for past nine days without a break, forcing Indian troops to retaliate, they said.
"Pakistan troops have been firing on our forward posts daily for past couple of days. They are firing intensely with mortar bomb, rockets, RPG and high calibre weaponry. Pakistan is not showing any respect to the Indo-Pak ceasefire. They are violating it daily by firing at us. Where is sanctity of this truce," Brigadier Sengupta said, maintaining that Indian troops have always respected the truce despite provocations in the past.
"Not only this there is also threat of Pak BAT attacks on our posts so the troops are alert and vigilant round the clock," said Col Anai Shanker of unit deployed in the border-sector.
Mr Sengupta said the firing from Pakistani side was aimed at helping terrorists infiltrate and demoralise the troops posted along LoC. "But the morale of our troops is very high."


http://zeenews.india.com/news/nation/pakistan-engineering-more-attacks-along-loc-indian-army_869810.html
Pakistan planning more attacks along Indian border: Army
Rajouri: Sending a strong message to Pakistan over repeated ceasefire violations and BAT attacks, a top Army commander on Sunday warned it was making a "serious mistake" and said a befitting reply would be given with "full force" at the time and place of its choice.

"You (Pakistan) are making a serious mistake (with regard to ceasefire violations and BAT attacks)-- do not do it," General Officer Commanding (GOC) 25 Infantry Div, Major General V P Singh told reporters here.

He was replying to volley of questions about what strong message he wants to convey to Pakistan with regard to increase in ceasefire violations, cross border firing and Border Action Team(BAT) attack on forward Indian posts along LoC in Poonch.

India has blamed BAT, which is a mix of Pakistani special forces personnel and terrorists, for the brutal killing of its two soldiers in January, one of whom was beheaded, and killing of its five personnel along Line of Control in Poonch sector.

"...What you are putting across-- it is not going to affect, deter us or weaken our resolve," Gen Singh said.

He further said that the Army is here to respond to each and every act of Pakistan in whichever way it feels so.

Regarding Army's strategy in the wake of the BAT attacks engineered by Pakistan, Gen Singh said "as far as BAT action is concerned, we are absolutely aware what kind of response it is going to get-- that response will be delivered".

"It will be delivered in our own time and at the place of our own choosing and with full force, that you shall see.

"It is a military matter-- as and when the response is delivered-- you will see", he said, adding "the response would be delivered-- we will select our time and place to give a befitting reply to Pakistan with full force," he said.

Gen Singh said the Defence Minister and the Chief of Army Staff have given his command clear directions that violation of ceasefire or any other act of infiltration from across LoC will be met resolutely with power and full force.

"As far as I am concerned, those directions are with me-- we are responding and retaliating to the situation as per the requirements with full force", Gen Singh said.

He further said that Army Chief had also made it clear that Army is free to reply and respond to the BAT attacks as per opportunity and strategy.

"As per opportunity and situation, what is to bedone -- everybody knows it and reply accordingly will be given."

At another media briefing at Bhimbher Gali in Poonch sector along LoC, Brigade Commander, 120 Infantry Brigade, Brig A Sengupta said Army has inputs about Pakistan trying to engineer more BAT attacks along the border.

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