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Sunday, 11 January 2015

From Today's Papers - 11 Jan 2015






















http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/bodo-platoon-commander-killed-in-encounter-7-held/28707.html
Bodo platoon commander killed in encounter, 7 held

Tribune News Service

Guwahati, January 10
An NDFB(S) platoon commander, allegedly involved in the recent attack by the outfit on Adivasis, was killed in an encounter in Assam’s Kokrajhar district today, the police said.

The police and the SSB launched a joint operation in Serfanguri area and the militant was killed in the ensuing encounter near Khousibazar, IGP (BTAD) LR Bishnoi said.

The militant has been identified as Jailing alias Jagat Basumatary and carried a reward of Rs 5 lakh on his head for his alleged ‘direct involvement’ in the December 23 killing of Adivasis in Pakhriguri area of the district, he said.

The security forces seized an AK-56 rifle, two grenades and 22 live ammunitions.

Meanwhile, a joint team of the Assam police and Army arrested seven members of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland-Songbijit faction (NDFB-S) along with a large cache of weapons and ammunition from Khaijuguri village under Kachugaon police station of Kokrajhar district yesterday. The arrested militants included the outfit’s platoon commander of Kokrajhar district Milan Mushahary alias Mithinga.

The other arrested militants included Jayanta Mushahary, Goutom Mohilary, Saomkhour Brahma, Khandar Narzary, Deuthou Basumatary, and Bina Basumatary. All of them were hiding in different places in the same village. Kokrajhar Additional SP Surjeet Singh Paneswar said the security forces seized one AK-47 rifle, one HK 33 rifle, one M-60 rifle, 4 nine-mm pistols, 300 rounds of ammunition, four grenades and four bags of medicines.

This happened to be the first major achievement of the operation ‘All Out’ launched against the NDFB-S militants in the wake of the killing of over 70 Adivasi villagers on December 23.


http://in.rbth.com/blogs/2015/01/11/how_the_indian_army_lost_its_catapult_40743.html

How the Indian Army lost its Catapult
January 11, 2015 Rakesh Krishnan Simha  
By mating a Russian howitzer with a locally built tank chassis, India was on the verge of developing its own long-range artillery. But suddenly and inexplicably the new gun was scuttled.

India’s ambition to become a great power has never been matched by its willingness to spend hard cash on its military. The previous government in particular ran defence preparedness into the ground by keeping the military starved of operational funds, with A.K. Antony probably deserving the title of Pakistan’s best defence minister ever.

The critical howitzer shortage facing the Indian Army is a glaring example of the Indian leadership’s cavalier approach towards defence. While New Delhi splurges on shameful extravaganzas such as the Commonwealth Games, the Indian Army has not purchased a single artillery gun since the Bofors scandal broke in the late 1980s.
Artillery is a key element of warfare. For the decisive Battle for Berlin in 1945, the Russians threw a total of 41,600 guns and mortars at the Germans. Alex Popov of the 5th Shock Army wrote: “The amount of equipment deployed for the Berlin operation was so huge I simply cannot describe it and I was there.” Marshal Georgy Zhukov wrote in his memoirs that it was the rain of three million shells that broke German resolve to hold on to Berlin at all costs. “As prisoners later told us, the great artillery barrage at night was what they had least expected,” he wrote.

Similarly, in the 1999 Kargil War it was the Bofors 155mm gun that sent the Pakistanis scurrying from their positions in the high mountains. Because of its long range, accuracy, high rate of fire and mobility, the Indian Army was able to take out Pakistani positions quickly based on real time intelligence inputs.

Despite the critical impact of artillery systems in war, India hasn’t replaced the over 200 (of the original 410) Bofors guns that have been lost due to attrition and cannibalisation.

Quick fix

But even as the bureaucrats and politicians fiddled, the army brass resorted to Indian jugaad (innovative fix) in order to keep the artillery forces battle ready. Going by the adage that the army fights with the weapons it has rather – than the weapons it wants – the Indian Army asked the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) to use available assets to develop a self-propelled gun (SPG).

In order to fulfil the interim and immediate requirements of the army, the DRDO’s Combat Vehicle Research & Development Establishment (CVRDE) developed an SPG by mating the Russian built M-46 130mm howitzer with the Arjun MK-I tank chassis. This new artillery system, which was on show at Defexpo 2014 is known as the Arjun Catapult MK-II.

The Catapult has side and front armoured walls protecting the gun compartment, providing the crew with armour protection of STANAG level II. Its main weapon, the M-46, was originally a manually loaded, towed 130mm howitzer. Manufactured in Russia in the 1950s, it was one of the longest range artillery systems around, with a range of more than 27 km.
But curiously, after 100 of the Arjun Catapults were produced, the army did not ask for further enhancements to the system and today India continues to seek high calibre artillery systems from foreign vendors.

Because of the army’s about turn, the DRDO team working on the gun has lost development continuity. Weapons get better with each successive iteration, and in fact the Arjun Catapult MK-II is an improvement on the Catapult MK-I fashioned in the early 1980s by mounting the M46 gun onto the Indian-built Vijayanta tank.

There were other spinoffs from the project. Private defence contractors like Tata, L&T and Bharat Forge were involved in locally upgrading the M46 guns to 155mm, which increased the range from 26 km to 39 km.

These private players were also developing their own 155mm howitzers in collaboration with overseas defence companies, while also collaborating with the DRDO’s Armament Research & Development Establishment in Pune to design a 155mm Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System with a 50-km strike range.

All plans were nixed by the cancellation of the Catapult and the new government’s decision in November 2014 to purchase 155 mm guns with a range of 40 km under the “Buy & Make Indian” programme. The plan is to acquire 814 guns for the Indian Army – 100 would be acquired off the shelf while the remainder of the 714 guns would be made in India.

So instead of developing a gun with a 50 km range, the army is shooting for an artillery system with a much lower range. It happens only in India.

The real big guns

It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to figure that the only people to gain from the DRDO’s failure are foreign manufacturers.
Indeed, it is intriguing that DRDO projects such as the Agni series intermediate range ballistic missiles (which are banned from the international export market) have been extremely successful, while others such as tanks, aircraft, helicopters and short range missiles (all of which are readily available) are rejected by the defence forces for not being up to scratch.

But then how can any weapons platform attain world class standards if it is not accepted by the military, if the designers do not get feedback, if the engineers and scientists are demoralised. The first generation of any weapon will have faults because weapons are tested in extreme environments. To repeatedly fail them at the first sign of trouble points to sabotage.

For, let’s be clear about one thing. The Indian Army’s primary enemy is the Pakistan Army, not the US Army. We do not need world class weapons to fight a corrupt, slothful and incompetent army that has lost four wars against India. We need affordable and rugged weapons that can be produced in large numbers and easily replaced during wartime.

And think about it. If India can send a successful interplanetary probe to Mars, discover water on the Moon, build nuclear powered submarines and develop supersonic missiles such as the BrahMos, then the rejection of the home made Catapult is clearly suspicious.

Perhaps the dodgiest case is that of the Arjun tank, which has been under development for nearly 40 years. In 2008 the DRDO had to install a black box in the indigenous battle tank following an alleged attempt to "sabotage" its engine. The instrument was installed after the Indian Army termed the winter trial of the Arjun tank a "failure".

According to a DRDO official, "The German company Renk AG supplying the engines for the Arjun tank stumbled upon the tinkering with its engines after a complaint from the Indian Army that the tank's gear box failed during its winter trials. Following this we have installed an instrument similar to the data recorder or black box in aircraft that would record all the information related to the engines.”
The then minister of state for defence (production) Rao Inderjit Singh also hinted at a conspiracy. “The possibility of sabotage needs to be examined,” he said. “The engines fitted in the tanks were German and were performing well for the past 15 years. I wonder what has happened to them overnight.”

Nearly every weapon produced by DRDO has been rejected by the defence forces, forcing the government to release funds for imports. Take the Augusta Westland scandal. Initially, former air chief marshal S.P. Tyagi was under investigation for allegedly tweaking the technical requirements of VVIP helicopters. Later it transpired that the specifications were changed prior to Tyagi’s tenure on the orders of Brajesh Mishra, the National Security Adviser, who was reporting directly to former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

The scandal shows that it is in the interests of a clique comprising the military brass, politicians and middlemen to scuttle indigenous defence projects. R.S.N. Singh, a former military intelligence officer who later served in the Research & Analysis Wing, writes in Canary Trap about the “Chandigarh Gang” that surfaced as the “mainstay of the international arms lobby” during the decade long UPA rule. “This gang is not necessarily in Chandigarh alone, but nevertheless is centered around it,” Singh writes. “It comprises some retired officers, politicians, journalists and prominent newspapers.”


http://indiablooms.com/ibns_new/news-details/N/7293/army-air-defence-celebrates-22nd-rising-day.html
Army Air Defence celebrates 22nd Rising Day
Udhampur , Jan 10 (IBNS): The youngest arm of Indian Army, Corps of Army Air Defence (AAD) celebrated its 22nd Raising Day on Saturday at HQ Northern command.

AAD was carved out of Indian Field Artillery on Jan 10, 1994.

"Army Air Defence in India traces its origins to 1939 in pre-independence India when Anti-aircraft units were raised to counter Japanese air threat. Post Independence, it remained a part of the Regiment of Artillery and later bifurcated as a separate arm,"; read a government statement.

Today, the Corps is at a critical juncture of transforming into a modern and technologically enabled force.

Army commander, Northern Command, Lt Gen DS Hooda exhorted the air defence gunners to strive for excellence on the occasion.

Sena Vayu Rakshaks have always lived up to their illustrious motto of  "Akashe Shatrun Jahi", AAD has been dedicated to keep the country's skies free of enemy intrusions.

AAD units have also been active in nation building and disaster management activities.

The chequered  history  of the Corps  is adorned by four Battle Honours, two Ashok Chakras, four Kirti Chakras, 21 Vir Chakras,  9  Shaurya  Chakras  and 106  Sena Medal.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/thesundaystandard/A-Slot-for-Everybody-Drags-on-Republic-Day-March/2015/01/11/article2613673.ece
A Slot for Everybody Drags on Republic Day March
NEW DELHI: It’s the Republic Day parade of the world’s largest democracy where two global leaders will share the dais. An event doesn’t get bigger than this and organising it can be a nightmare. Charged with this Herculean responsibility, including selection of menu, is Defence Secretary Radha Krishna Mathur.
Though Mathur, a 1977-batch IAS from the Manipur-Tripura cadre, is handling Republic Day arrangements for the second time, this is Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first Republic Day parade after taking office and US President Barack Obama is the chief guest. With the world watching on, the stakes are too high, leaving absolutely no scope for errors.

With just a fortnight left for the Republic Day, the preparations have hit some speed-breakers. Though security agencies wanted to keep the duration of the parade of bare minimum length, the defence ministry is finding it difficult to accommodate the demands from various ministries and departments to include their representation in the parade. Despite the defence ministry’s efforts to keep it short, the duration of this year’s parade is expected to go up by 20-25 minutes. This is bound to give a tough time to the security agencies in charge of the VVIP security. Last year, the parade was one hour and 56 minutes long.
Defence ministry officials said last-minute inclusion of tableaux, all-women officers marching contingent from the three services to depict ‘Naari Shakti’ and showcasing of naval air-assets after three decades have increased the length of the parade.

Indian Navy’s US-made P-8I long-range maritime patrol and anti-submarine warfare aircraft will make its maiden appearance at the flypast, followed by the newly-acquired Russian-made MiG-29K. The last time a naval combat aircraft came to the Capital was in 1984, when naval aviator Arun Prakash (who later become the Navy chief) flew with Sea Harrier jets over Rajpath.

But here, the increase in the number of tableax, which has gone up from 20 to 27, is troubling the defence ministry most. And Defence Secretary, who is the chairman of the Defence Ministry’s Expert Committee comprising eminent persons from various fields to select tableaux for the parade, has so far not been able to finalise the list. Sources close to Mathur say his office is handling all sorts of requests and political pressure from various ministries to accept their proposal. But as the head of the Expert Committee, Mathur has to ensure that prescribed parameters and set rules are followed.

Incidentally, this year maximum numbers of ministries and departments have come out with either ‘women empowerment’ or ‘Make in India’ themes. “Surprisingly, people could not think beyond Make in India or Nari Shakti theme. And they expect the ministry to clear it too. We have sent back some of the proposals and asked them to rethink,” said an official. This resulted in an inordinate delay, as normally the process of finalising the tableaux is over by early December. The defence ministry started the procedure for selection of tableaux in July.

So far, 16 states, 10 ministries and departments have come up to showcase themselves on the historic Rajpath, which include appearance of Department of Financial Services, after a long time, showcasing ‘Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana Mission’.

The Indian Army will also have its own tableau for the first time, which will show the Indian Army’s all-women expedition team that scaled Mount Everest.

Participation of schools has also gone up from four to six as one school each from Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh would be participating in the event.

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