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Tuesday, 10 February 2015

From Today's Papers - 10 Feb 2015

India looks at cutting edge tech from US
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, February 9
India will be looking at the United States only to get cutting-edge technology that would be transformative in nature and unique and is not available through the multi-vendor route, said G Mohan Kumar, Secretary, Defence Production.

Kumar, was addressing a press conference to announce the 10th edition of the Aero-India show (Feb 18 to Feb 22) at Bangalore when he opened up about the new India-US defence ties.

The Secretary (Defence Production) is India’s points-man for the Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) while Frank Kendall, US Under Secretary, is Washington’s appointee.

On being asked if the four military products identified for joint production qualified as “transformative and unique”, Kumar said: “At present it may appear not to be unique... We have to start at some point of time… If we begin on modest scale at certain level, it can graduate to more and more sophisticated levels. Even if we begin at a level, which might appear to be not very unique, we will graduate”.

Four products were announced during US President Barack Obama’s visit to New Delhi in January. The four items are not big ticket multi-billion dollar items, but have been referred to ‘pathfinder’ projects.

First is for the hand-held Unmanned Ariel Vehicles (UAV’s) RQ-11, “Raven”; Second is the specialised surveillance and intelligence gathering equipment for the C-130-J transport planes; Third is the Mobile Electric Hybrid Power Sources (MEHPS), which was evaluated in Afghanistan and fourth is the Uniform Integrated Protective Ensemble, a configured head-to-toe individual fighting system for land based-soldiers.

Kumar said India was very ambitious about DTTI but everything will depend on how much the doors will be opened. While the armed forces will identify the technology needed under DTTI, DRDO will have a look at them and decide whether we already have it or if it is in the process of evolution, he said.

Besides, India is interested in the EMALS (Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System), which propels fighters into the sky from decks of se-borne aircraft carriers, thereby allowing increased payload of the aircraft and saving of fuel.
Profit from CSD outlets dips

Vijay Mohan

Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, February 9
There has been a decline over the past few years in the profit generated by the Canteen Stores Department (CSD) that provides a vast range of items at subsidised rates to armed forces personnel and civilian employees working in the Ministry of Defence.

After a consistent increase from Rs 169 crore in 2007-08 to Rs 268 crore in 2010-11, the profits fell to Rs 216 crore in 2011-12 and Rs 171 crore in 2012-13, according to a recent report by Parliament’s Standing Committee on Defence.

The downtrend in revenue comes in the backdrop of declining budgetary support from the government and other issues like pilferage, sub-standard goods and non-availability of items in smaller outlets or those located in far-flung areas.

Further, the budgetary requirement of the CSD is Rs 13,500 crore, but it has been allocated only Rs 10,469 crore. This not only affects the payment schedule to vendors but also other financial transactions and liabilities.

The CSD, which has 35 depots and over 3,800 outlets at the unit level, has an annual turnover of Rs12,000 crore. It has an inventory of about 28,000 items ranging from beverages, food items and items of daily need to consumer products. There is also the long-standing issue of theft and pilferage of goods during transit, with many items meant for CSD outlets finding their way into the open market.
Security men open fire in Valley; 1 dead
Azhar Qadri

Tribune News Service

Srinagar, February 9
A civilian was killed and another injured when security forces opened fire on demonstrators in north Kashmir’s Baramulla district on Monday as the region observed a shutdown to commemorate the death anniversary of Mohammad Afzal Guru, hanged in 2013 for the attack on Parliament.

The two were hit by bullets during a demonstration in Palhalan township, 30 km from here, on Monday evening, the police said. “There was an incident of stone pelting and one youth was critically injured in firing. He was shifted to hospital where he died,” a senior police officer said.

The exact cause of the protest is not immediately known and it is not clear if the protest was linked to Guru's hanging or a night raid, which some reports suggested had taken place in the area. The police said a preliminary investigation is being carried out to ascertain the circumstances that led to the incident.
Defence cooperation could drive broader Indo-US ties in near future
the strongest of bilateral relations are anchored in defence and security cooperation. Economic relations are indeed important. But they are not a full measure of the depth of a partnership. The Britain-US relation is the best example, with bilateral trade only 2.7% of the total US trade, only 1% higher than the India-US figure.

There are many reasons why defence and security cooperation could begin driving wider Indo-US bilateral ties. The most important factor is that both nations are  ..
Mobiliya in talks with army to secure handset software
BENGALURU: When the BJP was preparing for its election campaign in Maharashtra last year, the party's digital war room turned to a two-year-old startup, Mobiliya, to secure its data and communication. The BJP, wary of leaks, used the startup to remotely lock phones, wipe entire data stacks if a phone was lost, encrypt emails and block cameras and file transfers via Bluetooth.

"During the pre-election campaign, securing sensitive data on our mobile devices was becoming increasingly imp ..

Top 3 Russian foils of US missile defence system
February 9, 2015 Alexander Korolkov, specially for RIR
In late January, the chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, Army General Valery Gerasimov, told the media that Russia would take countermeasures against the deployment of the US global missile defence system. Gerasimov underlined that the countermeasures would be aimed at equipping the Russian army and navy with promising complexes and weapon systems that could neutralise the potential of US missile defence system, and will have an increased capacity to defeat it. He did not name any particular systems, but the RIR has come up with a ranking list of the best weapons against US missile defence system.


The new intercontinental missile RS-26 Rubezh is the latest development of the Russian defence industry. The missile is also known under the working name “Avangard”. Due to the secrecy of the project, we know very little about it: this prospective missile is built on the basis of RS-24 Yars, which has been supplied to the Strategic Missile Forces of Russia. The missile is solid-fuelled and is equipped with a separable warhead. The quantity and the weight of the warheads carried by this missile are still unknown, but considering that it is the modernised version of Yars missile belonging to Topol-M family, it should weigh at least 60 tonnes. It will only be released in the mobile version, and over time is likely to replace the aging Topol systems.
Russian military officials say that the missile check launch will be carried out in March this year. Earlier, the tests took place under a veil of secrecy. However,  in 2013 the information about the tests of MS-26 at Kapustin Yar testing site still leaked out to the media. Back then, the General Staff reported that it would be the fourth launch of Rubezh.

According to Colonel-General Zarudnitsky, the new missile has the new combat equipment and has superior capacities and improved manoeuvering characteristics in comparison with existing systems.


The conflict with Ukraine (that has cut the supplies of spare parts for Voevoda maintenance) and missile defence plans of the US have left no choice to the Russian military leadership. In 2018-2020, Russia will receive new heavy missile Sarmat, which is being developed by a whole consortium of companies led by Makeyev State Rocket Center.

The purpose of its creation is quite easy to figure out. Topol, which is currently in service, has a throw-weight of 1.2 tonnes and throw-distance of 9.000 km, while Voevoda is ready to throw 7.3 tonnes at the enemy at a distance of up to 16,000 km.
If the data leaked to the media is true, Sarmat will be half the size of Voevoda. Its starting weight will only be about 100 tonnes against Voevoda's 211 tonnes; it will be capable of launching 4 to 5 tonnes, which now will be capable to accommodate many more tonnes than in the early 1980s when Voevoda was created. In addition, long throw-distance provides for missile leeway before and after the launch.


Missile R-30 Bulava, so long awaited by Russian submariners, is finally joining the ranks. This weapon of Borei-class submarines was originally developed for defeating complex defence systems: it carries 10 warheads, which following a sudden gun salvo fired from underwater can be launched anywhere in the world from a distance of more than 11, 000 km. In fact, Borei can shell, for instance, the United States without even leaving their location sites in the North or the Pacific Fleet.
Each submarine is equipped with 16 ballistic missiles R-30 Bulava-30. The submarines are silent, feature excellent hydrodynamics and in case of conflict have a good chance of making an unexpected strike-back.

According to some reports, Bulava's concept of operation is different from the Topol-M on the basis of which it was created. Topol-M's warheads are brought to the target, and then scattered over it, while Bulava works differently. The so-called vine principle works here, when the individual blocks can be separated from the missile during its flight.

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