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Saturday, 18 October 2014

From Today's Papers - 18 Oct 2014
























http://www.tribuneindia.com/2014/20141018/main5.htm
N-capable cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ test-fired in Odisha

Bhubaneswar, October 17
India today successfully test-fired its indigenously-developed nuclear-capable sub-sonic long-range cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ that can hit a target 1,500 km away. The missile was test-fired from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Odisha’s Baleswar district.

The missile has a capacity to hit targets at a distance of 1,500 km and was successfully test-fired at 10.03 am, said BK Das, additional director of the Chandipur Integrated Test Range.

“We have achieved a great feat by successfully testing this missile. It would help immensely in future,” said Das.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated the scientists on the successful test-firing of the missile and described it as a “great impetus to our defence capabilities”.

This is the second developmental trial of the missile. It was first test-fired on March 12, 2013, but it could not achieve all desired parameters as the flight had to be terminated mid-way when deviations were observed from its intended course.

Das said Nirbhay covered a distance of over 1,000 km during its 73.12 minute flight during today’s test.

The DRDO is developing an air-launched version of the 1,500-km-range missile, which would be capable of being fired from the air force’s frontline Su-30MKI combat aircraft, sources said.

Nirbhay is being developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a DRDO lab in Bangalore.

India has in its arsenal the 290-km range supersonic “BrahMos” cruise missile, which is jointly developed by India and Russia.

But ‘Nirbhay’ with long-range capability is different because of its good loitering capability, better control and guidance, high degree of accuracy in terms of impact and very good stealth features. — Agencies

Long-range arsenal

‘Nirbhay’, being built indigenously by the DRDO, has a capacity to hit targets at a distance of 1,500 km

It has good loitering capability, high degree of accuracy in terms of impact and unique stealth features

This is the second test of the sub-sonic long-range cruise missile. The first test was unsuccessful


http://www.tribuneindia.com/2014/20141018/nation.htm#7
 21 yrs on, soldier’s body found at Siachen Glacier
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, October 17
The Indian Army during a routine patrol atop the Siachen Glacier in Jammu and Kashmir has stumbled upon the frozen body Havildar TV Patil, a soldier who went missing 21 years ago.

The body was found on October 12, Army sources said. The body of Patil’s brother, who was killed in a separate avalanche on the glacier in 1987, is yet to be located. Patil belonged to 4 Maratha Light Infantry and had fallen into one of the many crevasses in February 1993. He was then 30 years old.

Patil’s body, which was buried in the snow, became visible after possible snow melt following rain — a phenomenon rare on the glacier — over the past few days.

His body had not decomposed because of sub-zero temperatures and was identified by a letter from his family and a medical certificate found in the pocket.

Havildar Patil had fallen into the crevasse trying to collect air-dropped supplies after moving away from the prescribed path. As others tried to pull him out, his snow gloves came off and he plunged into the crevasse. In August, the frozen body of another missing soldier, Havildar Gaya Prasad, was found at the glacier.


http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/pakistan-troops-fire-at-indian-posts-along-line-of-control-in-poonch-608558?utm_source=ndtv&utm_medium=top-stories-widget&utm_campaign=story-1-http%3a%2f%2fwww.ndtv.com%2farticle%2findia%2fpakistan-troops-fire-at-indian-posts-along-line-of-control-in-poonch-608558
Pakistan Troops Fire at Indian Posts Along Line of Control in Poonch
After a gap on one day, Pakistani troops fired at Indian posts on Friday night along the Line of Control (LoC) in Poonch district of Jammu and Kashmir.

According to the Army, no casualties were reported.

On Wednesday, there was firing from across the border along the LoC in Saujian sector of Poonch in which Pakistani troops targeted forward areas in Kirni and Shahpur belts. Senior Superintendent of Police, Poonch, Shamsher Hussain said there was no injury to anyone in the cross-border firing.

The International Border and the LoC in Jammu region have witnessed heavy firing and mortar shelling by Pakistani troops since October 1 which has left eight people dead and over 94 injured, including 13 security men.

Besides nearly 30,000 people have fled from their border homes leaving 113 hamlets deserted along the International Border.


http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/domination-of-cyberspace-increasingly-important-pm-modi-tells-military-commanders-608136?utm_source=ndtv&utm_medium=top-stories-widget&utm_campaign=story-10-http%3a%2f%2fwww.ndtv.com%2farticle%2findia%2fdomination-of-cyberspace-increasingly-important-pm-modi-tells-military-commanders-608136
'Domination of Cyberspace Increasingly Important,' PM Modi Tells Military Commanders
 Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday urged the armed forces to incorporate "new thinking" and keep pace with a changing world where domination of cyberspace will become important and full scale wars may become rare.

In his first meeting with top commanders, he said, "The threats may be known, but the enemy may be invisible. Domination of cyber space will become increasingly important."

He said control of space may become as critical as that of land, air and sea. "Full scale wars may become rare, but force will remain an instrument of deterrence and influencing behavior, and the duration of conflicts will be shorter," he said.

Some 100 officers from all three forces attended the conference against the backdrop of concerns over ceasefire violations by Pakistan at the International Border in Jammu and Kashmir.

The Prime Minister said an atmosphere of peace and security is essential for India to achieve economic development.  He shared that he would continue the practice he had started of meeting the three Chiefs at least once a month.

Eight civilians were killed and several injured in firing and heavy shelling from Pakistan in the past few weeks along the International Border and the Line of Control. India warned of an "unaffordable cost" to Pakistan if it continued to violate the 2003 ceasefire between the two countries.

Interacting with the officers, PM Modi mentioned the delay in modernizing defence equipment and upgrading of arsenal. He urged the forces to reform procurement processes and suggest measures to "avoid delays in domestic development and production of defence equipment."

The Prime Minister, one of the most tech and social media savvy politicians in India, asked the military to give serious thought to upgrading technological skills for "effective projection of power" by their men.

"When we speak of Digital India, we would also like to see a Digital Armed Force," he commented.


http://www.firstpost.com/fwire/india-china-army-hq-field-commanders-to-meet-regularly-1762041.html
India, China army HQ, field commanders to meet regularly
New Delhi, Oct 17 (IANS) Days after a stand-off with intruding Chinese troops along the border in Ladakh region, India and China have agreed to hold regular interaction between their army headquarters and field commands among other major measures to aid in "timely and effective management of situations that may arise on the border".

Both sides also agreed to have more meeting points along the over 4,000-km boundary and more telecommunication linkages between their forward posts during a meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border Affairs that was held in New Delhi on Oct 16-17.

Both sides "discussed various issues pertaining to the maintenance of peace and tranquility in the border areas following the successful termination of the recent standoff in the Western Sector", a ministry of external affairs statement said Friday.

The two sides held talks in "frank and constructive manner" and arrived at consensus "on several additional confidence building measures and agreed to implement them at the earliest".

"Both sides again emphasized the importance of this mechanism and agreed that it had become one of the primary mechanisms for management of boundary affairs," it said.The Indian delegation was led by Pradeep Kumar Rawat, joint secretary (East Asia), and comprised representatives of the ministries of external affairs, defence and home affairs as well as members of the Indian Army and Indo-Tibetan Border Police.

The Chinese delegation was led by Ouyang Yujing, director general, department of Boundary and Oceanic Affairs, in the ministry of foreign affairs and comprised representatives of the ministries of foreign affairs and national defence.

Both sides agreed to hold the next meeting of the Working Mechanism at a mutually convenient time.


http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-india-china-conclude-talks-on-border-mechanism-2027092
India, China conclude talks on border mechanism
India and China today concluded two-day talks on border mechanism here during which they discussed ways to prevent incidents like last month's standoff between their armies in Ladakh from recurring in future and reached consensus on early implementation of several CBMs.

After the talks, the External Affairs Ministry said the confidence building measures (CBMs) include inter-alia regular interaction between the Army Headquarters and Field Commands of the two sides; additional border personnel meeting points; and more telecommunication linkages between forward posts of the two sides at mutually agreed locations.

Held under the framework of Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC), the talks discussed various issues pertaining to the maintenance of peace and tranquility in the border areas.

"These measures are expected to assist in the timely and effective management of situations that may arise on the border," the ministry said and maintained the talks were held in a frank and constructive manner.

In a statement, the ministry also said that both sides discussed border-related issues following the successful termination of the recent standoff in the Western Sector and emphasized the importance of this mechanism and agreed that it had become one of the primary instruments for management of boundary affairs.

The Indian delegation was led by Pradeep Kumar Rawat, Joint Secretary (East Asia) and comprised representatives of the Ministries of External Affairs, Defence and Home Affairs as well as members of the Indian Army and Indo-Tibetan Border Police.

The Chinese delegation was led by Ouyang Yujing, Director General, Department of Boundary and Oceanic Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and comprised representatives of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and National Defence.

The meeting which is the first interaction between the two sides after the new government in India took office came in the backdrop of China sharply reacting to India's plans to construct a road network along the McMahon line in Arunachal Pradesh.

Chinese government also expressed hope that India will not take any action which may complicate the situation before a final settlement is reached to end the boundary dispute and is expected to convey the same to the Indian side during the talks.

On India's part, the Chinese incursion which lasted over three weeks last month in Demchok and Chumar remains a high priority concern and was discussed during the talks, according to sources. The Chinese incursion had overshadowed the talks between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Narendra Modi last month when latter raised "serious concerns" over the repeated incidents along the border and sought an early settlement of the boundary question.

Established in 2012, the Mechanism has played a major role in addressing the issues arising of aggressive patrolling by both sides of the disputed border including last year's standoff at Depsang Valley.

The meeting also deliberated upon issues of mutual interests concerning boundary patrolling and management. The Mechanism is co-chaired by the Joint Secretary (in-charge of China division) in the External Affairs Ministry and his Chinese counterpart.

The mandate of the WMCC comprised foreign ministry and defence officials from both sides to discuss issues related to border management by both sides to maintain peace and not the boundary dispute which is discussed by Special Representatives.


http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-prime-minister-narendra-modi-outlines-space-vision-for-defence-2027095
Prime Minister Narendra Modi outlines space vision for defence
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday outlined a major shift in India's defence policy by mentioning the control of space as one of critical areas of security after land, air and sea. India had so far desisted and even opposed using space for defence purposes or to proceed towards the weaponisation of the space.

Addressing the Combined Commanders' Conference 2014, the prime minister made it clear that India has to prepare itself for a changing world, which demanded new thinking on our part with regard to economic, diplomatic and security policies.

The United States and Russia have been active in space wars over past four decades, testing hunter killers and strategic missile projects. But in 1979, they entered into a treaty committing not to use orbit missiles and other weaponry to target each other's facilities in space. But what has raised hackles and triggered a debate within defence circles in India was when China in 2007 successfully tested its first ASAT (anti-satellite) missile, destroying one of its obsolete weather satellites at an altitude of 865km. Earlier, there were reports that Beijing has also tagged satellites of some country with a high-power laser system. But since then the governments in India were not so forthright and continued ambiguity to talk about defence forays in space, till Modi talked about it on Friday, coinciding with China's border provocations.

Prime minister also highlighted threats in cyber space, which are critical to make a country defunct. He called for raising a Digital Armed Force to protect country's cyber installations, which are critical now in smooth running of transportation as well as government. "We should remember that what matters is capability of the force. When we speak of Digital India, we would also like to see a Digital Armed Force," he said, while asking the Services to give serious thought to upgrade technological skills for effective projection of power by men.

He emphasised that an atmosphere of peace and security was essential to enable India to achieve its goals of economic development. For this purpose, he said, his government has focused on creating a favourable external environment and on strengthening India`s security.

Modi noted, that "beyond the immediate, we are facing a future where security challenges will be less predictable; situations will evolve and change swiftly; and, technological changes will make responses more difficult to keep pace with. The threats may be known, but the enemy may be invisible. "Domination of cyber space will become increasingly important. Control of space may become as critical as that of land, air and sea. Full scale wars may become rare, but force will remain an instrument of deterrence and influencing behaviour, and the duration of conflicts will be shorter," he said.


http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/Jaitley-Calls-Pakistan-a-Global-Puzzle-Says-India-Living-in-a-Troubled-Neighbourhood/2014/10/17/article2482358.ece
Jaitley Calls Pakistan a Global Puzzle, Says India Living in a Troubled Neighbourhood


NEW DELHI: Describing Pakistan as a "global puzzle", Defence Minister Arun Jaitley today said India is living in a troubled neighbourhood and security has become a complex issue.

He told a conference of top commanders of the armed forces here that the process of military acquisitions, which had slowed down due to "some controversies", will be speeded up with at least one meeting per month of the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), a high level body that decides on procurements for the armed forces.

There is a need for capacity building and India needs to have a credible deterrence in all arms of the armed forces, Jaitley said.

Observing that India lives in a "troubled neighbourhood", he described Pakistan as a "global puzzle", according to defence ministry sources.

He complimented the Army and the BSF for appropriate response to the recent ceasefire violations by Pakistan.

Talking about two-decades of cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan, he said it has been effectively thwarted by the armed forces, the sources said.

At the same time, he said that since the Narendra Modi government took over in May, it has endeavoured to have good relations with all its neighbours.

Underlining that security of the country is paramount, he promised to speed up the defence acquisition process.

There were "some controversies" in the acquisition process and hence it had slowed down, he said, adding DAC "is going to meet at least once every month" as the government wanted to speed up. He asked the armed forces to expedite the technical trials.

The Defence Minister mentioned the government's decision to increase FDI limit in defence sector to 49 per cent from 26 per cent and said it will go a "long way" in cutting down import.

The Minister lauded the role of armed forces in facing with external, internal challenges and even natural calamities like the Jammu and Kashmir floods and Cyclone Hudhud.

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