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Friday, 13 December 2013

From Today's Papers - 13 Dec 2013














http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20131213/main4.htm
Shahbaz Sharif arrives, says India, Pak must combat terror jointly
Ashok Tuteja
Tribune News Service


New Delhi, December 12
Emphasising that war was not an option for the two countries, Pakistan's Punjab province Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif tonight called for cooperation between India and Pakistan to combat terrorism and stamp it out from the region.

"Pakistan itself is a victim of militancy and terrorism. We strongly condemn all shades of militancy,'' he said after a series of meetings during the course of the day.

Shahbaz was quite evasive when asked about the anti-India activities of JuD chief and Mumbai attack mastermind Hafiz Saeed. The institutions run by the JuD had been taken over by the Punjab province government which was also responsible for running them now, he merely stated. Shahbaz, the younger brother of Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, arrived here this morning as a guest of his Punjab counterpart Parkash Singh Badal to witness the World Kabaddi final in Ludhiana on Saturday.

Accompanied by a high-level delegation, Shahbaz called on Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to deliver a message from the Pakistan Premier, renewing Islamabad's invitation to the Indian leader to visit Pakistan at an early date.

On whether the PM had accepted the invite, the Pakistani leader said: "He appreciated the sentiments expressed by the Pakistan PM …let's hope he visits Pakistan.'' He said Singh had raised the issue of recent 'disturbances along the LoC' during the meeting. Shahbaz said he had told the Indian leader that Pakistan favoured a peaceful and early resolution of issues like Siachen, Sir Creek, water and Kashmir through talks between the two nations.

Shahbaz, who is considered No 2 in the ruling Pakistan Muslim League (PML), was hopeful that the DGMOs of India and Pakistan would meet as early as possible to ensure peace and tranquility along the LoC. "War is not an option but brushing our problems under the carpet is also not an option…like intelligent and prudent nations, we should resolve issues between us,'' he said.

Shahbaz, who also had a meeting with Commerce and Industry Minister Anand Sharma, said he had proposed that the commerce secretaries of the two countries should meet at an early date in New Delhi or Islamabad to discuss a Non-Discriminatory Trade Agreement (NDTA) to enhance trade an economic links. He said Pakistan's proposal to purchase power from India was still on the table.

War is not an option but brushing our problems under the carpet is also not an option…like intelligent and prudent nations, we should resolve issues between us.
—Shahbaz Sharif. pak punjab cm


http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20131213/nation.htm#5
 HC to decide on arming AFT with contempt powers
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, December 12
The Punjab and Haryana High Court will decide on whether the Armed Forces Tribunal can have powers of contempt. Taking cognisance of a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) seeking grant of powers to the Armed Forces Tribunal (AFT) to enforce the implementation and execution of orders passed by it, the HC today issued notices to the Central Government and the Tribunal.

Citing several examples, the PIL avers that the Ministry of Defence (MoD) refuses to implement decisions of the AFT even when upheld by the Supreme Court. Pointing out that though there is a Section in the AFT Act ordaining execution of its orders, the procedure is not laid down and neither does the AFT have powers of civil contempt.

The PIL, filed by lawyer Navdeep Singh, has sought directions to the Law Ministry to either notify or amplify the procedure of execution of AFT orders or that the AFT be directed to initiate criminal contempt proceedings in each case of non-compliance.

There are more than 3,000 cases of the AFT that have not been complied with by the government on the pretext that the decisions are “against government policy.”

Important cases where orders of the AFT upheld by the SC that have not been implemented include Brig AK Bhutani Vs UOI relating to counter-insurgency allowances to army officers posted to Border Roads Organisation, Col Sanjeev Sehgal Vs UOI relating to implementation of dynamic assured career progression scheme in the Army Medical Corps and Brig TS Sekhon Vs UOI concerning medical reimbursement in a medical emergency while travelling abroad.

'Give more teeth'

    The PIL, filed by lawyer Navdeep Singh, has sought directions to the Law Ministry to either notify or amplify the procedure of execution of AFT orders or that the AFT be directed to initiate criminal contempt proceedings in each case of non-compliance
    It says the Defence Ministry refuses to implement decisions of the AFT even when upheld by the Supreme Court
    There are more than 3,000 cases of the AFT that have not been complied with by the government on the pretext that the decisions are "against government policy”.



http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20131213/nation.htm#8
 As MiG-21 flies for one last time, pilots walk down memory lane
Vijay Mohan
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, December 12
While the MiG-21 fighter had acquired a dubious image during the later stage of its illustrious service in the Indian Air Force (IAF), pilots who had flown the aircraft have fond memories associated with the nimble jet, which many say was a wonderful machine to fly.

As the MiG-21 "FL" version, the earliest to be inducted in the IAF in April 1963, finally flew into the sunset this week, marking the end of an era, Air Marshal PS Brar, former Vice-Chief of the Air Staff, recalled that when the MiG-21 was inducted, it was the top of the line fighter and the IAF had exploited it to the hilt, modifying it to carry out missions for which it was not originally designed for. "Elsewhere, people could not believe what we were able to achieve with this aircraft," he said.

For half a century, the venerable MiG-21 has ruled the skies over the Indian subcontinent, having evolved over the years from a simplistic fighter to a modern combat aircraft, often competing with the best war birds of the present era. The IAF will continue to operate this aircraft for a few more years and the Bison variant, the most advanced version evolved by modifying and upgrading the earlier versions about a decade ago, still equips several squadrons.

"With this aircraft, we could not have asked for more," Air Marshal Brar said. "It was only towards the end of its lifespan that the number of accidents involving it shot up, as the younger lot flying it lacked experience," he said.

Being limited in number, the MiG-21 had a minor role in the 1965 Indo-Pak war, but was a crucial war-fighting element in the 1971 Indo-Pak war, giving IAF the air superiority over vital threats. In the first-ever supersonic air combat over the sub-continent, an IAF Mig-21 FL claimed a Pakistani F-104 Starfighter. By the end of the hostilities, the MiGs had claimed four Pakistani F-104s, two F-6s, one F-86 Sabre and a Lockheed C-130 Hercules.

"It was a wonderful aircraft to fly and had a very quick turnaround time," said Air Marshal RS Bedi, former Director General, Perspective Planning. "We were able to maintain 98 per cent serviceability during the war," he said.

The FL versions were manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited till 1973 and equipped 10 operational squadrons, the MiG Operational Flying Training Unit and the Operational Conversion Unit. The IAF has inducted around 1,000 variants of MiG-21 and at the height of their service equipped 20 squadrons. They even participated in the 1999 Kargil conflict and the same year shot down a Pakistan Atlantic recce aircraft over the Rann of Kutch.

Over the years, newer versions with improved performance and ordnance-carrying capability began coming in. Besides the "U" two-seater conversion trainer, the IAF inducted the "M" and the "MF" versions, which had more powerful engines and additional under wing hard points for carrying missiles and rocket pods, besides having some structural and airframe modifications and better avionics. From simply being an interceptor, the role of the MiG-21 changed into a multi-role fighter, capable of undertaking interdiction missions.

Then, in the late 1980s, came in "Bis" version, which in Russian means "final", incorporating further improvements in avionics. The Bis ultimately evolved into the Bison, incorporating several structural modifications and an entirely new cockpit and avionics suite, comparable with modern aircraft were introduced, giving it beyond visual range combat capability.

Several MiG-21s have also been extensively modified for electronic warfare and reconnaissance roles.


http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20131213/nation.htm#9
 Tejas to replace MiG-21 FL

Shillong, December 12
The indigenously developed light combat aircraft 'Tejas' would officially replace the MiG-21 FL fighter jet, Chief of Air Staff of the Indian Air Force, Air Chief Marshal NAK Browne said today.

"One major phase has passed and now we look towards the new induction into the force. The LCA will replace the MiG-21," Browne told reporters at the headquarter of Eastern Air Command here.

"We will get 40 aircraft and that will be the Mark-I type. Tejas will be battle ready by end of 2014," he said.

Defence Minister AK Antony would officially hand over initiation of acceptance of the Tejas into the force at its birthplace in Bengaluru on December 20, the IAF Chief said.

Browne, accompanied by his wife Kiran, was here on a two-day farewell visit and also attended a Commanders' Conference of the Eastern Air Command.

According to Browne, works are on for developing Mark-II type 'Tejas' with improvement in radar system and other add-ons and it will be inducted into the force at a later stage.

Asked on air defence scenario in the northeast region, Browne said, "The North-East is important to us. We have plans for induction of radars for the hilly terrain. We have a series of systems that ensure that the air defence is impregnable."

He said one squadron of Sukhoi would be based in Tezpur by next year, adding that the latest squadron was being formed at Sirsa in Punjab.

On the MiG-21 FL which was phased out after 50-years of service, at a function at Kalaikunda Air base in West Bengal yesterday, Browne said, "It's been a memorable moment for the Air Force and also a watershed moment as the aircraft which trained all fighter pilots, including myself and generations of pilots. It has done its job. It has done well," he said. — PTI


http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20131213/nation.htm#16
Lt Gen Suhag is new Army Vice-Chief
Lt Gen Rai is Eastern Commander, Lt Gen Arun Kumar Sahni is South-Western Commander
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, December 12
Eastern Army Commander Lt Gen Dalbir Singh Suhag was today appointed Vice-Chief of the Indian Army, setting him in line to take over as the next chief of the 1.4 million-strong force when General Bikram Singh retires on July 31 next year.

From the 4/5 Gorkha Rifles regiment, Lt Gen Suhag replaces Lt Gen SK Singh, who superannuates on December 31. The General has seen action in “Op Pawan” in Sri Lanka. He commanded 53 Infantry Brigade in counter-insurgency operations in the Kashmir Valley. As a Major general, he commanded Khumbhathang (Kargil-based) 8 Mountain Division.
He was posted as Eastern Army Commander in June 2012. Prior to that, he was the GOC 3 Corps at Dimapur, Nagaland. He has also served in Special Frontier Force, a super-secret unit functioning under the Cabinet Secretary.

Before Lt Gen Suhag was to be appointed as Eastern Army Commander, Gen VK Singh, the then Chief of the Indian Army, imposed a discipline and vigilance ban on him. That was after the PM-headed Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) had cleared the appointment. The ban was overturned when General Bikram Singh took over on June 1 last.

Two new Army Commanders have also been appointed. Lt Gen MMS Rai, who has commanded the Jodhpur-based 12 Corps, replaces Lt Gen Suhag as the new Eastern Army Commander in Kolkata. Lt Gen Rai is from the Corps of Engineers.

Lt Gen Arun Kumar Sahni has been appointed as the South-Western Army Commander at Jaipur, replacing Lt Gen Gyan Bhushan who is superannuating on December 31. Lt Gen Sahni is from the Regiment of Artillery. He was awarded ‘Sword of Honour’when he was commissioned into the Army in 1970s for being the best all round Gentleman Cadet and the ‘President’s Gold Medal’ for standing first in his course.


http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20131213/edit.htm#5
Talks alone can solve Kashmir problem
Pakistan may, however, wait till a new govt takes charge
T.V. Rajeswar
In an address in Occupied Kashmir Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif reportedly said that the J&K issue could trigger a fourth war with India. The remark drew a prompt retort from Prime Minister Manmohan Singh that there is no scope of Pakistan winning any such war in his life time.

Almost immediately after the report, Nawaz Sharif's office clarified that the media report was incorrect. It added that any issue of conflict between Pakistan and India has to be resolved through peaceful means. Nawaz Shairf's office also said that he considered Kashmir as his prime responsibility and hoped that it would be resolved in accordance with the wishes of the Kashmiri people and the UN resolutions. Sartaj Aziz, National Security Adviser, who was recently in India, added Indian forces in Siachen posed a serious threat to Pakistan’s environment and urged India to pull out its troops. India had dealt with this Siachen issue even earlier and said that this could be considered after the existing troop positions of both India and Pakistan are recorded.

The Pakistan Army, which is the ultimate authority in Pakistan on political issues such as Jammu & Kashmir, had published its “mother document” which says that the growing Indian military power “disturbed (the) strategic equilibrium of the region” and that in the face of growing disparity, Pakistan may have to use nuclear weapons as a last resort.

Nawaz Sharif’s obsessive approach to the Kashmir issue is known. He had earlier appointed Gen. Pervez Musharraf as the Army Chief of Pakistan overlooking several of his seniors. He had great faith in his capacity to deliver Jammu & Kashmir sooner or later. Sharif was fully in the loop when General Musharraf carried out the Kargil attack which misfired and forced Pakistanis to withdraw from Kargil. It was done at the instance of President Clinton after Sharif had rushed to him for relief after the Kargil debacle.

The revelation of Pakistan’s special envoy to the US that President Obama had sent a secret message to President Asif Ali Zardari in 2009 that he would nudge India towards negotiations on Kashmir in lieu of it ending support to terrorist groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba had no impact on Pakistan. Obama told Asif Ali Zardari that fighting India through proxy groups was not sustainable any more.

Addressing a gathering in Delhi on December 7, former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said that countries such as Pakistan that practised embedded terrorism had to clean up their act and there was no choice in the matter.

Pakistan's obsession with Kashmir is not going to stop in the near future and it is the view of strategic observers that Pakistan would continue to infiltrate Kashmir with jihadi militants trained in POK and that after the snow melts in the upper reaches of Kashmir, infiltration of militants would increase.

Having said that, the Kashmir issue has to be resolved sooner or later to the satisfaction of India, Pakistan and the people of Kashmir. There had been several attempts in the past to resolve this thorny issue. The Simla talks of 1972 failed to produce a lasting solution. Although India claimed that Zulfikar Ali Bhutto agreed to treat the Line of Control as the permanent international border between India and Pakistan and that he would get the political groups and the people of Pakistan agree to the new solution in due course, Bhutto repudiated India's claim and denied any such understanding.

Musharraf came out with a solution of his own. In an interview with Indian an TV channel he said Pakistan would give up the claim to J&K if India accepted a four-point formula: (1) Kashmir should have the same borders but people should be allowed to move freely across the region; (2) The region should have self-governance or autonomy but not independence; (3) Troops should be withdrawn from the region in a phased manner; and (4) a joint mechanism comprising representatives from India, Pakistan and Kashmir to be set up to supervise the implementation of such a roadmap for Kashmir. The formula was rejected by Dr. Manmohan Singh with the observation that that the borders of J&K cannot be redrawn.

From J&K itself there were conflicting reactions. Syed Ali Shah Geelani repudiated the formula and said that it showed that Musharraf had lost self-confidence and was in a state of mental depression. Sajjad Lone, chairman of the Jammu and Kashmir People’s Party, said that it was a welcome step and the Kashmir leadership should be fully involved. The Pakistan-based United Jihad Council, which is a coalition of terrorist groups, lashed out at Musharraf and said that Kashmiris would not compromise on their right to self-determination. On the other hand, Omar Abdullah stated that Musharraf's proposal deserved a serious consideration and that he was in favour of an out-of-the box solution to the Kashmir issue.

In Pakistan, Imran Khan of Tehreek-e-Insaf stated recently that back-channel discussions between the interlocutors of India and Pakistan had almost reached an amicable formula for the resolution of the Kashmir dispute when unfortunately the Mumbai attack of 2008 took place.

It is known that India's interlocutor Satish Lamba has been visiting Pakistan during the past three years. He has interacted with Nawaz Sharif even during his first term as Prime Minister. Lamba's counterpart, Sartaj Aziz, was in Delhi in November this year and had met Foreign Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid. Khurshid reportedly expressed Delhi's disappointment with the manner in which Pakistan was conducting itself on various crucial issues. Khurshid told Aziz that peace and tranquility on the Line of Control was one of the most important confidence-building measures which had been regrettably ignored by the Pakistan Government and its armed forces. The 136 ceasefire violations in 2013 alone were the highest in the past eight years. It was pointed out to Sartaj Aziz that the understanding reached in New York after the two brief meetings Dr. Manmohan Singh had with his counterpart on October 5 and 11 had not yielded any results. Sartaj Aziz had a brief meeting with Dr. Manmohan Singh on November 13 but no discussions took place between them, since Salman Khurshid had already conveyed to him whatever was to be said to Pakistan.

It is obvious that the Kashmir problem has to be resolved only through negotiations between the two Prime Ministers or through interlocutors. With the recent election results from the four states going against the UPA, it is likely that Pakistan may not make an effective push towards a solution of the Kashmir issue and that it may well wait till the next parliamentary elections are over and a new government is in power.



http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20131213/edit.htm#7
A National Security Doctrine is Imperative
The concluding part of the analysis on civil-military relations argues that India’s national security concerns demand that all interests and all institutions of national power are brought to work most closely together to further the country’s interest and build a militarily and economically strong nation that enjoys the world’s trust and respect
N.N. Vohra
Over the years, continuing efforts have been made by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) to promote jointness through integration of the planning, training and other systems so that, progressively, a tri-service approach could get fully established. However, certain issues continue to affect the efficient functioning of the defence apparatus:

There must be no further delay in finalising the National Security Doctrine, on the basis of which integrated threat assessments can be made.

While some improvements have been achieved in the past years, the MoD must enforce strict measures to ensure that the DRDO, ordnance factories, defence public sector undertakings and other concerned agencies function efficiently to deliver supplies and services as per the envisaged time and cost schedules. Prolonged delays cause serious difficulties for the armed forces and large economic losses as the lack of certainty about supplies from indigenous sources compels expensive imports.

While there have been notable advances in the rationalisation of the procurement policies and procedures, there is still need to ensure against prolonged acquisition proceedings as such delays altogether nullify the “make or buy” approaches.

The individual services enjoy the autonomy of taking decisions to make their own selections of weapons, equipment and systems. The Integrated Service Headquarters must take effective steps to establish a tri-service approach in regard to such decisions as doing so will engender very significant financial savings.

Defence planning process has still to get established. The X and XI Plans were implemented without receiving formal approvals. While the Long Term Integrated Perspective Plan has since been finalised, it is still viewed as a totalling up of the wish lists of the individual services. The Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) must devote urgent attention towards finalising a fully integrated defence plan with at least a 10-15 year perspective.

The services enjoy the authority of virtually settling their own manpower policies. The pro-rata percentage representation of arms and services in the Army needs to be modified as it is virtually a “quota system” which breeds group loyalties and cuts at the very roots of jointness within the service.

While the functioning of the defence apparatus has been getting steadily refined, the continuing lack of consensus among the three services is thwarting the achievement of the vital objective of “jointness”. A number of joint service institutions have come into existence in the post Kargil War period. Among the new institutions, frequent references are made to the IDS, Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA), Andaman & Nicobar Command and the Strategic Forces Command. While it may be far too early to rejoice over these inter-agency institutions, it is disconcerting to learn that the individual services are not doing all that is required to see that these get fully established without facing delays and difficulties. A former Army Chief is quoted to say that the IDS is “a redundancy in military bureaucracy”; the founder Director of DIA is quoted to bring out that “the DIA cannot deliver as the intelligence agencies of the three services feel threatened by it” and about the IDS it is stated that “the services will never allow this body to function as they feel threatened that it will start examining the basis of their budgetary proposals, acquisition plans and force structures”.

Consequences of economic meltdown

The time has come for the individual services to close their ranks and get collectively concerned about the major threats and formidable challenges which we face in our close neighbourhood and beyond. The global security environment is continuing to become growingly complex and huge uncertainties loom large on various fronts.

Our military has to be also concerned about the consequences of the economic meltdown and the strong likelihood of the allocations for defence facing a significant decline. In this scenario, to prepare for successfully meeting future challenges, it is of the highest importance that the individual services shed all reservations and establish meaningful jointness. A truly tri-service approach will reduce functional overlaps, wasteful duplications and redundancies. The IDS have already promulgated a joint doctrine for the armed forces, which is presently undergoing revision because of the differing views of the service headquarters on several issues. Any delay in this regard would come in the way of the armed forces preparing themselves fully for delivering an effective response when any emergency arises in the future.

The defence ministry must realise the need to keep a very close watch on the rising cost of maintaining the military apparatus and ensuring that the high cost of the longer term acquisitions can be met from within the future availability of resources. Urgent attention needs being paid to reducing dependency on imports. This would require a very vigorous revving up of the ongoing indigenisation programmes. In the years past, only the Navy initiated systematic steps to foster indigenisation of their major platforms and systems and deserve all praise for the wonderful outcomes which they have already been able to achieve.

It also needs being noted that India is not the only country which is engaged in dealing with problems relating to the functioning of the defence management apparatus. Many democracies have been facing such problems and, benefitting from their own past experiences, several countries have established strong parliamentary oversight bodies to monitor all important issues relating to their armed forces. Some countries have even inducted external experts to monitor their ongoing defence reform processes.

Evolving a model for jointness

India cannot and must not be left behind in doing all that needs to be done for strengthening and enhancing our national security interests. We need to develop our own model of defence management which vigorously promotes and sustains military professionalism while being fully in tune with our constitutional framework and in harmony with our glorious traditions and soldiering. The model to be evolved should also not be excessively encumbered with varied hierarchical fixations which are rooted in our colonial past.

Considering the threats and challenges which loom on our horizon it is extremely important that our higher defence management structures are founded in the need to maintain a sensitive balance between the civil and military components and, side by side, ensuring that the entire military apparatus functions strictly within the parameters of “jointness”.

It would be an ideal situation if the service chiefs were to collaborate closely and for the Chiefs of Staff Committee to itself take the various required decisions to pave the way for the future and establish jointness, brick upon brick. In the past over two decades many useful opportunities were lost because of the lack of convergence in the views of the service headquarters.

If jointness and a tri-service approach cannot be achieved soon enough then, perhaps, the only option left may be to proceed towards replacing the existing single service Acts by an Armed Forces Act which would lay a statutory basis for achieving jointness and delineating the roles, duties and missions of the armed forces, as also the procedures and modalities relating to the functioning of the defence apparatus. In this context, it may not be out of place to recall that the US achieved its objectives by promulgating the Goldwater Nichols Act in 1986, after nearly four decades of experimentation under the aegis of its National Security Act. More recently, because of the serious budgetary problems faced by the country, UK has been devoting a high level of attention to reforms in its defence management apparatus. In this context, the Levene Report has sought to clarify the respective roles and responsibilities of ministers, civilian officers and the military at the policy, strategic and operational levels.

A dedicated security cadre

In so far as the tenure of civilians working in the MoD are concerned, a dedicated security administration cadre should be established by drawing in the best available talent from the civil services, defence services, DRDO, science and technology, information and communication technology, broadcasting and media, et al. This dedicated cadre should enjoy open ended tenures and those found fit should be enabled to develop specialisation in dealing with security related matters and be deployed in the MoD, Ministry of Home Affairs, Research and Analysis Wing, Intelligence Bureau, National Security Council secretariat and other security management related areas for their entire careers. This recommendation is contained in the Report of the Task Force on Internal Security (2000). It was accepted by the Group of Ministers (GoM) and after hearing it, the GoM had gone further and added that as “the assignments in these ministries/agencies are perceived as exacting and unattractive, the members of such a pool should, therefore, be appropriately compensated by provision of non-monetary incentives”. It is time to resurrect and speedily implement this decision of the GoM.

Another factor noted by the GoM was related to the marked difference in the perception of roles between the civil and military officers. A task force was set up to work out the curricula for organising a continuing Joint Civil and Military Training Programme on National Security, which would be undergone by Brigadier and Major General and equivalent rank officers, IAS, IPS, IFS, central police forces and, as the training settled down, participants would also be drawn from the media, industry and other arenas. On the basis of this task force’s recommendations the first two-week programme commenced at the IAS Training Academy at Mussoorie, in February 2003. This programme has been successfully continuing for over a decade now and the 20th course commenced at Mussoorie in November 2013. It would be beneficial if the MoD reviews this programme and suitably recast its contents to meet the existing and emerging scenarios.

Reviewing promotion system

Controversial interviews relating to personal issues, the Raksha Mantri’s decision being challenged in the Apex Court and several other unseemly scandals have marred the army’s image and dragged the services into the cesspool of partisan and parochial politics. This has caused divisiveness and serious damage to the very fabric of our military. It is indeed most unfortunate that any questioning of the deviations from the well established norms is viewed as questioning the very loyalty of the entire army. Such incidents, which have a great adverse affect on the morale of the armed forces, must not be allowed to recur under any circumstances. Time has perhaps come to review the entire existing basis of promotions and appointments to the higher echelons in the three services.

The patriotism and professionalism of the men and women of our armed forces is second to none among the militaries the world over. Our national security concerns demand that all interests and all institutions of national power are brought to work most closely together to further the country’s interest and build a militarily and economically strong India which enjoys the trust and respect of all our neighbours. In conclusion, the country must come first, always and ever, and never forget “who lives if India dies.”

Refining Jointness

Continuing lack of consensus among the three services is thwarting the achievement of the vital objective of jointness

The military also has to be concerned about the consequences of the economic meltdown and the strong likelihood of the allocations for defence facing a significant decline

Higher defence management needs to maintain a sensitive balance between the civil and military components and ensure that the entire military apparatus functions strictly within the parameters of jointness

A dedicated security administration cadre should be established by drawing in the best available talent from the civil services, defence services, DRDO, science and technology, information and communication technology


http://www.indiablooms.com/NewsDetailsPage/2013/newsDetails121213q.php
Lt Gen Arun Sahani appointed GOC-in-C in SW Command
 New Delhi, Dec 12 (IBNS): Lt Gen Arun Kumar Sahni, an alumnus of the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Indian Military Academy, has been designated as GOC-in-C in South Western Command.

He was also commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery.

On commissioning, he was awarded ‘Sword of Honour’ for being the best all round Gentleman Cadet and the ‘President’s Gold Medal’ for standing first in his course.

The General Officer is qualified on the prestigious courses of ‘Long Gunnery Staff Course’, ‘Defence Services Staff College’, ‘Higher Command’ and ‘National Defence College’.

His career highlights include command of a Self Propelled Regiment in the desert sector, a Mountain Artillery Brigade employed in Counter Insurgency Operations in North East, an Independent Infantry Brigade in J & K and the Army’s oldest Infantry Division as part of Strike Corps, on the Western Borders.

He commanded the largest corps of the IA in the North East, responsible for security along a large part of the northern borders with China, Myanmar to the East and Counter Terrorist Operations in four of the NE States.

He was the Brigade Major of an Infantry Brigade in Sri Lanka during Op PAWAN and Colonel General Staff of a Counter Insurgency Force in Jammu & Kashmir. As Additional Director General Military Operations in the Army Headquarters, he was responsible for Force Structuring and Op Preparedness of the IA.

Presently, the General Officer is Director General Information Technology at Army Headquarters.

He has the distinction of doing the Gunnery Staff Course at Royal School of Artillery, Larkhill (UK) and later served for three years as the Assistant Military Attaché at Embassy of India, Moscow (Russia).

He has been an Instructor at Indian Military Academy, School of Artillery and Defence Services Staff College. For his distinguished service, he has been awarded the Vishisht Seva Medal, Sena Medal and Chief of Army Staff Commendation Cards on two occasions.


http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/myanmar-army-chief-calls-on-president-mukherjee-113121200748_1.html
Myanmar Army Chief calls on President Mukherjee
Myanmar's Vice Senior General Soe Win, who is his country's army chief and deputy commander-in-chief of defence services met President Pranab Mukherjee at Rashtrapati Bhavan on Wednesday.

Welcoming General Win, Mukherjee said: "India-Myanmar bilateral relations have seen accelerated growth and expansion over the last two years. India stands ready to build on this, particularly at a time when Myanmar is engaged in far-reaching political and economic reforms. India has in the last two years sought to extend and broaden defence cooperation with Myanmar."

The President recalled that during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's visit to Myanmar in May 2012, both countries had emphasized the need for enhanced cooperation between security forces and border guarding agencies for securing peace, security and stability in the border areas, which is was crucial for overall development.

He expressed appreciation for the fact that in 2012, Myanmar had received all three service chiefs of India.

He also conveyed that India was happy to host the Commander in Chief of the Myanmar Defence Services, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing and his delegation in August, 2012.

He pointed out that the Indian armed forces have assisted the Myanmar Army in training and capacity building under Government of India's ITEC programme.

Mukherjee expressed confidence that General Win's visit would further strengthen the relations between the two countries.

General Win said that the Myanmar Government was aware of the importance of peace and cooperation on the border and it stands ready to increase its cooperation with India.

He reiterated the assurance made jointly by the Prime Minister and Myanmar President in May 2012 that territories of either country would not be allowed to be used for activities inimical to the other, including for training, sanctuary and other operations by terrorist and insurgent organisations and their operatives.

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